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Preview: PRE: Liquid crystals

PRE: Liquid crystals

Recently published articles in Phys. Rev. E in the Table of Content section "Liquid crystals"

Published: 2018-02-20T11:02:27+00:00


Nematic liquid crystal director structures in rectangular regions


Author(s): J. Walton, N. J. Mottram, and G. McKay

We consider a shallow rectangular well of nematic liquid crystal subject to weak anchoring on the sides of the well. By considering weak anchoring instead of infinitely strong anchoring, we are able to analyze nematic equilibria in the well without the need to exclude point defects at the corners, a...

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 022702] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Interfacial behavior of confined mesogens at smectic-C*–water boundary


Author(s): Achu Chandran, P. K. Khanna, D. Haranath, and Ashok M. Biradar

In this paper, we have investigated the behavior of mesogens at smectic-C*–water interface confined in a liquid crystal (LC) cell with interfacial geometry. Polarized optical microscopy was used to probe the appearance of various smectic-C* domain patterns at water interface owing to the reorientati...

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 022701] Published Fri Feb 09, 2018

Shape control of surface-stabilized disclination loops in nematic liquid crystals


Author(s): Kanta Sunami, Koki Imamura, Tomohiro Ouchi, Hiroyuki Yoshida, and Masanori Ozaki

Recent studies on topological defects in conventional and active nematic liquid crystals have revealed their potential as sources of advanced functionality whereby the collective behavior of the constituent molecules or cells is controlled. On the other hand, the fact that they have high energies an...

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 020701(R)] Published Thu Feb 08, 2018

Low-noise phase of a two-dimensional active nematic system


Author(s): Suraj Shankar, Sriram Ramaswamy, and M. Cristina Marchetti

Self-propelled elongated particles in two dimensions can form an active nematic phase. The authors show that this phase exhibits the same quasi-long-range order as equilibrium nematic and polar liquid crystals, but also find particular features such as strong finite-size effects and a nonuniversal exponent in the behavior of density fluctuations.

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 012707] Published Mon Jan 29, 2018

Generic first-order phase transitions between isotropic and orientational phases with polyhedral symmetries


Author(s): Ke Liu (刘科 子竞), Jonas Greitemann, and Lode Pollet

Polyhedral nematics are examples of exotic orientational phases that possess a complex internal symmetry, representing highly nontrivial ways of rotational symmetry breaking, and are subject to current experimental pursuits in colloidal and molecular systems. The classification of these phases has b...

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 012706] Published Fri Jan 26, 2018

Uniaxial and biaxial structures in the elastic Maier-Saupe model


Author(s): A. Petri, D. B. Liarte, and S. R. Salinas

We perform statistical mechanics calculations to analyze the global phase diagram of a fully connected version of a Maier-Saupe-Zwanzig lattice model with the inclusion of couplings to an elastic strain field. We point out the presence of uniaxial and biaxial nematic structures, depending on tempera...

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 012705] Published Mon Jan 22, 2018

Cooperative behavior of molecular motions giving rise to two glass transitions in the same supercooled mesophase of a smectogenic liquid crystal dimer


Author(s): David O. López, Josep Salud, María Rosario de la Fuente, Nerea Sebastián, and Sergio Diez-Berart

In the present work, a detailed analysis of the glassy behavior and the relaxation dynamics of the liquid crystal dimer α-(4-cyanobiphenyl-4′-yloxy)-ω-(1-pyrenimine-benzylidene-4′-oxy) heptane (CBO7O.Py) throughout both nematic and smectic-A mesophases by means of broadband dielectric spectroscopy h...

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 012704] Published Wed Jan 17, 2018

Ordering transitions of weakly anisotropic hard rods in narrow slitlike pores


Author(s): Roohollah Aliabadi, Péter Gurin, Enrique Velasco, and Szabolcs Varga

The effect of strong confinement on the positional and orientational ordering is examined in a system of hard rectangular rods with length $L$ and diameter $D$ ($L>D$) using the Parsons-Lee modification of the second virial density-functional theory. The rods are nonmesogenic $(L/D<3)$ and con...

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 012703] Published Tue Jan 16, 2018

Insensitivity of active nematic liquid crystal dynamics to topological constraints


Author(s): Michael M. Norton, Arvind Baskaran, Achini Opathalage, Blake Langeslay, Seth Fraden, Aparna Baskaran, and Michael F. Hagan

Computer simulations are used to study the effect of confinement on the dynamics of active nematic liquid crystals. The authors find that active nematic systems, in contrast to passive systems, are rather insensitive to topological constraints. Topological charges required by container geometry are relegated to a small layer along the boundary, creating a bulklike interior for these active systems.

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 012702] Published Wed Jan 10, 2018

Magneto-optic dynamics in a ferromagnetic nematic liquid crystal


Author(s): Tilen Potisk, Alenka Mertelj, Nerea Sebastián, Natan Osterman, Darja Lisjak, Helmut R. Brand, Harald Pleiner, and Daniel Svenšek

We investigate dynamic magneto-optic effects in a ferromagnetic nematic liquid crystal experimentally and theoretically. Experimentally we measure the magnetization and the phase difference of the transmitted light when an external magnetic field is applied. As a model we study the coupled dynamics ...

[Phys. Rev. E 97, 012701] Published Fri Jan 05, 2018

Elastic and viscous properties of the nematic dimer CB7CB


Author(s): Greta Babakhanova, Zeinab Parsouzi, Sathyanarayana Paladugu, Hao Wang, Yu. A. Nastishin, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Samuel Sprunt, and Oleg D. Lavrentovich

We present a comprehensive set of measurements of optical, dielectric, diamagnetic, elastic, and viscous properties in the nematic (N) phase formed by a liquid crystalline dimer. The studied dimer, 1,7-bis-4-(4′-cyanobiphenyl) heptane (CB7CB), is composed of two rigid rodlike cyanobiphenyl segments ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 062704] Published Tue Dec 26, 2017

Temperature dependence of the nonlinear optical response of smectic liquid crystals containing gold nanorods


Author(s): R. S. Silva, P. B. de Melo, L. Omena, A. M. Nunes, M. G. A. da Silva, M. R. Meneghetti, and I. N. de Oliveira

The present study is devoted to the investigation of the nonlinear optical properties of a smectic liquid crystal doped with gold nanorods. Using the $Z$-scan technique, we investigate the changes in the optical birefringence of a homeotropic sample upon laser exposure, considering the configuration...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 062703] Published Mon Dec 18, 2017

