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PRC: Nuclear Reactions

Recently published articles in Phys. Rev. C in the Table of Content section "Nuclear Reactions"

Published: 2017-08-16T15:28:31-04:00


Cluster preformation law for heavy and superheavy nuclei


Author(s): K. Wei (魏康) and H. F. Zhang (张鸿飞)

The concept of cluster radioactivity has been extended to allow emitted particles with ${Z}_{C}>28$ for superheavy nuclei by nuclear theory [Poenaru et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 062503 (2011)]. The preformation and emission mechanics of heavy-ion particles must be examined again before the fasc...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 021601(R)] Published Tue Aug 15, 2017

Multinucleon transfer in central collisions of $^{238}\mathrm{U}+^{238}\mathrm{U}$


Author(s): S. Ayik, B. Yilmaz, O. Yilmaz, A. S. Umar, and G. Turan

Quantal diffusion mechanism of nucleon exchange is studied in the central collisions of $^{238}\mathrm{U}+^{238}\mathrm{U}$ in the framework of the stochastic mean-field (SMF) approach. For bombarding energies considered in this work, the dinuclear structure is maintained during the collision. Hence...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024611] Published Mon Aug 14, 2017

Probing three-nucleon-force effects via $(p,2p)$ reactions


Author(s): Kosho Minomo, Michio Kohno, Kazuki Yoshida, and Kazuyuki Ogata

We propose to use proton knockout reactions $(p,2p)$ from a deeply bound orbit as a new probe into three-nucleon-force (3NF) effects. The remarkable advantage of using $(p,2p)$ reaction is that we can choose an appropriate kinematical condition to probe the 3NF effects. We analyze $(p,2p)$ reactions...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024609] Published Thu Aug 10, 2017

Influence of entrance channel on production cross sections of superheavy nuclei


Author(s): Xiao Jun Bao (包小军), Shu Qing Guo (郭树青), Hong Fei Zhang (张鸿飞), and Jun Qing Li (李君清)

The dependence of the evaporation residue cross section (ERCS) to produce superheavy nuclei (SHN) on the entrance channel of colliding nuclei is analyzed within the dinuclear system concept. The ERCS for the hot fusion reactions are investigated systematically and compared with existing experimental...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024610] Published Thu Aug 10, 2017

Existence of inelastic supernumerary nuclear rainbow in $^{16}\mathrm{O}+^{12}\mathrm{C}$ scattering


Author(s): S. Ohkubo, Y. Hirabayashi, and A. A. Ogloblin

The existence of a supernumerary nuclear rainbow in inelastic scattering is reported. This is done by studying inelastic $^{16}\mathrm{O}$ scattering from $^{12}\mathrm{C}$, exciting the ${2}^{+}$ (4.44 MeV) state of $^{12}\mathrm{C}$ and elastic scattering at the incident energies in the range 124–...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024607] Published Wed Aug 09, 2017

Measurements of the cross sections of the $^{186}\mathrm{W}(n,γ)^{187}\mathrm{W}, ^{182}\mathrm{W}(n,p)^{182}\mathrm{Ta}, ^{154}\mathrm{Gd}(n,2n)^{153}\mathrm{Gd}$, and $^{160}\mathrm{Gd}(n,2n)^{159}\mathrm{Gd}$ reactions at neutron energies of 5 to 17 MeV


Author(s): Rajnikant Makwana, S. Mukherjee, P. Mishra, H. Naik, N. L. Singh, M. Mehta, K. Katovsky, S. V. Suryanarayana, V. Vansola, Y. Santhi Sheela, M. Karkera, R. Acharya, and S. Khirwadkar

The cross sections of the $^{186}\mathrm{W}(n,γ)^{187}\mathrm{W}, ^{183}\mathrm{W}(n,p)^{183}\mathrm{Ta}$ and $^{154}\mathrm{Gd}(n,2n)^{153}\mathrm{Gd}, ^{160}\mathrm{Gd}(n,2n)^{159}\mathrm{Gd}$ reactions were measured at the neutron energies $5.08±0.165, 8.96±0.77, 12.47±0.825$, and $16.63±0.95\pha...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024608] Published Wed Aug 09, 2017

Production of neutron-rich nuclei with $Z=60–73$ in reactions induced by Xe isotopes


Author(s): Long Zhu, Feng-Shou Zhang, Pei-Wei Wen, Jun Su, and Wen-Jie Xie

The multinucleon transfer reactions $^{124,136,144}\mathrm{Xe}\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}+\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{238}\mathrm{U}, ^{136,144}\mathrm{Xe}\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}+\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{160}\mathrm{Gd}, ^{136,144}\mathrm{Xe}\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}+\phantom{\rule{0...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024606] Published Mon Aug 07, 2017

Calculation of the rate of nuclear excitation by electron transition in an $^{84m}\mathbf{Rb}$ plasma under the hypothesis of local thermodynamic equilibrium using a multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock approach


Author(s): David Denis-Petit, Gilbert Gosselin, Fazia Hannachi, Medhi Tarisien, Thomas Bonnet, Maxime Comet, Franck Gobet, Maud Versteegen, Pascal Morel, Vincent Méot, and Iolanda Matea

One promising candidate for the first detection of nuclear excitation in plasma is the 463-keV, 20.26-min-lifetime isomeric state in $^{84}\mathrm{Rb}$, which can be excited via a 3.5-keV transition to a higher lying state. According to our preliminary calculations, under specific plasma conditions,...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024604] Published Wed Aug 02, 2017

Low-lying electric-dipole strengths of Ca, Ni, and Sn isotopes imprinted on total reaction cross sections


Author(s): W. Horiuchi, S. Hatakeyama, S. Ebata, and Y. Suzuki

Low-lying electric-dipole ($E1$) strength of a neutron-rich nucleus contains information on neutron-skin thickness, deformation, and shell evolution. We discuss the possibility of making use of total reaction cross sections on $^{40}\mathrm{Ca}, ^{120}\mathrm{Sn}$, and $^{208}\mathrm{Pb}$ targets to...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024605] Published Wed Aug 02, 2017

Effects of symmetry energy and effective $k$-mass splitting on central $^{96}\mathrm{Ru}(^{96}\mathrm{Zr})+^{96}\mathrm{Zr}(^{96}\mathrm{Ru})$ collisions at 50 to 400 MeV/nucleon


Author(s): Jun Su, Long Zhu, Ching-Yuan Huang, Wen-Jie Xie, and Feng-Shou Zhang

The isospin mixing between projectile and target in central $^{96}\mathrm{Ru}(^{96}\mathrm{Zr})+^{96}\mathrm{Zr}(^{96}\mathrm{Ru})$ collisions at 50 to 400 MeV/nucleon is investigated within the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model in combination with the statistical decay code gemini....

