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Galileo Mission Current Events and Galileo Mission News Events, Discoveries and Articles from Brightsurf

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Landmark paper finds light at end of the tunnel for world's wildlife and wild places

Mon, 23 Apr 18 00:01:20 -0700

A new WCS paper published in the journal BioScience finds that the enormous trends toward population stabilization, poverty alleviation, and urbanization are rewriting the future of biodiversity conservation in the 21st century, offering new hope for the world's wildlife and wild places.

NASA's GPM sees Tropical Cyclone Fakir forming near Madagascar

Mon, 23 Apr 18 00:01:30 -0700

The southwest Indian Ocean cyclone season started on November 15, 2017 and will officially end on April 30, 2018. A tropical cyclone called Fakir formed on April 23 near northeastern Madagascar and the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite looked at the storm's rainfall rates.

New research seeks to optimize space travel efficiency

Wed, 18 Apr 18 00:13:40 -0700

Sending a human into space and doing it efficiently presents a galaxy of challenges. Koki Ho, University of Illinois assistant professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering, and his graduate students, Hao Chen and Bindu Jagannatha, explored ways to integrate the logistics of space travel by looking at a campaign of lunar missions, spacecraft design, and conducting research, published today in the Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, to create a framework to optimize fuel and other resources.

NASA's GPM catches line of strong storms responsible for tornadoes in eastern US

Tue, 17 Apr 18 00:03:20 -0700

On Sunday, April 15, a line of strong storms at one point stretched from the Florida Straits below the Florida Keys all the way up the East Coast and into Ohio. The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite analyzed the severe storms as it passed overhead. GPM is a joint mission between NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA.

NASA finds Tropical Cyclone Keni dropped heavy rain on Fiji, direct hit to Kadavu

Thu, 12 Apr 18 00:10:50 -0700

As expected, Tropical Cyclone Keni followed a track similar to Tropical Cyclone Josie and passed to the southwest of Fiji's main island of Viti Levu on April 10, 2018 (UTC).

More than just menageries: First look at zoo and aquarium research shows high output

Thu, 12 Apr 18 00:15:20 -0700

Most of us think of zoos and aquariums as family destinations: educational but fun diversions for our animal-loving kids. But modern zoos and aquariums are much more than menageries. According to a new study, the institutions are increasingly contributing to our knowledge base on biodiversity conservation and other scientific topics.

Newly discovered salty subglacial lakes could help search for life in solar system

Wed, 11 Apr 18 00:12:20 -0700

Researchers from the University of Texas Institute for Geophysics (UTIG) have helped discover the first subglacial lakes ever found in the Canadian High Arctic.

Contrast-enhanced subharmonic imaging detects prostate cancers not identified by MRI

Tue, 10 Apr 18 00:06:40 -0700

A test of contrast-enhanced subharmonic imaging (SHI) has shown promise in detecting prostate cancers that were not identified by MRI, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, D.C.

NASA's GPM shows rainfall southeast of sheared Tropical Cyclone Iris

Fri, 06 Apr 18 00:08:50 -0700

Wind shear has been affecting Tropical Cyclone Iris as it lingers off the coast of eastern Queensland. The Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission core satellite observed how northerly wind shear was pushing Iris' rainfall to the south of the center.

MRI analysis with machine learning predicts impairment after spinal injury, study shows

Thu, 05 Apr 18 00:15:00 -0700

A test of machine-learning algorithms shows promise for computer-aided prognosis of acute spinal cord injury, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, D.C.

Tropical Cyclone Josie's deadly flooding rainfall examined with IMERG

Tue, 03 Apr 18 00:08:40 -0700

Tropical cyclone Josie didn't make landfall in Fiji but its heavy rainfall resulted in deadly flooding. NASA calculated the rainfall that Josie left in its wake as it moved south of Fiji and began weakening.

Intensifying Tropical Storm Jelawat evaluated by NASA's GPM satellite

Thu, 29 Mar 18 00:05:40 -0700

The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core observatory satellite flew almost directly above large intensifying tropical storm Jelawat and found strong storms generating very heavy rainfall.

Supernova may have 'burped' before exploding

Wed, 28 Mar 18 00:10:00 -0700

Only by increasing the rate at which telescopes monitor the sky has it been possible to catch more Fast-Evolving Luminous Transients (FELTs) and begin to understand them.

Machine learning predicts which patients benefit from prostate multiparametric MRI

Wed, 21 Mar 18 00:00:50 -0700

A newly developed machine learning model can accurately predict which patients are most likely to benefit from prostate multiparametric MRI (mpMRI), according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, DC.