$^{13}\mathrm{C}$ NMR study of the director distribution adopted by the modulated nematic phases formed by liquid-crystal dimers with odd numbers of atoms in their spacers


Author(s): J. W. Emsley, M. Lelli, G. R. Luckhurst, and H. Zimmermann

The orientational order of the molecules in the bent mesogen CB6OCB has been studied throughout the range of temperature stability of both the ${N}_{\mathrm{U}}$ and ${N}_{\mathrm{TB}}$ liquid-crystal phases by $^{13}\mathrm{C}$ NMR spectroscopy. These spectra provide local order parameters for the ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 062702] Published Fri Dec 15, 2017

Optical band gap in a cholesteric elastomer doped by metallic nanospheres


Author(s): Julio C. Hernández and J. Adrián Reyes

We analyzed the optical band gaps for axially propagating electromagnetic waves throughout a metallic doped cholesteric elastomer. The composed medium is made of metallic nanospheres (silver) randomly dispersed in a cholesteric elastomer liquid crystal whose dielectric properties can be represented ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 062701] Published Mon Dec 11, 2017

Laser-excited motion of liquid crystals confined in a microsized volume with a free surface


Author(s): A. V. Zakharov and P. V. Maslennikov

The thermally excited vortical flow in a microsized liquid crystal (LC) volume with a free LC-air interface has been investigated theoretically based on the nonlinear extension of the Ericksen-Leslie theory, with accounting the entropy balance equation. Analysis of the numerical results show that du...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 052705] Published Thu Nov 30, 2017

Orientation-shape coupling between liquid crystal and membrane through the anchoring effect


Author(s): Shun Okushima and Toshihiro Kawakatsu

We perform a series of Monte Carlo simulations on an interface between a liquid crystal (LC) material in isotropic phase in its bulk and a surfactant membrane. These two objects are simulated using coarse-grained molecular models. We estimate physical properties of the membrane such as the interfaci...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 052704] Published Tue Nov 28, 2017

Dielectric properties of liquid crystalline dimer mixtures exhibiting the nematic and twist-bend nematic phases


Author(s): Nina Trbojevic, Daniel J. Read, and Mamatha Nagaraj

A detailed investigation of the thermal and dielectric properties of a series of binary mixtures exhibiting the nematic ($N$) and twist-bend nematic (${N}_{\mathrm{TB}}$) liquid crystal phases is presented. The mixtures consist of an achiral, dimeric liquid crystal CB7CB, which forms the nematic and...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 052703] Published Tue Nov 14, 2017

Effect of polymer network on thermodynamic stability and switching behavior of the smectic-${C}_{α}^{*}$ phase


Author(s): Magdalena Knapkiewicz, Mariola Sądej, Wojciech Kuczyński, and Adam Rachocki

A polymer-stabilized liquid crystal based on ${4}^{′}$-(octyloxy)biphenyl-4-carboxylate 2-fluoro-4-((octyl-2-yloxy)carbonyl)phenyl (D16) and 1,6 hexanediol diacrylate as a monomer was prepared by in situ photopolymerization. The selected antiferroelectric liquid crystal contains a fast-switching sme...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 052702] Published Wed Nov 08, 2017

Electrically induced structure transition in nematic liquid crystal droplets with conical boundary conditions


Author(s): V. Yu. Rudyak, M. N. Krakhalev, V. S. Sutormin, O. O. Prishchepa, V. Ya. Zyryanov, J.-H. Liu, A. V. Emelyanenko, and A. R. Khokhlov

Polymer-dispersed liquid crystal composites have been a focus of study for a long time for their unique electro-optical properties and manufacturing by “bottom-up” techniques at large scales. In this paper, nematic liquid crystal oblate droplets with conical boundary conditions (CBCs) under the acti...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 052701] Published Mon Nov 06, 2017

Visual evaluation of surface anchoring strength by electrohydrodynamic convection of a nematic liquid crystal


Author(s): Gyu Jin Choi, Jae Min Song, Chul Gyu Jhun, Jong-Hoon Huh, and Jin Seog Gwag

Visual evaluation of the surface anchoring energies in a nematic liquid crystal (LC) cell is characterized by the direction of the convection roll pattern that appears in the low-frequency conduction regime. The convection roll pattern in a twisted nematic LC (TNLC) cell is oriented perpendicular to...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 040701(R)] Published Mon Oct 30, 2017

Observations of cavity polaritons in one-dimensional photonic crystals containing a liquid-crystalline semiconductor based on perylene bisimide units


Author(s): T. Sakata, M. Suzuki, T. Yamamoto, S. Nakanishi, M. Funahashi, and N. Tsurumachi

We investigated the optical transmission properties of one-dimensional photonic crystal (1D-PC) microcavity structures containing the liquid-crystalline (LC) perylene tetracarboxylic bisimide (PTCBI) derivative. We fabricated the microcavity structures for this study by two different methods and obs...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042704] Published Thu Oct 19, 2017

Emergence of biaxial nematic phases in solutions of semiflexible dimers


Author(s): Arvin Vaghela, Paulo I. C. Teixeira, and Eugene M. Terentjev

We investigate the isotropic, uniaxial nematic and biaxial nematic phases, and the transitions between them, for a model lyotropic mixture of flexible molecules consisting of two rigid rods connected by a spacer with variable bending stiffness. We apply density-functional theory within the Onsager a...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042703] Published Wed Oct 18, 2017

Topological defects in an unconfined nematic fluid induced by single and double spherical colloidal particles


Author(s): Yiwei Wang, Pingwen Zhang, and Jeff Z. Y. Chen

We present numerical solutions to the Landau-de Gennes free-energy model under the one-constant approximation for systems of single and double spherical colloidal particles immersed in an otherwise uniformly aligned nematic liquid crystal. A perfect homeotropic surface anchoring of liquid-crystal mo...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042702] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

Design and investigation of de Vries liquid crystals based on 5-phenyl-pyrimidine and (R,R)-2,3-epoxyhexoxy backbone


Author(s): S. P. Sreenilayam, D. Rodriguez-Lojo, V. P. Panov, V. Swaminathan, J. K. Vij, Yu. P. Panarin, E. Gorecka, A. Panov, and P. J. Stevenson