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024601] Published Tue Aug 01, 2017

Neutron transfer in the $^{13}\mathrm{C}+^{197}\mathrm{Au}$ reaction from gold isotope residuals


Author(s): B. H. Daub, D. L. Bleuel, M. Wiedeking, L. A. Bernstein, N. M. Brickner, J. A. Brown, B. L. Goldblum, K. S. Holliday, J. Lundgren, and K. Moody

Residual gold nuclei were produced via neutron transfer at multiple energies using a 130-MeV $^{13}\mathrm{C}$ beam incident on a stacked-foil target consisting of alternating layers of $^{197}\mathrm{Au}$ and $^{27}\mathrm{Al}$. Production cross sections, over an energy range of 56 to 129 MeV, for ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024602] Published Tue Aug 01, 2017

Projectile-breakup-induced fission-fragment angular distributions in the $^{6}\mathrm{Li}+^{232}\mathrm{Th}$ reaction


Author(s): A. Pal, S. Santra, D. Chattopadhyay, A. Kundu, K. Ramachandran, R. Tripathi, B. J. Roy, T. N. Nag, Y. Sawant, D. Sarkar, B. K. Nayak, A. Saxena, and S. Kailas

Background: Experimental anisotropy in fission-fragment (FF) angular distribution in reactions involving weakly bound stable projectiles with actinide targets are enhanced compared to statistical saddle-point model (SSPM) predictions. Contributions from breakup- or transfer-induced fission to total ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 024603] Published Tue Aug 01, 2017

Neutron inelastic scattering measurements on the stable isotopes of titanium


Author(s): A. Olacel, F. Belloni, C. Borcea, M. Boromiza, P. Dessagne, G. Henning, M. Kerveno, A. Negret, M. Nyman, E. Pirovano, and A. J. M. Plompen

The results of a neutron inelastic scattering experiment performed at the Geel Electron Linear Accelerator pulsed white neutron source of the European Commission Joint Research Centre are reported. The neutrons with energies up to 18 MeV interacted with a $^{\mathrm{nat}}\mathrm{Ti}$ sample and the ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014621] Published Mon Jul 31, 2017

Effective two-body model for spectra of clusters of $^{2}\mathrm{H},^{3}\mathrm{H},^{3}\mathrm{He}$, and $^{4}\mathrm{He}$ with $^{4}\mathrm{He}$, and $^{2}\mathrm{H}\text{−}^{4}\mathrm{He}$ scattering


Author(s): P. R. Fraser, K. Massen-Hane, A. S. Kadyrov, K. Amos, I. Bray, and L. Canton

Four light-mass nuclei are considered by an effective two-body clusterization method: $^{7}\mathrm{Li}$ as $^{3}\mathrm{H}+^{4}\mathrm{He},^{7}\mathrm{Be}$ as $^{3}\mathrm{He}+^{4}\mathrm{He},^{8}\mathrm{Be}$ as $^{4}\mathrm{He}+^{4}\mathrm{He}$, and $^{6}\mathrm{Li}$ as $^{2}\mathrm{H}+^{4}\mathrm{...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014619] Published Fri Jul 28, 2017

Fission-like events in the $^{12}\mathrm{C}+^{169}\mathrm{Tm}$ system at low excitation energies


Author(s): Arshiya Sood, Pushpendra P. Singh, Rudra N. Sahoo, Pawan Kumar, Abhishek Yadav, Vijay R. Sharma, Mohd. Shuaib, Manoj K. Sharma, Devendra P. Singh, Unnati Gupta, R. Kumar, S. Aydin, B. P. Singh, H. J. Wollersheim, and R. Prasad

Background: Fission has been found to be a dominating mode of deexcitation in heavy-ion induced reactions at high excitation energies. The phenomenon of heavy-ion induced fission has been extensively investigated with highly fissile actinide nuclei, yet there is a dearth of comprehensive understandi...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014620] Published Fri Jul 28, 2017

Effect of collective enhancement in level density in the fission of pre-actinides


Author(s): Tathagata Banerjee, S. Nath, A. Jhingan, N. Saneesh, Mohit Kumar, Abhishek Yadav, Gurpreet Kaur, R. Dubey, M. Shareef, P. V. Laveen, A. Shamlath, Md. Moin Shaikh, S. Biswas, J. Gehlot, K. S. Golda, P. Sugathan, and Santanu Pal

Fission fragment angular distributions for three reactions, $^{19}\mathrm{F}+^{182}\mathrm{W},^{19}\mathrm{F}+^{187}\mathrm{Re}$, and $^{19}\mathrm{F}+^{193}\mathrm{Ir}$, are measured in the laboratory energy range of 82–120 MeV. Extracted fission cross sections of the present systems as well as tho...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014618] Published Thu Jul 27, 2017

$^{7}\mathrm{Li}$-induced reaction on $^{\mathrm{nat}}\mathrm{Mo}$: A study of complete versus incomplete fusion


Author(s): Deepak Kumar, Moumita Maiti, and Susanta Lahiri

Background: Several investigations on the complete-incomplete fusion (CF-ICF) dynamics of $α$-cluster well-bound nuclei have been contemplated above the Coulomb barrier $(∼4$–7 MeV/nucleon) in recent years. It is therefore expected to observe significant ICF over CF in the reactions induced by a wea...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014617] Published Wed Jul 26, 2017

Microscopic description of production cross sections including deexcitation effects


Author(s): Kazuyuki Sekizawa

Background: At the forefront of the nuclear science, production of new neutron-rich isotopes is continuously pursued at accelerator laboratories all over the world. To explore the currently unknown territories in the nuclear chart far away from the stability, reliable theoretical predictions are ine...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014615] Published Mon Jul 24, 2017

Many-particle correlations and Coulomb effects on temperatures from fragment momentum fluctuations


Author(s): S. R. Souza, M. B. Tsang, and R. Donangelo

We investigate correlations in the fragment momentum distribution owing to the propagation of fragments under the influence of their mutual Coulomb field after the breakup of an excited nuclear source. The magnitude of the effects on the nuclear temperatures obtained from such distributions is estim...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014616] Published Mon Jul 24, 2017

Relationship between and effect of inelastic excitations and transfer channels on sub-barrier fusion enhancement


Author(s): Khushboo, S. Mandal, S. Nath, N. Madhavan, J. Gehlot, A. Jhingan, Neeraj Kumar, Tathagata Banerjee, Gurpreet Kaur, K. Rojeeta Devi, A. Banerjee, Neelam, T. Varughese, Davinder Siwal, R. Garg, Ish Mukul, M. Saxena, S. Verma, S. Kumar, B. R. Behera, and P. Verma

Background: It is a well established fact that nuclear deformation and vibration influence fusion dynamics around the Coulomb barrier. This effect was observed for several systems with the inclusion of inelastic excitations in coupled-channels calculations. Sub-barrier fusion cross sections were als...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014614] Published Fri Jul 21, 2017

Half-life of $^{51}\mathrm{Mn}$


Author(s): Stephen A. Graves, Paul A. Ellison, Hector F. Valdovinos, Todd E. Barnhart, Robert J. Nickles, and Jonathan W. Engle

The half-life of $^{51}\mathrm{Mn}$ was measured by serial gamma spectrometry of the 511-keV annihilation photon following decay by ${β}^{+}$ emission. Data were collected every 100 seconds for 100,000–230,000 seconds within each measurement ($n=4$). The 511-keV incidence rate was calculated from th...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014613] Published Tue Jul 18, 2017

Adiabatic self-consistent collective path in nuclear fusion reactions


Author(s): Kai Wen and Takashi Nakatsukasa

Collective reaction paths for fusion reactions $^{16}\mathrm{O}+α→^{20}\mathrm{Ne}$ and $^{16}\mathrm{O}+^{16}\mathrm{O}→^{32}\mathrm{S}$ are microscopically determined on the basis of the adiabatic self-consistent collective coordinate (ASCC) method. The collective path is maximally decoupled from ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014610] Published Mon Jul 17, 2017

Operator form of the three-nucleon scattering amplitude


Author(s): Kacper Topolnicki, Jacek Golak, Roman Skibiński, and Henryk Witała

To extend the applications of the so-called “three-dimensional” formalism to the description of three-nucleon scattering within the Faddeev formalism, we develop a general form of the three-nucleon scattering amplitude. This form significantly decreases the numerical complexity of the “three-dimensi...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014611] Published Mon Jul 17, 2017

Proton and neutron density distributions at supranormal density in low- and medium-energy heavy-ion collisions