NASA finds towering storms in Tropical Cyclone Linda

Wed, 14 Mar 18 00:04:00 -0700

Towering thunderstorms were found southeast of Tropical Cyclone Linda's center when the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed overhead and analyzed the storm.

SwRI-led mission finds Jupiter's atmospheric beauty is more than skin deep

Wed, 14 Mar 18 00:15:30 -0700

In the year and a half NASA's Juno spacecraft has been orbiting Jupiter, the science team led by Southwest Research Institute's Dr. Scott Bolton has discovered that the orange and white bands that characterize Jupiter's outer atmosphere extend thousands of miles into the gas giant's atmosphere. The findings are part of a four-article collection about Juno science results in the March 8th edition of the journal Nature.

Screening mammography for women 40-49 detects more cancers compared with older age groups

Tue, 13 Mar 18 00:03:20 -0700

When compared to the screening population ages 50 and over, screening mammography in women ages 40-49 detects 19.3 percent additional cancers at the expense of an overall 1.5 percent increase in callbacks and 0.1 percent in increased biopsies, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, DC.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Hola drenching Vanuatu, New Caledonia

Fri, 09 Mar 18 00:14:30 -0800

Tropical Cyclone Hola was dropping heavy rainfall on Vanuatu and New Caledonia when the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed overhead.

Unveiling the depths of Jupiter's winds

Thu, 08 Mar 18 00:10:20 -0800

Are the colorful bands just a pretty surface phenomenon, or are they a significant stratum of the planet? The Weizmann Institute's Prof. Yohai Kaspi led this research in which measurements from NASA's Juno spacecraft were analyzed to reveal that the stripes -- belts of strong winds circling the planet - extend to a depth of about 3,000 km.

NASA finds heavy rain in new Tropical Cyclone Hola near Vanuatu

Wed, 07 Mar 18 00:14:10 -0800

NASA obtained rainfall data on newly formed Tropical Cyclone Hola as it triggered warnings in Vanuatu in the South Pacific Ocean. On March 6, 2018 at 3:25 a.m. EST (0825 UTC) the GPM or Global Precipitation Measurement mission core observatory satellite flew above a forming tropical cyclone in the southern Pacific Ocean just east of Vanuatu.

Alternative technique can improve brain imaging for restless children

Mon, 05 Mar 18 00:08:20 -0800

Children often find it difficult to remain still for MRI examinations, but an alternative method to conventional MRI for pediatric patients has shown promise in reducing motion-related artifacts in brain imaging, according to an article published online ahead of print from the April 2018 issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR).

NASA's GPM observes Arkansas and Tennessee flooding downpours

Thu, 01 Mar 18 00:02:00 -0800

The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite provided forecasters with a look at the rainfall rates in storms drenching Arkansas and Tennessee.

Emergency CT for head trauma may be overused, study shows

Fri, 23 Feb 18 00:07:50 -0800

Emergency patients are too often given head CT to check for skull fractures and brain hemorrhage, leading to unnecessary heath care costs and patient exposure to radiation, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, DC.

'Lipid asymmetry' plays key role in activating immune cells

Tue, 20 Feb 18 00:14:00 -0800

A cell's membrane is composed of a bilayer of lipids, and the inside-facing layer is made of different lipids than the outside-facing layer. Because different lipids create membranes with different physical properties, researchers wondered whether different lipid compositions in the bilayer could also lead to different physical properties. They will present their work exploring this 'lipid asymmetry' during the 62nd Biophysical Society Meeting, held Feb. 17-21.

Pulsating Aurora mysteries uncovered with help from NASA's THEMIS mission

Tue, 20 Feb 18 00:01:20 -0800

The precise mechanism driving pulsating auroras, long unknown, has now been identified with help from NASA's THEMIS mission.

Electric eel-inspired device reaches 110 volts

Mon, 19 Feb 18 00:07:30 -0800

In an effort to create a power source for future implantable technologies, a team of researchers developed an electric eel-inspired device that produced 110 volts from gels filled with water, called hydrogels. Their results show potential for a soft power source to draw on a biological system's chemical energy. Anirvan Guha will present the research during the 62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting, Feb. 17-21.

An enzyme's evolution from changing electric fields and resisting antibiotics

Mon, 19 Feb 18 00:07:20 -0800

Bacteria can produce enzymes that make them resistant to antibiotics; one example is the TEM beta-lactamase enzyme, which enables bacteria to develop a resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, such as penicillin and cephalosporins. Researchers at Stanford University are studying this area -- how an enzyme changes and becomes antibiotic-resistant -- and will present their work during the Biophysical Society's 62nd Meeting, held Feb. 17-21, 2018.