Calamitic liquid crystals based on 5-phenyl-pyrimidine derivatives have been designed, synthesized, and characterized. The 5-phenyl pyrimidine core was functionalized with a chiral (R,R)-2,3-epoxyhexoxy chain on one side and either siloxane or perfluoro terminated chains on the opposite side. The on...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042701] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

Time correlation functions in the Lebwohl-Lasher model of liquid crystals


Author(s): Anoop Varghese and Patrick Ilg

Time correlation functions in the Lebwohl-Lasher model of nematic liquid crystals are studied using theory and molecular dynamics simulations. In particular, the autocorrelation functions of angular momentum and nematic director fluctuations are calculated in the long-wavelength limit. The constitut...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 032705] Published Thu Sep 28, 2017

Modeling a photoinduced planar-to-homeotropic anchoring transition triggered by surface azobenzene units in a nematic liquid crystal


Author(s): Patrick Oswald and Jordi Ignés-Mullol

The performance of light-controlled liquid crystal anchoring surfaces depends on the nature of the photosensitive moieties and on the concentration of spacer units. Here, we study the kinetics of photosensitive liquid crystal cells that incorporate an azobenzene-based self-assembled monolayer. We ch...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 032704] Published Mon Sep 25, 2017

Photonic band structure of diamond colloidal crystals in a cholesteric liquid crystal


Author(s): Setarehalsadat Changizrezaei and Colin Denniston

In this paper, we demonstrate the presence of a photonic band gap for a diamond lattice structure made of particles with normal anchoring inside a cholesteric liquid crystal. As is typical for liquid crystals (LCs), there is considerable contrast between the dielectric constant parallel ${ε}_{∥}$ an...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 032702] Published Fri Sep 22, 2017

Complex free-energy landscapes in biaxial nematic liquid crystals and the role of repulsive interactions: A Wang-Landau study


Author(s): B. Kamala Latha, K. P. N. Murthy, and V. S. S. Sastry

General quadratic Hamiltonian models, describing the interaction between liquid-crystal molecules (typically with ${D}_{2h}$ symmetry), take into account couplings between their uniaxial and biaxial tensors. While the attractive contributions arising from interactions between similar tensors of the ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 032703] Published Fri Sep 22, 2017

Electroclinic effect in chiral smectic-$A$ liquid crystal elastomers


Author(s): Noy Cohen and Kaushik Bhattacharya

Chiral smectic-$A$ liquid crystal elastomers are rubbery materials composed of a lamellar arrangement of liquid crystalline mesogens. It has been shown experimentally that these materials shear when subjected to an electric field due to the electrically induced tilt of the director. Experiments have...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 032701] Published Mon Sep 18, 2017

Polarization exchange of optical eigenmode pair in twisted-nematic Fabry-Pérot resonator


Author(s): Vladimir A. Gunyakov, Ivan V. Timofeev, Mikhail N. Krakhalev, and Victor Ya. Zyryanov

The polarization exchange effect in a twisted-nematic Fabry-Pérot resonator is experimentally confirmed in the regimes of both uniform and electric-field-deformed twisted structures. The polarization of output light in the transmission peaks is shown to be linear rather than elliptical. The polariza...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022711] Published Tue Aug 29, 2017

Two-state model for nematic liquid crystals made of bent-core molecules


Author(s): N. V. Madhusudana

Nematic ($N$) liquid crystals made of bent-core molecules exhibit unusual physical properties such as an intermediate phase between the $N$ and isotropic ($I$) phases, a very weak $NI$ transition as inferred from magnetic birefringence measurements in a low field, which is apparently incompatible wi...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022710] Published Thu Aug 17, 2017

Multiscale approach to nematic liquid crystals via statistical field theory


Author(s): Bing-Sui Lu

We propose an approach to a multiscale problem in the theory of thermotropic uniaxial nematics based on the method of statistical field theory. This approach enables us to relate the coefficients $A$, $B$, $C$, ${L}_{1}$, and ${L}_{2}$ of the Landau-de Gennes free energy for the isotropic-nematic ph...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022709] Published Tue Aug 15, 2017

Elastic properties of the nematic phase in hard ellipsoids of short aspect ratio


Author(s): S. Heymans and T. Schilling

We present a Monte Carlo simulation study of suspensions of hard ellipsoids of revolution. Based on the spatial fluctuations of the orientational order, we have computed the Frank elastic constants for prolate and oblate ellipsoids and compared them to the affine transformation model. The affine tra...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022708] Published Mon Aug 14, 2017

Nanoscale interfacial defect shedding in a growing nematic droplet


Author(s): Sebastian Gurevich, Nikolas Provatas, and Alejandro Rey

Interfacial defect shedding is the most recent known mechanism for defect formation in a thermally driven isotropic-to-nematic phase transition. It manifests in nematic-isotropic interfaces going through an anchoring switch. Numerical computations in planar geometry established that a growing nemati...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022707] Published Fri Aug 11, 2017

Impact of ferroelectric and superparaelectric nanoparticles on phase transitions and dynamics in nematic liquid crystals


Author(s): Szymon Starzonek, Sylwester J. Rzoska, Aleksandra Drozd-Rzoska, Krzysztof Czupryński, and Samo Kralj

Results of broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) studies of pure liquid crystalline (4-pentyloxy-4-biphenylcarbonitryle) 5OCB and its nanocolloids with ${\mathrm{BaTiO}}_{3}$ nanoparticles (NPs) under varying pressure and temperature are presented. The notable impact of NPs on phase transitions an...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022705] Published Wed Aug 09, 2017

Electric-field-induced shape transition of nematic tactoids


Author(s): Luuk Metselaar, Ivan Dozov, Krassimira Antonova, Emmanuel Belamie, Patrick Davidson, Julia M. Yeomans, and Amin Doostmohammadi

This paper studies the change in shape of nematic droplets under the influence of an electric field, using experiments and numerical simulations. A reversible elongation is possible due to the low elasticity of the liquid crystal and its strong anchoring. The authors are able to observe changes in the aspect ratio up to ten, which may influence the optical properties of the material.