Author(s): J. R. Stone, P. Danielewicz, and Y. Iwata

Background: The distribution of protons and neutrons in the matter created in heavy-ion collisions is one of the main points of interest for the collision physics, especially at supranormal densities. These distributions are the basis for predictions of the density dependence of the symmetry energy ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014612] Published Mon Jul 17, 2017

$^{181}\mathrm{Ta}$($n,γ$) cross section and average resonance parameter measurements in the unresolved resonance region from 24 to 1180 keV using a filtered-beam technique


Author(s): B. J. McDermott, E. Blain, A. Daskalakis, N. Thompson, A. Youmans, H. J. Choun, W. Steinberger, Y. Danon, D. P. Barry, R. C. Block, B. E. Epping, G. Leinweber, and M. R. Rapp

A new array of four Deuterated Benzene (${\mathrm{C}}_{6}{\mathrm{D}}_{6}$) detectors has been installed at the Gaerttner Linear Accelerator Center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute for the purpose of measuring neutron capture cross sections in the keV region. Measurements were performed on sample...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014607] Published Thu Jul 13, 2017

Fission fragment yield distribution in the heavy-mass region from the $^{239}\mathrm{Pu}$ (${n}_{\mathrm{th}},f$) reaction


Author(s): Y. K. Gupta, D. C. Biswas, O. Serot, D. Bernard, O. Litaize, S. Julien-Laferrière, A. Chebboubi, G. Kessedjian, C. Sage, A. Blanc, H. Faust, U. Köster, A. Ebran, L. Mathieu, A. Letourneau, T. Materna, and S. Panebianco

The fission fragment yield distribution has been measured in the $^{239}\mathrm{Pu}\left({n}_{\mathrm{th}},f\right)$ reaction in the mass region of $A=126$ to 150 using the Lohengrin recoil-mass spectrometer. Three independent experimental campaigns were performed, allowing a significant reduction o...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014608] Published Thu Jul 13, 2017

Possibilities of production of transfermium nuclei in complete fusion reactions with radioactive beams


Author(s): Juhee Hong, G. G. Adamian, and N. V. Antonenko

The possibilities of direct production of new isotopes of transfermium nuclei $^{261,263,264}\mathrm{No}$, $^{263,264}\mathrm{Lr}$, $^{263,264,266,268}\mathrm{Rf}$, $^{264,265}\mathrm{Db}$, and $^{267,268,270,272}\mathrm{Sg}$ are studied in various asymmetric hot fusion-evaporation reactions with ra...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014609] Published Thu Jul 13, 2017

Phenomenology of muon-induced neutron yield


Author(s): A. S. Malgin

The cosmogenic neutron yield ${Y}_{n}$ characterizes the ability of matter to produce neutrons under the effect of cosmic ray muons with spectrum and average energy corresponding to an observation depth. The yield is the basic characteristic of cosmogenic neutrons. The neutron production rate and ne...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014605] Published Tue Jul 11, 2017

Neutron-induced fission of even- and odd-mass plutonium isotopes within a four-dimensional Langevin framework


Author(s): M. R. Pahlavani and S. M. Mirfathi

Neutron multiplicity prior to scission and evaluation of mass distribution of fission fragments with the fission time scale for neutron induced fission of plutonium isotopes are investigated using a dynamical Langevin approach. Also, mass yield of fragments and prompt neutron multiplicity in differe...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014606] Published Tue Jul 11, 2017

Cross sections and analyzing powers for ($\stackrel{⃗}{p},np$) reactions of $^{2}\mathrm{H}, ^{6}\mathrm{Li}$, and $^{12}\mathrm{C}$ at 296 MeV


Author(s): T. Wakasa, J. Yasuda, M. Dozono, T. Fukunaga, S. Gotanda, K. Hatanaka, K. Ishibashi, Y. Kanaya, S. Kimura, Y. Maeda, Y. Maeda, Y. Nishio, T. Noro, T. Nozoe, K. Ohnaka, S. Sakaguchi, Y. Sakemi, K. Sekiguchi, T. Taguchi, and Y. Wada

We report measurements of cross sections and analyzing powers for nucleon-knockout $(\stackrel{⃗}{p},np)$ reactions of $^{2}\mathrm{H}, ^{6}\mathrm{Li}$, and $^{12}\mathrm{C}$ at 296 MeV using the RCNP NPOL3 neutron detector and large acceptance spectrometer. The $1s$ and $1p$ knockout reactions wer...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014604] Published Mon Jul 10, 2017

New results in low-energy fusion of $^{40}\mathbf{Ca}+^{90,92}\mathbf{Zr}$


Author(s): A. M. Stefanini, G. Montagnoli, H. Esbensen, P. Čolović, L. Corradi, E. Fioretto, F. Galtarossa, A. Goasduff, J. Grebosz, F. Haas, M. Mazzocco, N. Soić, E. Strano, and S. Szilner

Background: Near- and sub-barrier fusion of various Ca + Zr isotopic combinations have been widely investigated. A recent analysis of $^{40}\mathrm{Ca}+^{96}\mathrm{Zr}$ data has highlighted the importance of couplings to multiphonon excitations and to both neutron and proton transfer channels. Anal...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014603] Published Fri Jul 07, 2017

New quasibound states of the compound nucleus in $α$-particle capture by the nucleus


Author(s): Sergei P. Maydanyuk, Peng-Ming Zhang, and Li-Ping Zou

We generalize the theory of nuclear decay and capture of Gamow that is based on tunneling through the barrier and internal oscillations inside the nucleus. In our formalism an additional factor is obtained, which describes distribution of the wave function of the the $α$ particle inside the nuclear ...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014602] Published Thu Jul 06, 2017

Energy dependence of the prompt $γ$-ray emission from the $(d,p)$-induced fission of $^{234}\mathrm{U}^{*}$ and $^{240}\mathrm{Pu}^{*}$


Author(s): S. J. Rose, F. Zeiser, J. N. Wilson, A. Oberstedt, S. Oberstedt, S. Siem, G. M. Tveten, L. A. Bernstein, D. L. Bleuel, J. A. Brown, L. Crespo Campo, F. Giacoppo, A. Görgen, M. Guttormsen, K. Hadyńska, A. Hafreager, T. W. Hagen, M. Klintefjord, T. A. Laplace, A. C. Larsen, T. Renstrøm, E. Sahin, C. Schmitt, T. G. Tornyi, and M. Wiedeking

Prompt-fission $γ$ rays are responsible for approximately 5% of the total energy released in fission, and therefore important to understand when modeling nuclear reactors. In this work we present prompt $γ$-ray emission characteristics in fission as a function of the nuclear excitation energy of the...

[Phys. Rev. C 96, 014601] Published Wed Jul 05, 2017

Comprehensive $^{242\mathrm{m}}\mathrm{Am}$ neutron-induced reaction cross sections and resonance parameters


Author(s): M. Q. Buckner, C. Y. Wu, R. A. Henderson, B. Bucher, N. Wimer, A. Chyzh, T. A. Bredeweg, B. Baramsai, A. Couture, M. Jandel, S. Mosby, and J. L. Ullmann

The $^{242}\mathrm{Am}$ metastable isomer's neutron-induced destruction mechanisms were studied at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center using the Detector for Advanced Neutron-Capture Experiments array with a compact parallel-plate avalanche counter. New $^{242\mathrm{m}}\mathrm{Am}$ neutron-captur...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 061602(R)] Published Fri Jun 30, 2017

Measurement of prompt fission neutron spectrum for spontaneous fission of $^{252}\mathrm{Cf}$ using $γ$ multiplicity tagging


Author(s): E. Blain, A. Daskalakis, R. C. Block, and Y. Danon

The prompt fission neutron spectrum from spontaneous fission of $^{252}\mathrm{Cf}$ is an integral part of several aspects of nuclear data. Not only is the spectrum itself of interest, but neutron detectors often use the spectrum for calibration, and other prompt fission neutron spectra are measured...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064615] Published Fri Jun 30, 2017