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022706] Published Wed Aug 09, 2017

Density functional theory for dense nematic liquid crystals with steric interactions


Author(s): Eduardo S. Nascimento, Peter Palffy-Muhoray, Jamie M. Taylor, Epifanio G. Virga, and Xiaoyu Zheng

The celebrated work of Onsager on hard particle systems, based on the truncated second order virial expansion, is valid at relatively low volume fractions for large aspect ratio particles. While it predicts the isotropic-nematic phase transition, it does not provide a realistic equation of state in ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022704] Published Mon Aug 07, 2017

Electrical and thermal tuning of quality factor and free spectral range of optical resonance of nematic liquid crystal microdroplets


Author(s): Junaid Ahmad Sofi, M. A. Mohiddon, N. Dutta, and Surajit Dhara

We experimentally study the effect of temperature and electric field on the quality $(Q)$ factor and free spectral range (FSR) of whispering-gallery-mode optical resonance of dye-doped nematic liquid crystal microdroplets. Both the $Q$ factor and the FSR are highly sensitive to the temperature and e...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022702] Published Fri Aug 04, 2017

Liquid crystal control of the plasmon resonances at terahertz frequencies in graphene microribbon gratings


Author(s): V. Yu. Reshetnyak, V. I. Zadorozhnii, I. P. Pinkevych, and D. R. Evans

We theoretically study the influence of the liquid crystal (LC) orientational state on the absorption, reflection, and transmission spectra of a graphene microribbon grating placed between a nematic LC and an isotropic dielectric substrate. We calculate the absorption, reflection, and transmission c...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022703] Published Fri Aug 04, 2017

Optical manipulation and defect creation in a liquid crystal on a photoresponsive surface


Author(s): Atefeh Habibpourmoghadam, Lin Jiao, Victor Reshetnyak, Dean R. Evans, and Alexander Lorenz

Light-induced modulations of the refractive index and pattern formation are desirable to generate complex photonic structures via exposure to light. Here we show that local modulations of the effective refractive index and reconfigurable defects can be locally induced in a hybridized thin birefringe...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 022701] Published Wed Aug 02, 2017

Phase separation and folding in swelled nematoelastic films


Author(s): A. P. Zakharov and L. M. Pismen

We explore reshaping of nematoelastic films upon imbibing an isotropic solvent under conditions when isotropic and nematic phases coexist. The structure of the interphase boundary is computed taking into account the optimal nematic orientation governed by interaction of gradients of the nematic orde...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 012709] Published Mon Jul 31, 2017

Theory of helicoids and skyrmions in confined cholesteric liquid crystals


Author(s): Sajedeh Afghah and Jonathan V. Selinger

Cholesteric liquid crystals experience geometric frustration when they are confined between surfaces with anchoring conditions that are incompatible with the cholesteric twist. Because of this frustration, they develop complex topological defect structures, which may be helicoids or skyrmions. We de...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 012708] Published Fri Jul 28, 2017

Enhancement of polar anchoring strength in a graphene-nematic suspension and its effect on nematic electro-optic switching


Author(s): Rajratan Basu

A small quantity of monolayer graphene flakes is doped in a nematic liquid crystal (LC), and the effective polar anchoring strength coefficient between the LC and the alignment substrate is found to increase by an order of magnitude. The hexagonal pattern of graphene can interact with the LC's benze...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 012707] Published Thu Jul 27, 2017

Influence of a dispersion of magnetic and nonmagnetic nanoparticles on the magnetic Fredericksz transition of the liquid crystal 5CB


Author(s): Ahmed Mouhli, Habib Ayeb, Tahar Othman, Jérôme Fresnais, Vincent Dupuis, Ian R. Nemitz, Joel S. Pendery, Charles Rosenblatt, Olivier Sandre, and Emmanuelle Lacaze

A long time ago, Brochard and de Gennes predicted the possibility of significantly decreasing the critical magnetic field of the Fredericksz transition (the magnetic Fredericksz threshold) in a mixture of nematic liquid crystals and ferromagnetic particles, the so-called ferronematics. This phenomen...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 012706] Published Mon Jul 24, 2017

Role of anchoring energy on the texture of cholesteric droplets: Finite-element simulations and experiments


Author(s): Guilhem Poy, Felix Bunel, and Patrick Oswald

We present a numerical method to compute defect-free textures inside cholesteric domains of arbitrary shape. This method has two interesting properties, namely a robust and fast quadratic convergence to a local minimum of the Frank free energy, thanks to a trust region strategy. We apply this algori...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 012705] Published Wed Jul 19, 2017

Theory of microphase separation in bidisperse chiral membranes


Author(s): Raunak Sakhardande, Stefan Stanojeviea, Arvind Baskaran, Aparna Baskaran, Michael F. Hagan, and Bulbul Chakraborty

We present a Ginzburg-Landau theory of microphase separation in a bidisperse chiral membrane consisting of rods of opposite handedness. This model system undergoes a phase transition from an equilibrium state where the two components are completely phase separated to a state composed of microdomains...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 012704] Published Thu Jul 13, 2017

Nonlinear continuous-wave optical propagation in nematic liquid crystals: Interplay between reorientational and thermal effects


Author(s): Alessandro Alberucci, Urszula A. Laudyn, Armando Piccardi, Michał Kwasny, Bartlomiej Klus, Mirosław A. Karpierz, and Gaetano Assanto

We investigate nonlinear optical propagation of continuous-wave (CW) beams in bulk nematic liquid crystals. We thoroughly analyze the competing roles of reorientational and thermal nonlinearity with reference to self-focusing/defocusing and, eventually, the formation of nonlinear diffraction-free wa...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 012703] Published Tue Jul 11, 2017

Graphene as transmissive electrodes and aligning layers for liquid-crystal-based electro-optic devices


Author(s): Rajratan Basu and Samuel A. Shalov

In a conventional liquid crystal (LC) cell, polyimide layers are used to align the LC homogeneously in the cell, and transmissive indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes are used to apply the electric field to reorient the LC along the field. It is experimentally presented here that monolayer graphene fil...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 012702] Published Mon Jul 10, 2017

Definite existence of subphases with eight- and ten-layer unit cells as studied by complementary methods, electric-field-induced birefringence and microbeam resonant x-ray scattering


Author(s): Zhengyu Feng, A. D. L. Chandani Perera, Atsuo Fukuda, Jagdish K. Vij, Ken Ishikawa, Atsuo Iida, and Yoichi Takanishi

A mixture of two selenium-containing compounds, 80 wt. % AS657 and 20 wt. % AS620, are studied with two complementary methods, electric-field-induced birefringence (EFIB) and microbeam resonant x-ray scattering ($μ\mathrm{RXS}$). The mixture shows the typical phase sequence of Sm-${C}_{A}^{*}$–$\fra...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 012701] Published Fri Jul 07, 2017

Chiral edge fluctuations of colloidal membranes


Author(s): Leroy L. Jia, Mark J. Zakhary, Zvonimir Dogic, Robert A. Pelcovits, and Thomas R. Powers

We study edge fluctuations of a flat colloidal membrane comprised of a monolayer of aligned filamentous viruses. Experiments reveal that a peak in the spectrum of the in-plane edge fluctuations arises for sufficiently strong virus chirality. Accounting for internal liquid crystalline degrees of free...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 060701(R)] Published Fri Jun 30, 2017

Spatially periodic deformations in planar and twisted flexoelectric nematic layers


Author(s): M. Buczkowska and G. Derfel

Electric field induced deformations in twisted and untwisted planar layers of nematic liquid crystals possessing flexoelectric properties were investigated numerically. The spatially periodic deformations, taking the form of parallel stripes, were found to have smaller free energy than the homogeneo...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 062705] Published Mon Jun 26, 2017

Curvature-driven stability of defects in nematic textures over spherical disks


Author(s): Xiuqing Duan and Zhenwei Yao

Stabilizing defects in liquid-crystal systems is crucial for many physical processes and applications ranging from functionalizing liquid-crystal textures to recently reported command of chaotic behaviors of active matters. In this work, we perform analytical calculations to study the curvature-driv...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 062706] Published Mon Jun 26, 2017

Chiral smectic-$A$ and smectic-$C$ phases with de Vries characteristics


Author(s): Neelam Yadav, V. P. Panov, V. Swaminathan, S. P. Sreenilayam, J. K. Vij, T. S. Perova, R. Dhar, A. Panov, D. Rodriguez-Lojo, and P. J. Stevenson

Infrared and dielectric spectroscopic techniques are used to investigate the characteristics of two chiral smectics, namely, 1,1,3,3,5,5,5-heptamethyltrisiloxane 1-[${4}^{′}$-(undecyl-1-oxy)-4-biphenyl(S,S)-2-chloro-3-methylpentanoate] ($\mathrm{MS}{\mathrm{i}}_{3}\mathrm{M}{\mathrm{R}}_{11}$) and t...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 062704] Published Wed Jun 21, 2017

Effect of head group orientation on phospholipid assembly


Author(s): Tanay Paul and Jayashree Saha

The relationship between bilayer stability and lipid head group orientation is reported. In this work, molecular-dynamics simulations are performed to analyze the structure-property relationship of lipid biomembranes, taking into account coarse-grained model lipid interactions. The work explains the...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 062703] Published Mon Jun 19, 2017

Dielectric relaxation process of a partially unwound helical structure in ferroelectric liquid crystals


Author(s): Amit Choudhary, Ambika Bawa, Rajesh, Surinder P. Singh, and Ashok M. Biradar

The fluctuations of unwound helical structure have been observed in deformed helix ferroelectric liquid crystal (DHFLC) and conventional FLC sample cells. The helix is partially unwound by strong anchoring on the substrates. In such sample cells, the helical decarlization lines are not observed in t...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 062702] Published Thu Jun 08, 2017

Anisotropy of electrostatic interaction in free-standing smectic-${C}^{*}$ films


Author(s): S. V. Ulyanov

The correlation function of the director fluctuations in a free-standing smectic ferroelectric film is calculated theoretically. In the functional of free energy, the anisotropy of the Coulomb interaction of polarization charges is taken into account. The results of calculations were used to obtain ...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 062701] Published Wed Jun 07, 2017

Highly efficient optical director reorientation of liquid-crystalline polymer induced by dye additives


Author(s): I. A. Budagovsky, V. N. Ochkin, S. A. Shvetsov, A. S. Zolot'ko, A. Yu. Bobrovsky, N. I. Boiko, and V. P. Shibaev

Light-induced director orientation of polymeric liquid-crystalline systems was investigated. The materials under study were composed of a nematic liquid-crystalline polymer (NLCP) and a small amount (0.05–0.5 wt.%) of conformationally active (azobenzene) or stable (anthraquinone) dye impurity. Light...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 052705] Published Wed May 31, 2017

Comparative study of the anchoring strength of reactive mesogens and industrial polyimides used for the alignment of liquid crystals


Author(s): T. Sergan, I. Dozov, V. Sergan, and R. Voss

We measured the Rapini-Papoular polar anchoring strength coefficient $W$ for ${4}^{′}$-pentyl-4-cyanobiphenyl (5CB) on alignment layers formed by the reactive mesogen photopolymers RM 257, RM 82, and RM 84 [4,${4}^{′}$-bis(acryloyl)biphenyl] (by Merck). These materials are commonly used for the phot...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 052706] Published Wed May 31, 2017

Heterogeneous colloidal particles immersed in a liquid crystal


Author(s): Setarehalsadat Changizrezaei and Colin Denniston

In this paper, we explore anisotropic interactions between particles with heterogeneous boundary conditions inside both nematic and cholesteric liquid crystals. The results show that when particles are put at different distances and angles with respect to each other, new types of defect structures a...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 052703] Published Tue May 30, 2017

Influence of liquid crystalline phases on the tunability of a random laser


Author(s): José Trull, Josep Salud, Sergio Diez-Berart, and David O. López

In this paper, we report the temperature behavior of an optimized disordered photonic system-based liquid crystal by means of heat capacity and refractive index measurements. The scattering system is formed by a porous borosilicate glass random matrix (about 60%) infiltrated with a smectogenic liqui...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 052704] Published Tue May 30, 2017

Role of length polydispersity in the phase behavior of freely rotating hard-rectangle fluids


Author(s): Ariel Díaz-De Armas and Yuri Martínez-Ratón

We use the density-functional formalism, in particular the scaled-particle theory, applied to a length-polydisperse hard-rectangle fluid to study its phase behavior as a function of the mean particle aspect ratio ${κ}_{0}$ and polydispersity ${\mathrm{Δ}}_{0}$. The numerical solutions of the coexist...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 052702] Published Mon May 22, 2017

Diffusion of chiral molecules and propagation of structural chirality in anisotropic liquids


Author(s): Mireille Quémener, Tigran Galstian, Thomas Marmin, Victoria Laroche, and Yves L. Dory

Diffusion in nature is usually considered as a smooth redistribution process. However, it appears that the diffusion of chiral molecules and the propagation of chirality may proceed in quite different ways. Indeed, in the present work, unexpected quantization of the spatial concentration of chiral m...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 052701] Published Wed May 10, 2017