Elastic scattering, inelastic excitation, and neutron transfer for $^{7}\mathrm{Li}\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}+\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{120}\mathrm{Sn}$ at energies around the Coulomb barrier


Author(s): V. A. B. Zagatto, J. Lubian, L. R. Gasques, M. A. G. Alvarez, L. C. Chamon, J. R. B. Oliveira, J. A. Alcántara-Núñez, N. H. Medina, V. Scarduelli, A. Freitas, I. Padron, E. S. Rossi, Jr., and J. M. B. Shorto

Experimental angular distributions for the $^{7}\mathrm{Li}\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}+\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{120}\mathrm{Sn}$ elastic and inelastic (projectile and target excitations) scattering, and for the neutron stripping reaction, have been obtained at ${E}_{\mathrm{LAB}}=20$, 22, 24, ...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064614] Published Wed Jun 28, 2017

Multiplicity derivative: A new signature of a first-order phase transition in intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions


Author(s): S. Mallik, G. Chaudhuri, P. Das, and S. Das Gupta

The thermodynamic properties of nuclear matter can be probed by collisions between heavy nuclei at various energies, and then studying the resulting nuclear fragment distributions. The authors propose an observable which will indicate that nuclear matter has undergone a first-order liquid-gas phase transition. That observable is based on the total multiplicity of the fragmenting system (its first derivative) for collisions between heavy nuclei, and is directly accessible by experiments. It maximizes at the same energy as the specific heat, Cv, which typically happens at any first-order phase transition. Other potential indicators of a phase transition are less indicative due to the long-range Coulomb interaction and the fact that the atomic nucleus has a finite size.

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 061601(R)] Published Thu Jun 22, 2017

Relative fragmentation in ternary systems within the temperature-dependent relativistic mean-field approach


Author(s): M. T. Senthil Kannan, Bharat Kumar, M. Balasubramaniam, B. K. Agrawal, and S. K. Patra

For the first time, we apply the temperature-dependent relativistic mean-field (TRMF) model to study the ternary fragmentation of heavy nuclei using the level density approach. The relative fragmentation probability of a particular fragment is obtained by evaluating the convolution integrals that em...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064613] Published Thu Jun 22, 2017

Measurement of the energy and multiplicity distributions of neutrons from the photofission of $^{235}\mathrm{U}$


Author(s): S. D. Clarke, B. M. Wieger, A. Enqvist, R. Vogt, J. Randrup, R. C. Haight, H. Y. Lee, B. A. Perdue, E. Kwan, C. Y. Wu, R. A. Henderson, and S. A. Pozzi

For the first time, the complete neutron multiplicity distribution has been measured from the photofission of $^{235}\mathrm{U}$ induced by high-energy spallation $γ$ rays arriving ahead of the neutron beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. The resulting average neutron multiplicity $3.80±0....

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064612] Published Tue Jun 20, 2017

Prompt-fission $γ$-ray spectral characteristics from $^{239}\mathrm{Pu}({n}_{\mathrm{th}},f)$


Author(s): A. Gatera, T. Belgya, W. Geerts, A. Göök, F.-J. Hambsch, M. Lebois, B. Maróti, A. Moens, A. Oberstedt, S. Oberstedt, F. Postelt, L. Qi, L. Szentmiklósi, G. Sibbens, D. Vanleeuw, M. Vidali, and F. Zeiser

In this paper we present new results for prompt fission $γ$-ray spectral characteristics from the thermal neutron induced fission of $^{240}\mathrm{Pu}^{*}$. The measured spectra were unfolded by using the detectors' response functions, simulated with geant4. We obtained in average per fission a $γ$...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064609] Published Tue Jun 13, 2017

Translation invariance and antisymmetry in the theory of the nucleon optical model


Author(s): R. C. Johnson

The first step in any formalism that aims to connect a many-nucleon theory of nucleon-nucleus scattering and the concept of an optical model potential in the sense pioneered by Feshbach is to explain what is meant by the optical model wave function. By definition, this is a function of a single spac...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064610] Published Tue Jun 13, 2017

Predictions of probable projectile-target combinations for the synthesis of superheavy isotopes of Ts


Author(s): K. P. Santhosh and V. Safoora

Taking the Coulomb and proximity potential as the interaction barrier, we have studied the production cross section of probable projectile-target combinations for the synthesis of superheavy element $^{297}\mathrm{Ts}$. The cold reaction valley of $^{297}\mathrm{Ts}$ is studied to identify the possi...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064611] Published Tue Jun 13, 2017

${K}^{*}{(892)}^{0}$ and $ϕ(1020)$ meson production at high transverse momentum in $pp$ and Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{{s}_{\mathit{NN}}}=2.76$ TeV


Author(s): J. Adam et al. (ALICE Collaboration )

The production of ${K}^{*}{(892)}^{0}$ and $ϕ(1020)$ mesons in proton-proton ($pp$) and lead-lead (Pb-Pb) collisions at $\sqrt{{s}_{\mathit{NN}}}=2.76\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\mathrm{TeV}$ has been analyzed using a high luminosity data sample accumulated in 2011 with the ALICE detector at the Large ...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064606] Published Mon Jun 12, 2017

Decay of the excited compound system $^{56}\mathrm{Ni}^{*}$ formed through various channels using deformed Coulomb and deformed nuclear proximity potentials


Author(s): K. P. Santhosh and P. V. Subha

The total cross section, the intermediate mass fragment (IMF) production cross section, and the cross section for the formation of light particles (LPs) for the decay of compound system $^{56}\mathrm{Ni}^{*}$ formed through the entrance channel $^{32}\mathrm{S}+^{24}\mathrm{Mg}$ have been evaluated ...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064607] Published Mon Jun 12, 2017

Examination of the adiabatic approximation for $(d,p)$ reactions


Author(s): Yoshiki Chazono, Kazuki Yoshida, and Kazuyuki Ogata

Background: Deuteron-induced one-neutron transfer reactions have been used to extract single-particle properties of nuclei, and the adiabatic (AD) approximation is often used to simply treat the deuteron breakup states.

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064608] Published Mon Jun 12, 2017

Neutron scattering cross section measurements for $^{56}\mathrm{Fe}$


Author(s): A. P. D. Ramirez, J. R. Vanhoy, S. F. Hicks, M. T. McEllistrem, E. E. Peters, S. Mukhopadhyay, T. D. Harrison, T. J. Howard, D. T. Jackson, P. D. Lenzen, T. D. Nguyen, R. L. Pecha, B. G. Rice, B. K. Thompson, and S. W. Yates

Elastic and inelastic differential cross sections for neutron scattering from $^{56}\mathrm{Fe}$ have been measured for several incident energies from 1.30 to 7.96 MeV at the University of Kentucky Accelerator Laboratory. Scattered neutrons were detected using a ${\mathrm{C}}_{6}{\mathrm{D}}_{6}$ li...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064605] Published Fri Jun 09, 2017

Medium effects on pion production in heavy ion collisions


Author(s): Zhen Zhang and Che Ming Ko

Within the framework of the relativistic Vlasov–Uehling–Uhlenbeck transport model based on the relativistic nonlinear $\mathrm{NL}ρ$ interaction, we study pion in-medium effects on the ${π}^{−}/{π}^{+}$ ratio in $\text{Au}+\text{Au}$ collisions at the energy of $E/A=400\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\math...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064604] Published Wed Jun 07, 2017