Traveling waves and worms in ac-driven electroconvection under external multiplicative noise


Author(s): Jong-Hoon Huh

In the presence of external multiplicative noise, ac-driven electroconvection (EC) in a nematic liquid crystal is investigated. Noise-induced traveling waves (TWs) including localized ones (worms) are found with a typical, stationary wave. Three kinds of TWs are classified by their dynamic features ...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 042704] Published Fri Apr 21, 2017

Direct observation of coupling between orientation and flow fluctuations in a nematic liquid crystal at equilibrium


Author(s): Hiroshi Orihara, Nobutaka Sakurai, Yuji Sasaki, and Tomoyuki Nagaya

To demonstrate coupling between orientation and flow fluctuations in a nematic liquid crystal at equilibrium, we simultaneously observe the intensity change due to director fluctuations under a polarizing microscope and the Brownian motion of a fluorescent particle trapped weakly by optical tweezers...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 042705] Published Fri Apr 21, 2017

Fast-switching chiral nematic liquid-crystal mode with polymer-sustained twisted vertical alignment


Author(s): Kai-Han Chang, Vinay Joshi, and Liang-Chy Chien

We demonstrate a fast-switching liquid-crystal mode with polymer-sustained twisted vertical alignment. By optimizing the polymerization condition, a polymer microstructure with controlled orientation is produced. The polymer microstructure not only synergistically suppresses the optical bounce durin...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 042701] Published Tue Apr 18, 2017

Decomposition of strongly charged topological defects


Author(s): Samo Kralj, Bryce S. Murray, and Charles Rosenblatt

This paper studies the tendency of two dimensional topological defects of large defect strength to break up into elementary units. The authors study the process and the resulting structures theoretically for different ways of enforcing the defects, and test some of their predictions experimentally in nematic liquid crystals.

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 042702] Published Tue Apr 18, 2017

Phase behavior of the thermotropic melt of asymmetric V-shaped molecules


Author(s): M. A. Aliev, N. Yu. Kuzminyh, and E. A. Ugolkova

The phase behavior of the monodisperse melt of V-shaped molecules composed of two rigid segments of different lengths joined at their ends at an external angle $α$ has been examined within the Landau–de Gennes approach. Each rigid segment consists of a sequence of monomer units; the anisotropic inte...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 042703] Published Tue Apr 18, 2017

Modulation of unpolarized light in planar-aligned subwavelength-pitch deformed-helix ferroelectric liquid crystals


Author(s): Vladimir V. Kesaev, Alexei D. Kiselev, and Evgeny P. Pozhidaev

We study the electro-optic properties of subwavelength-pitch deformed-helix ferroelectric liquid crystals (DHFLC) illuminated with unpolarized light. In the experimental setup based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer, it was observed that the reference and the sample beams being both unpolarized pro...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 032705] Published Mon Mar 27, 2017

Dispersion relation for electromagnetic propagation in stochastic dielectric and magnetic helical photonic crystals


Author(s): Carlos G. Avendaño and Arturo Reyes

We theoretically study the dispersion relation for axially propagating electromagnetic waves throughout a one-dimensional helical structure whose pitch and dielectric and magnetic properties are spatial random functions with specific statistical characteristics. In the system of coordinates rotating...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 032703] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

Elastic anisotropy effects on the electrical responses of a thin sample of nematic liquid crystal


Author(s): O. A. Gomes, C. A. R. Yednak, R. R. Ribeiro de Almeida, R. T. Teixeira-Souza, and L. R. Evangelista

The electrical responses of a nematic liquid crystal cell are investigated by means of the elastic continuum theory. The nematic medium is considered as a parallel circuit of a resistance and a capacitance and the electric current profile across the sample is determined as a function of the elastic ...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 032704] Published Tue Mar 21, 2017

Understanding the origin of liquid crystal ordering of ultrashort double-stranded DNA


Author(s): Suman Saurabh, Yves Lansac, Yun Hee Jang, Matthew A. Glaser, Noel A. Clark, and Prabal K. Maiti

Recent experiments have shown that short double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) fragments having six- to 20-base pairs exhibit various liquid crystalline phases. This violates the condition of minimum molecular shape anisotropy that analytical theories demand for liquid crystalline ordering. It has been hypoth...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 032702] Published Thu Mar 16, 2017

Phase behavior and characterization of heptamethyltrisiloxane-based de Vries smectic liquid crystal by electro-optics, x rays, and dielectric spectroscopy


Author(s): S. P. Sreenilayam, D. M. Agra-Kooijman, V. P. Panov, V. Swaminathan, J. K. Vij, Yu. P. Panarin, A. Kocot, A. Panov, D. Rodriguez-Lojo, P. J. Stevenson, Michael R. Fisch, and Satyendra Kumar

A heptamethyltrisiloxane liquid crystal (LC) exhibiting $I–\mathrm{Sm}{A}^{*}–\mathrm{Sm}{C}^{*}$ phases has been characterized by calorimetry, polarizing microscopy, x-ray diffraction, electro-optics, and dielectric spectroscopy. Observations of a large electroclinic effect, a large increase in the...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 032701] Published Fri Mar 10, 2017

Hierarchy of orientational phases and axial anisotropies in the gauge theoretical description of generalized nematic liquid crystals


Author(s): Ke Liu (刘科 子竞), Jaakko Nissinen, Josko de Boer, Robert-Jan Slager, and Jan Zaanen

The paradigm of spontaneous symmetry breaking encompasses the breaking of the rotational symmetries $\text{O}(3)$ of isotropic space to a discrete subgroup, i.e., a three-dimensional point group. The subgroups form a rich hierarchy and allow for many different phases of matter with orientational ord...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 022704] Published Tue Feb 28, 2017

Electric-field-induced transport of microspheres in the isotropic and chiral nematic phase of liquid crystals


Author(s): Jiyoung Oh, Helen F. Gleeson, and Ingo Dierking

The application of an electric field to microspheres suspended in a liquid crystal causes particle translation in a plane perpendicular to the applied field direction. Depending on applied electric field amplitude and frequency, a wealth of different motion modes may be observed above a threshold, w...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 022703] Published Thu Feb 23, 2017

Active microrheology of smectic membranes


Author(s): Zhiyuan Qi, Kyle Ferguson, Yancey Sechrest, Tobin Munsat, Cheol Soo Park, Matthew A. Glaser, Joseph E. Maclennan, Noel A. Clark, Tatiana Kuriabova, and Thomas R. Powers

Thin fluid membranes embedded in a bulk fluid of different viscosity are of fundamental interest as experimental realizations of quasi-two-dimensional fluids and as models of biological membranes. We have probed the hydrodynamics of thin fluid membranes by active microrheology using small tracer par...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 022702] Published Wed Feb 22, 2017

Elasticity of smectic liquid crystals with in-plane orientational order and dispiration asymmetry


Author(s): Jaya Kumar Alageshan, Buddhapriya Chakrabarti, and Yashodhan Hatwalne

The Nelson-Peliti formulation of the elasticity theory of isolated fluid membranes with orientational order emphasizes the interplay between geometry, topology, and thermal fluctuations. Fluid layers of lamellar liquid crystals such as smectic-$C$, hexatic smectics, and smectic-${C}^{*}$ are endowed...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 022701] Published Tue Feb 07, 2017

Orientational action of edge dislocations on the director field in antiferroelectric smectic-${C}_{A}^{*}$ films


Author(s): P. V. Dolganov, N. S. Shuravin, V. K. Dolganov, and Atsuo Fukuda

We report imaging of the director field near edge dislocations in thermotropic antiferroelecric smectic-${C}_{A}^{*}$ $(\mathrm{Sm}{C}_{A}^{*})$ liquid crystal. Measurements were made in freestanding films with thickness from two to ten smectic layers. We find two different orientations of the molec...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012711] Published Tue Jan 31, 2017

Propelling and spinning of microsheets in nematic liquid crystals driven by ac electric field


Author(s): M. V. Rasna, U. V. Ramudu, R. Chandrasekar, and Surajit Dhara

Dynamics of microparticles in isotropic liquids by transducing the energy of an applied electric field have been studied for decades. Recently, such studies in anisotropic media like liquid crystals have opened up new perspectives in colloid science. Here, we report studies on ac-electric-field-driv...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012710] Published Mon Jan 30, 2017

Motion of a colloidal particle in a nonuniform director field of a nematic liquid crystal


Author(s): Beom-Kyu Lee, Sung-Jo Kim, Bohdan Lev, and Jong-Hyun Kim

We investigate the dynamics of a single spherical particle immersed in a nematic liquid crystal. A nonuniform director field is imposed on the substrate by a stripe alignment pattern with splay deformation. The particle of homeotropic anchoring at the surface is accompanied by hyperbolic hedgehog or...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012709] Published Fri Jan 27, 2017

Anisotropic charge transport in ion-conductive photoresponsive polyethylene oxide–based mesomorphic materials


Author(s): Corinne Binet, Alexandre Allart, Patrick Judeinstein, and Frédérick Roussel

The mechanism of charge motion in conductive and photosensitive mesogenic block copolymers containing polyethylene oxide (PEO) segments is investigated over a wide frequency and temperature range with the broadband dielectric spectroscopy technique. It is found that the ultraviolet (UV) irradiation,...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012708] Published Wed Jan 25, 2017

Bistable director alignments of nematic liquid crystals confined in frustrated substrates


Author(s): Takeaki Araki and Jumpei Nagura

We studied in-plane bistable alignments of nematic liquid crystals confined by two frustrated surfaces by means of Monte Carlo simulations of the Lebwohl-Lasher spin model. The surfaces are prepared with orientational checkerboard patterns, on which the director field is locally anchored to be plana...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012706] Published Tue Jan 24, 2017

Acoustic streaming in two-dimensional freely suspended smectic liquid crystal films


Author(s): S. V. Yablonskii, N. M. Kurbatov, and V. M. Parfenyev

We study horizontal streaming excited by means of a low-frequency and low-intensity acoustic wave in 2D freely suspended films of thermotropic smectic liquid crystals. Acoustic pressure induces fast periodic transverse oscillations of the film, which produce in-plane stationary couples of vortices s...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012707] Published Tue Jan 24, 2017

Translational diffusion across a free-standing smectic film above the bulk smectic-$A$–isotropic transition temperature


Author(s): Izabela Śliwa and A. V. Zakharov

Calculations of translational self-diffusion coefficient in free-standing smectic films during a series of layer-thinning transitions as the temperature is raised above the bulk smectic-$A$–isotropic transition have been carried out. A molecular model based upon the random walk theory is applied for...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012704] Published Fri Jan 20, 2017

Birefringence in the vicinity of the smectic-$A$ to smectic-$C$ phase transition: Crossover from $XY$ critical to tricritical behavior


Author(s): Malay Kumar Das, Susanta Chakraborty, Roman Dabrowski, and Michał Czerwiński

High-resolution birefringence ($\mathrm{Δ}n$) measurements are carried out to probe the critical behavior at the smectic-$A$–smectic-$C$ (Sm-$A$–Sm-$C$) phase transition in a binary system. The critical behavior of this transition is explored with the aid of a differential quotient extracted from th...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012705] Published Thu Jan 19, 2017

Transverse vibration of nematic elastomer Timoshenko beams


Author(s): Dong Zhao, Ying Liu, and Chuang Liu

Being a rubber-like liquid crystalline elastomer, a nematic elastomer (NE) is anisotropic viscoelastic, and displays dynamic soft elasticity. In this paper, the transverse vibration of a NE Timoshenko beam is studied based on the linear viscoelasticity theory of nematic elastomers. The governing equ...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012703] Published Wed Jan 18, 2017

Effect of curvature on cholesteric liquid crystals in toroidal geometries


Author(s): Ana R. Fialho, Nelson R. Bernardino, Nuno M. Silvestre, and Margarida M. Telo da Gama

The confinement of liquid crystals inside curved geometries leads to exotic structures, with applications ranging from biosensors to optical switches and privacy windows. Here we study how curvature affects the alignment of a cholesteric liquid crystal. We model the system on the mesoscale using the...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012702] Published Tue Jan 17, 2017

Effects of flexoelectricity and weak anchoring on a Freedericksz transition cell


Author(s): E. Mema, L. Kondic, and L. J. Cummings

We consider a mathematical model that consists of a nematic liquid crystal layer sandwiched between two parallel bounding plates, across which an external field is applied. We investigate how the number and type of solutions for the director orientation within the layer change as the field strength,...