Fragment emission mechanism in the $^{32}\mathrm{S}+^{12}\mathrm{C}$ reaction


Author(s): Ratnesh Pandey, S. Kundu, C. Bhattacharya, K. Banerjee, T. K. Rana, S. Manna, G. Mukherjee, J. K. Meena, A. Chaudhuri, T. Roy, Pratap Roy, Md. A. Asgar, V. Srivastava, A. Dey, M. Sinha, T. K. Ghosh, S. Bhattacharya, S. K. Pandit, K. Mahata, P. Patle, S. Pal, A. Shrivastava, and V. Nanal

The complex fragment emission from the decay of fully energy-relaxed composite, $^{44}\mathrm{Ti}^{*}$ formed via the $^{32}\mathrm{S}+^{12}\mathrm{C}$ reaction at two excitation energies, have been studied. Inclusive energy distributions of the fragments ($3≤Z≤8$) emitted in the reaction $^{32}\mat...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064603] Published Mon Jun 05, 2017

Measurement of the cross section of the residues from the $^{11}\mathrm{B}$-induced reaction on $^{89}\mathrm{Y}$ and $^{93}\mathrm{Nb}$: Production of $^{97}\mathrm{Ru}$ and $^{101m}\mathrm{Rh}$


Author(s): Deepak Kumar and Moumita Maiti

Background: The heavy-ion induced reactions on intermediate mass targets are complex in nature, even at the low energies. To understand those nuclear reaction phenomena in detail, more experimental studies are required in a wide range of energies.

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064602] Published Fri Jun 02, 2017

Applicability of the Wong formula for fusion cross sections from light to heavy systems


Author(s): N. W. Lwin, N. N. Htike, and K. Hagino

We discuss the applicability of the Wong formula for fusion cross sections in a single-channel problem. To this end, we carry out a systematic study and compare the approximate fusion cross sections with the exact results in a wide mass region of reaction systems. We show that the deviation of the a...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 064601] Published Thu Jun 01, 2017

Observation of new neutron-rich Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu isotopes in the vicinity of $^{78}\mathrm{Ni}$


Author(s): T. Sumikama et al.

Neutron-rich nuclei in the vicinity of $^{78}\mathrm{Ni}$ were produced using a $^{238}\mathrm{U}$ beam at the RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory. The particle-identification plot for the in-flight fission fragments highlights the first observation of eight new isotopes: $^{73}\mathrm{Mn}$, $^{7...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 051601(R)] Published Wed May 31, 2017



Author(s): K. P. Santhosh and C. Nithya

The decay modes and half-lives of 96 isotopes of the superheavy element roentgenium (Rg) within the range of $255≤A≤350$ come under investigation in the present paper. The isotopes which lie beyond the proton drip line are identified by calculating the one-proton and two-proton separation energies. ...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054621] Published Wed May 31, 2017

Isovector dipole resonance and shear viscosity in low energy heavy-ion collisions


Author(s): C. Q. Guo, Y. G. Ma, W. B. He, X. G. Cao, D. Q. Fang, X. G. Deng, and C. L. Zhou

The ratio of shear viscosity over entropy density in low energy heavy-ion collision has been calculated by using the Green-Kubo method in the framework of an extended quantum molecular dynamics model. After the system almost reaches a local equilibration for a head-on $^{40}\mathrm{Ca}+^{100}\mathrm...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054622] Published Wed May 31, 2017



Author(s): K. Schmidt et al.

The deexcitation of alpha-conjugate nuclei produced in reactions of 35 MeV/nucleon $^{40}\mathrm{Ca}$ with $^{40}\mathrm{Ca}$ has been investigated. Particular emphasis is placed on examining the dynamics of collisions leading to projectile-like fragment exit channels. A general exploration of the r...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054618] Published Tue May 30, 2017

Comparative analysis of the fusion reactions $^{48}\mathrm{Ti}+^{58}\mathrm{Fe}$ and $^{58}\mathrm{Ni}+^{54}\mathrm{Fe}$


Author(s): V. V. Sargsyan, G. G. Adamian, N. V. Antonenko, W. Scheid, and H. Q. Zhang

The experimental fusion excitation functions of the reactions $^{48}\mathrm{Ti}+^{58}\mathrm{Fe}$ and $^{58}\mathrm{Ni}+^{54}\mathrm{Fe}$, measured down to the low sub-barrier energies, are described within the quantum diffusion approach and the universal fusion function representation. For these sy...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054619] Published Tue May 30, 2017

New and efficient method for solving the eigenvalue problem for the two-center shell model with finite-depth potentials


Author(s): K. Hagino and T. Ichikawa

We propose a method to solve the eigenvalue problem with a two-center single-particle potential. This method combines the usual matrix diagonalization with the method of separable representation of a two-center potential; that is, an expansion of the two-center potential with a finite basis set. To ...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054620] Published Tue May 30, 2017

Separable representation of multichannel nucleon-nucleus optical potentials


Author(s): L. Hlophe and Ch. Elster

Background: One important ingredient for many applications of nuclear physics to astrophysics, nuclear energy, and stockpile stewardship is cross sections for reactions of neutrons with rare isotopes. Since direct measurements are often not feasible, indirect methods, e.g., ($d,p$) reactions, should...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054617] Published Mon May 22, 2017

Reexamination of fission in the $A≈200$ mass region with excitation energy near 50 MeV


Author(s): K. Mahata and S. Kailas

Even though the fission of nuclei in the mass region 200 with excitation energy near 50 MeV has been studied extensively, a unique description of the fission probability and prefission neutron multiplicity (${ν}_{\mathrm{pre}}$) data remains elusive. In the present work, a reexamination of the relev...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054616] Published Fri May 19, 2017

Breakup of $^{6}\mathrm{Li}+p$ at near-barrier energies and the effect on elastic scattering


Author(s): V. Soukeras et al.

Exclusive breakup measurements have been performed for the $^{6}\mathrm{Li}+p$ system in inverse kinematics at $^{6}\mathrm{Li}$ incident energies of 25 and 29 MeV. The results are considered in the Continuum Discretized Coupled-Channels framework, together with elastic scattering data at 16, 20, 25...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054614] Published Thu May 18, 2017

Investigation of giant dipole resonances in heavy deformed nuclei with an extended quantum molecular dynamics model


Author(s): S. S. Wang (王闪闪), Y. G. Ma (马余刚), X. G. Cao (曹喜光), W. B. He (何万兵), H. Y. Kong (孔海云), and C. W. Ma (马春旺)

The deformation evolution of giant dipole resonance (GDR), in the chains of Sm and Nd isotopes, are investigated in the framework of an extended quantum molecular dynamics (EQMD) model. The mass number dependence of resonance peak position $({E}_{m})$ in the major and minor axis directions of deform...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054615] Published Thu May 18, 2017

Bulk and isospin instabilities in hot nuclear matter


Author(s): V. M. Kolomietz and S. Shlomo

The instability of hot asymmetric nuclear matter with respect to bulk density distortions is considered. The equation of state of the extended Thomas-Fermi approximation is used. The origin of the anomalous dispersion and the influence of the Fermi-surface distortion effects on the bulk and isospin ...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054613] Published Tue May 16, 2017

Seagull and pion-in-flight currents in neutrino-induced $1N$ and $2N$ knockout


Author(s): T. Van Cuyck, N. Jachowicz, R. González-Jiménez, J. Ryckebusch, and N. Van Dessel

Background: The neutrino-nucleus ($νA$) cross section is a major source of systematic uncertainty in neutrino-oscillation studies. A precise $νA$ scattering model, in which multinucleon effects are incorporated, is pivotal for an accurate interpretation of the data.