[Phys. Rev. E 95, 012701] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017

Viscoelastic nematodynamics


Author(s): Stefano S. Turzi

Nematic liquid crystals exhibit both crystallike and fluidlike features. In particular, the propagation of an acoustic wave shows an interesting occurrence of some of the solidlike features at the hydrodynamic level, namely, the frequency-dependent anisotropy of sound velocity and acoustic attenuati...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 062705] Published Tue Dec 27, 2016

Nonsingular defects and self-assembly of colloidal particles in cholesteric liquid crystals


Author(s): Rahul P. Trivedi, Mykola Tasinkevych, and Ivan I. Smalyukh

Cholesteric liquid crystals can potentially provide a means for tunable self-organization of colloidal particles. However, the structures of particle-induced defects and the ensuing elasticity-mediated colloidal interactions in these media remain much less explored and understood as compared to thei...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 062703] Published Wed Dec 14, 2016

Empty smectic liquid crystals of hard nanorings: Insights from a second-virial theory


Author(s): H. H. Wensink and C. Avendaño

Inspired by recent simulations on highly open liquid crystalline structures formed by rigid planar nanorings, we present a simple theoretical framework explaining the prevalence of smectic over nematic ordering in systems of ring-shaped objects. The key part of our study is a calculation of the excl...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 062704] Published Wed Dec 14, 2016

X-ray and Raman scattering study of orientational order in nematic and heliconical nematic liquid crystals


Author(s): Gautam Singh, Jinxin Fu, Dena M. Agra-Kooijman, Jang-Kun Song, M. R. Vengatesan, Mohan Srinivasarao, Michael R. Fisch, and Satyendra Kumar

The temperature dependence of the orientational order parameters $〈{P}_{2}(\mathrm{cos}β)〉$ and $〈{P}_{4}(\mathrm{cos}β)〉$ in the nematic ($N$) and twist-bend nematic $({N}_{\mathrm{tb}})$ phases of the liquid crystal dimer CB7CB have been measured using x-ray and polarized Raman scattering. The $〈{...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 060701(R)] Published Tue Dec 13, 2016

Rotational diffusion of shape switching particles in nematic liquid crystals


Author(s): R. F. de Souza and C. Zannoni

The theory of rotational diffusion of particles of various symmetry embedded in a liquid crystal host, essential to interpret a variety of spectroscopic observables, has been available for some time, but only for the case of rigid molecules. Here we generalize the treatment and present a theory to d...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 062702] Published Fri Dec 09, 2016

Elastic interactions between topological defects in chiral nematic shells


Author(s): Alexandre Darmon, Olivier Dauchot, Teresa Lopez-Leon, and Michael Benzaquen

We present a self-consistent and robust theoretical model to investigate elastic interactions between topological defects in liquid crystal shells. Accounting for the nonconcentric nature of the shell in a simple manner, we are able to successfully and accurately explain and predict the positions of...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 062701] Published Mon Dec 05, 2016

Dynamics of disk pairs in a nematic liquid crystal


Author(s): Alena Antipova and Colin Denniston

We use a hybrid lattice Boltzmann method to study the behavior of sets of ferromagnetic colloidal disks in a nematic liquid crystal. When a weak rotating magnetic field acts on the system, the disks rotate following the magnetic field. This leads to a distortion in the liquid crystal that drives tra...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 052704] Published Tue Nov 29, 2016

Transitional subphases near the electric-field-induced phase transition to the ferroelectric phase in Se-containing chiral smectic liquid crystals observed by resonant x-ray scattering


Author(s): Atsuo Iida, Yoichi Takanishi, Atsuo Fukuda, and Jagdish K. Vij

Resonant x-ray scattering experiments revealed transitional subphases near the electric-field-induced phase transition of a Se-containing chiral liquid crystal in a planar aligned cell geometry. In the lower-temperature range ($\mathrm{Sm}−{C}_{A}^{*}$ and three-layer periodicity $\mathrm{Sm}−{C}_{γ...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 052703] Published Mon Nov 14, 2016

Inverse stochastic resonance in electroconvection by multiplicative colored noise


Author(s): Jong-Hoon Huh

A kind of inverse stochastic resonance (ISR) observed in ac-driven electroconvection (EC) in a nematic liquid crystal is presented. In successive pattern evolutions by increasing noise intensity ${V}_{\mathrm{N}}$, a typical EC (with a normalized amplitude ${\mathbit{A}}_{0}=1$ at ${V}_{\mathrm{N}}=...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 052702] Published Tue Nov 08, 2016

Hydrodynamic interactions in freely suspended liquid crystal films


Author(s): Tatiana Kuriabova, Thomas R. Powers, Zhiyuan Qi, Aaron Goldfain, Cheol Soo Park, Matthew A. Glaser, Joseph E. Maclennan, and Noel A. Clark

Hydrodynamic interactions play an important role in biological processes in cellular membranes, a large separation of length scales often allowing such membranes to be treated as continuous, two-dimensional (2D) fluids. We study experimentally and theoretically the hydrodynamic interaction of pairs ...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 052701] Published Thu Nov 03, 2016

Magnetic-field-induced stepwise director reorientation and untwisting of a planar cholesteric structure with finite anchoring energy


Author(s): A. N. Zakhlevnykh and V. S. Shavkunov

Within the continuum approach we study the equilibrium configurations of a cholesteric liquid crystal confined between two parallel plates, when a magnetic field is applied perpendicularly to the plates. We analyze the role of soft anchoring boundary conditions on magnetic-field-induced cholesteric-...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 042708] Published Fri Oct 28, 2016

Self-assembly of colloidal particles in deformation landscapes of electrically driven layer undulations in cholesteric liquid crystals


Author(s): Michael C. M. Varney, Qiaoxuan Zhang, Bohdan Senyuk, and Ivan I. Smalyukh

This paper studies the behavior of colloidal particles embedded in a cholesteric liquid-crystal matrix with an applied electric field. The authors observe that the presence of the colloidal objects reduces the threshold for deformations in the liquid crystal. Conversely, periodic deformations in the liquid crystal can be used to form patterns of colloidal particles, which also depend on the particles’ shape.

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 042709] Published Fri Oct 28, 2016

Persistent quasiplanar nematic texture: Its properties and topological defects


Author(s): Pawel Pieranski, Maria Helena Godinho, and Simon Čopar

In the so-called quasiplanar texture of a nematic layer confined between parallel plates with homeotropic anchoring conditions, the director field rotates by $π$ between limit surfaces so that field lines have the shape of a dowsing Y-shaped wooden tool. The orientation of the director field at midh...

[Phys. Rev. E 94, 042706] Published Wed Oct 26, 2016