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054611] Published Mon May 15, 2017

Production cross sections of neutron-rich $^{261−263}\mathbf{No}$ isotopes


Author(s): Jingjing Li, Cheng Li, Gen Zhang, Long Zhu, Zhong Liu, and Feng-Shou Zhang

The fusion excitation functions of $^{249−263}\mathrm{No}$ are studied by using various reaction systems based on the dinuclear system model. The neutron-rich radioactive beam $^{22}\mathrm{O}$ is used to produce neutron-rich nobelium isotopes, and the new neutron-rich isotopes $^{261−263}\mathrm{No...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054612] Published Mon May 15, 2017

Geometric shapes and relationships of some one-body and multibody leptodermous distributions


Author(s): G. Royer, N. Mokus, and J. Jahan

Different families of geometric shapes, derived mainly from lemniscatoids, are proposed to describe ground and excited states of leptodermous distributions of nuclear matter. The transition from one spherical or ellipsoidal nucleus to several spherical or ellipsoidal nuclei or vice versa (in the dec...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054610] Published Fri May 12, 2017

Elastic scattering of $^{7}\mathrm{Be}+^{28}\mathrm{Si}$ at near-barrier energies


Author(s): O. Sgouros et al.

The elastic scattering of the radioactive nucleus $^{7}\mathrm{Be}$ from a $^{28}\mathrm{Si}$ target was studied at four near-barrier energies: 13.2, 17.2, 19.8, and 22.0 MeV ($E/{V}_{C}=1.14$, 1.48, 1.71, and 1.90). Angular distribution measurements were performed at each energy with the multidetec...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054609] Published Thu May 11, 2017

Reliability of ($γ,1n$), ($γ,2n$), and ($γ,3n$) cross-section data on $^{159}\mathrm{Tb}$


Author(s): V. Varlamov, B. Ishkhanov, and V. Orlin

The majority of partial and total photoneutron cross-section data were obtained using beams of quasimonoenergetic photons produced by annihilation in the flight of fast positrons and the method of neutron multiplicity-sorting procedures at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (California) and Sacl...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054607] Published Wed May 10, 2017

Fission dynamics of $^{252}\mathbf{Cf}$


Author(s): A. Zdeb, A. Dobrowolski, and M. Warda

The time-dependent generator coordinate method with the gaussian overlap approximation (TDGCM+GOA) formalism is applied to describe the fission of $^{252}\mathrm{Cf}$. We perform analysis of fission from the initial states laying in the energetic range from the ground state to the state located 4 Me...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054608] Published Wed May 10, 2017

Global phenomenological optical model potential for $^{8}\mathrm{Li}$ projectile


Author(s): XinWu Su, YinLu Han, HaiYing Liang, ZhenDong Wu, HaiRui Guo, and ChongHai Cai

A set of global phenomenological optical model potential parameters for $^{8}\mathrm{Li}$ projectile is obtained by fitting the experimental data of $^{8}\mathrm{Li}$ elastic-scattering angular distributions from $^{9}\mathrm{Be}$ to $^{208}\mathrm{Pb}$ targets with incident energies between 11.0 an...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054606] Published Mon May 08, 2017

Total and isomeric-state cross sections for the $^{76}\mathrm{Ge}(n,2n)^{75}\mathrm{Ge}$ reaction from threshold to 14.8 MeV


Author(s): Megha Bhike, Krishichayan, and W. Tornow

The cross sections for the reaction $^{76}\mathrm{Ge}(n,2n)^{75}\mathrm{Ge}$ to both the isomeric state and the ground state of $^{75}\mathrm{Ge}$ have been measured with the activation method between 10 and 15 MeV in small energy steps to help resolve inconsistencies in the existing database. The $...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054605] Published Thu May 04, 2017

Accurate isotopic fission yields of electromagnetically induced fission of $^{238}\mathrm{U}$ measured in inverse kinematics at relativistic energies


Author(s): E. Pellereau et al.

SOFIA (Studies On Fission with Aladin) is a novel experimental program, dedicated to accurate measurements of fission-fragment isotopic yields. The setup allows us to fully identify, in nuclear charge and mass, both fission fragments in coincidence for the whole fission-fragment range. It was instal...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054603] Published Wed May 03, 2017

Quantum tunneling with friction


Author(s): M. Tokieda and K. Hagino

Using the phenomenological quantum friction models introduced by P. Caldirola [Nuovo Cimento 18, 393 (1941)] and E. Kanai [Prog. Theor. Phys. 3, 440 (1948)], M. D. Kostin [J. Chem. Phys. 57, 3589 (1972)], and K. Albrecht [Phys. Lett. B 56, 127 (1975)], we study quantum tunneling of a one-dimensional...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054604] Published Wed May 03, 2017

Investigation of heavy-ion fusion with deformed surface diffuseness: Actinide and lanthanide targets


Author(s): S. A. Alavi and V. Dehghani

By using a deformed Broglia-Winther nuclear interaction potential in the framework of the WKB method, the near- and above-barrier heavy-ion-fusion cross sections of $^{16}\mathrm{O}$ with some lanthanides and actinides have been calculated. The effect of deformed surface diffuseness on the nuclear i...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054602] Published Tue May 02, 2017

Interaction cross sections and matter radii of oxygen isotopes using the Glauber model


Author(s): Suhel Ahmad, A. A. Usmani, Shakeb Ahmad, and Z. A. Khan

Using the Coulomb modified correlation expansion for the Glauber model $S$ matrix, we calculate the interaction cross sections of oxygen isotopes ($^{16–26}\mathrm{O}$) on $^{12}\mathrm{C}$ at 1.0 GeV/nucleon. The densities of $^{16–26}\mathrm{O}$ are obtained using (i) the Slater determinants consi...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 054601] Published Mon May 01, 2017

Pion production in rare-isotope collisions


Author(s): M. B. Tsang, J. Estee, H. Setiawan, W. G. Lynch, J. Barney, M. B. Chen, G. Cerizza, P. Danielewicz, J. Hong, P. Morfouace, R. Shane, S. Tangwancharoen, K. Zhu, T. Isobe, M. Kurata-Nishimura, J. Lukasik, T. Murakami, Z. Chajecki, and SπRIT Collaboration

Pion energy spectra are presented for central collisions of neutron-rich $^{132}\mathrm{Sn}+^{124}\mathrm{Sn}$ and neutron-deficient $^{108}\mathrm{Sn}+^{112}\mathrm{Sn}$ systems using simulations with the Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck transport model. These calculations, which incorporate isospin-dep...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044614] Published Wed Apr 26, 2017

Repulsive three-body force and channel-coupling effects via $^{12}\mathrm{C}+^{12}\mathrm{C}$ scattering at $100A$ MeV


Author(s): W. W. Qu, G. L. Zhang, S. Terashima, T. Furumoto, Y. Ayyad, Z. Q. Chen, C. L. Guo, A. Inoue, X. Y. Le, H. J. Ong, D. Y. Pang, H. Sakaguchi, Y. Sakuragi, B. H. Sun, A. Tamii, I. Tanihata, T. F. Wang, R. Wada, and Y. Yamamoto

The angular distributions of differential cross sections of $^{12}\mathrm{C}+^{12}\mathrm{C}$ elastic and inelastic scattering populating the ground and excited states in $^{12}\mathrm{C}$ up to 15 MeV excitation energy are precisely measured for the first time at an incident energy of $100A$ MeV to...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044616] Published Wed Apr 26, 2017

Low energy measurements of the $^{10}\mathrm{B}(p,α)^{7}\mathrm{Be}$ reaction


Author(s): M. Wiescher, R. J. deBoer, J. Görres, and R. E. Azuma

Background: The $^{11}\mathrm{B}{(p,2α)}^{4}\mathrm{He}$ reaction is being discussed as a prime candidate for advanced aneutronic fusion fuel systems. Particular interest in this reaction has recently emerged for laser driven plasma systems for energy generation and jet-propulsion systems. The lack ...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044617] Published Wed Apr 26, 2017

Extrapolation of scattering data to the negative-energy region


Author(s): L. D. Blokhintsev, A. S. Kadyrov, A. M. Mukhamedzhanov, and D. A. Savin

Explicit analytic expressions are derived for the effective-range function for the case when the interaction is represented by a sum of the short-range square-well and long-range Coulomb potentials. These expressions are then transformed into forms convenient for extrapolating to the negative-energy...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044618] Published Wed Apr 26, 2017

Long-time drift of the isospin degree of freedom in heavy ion collisions


Author(s): Yan Zhang (张嫣) et al.

The drift of the isospin degree of freedom (IDOF) is experimentally visualized through the wide-range angular distribution and the beam energy dependence of the isospin composition of light charged particles (LCP) produced in heavy ion collisions. It is evidenced that the net isospin transport is pr...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 041602(R)] Published Mon Apr 24, 2017

Exclusive breakup of $^{7}\mathrm{Li}$ incident on a proton target at $5.44A$ MeV


Author(s): A. Pakou, O. Sgouros, V. Soukeras, F. Cappuzzello, N. Keeley, L. Acosta, C. Agodi, X. Aslanoglou, S. Calabrese, D. Carbone, M. Cavallaro, A. Foti, G. Marquínez-Durán, I. Martel, M. Mazzocco, C. Parascandolo, D. Pierroutsakou, K. Rusek, E. Strano, V. A. B. Zagatto, and K. Zerva

An exclusive measurement of the breakup of $^{7}\mathrm{Li}$ incident on a proton target was performed at 38.1 MeV (5.44 MeV/nucleon), probing the direct part of the excitation to the continuum. The two cluster constituents of $^{7}\mathrm{Li}$, $^{4}\mathrm{He}$, and $^{3}\mathrm{H}$, were recorded...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044615] Published Mon Apr 24, 2017

Nuclear stopping and light charged particle emission in $^{12}\mathbf{C}+^{12}\mathbf{C}$ at 95 MeV/nucleon


Author(s): G. Tian (田国玉), R. Wada, Z. Chen (陈志强), R. Han (韩瑞), W. Lin (林炜平), X. Liu (刘星泉), P. Ren (任培培), F. Shi (石福栋), F. Luo (罗飞), Q. Sun (孙琪), L. Song (宋林), and G. Q. Xiao (肖国青)

Detailed comparisons between the experimental data of $^{12}\mathrm{C}+^{12}\mathrm{C}$ at $95A$ MeV and transport model simulations are presented for all charged particles and fragments. For the simulations, antisymmetrized molecular dynamics (AMD), a modified version of AMD (AMD-FM), and constrain...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044613] Published Fri Apr 21, 2017

Extracting three-body breakup observables from continuum-discretized coupled-channels calculations with core excitations


Author(s): R. de Diego, R. Crespo, and A. M. Moro

Background: Core-excitation effects in the scattering of two-body halo nuclei have been investigated in previous works. In particular, these effects have been found to affect in a significant way the breakup cross sections of neutron-halo nuclei with a deformed core. To account for these effects, ap...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044611] Published Thu Apr 20, 2017

Influence of target deformation and deuteron breakup in $(d,p)$ transfer reactions


Author(s): M. Gomez-Ramos and A. M. Moro

Background: The effect of core excitations in transfer reactions of the form $A(d,p)B$ has been reexamined by some recent works by using the Faddeev–Alt–Grassberger–Sandhas reaction formalism. The effect was found to affect significantly the calculated cross sections and to depend strongly and nonli...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044612] Published Thu Apr 20, 2017

Production of a neutron-rich $_{\mathrm{Λ}}^{6}\mathrm{H}$ hypernucleus in the $^{6}\mathrm{Li}({π}^{−},{K}^{+})$ reaction


Author(s): Toru Harada and Yoshiharu Hirabayashi

We study phenomenologically the production of the neutron-rich hypernucleus $_{\mathrm{Λ}}^{6}\mathrm{H}$ in the $^{6}\mathrm{Li}({π}^{−},\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}{K}^{+})$ reaction at 1.2 GeV/$c$, using a distorted-wave impulse approximation in a one-step mechanism, ${π}^{−}p→{K}^{+}{\mathrm{Σ}}...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044610] Published Wed Apr 19, 2017

Cross sections of proton-induced nuclear reactions on bismuth and lead up to 100 MeV


Author(s): L. Mokhtari Oranj, N. S. Jung, M. Bakhtiari, A. Lee, and H. S. Lee

Production cross sections of $^{209}\mathrm{Bi}(p, xn)^{207,206,205,204,203}\mathrm{Po}, ^{209}\mathrm{Bi}(p$, pxn)$^{207,206,205,204,203,202}\mathrm{Bi}$, and $^{\mathrm{nat}}\mathrm{Pb}(p, xn$) $^{206,205,204,203,202,201}\mathrm{Bi}$ reactions were measured to fill the gap in the excitation functi...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044609] Published Tue Apr 18, 2017

Optimal incident energies for production of neutron-deficient actinide nuclei in the reaction $^{58}\mathrm{Ni}+^{238}\mathrm{U}$


Author(s): Long Zhu, Jun Su, and Pei-Wei Wen

The reaction $^{58}\mathrm{Ni}+^{238}\mathrm{U}$ is investigated within the framework of dinuclear system model. The incident energy effects on production cross sections of actinide nuclei are studied. It is found that the optimal incident energies for producing neutron-deficient isotopes are larger...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044608] Published Thu Apr 13, 2017

Constraining presaddle dissipation with fission cross sections of light nuclear systems


Author(s): J. Tian, N. Wang, and W. Ye

Nuclear fission is hindered by dissipation. Based on the stochastic Langevin model, we calculate the drop of fission cross section caused by friction with respect to its standard statistical-model value, ${σ}_{f}^{\mathrm{drop}}$, as a function of the presaddle friction strength ($β$) for fissioning...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 041601(R)] Published Wed Apr 12, 2017

Cross section measurements for production of positron emitters for PET imaging in carbon therapy


Author(s): S. Salvador, J. Colin, D. Cussol, C. Divay, J.-M. Fontbonne, and M. Labalme

In light ion beam therapy, positron (${β}^{+}$) emitters are produced by the tissue nuclei through nuclear interactions with the beam ions. They can be used for the verification of the delivered dose using positron emission tomography by comparing the spatial distribution of the ${β}^{+}$ emitters a...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044607] Published Tue Apr 11, 2017

Isotopic production cross sections of residual nuclei in the spallation reaction $^{136}\mathrm{Xe}\phantom{\rule{3pt}{0ex}}(200A\phantom{\rule{3pt}{0ex}}\text{MeV})\phantom{\rule{3pt}{0ex}}+\phantom{\rule{3pt}{0ex}}p$


Author(s): C. Paradela et al.

The residual nuclei produced in the spallation reaction of $^{136}\mathrm{Xe}$ nuclei at $200A$ MeV on protons have been studied by measuring the isotopic distributions for the elements from cadmium ($Z=48$) to cesium ($Z=55$) by using the fragment separator (FRS) spectrometer at GSI and the inverse...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044606] Published Mon Apr 10, 2017

Comprehensive analysis of large $α$ yields observed in $^{6}\mathbf{Li}$-induced reactions


Author(s): Jin Lei and Antonio M. Moro

Background: Large $α$ yields have been reported over the years in reactions with $^{6}\mathrm{Li}$ and $^{7}\mathrm{Li}$ projectiles. Previous theoretical analyses have shown that the elastic breakup (EBU) mechanism (i.e., projectile breakup leaving the target in its ground state) is able to account...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044605] Published Thu Apr 06, 2017

Detailed characterization of neutron-proton equilibration in dynamically deformed nuclear systems


Author(s): A. Rodriguez Manso, A. B. McIntosh, A. Jedele, K. Hagel, L. Heilborn, Z. Kohley, L. W. May, A. Zarrella, and S. J. Yennello

We study neutron-proton equilibration in dynamically deformed nuclear systems by investigating the correlations between the two largest fragments produced in collisions of $^{70}\mathrm{Zn}+^{70}\mathrm{Zn}$, $^{64}\mathrm{Zn}+^{64}\mathrm{Zn}$, $^{64}\mathrm{Ni}+^{64}\mathrm{Ni}$ and $^{64}\mathrm{...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044604] Published Wed Apr 05, 2017

Chemical potential and symmetry energy for intermediate-mass fragment production in heavy ion reactions near the Fermi energy


Author(s): X. Liu, W. Lin, M. Huang, R. Wada, J. Wang, A. Bonasera, H. Zheng, Z. Chen, S. Kowalski, T. Keutgen, K. Hagel, L. Qin, J. B. Natowitz, T. Materna, P. K. Sahu, M. Barbui, C. Bottosso, and M. R. D. Rodrigues

Ratios of differential chemical potential values relative to the temperature, $({μ}_{n}−{μ}_{p})/T$, extracted from isotope yields of 13 reaction systems at 40 MeV/nucleon are compared to those of a quantum statistical model to determine the temperature and symmetry energy values of the fragmenting ...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044601] Published Tue Apr 04, 2017

Differential cross section measurements for hadron therapy: 50 MeV/nucleon $^{12}\mathrm{C}$ reactions on H, C, O, Al, and $^{\mathrm{nat}}\mathrm{Ti}$ targets


Author(s): C. Divay, J. Colin, D. Cussol, Ch. Finck, Y. Karakaya, M. Labalme, M. Rousseau, S. Salvador, and M. Vanstalle

During a carbon therapy treatment, the beam undergoes inelastic nuclear reactions leading to the production of secondary fragments. These nuclear interactions tend to delocate a part of the dose into healthy tissues and create a mixed radiation field. In order to accurately estimate the dose deposit...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044602] Published Tue Apr 04, 2017

Synthesis of the $Z=122$ superheavy nucleus via $^{58}\mathrm{Fe}$- and $^{64}\mathrm{Ni}$-induced reactions using the dynamical cluster-decay model


Author(s): Sahila Chopra, Hemdeep, and Raj K. Gupta

Within the framework of the dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM), we have studied the nuclear system with $Z=122$ and mass number $A$ = 306 formed via two “hot” fusion reactions $^{58}\mathrm{Fe}+\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{248}\mathrm{Cm}$ and $^{64}\mathrm{Ni}+\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{242}\m...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 044603] Published Tue Apr 04, 2017

High precision half-life measurement of $^{147}\mathrm{Sm}\phantom{\rule{}{0ex}}α$ decay from thin-film sources


Author(s): H. Wilsenach, K. Zuber, D. Degering, R. Heller, and V. Neu

An investigation of the $α$ decay of $^{147}\mathrm{Sm}$ was performed using an ultra-low-background twin Frisch-grid ionization chamber (TF-GIC). Four natural samarium samples were produced using pulsed laser deposition in ultrahigh vacuum. The abundance of the $^{147}\mathrm{Sm}$ isotope was measu...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034618] Published Fri Mar 31, 2017

Charge-exchange reactions on double-$β$ decaying nuclei populating ${J}^{π}={2}^{−}$ states


Author(s): D. Frekers, M. Alanssari, H. Ejiri, M. Holl, A. Poves, and J. Suhonen

The $(\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{3}\mathrm{He},t)$ charge-exchange reaction populating ${J}^{π}={2}^{−}$ states has been examined at 420 MeV incident energy for a series of double-$β$ decaying nuclei, i.e., $^{76}\mathrm{Ge}$, $^{82}\mathrm{Se}$, $^{96}\mathrm{Zr}$, $^{100}\mathrm{Mo}$, $^{128}\m...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034619] Published Fri Mar 31, 2017

Dynamical explanation for the anomaly in the diffuseness parameter of the nucleus-nucleus potential in heavy-ion fusion reactions


Author(s): V. Zanganeh, R. Gharaei, and N. Wang

The abnormally large diffuseness parameter of the Woods-Saxon (WS) potential in heavy-ion fusion reactions is explained for the first time based on the microscopic dynamics simulations. With the improved quantum molecular dynamic (ImQMD) model, we systematically explore the dynamical processes in th...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034620] Published Fri Mar 31, 2017

Elastic, inelastic, and 1-nucleon transfer channels in the $^{7}\mathrm{Li}+^{120}\mathrm{Sn}$ system


Author(s): A. Kundu, S. Santra, A. Pal, D. Chattopadhyay, R. Tripathi, B. J. Roy, T. N. Nag, B. K. Nayak, A. Saxena, and S. Kailas

Background: Simultaneous description of major outgoing channels for a nuclear reaction by coupled-channels calculations using the same set of potential and coupling parameters is one of the difficult tasks to accomplish in nuclear reaction studies.

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034615] Published Thu Mar 30, 2017

Optical model potentials for $^{6}\mathrm{He}+^{64}\mathrm{Zn}$ from $^{63}\mathrm{Cu}(^{7}\mathrm{Li},^{6}\mathrm{He})^{64}\mathrm{Zn}$ reactions


Author(s): L. Yang, C. J. Lin, H. M. Jia, D. X. Wang, L. J. Sun, N. R. Ma, F. Yang, Z. D. Wu, X. X. Xu, H. Q. Zhang, Z. H. Liu, and P. F. Bao

Angular distributions of the transfer reaction $^{63}\mathrm{Cu}(^{7}\mathrm{Li},^{6}\mathrm{He})^{64}\mathrm{Zn}$ were measured at ${E}_{\mathrm{lab}}(^{7}\mathrm{Li})=12.67$, 15.21, 16.33, 23.30, 27.30, and 30.96 MeV. With the interaction potentials of the entrance channel $^{7}\mathrm{Li}+^{63}\m...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034616] Published Thu Mar 30, 2017

Breakup and $n$-transfer effects on the fusion reactions $^{6,7}\mathrm{Li}+^{120,119}\mathrm{Sn}$ around the Coulomb barrier


Author(s): M. Fisichella, A. C. Shotter, P. Figuera, J. Lubian, A. Di Pietro, J. P. Fernandez-Garcia, J. L. Ferreira, M. Lattuada, P. Lotti, A. Musumarra, M. G. Pellegriti, C. Ruiz, V. Scuderi, E. Strano, D. Torresi, and M. Zadro

This paper presents values of complete fusion cross sections deduced from activation measurements for the reactions $\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{6}\mathrm{Li}+\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{120}\mathrm{Sn}$ and $\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{7}\mathrm{Li}+\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{119}\mathrm{S...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034617] Published Thu Mar 30, 2017

Microscopic optical potential for $\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{6}\mathrm{He}$


Author(s): Hairui Guo, Haiying Liang, Yongli Xu, Yinlu Han, Qingbiao Shen, Chonghai Cai, and Tao Ye

The microscopic optical potential for $\phantom{\rule{0.16em}{0ex}}^{6}\mathrm{He}$ with no free parameters is obtained by folding the microscopic optical potentials of its constituent nucleons with the internal wave function of $\phantom{\rule{0.28em}{0ex}}^{6}\mathrm{He}$. We use the isospin-depen...

[Phys. Rev. C 95, 034614] Published Mon Mar 27, 2017