Studying mitosis' structure to understand the inside of cancer cells

Sun, 18 Feb 18 00:05:50 -0800

Cell division is an intricately choreographed ballet of proteins and molecules that divide the cell. During mitosis, microtubule-organizing centers assemble the spindle fibers that separate the copying chromosomes of DNA. While scientists are familiar with MTOCs' existence and the role they play in cell division, their actual physical structure remains poorly understood. Researchers are now trying to decipher their molecular architecture, and they will present their work during the 62nd Biophysical Society Annual Meeting, held Feb. 17-21.

What makes circadian clocks tick?

Sun, 18 Feb 18 00:05:40 -0800

Circadian clocks arose as an adaptation to dramatic swings in daylight hours and temperature caused by the Earth's rotation, but we still don't fully understand how they work. During the 62nd Biophysical Society Meeting, held Feb. 17-21, Andy LiWang, University of California, Merced, will present his lab's work studying the circadian clock of blue-green colored cyanobacteria. LiWang's group discovered that how the proteins move hour by hour is central to cyanobacteria's circadian clock function.

Ras protein's role in spreading cancer

Sun, 18 Feb 18 00:05:30 -0800

Protein systems make up the complex signaling pathways that control whether a cell divides or, in some cases, metastasizes. Ras proteins have long been the focus of cancer research because of their role as 'on/off switch' signaling pathways that control cell division and failure to die like healthy cells do. Now, a team of researchers has been able to study precisely how Ras proteins interact with cell membrane surfaces.

Using mutant bacteria to study how changes in membrane proteins affect cell functions

Sun, 18 Feb 18 00:05:20 -0800

Phospholipids are water insoluble

Birds and beans: Study shows best coffee for bird diversity

Fri, 16 Feb 18 00:12:20 -0800

It's an age-old debate for coffee lovers. Which is better: Arabica beans with their sweeter, softer taste, or the bold, deep flavor of Robusta beans? A new study by WCS, Princeton University, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison appearing in the journal Scientific Reports has taken the question to unlikely coffee aficionados: birds.

Catching up to brain cancer

Thu, 15 Feb 18 00:14:40 -0800

University of Delaware researchers have produced a new and freely available computer program that predicts cancer cell motion and spread with high accuracy. This new system gives researchers a faster way of examining rapidly spreading glioblastoma tumors -- an aggressive and devastating form of brain cancer -- and a new way of predicting the likely impact different treatments might have.

Kepler scientists discover almost 100 new exoplanets

Thu, 15 Feb 18 00:16:00 -0800

Based on data from NASA's K2 mission an international team of scientists have just confirmed nearly 100 new exoplanets, planets located outside our solar system. This brings the total number of new exoplanets found with the K2 mission up to almost 300. The new results are to be published in the Astronomical Journal.

Eclipse season starts for NASA's SDO

Tue, 13 Feb 18 00:15:40 -0800

On Sunday, Feb. 11, 2018, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, saw a total solar eclipse in space when Earth crossed its view of the sun.

Full integration of digital breast tomosynthesis reduces false positive rates, study shows

Mon, 12 Feb 18 00:10:00 -0800

Rates of false positive breast cancer screening exams fell significantly after complete integration of diagnostic digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), potentially leading to higher quality, lower costs, and fewer unnecessary biopsies, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, DC.

NASA finds heaviest rainfall in Tropical Cyclone Gita's northern quadrant

Fri, 09 Feb 18 00:06:20 -0800

NASA's GPM core satellite examined rainfall in Tropical Cyclone Gita soon after the storm came together. Tropical Cyclone Gita formed near American Samoa in the Southwestern Pacific Ocean and triggered warnings and watches on Feb. 9. A Tropical Cyclone Warning is in force for Niue.

Measurements from 3-D augmented reality holographic models shown to be highly accurate

Fri, 09 Feb 18 00:07:50 -0800

Measurements taken on projected augmented reality 3-D holographic models were shown to be essentially as accurate as 'gold standard' measurements and nearly approaching that of PACS measurements, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2018 Annual Meeting, set for April 22-27 in Washington, D.C.

GPM satellite finds rainfall pushed away from Tropical Cyclone Cebile's center

Wed, 07 Feb 18 00:09:20 -0800

Vertical wind shear continued to hammer Tropical Cyclone Cebile in the Southern Pacific Ocean and NASA's GPM core satellite saw rainfall was pushed away from the center.

NASA's newly rediscovered IMAGE mission provided key aurora research

Fri, 02 Feb 18 00:15:50 -0800

A long-lost NASA satellite, IMAGE, has recently been rediscovered. The mission's nearly six years in operation provided robust research about the space around Earth that continue to guide science to this day.

News about Tabby's star, the most mysterious star of 2017

Wed, 31 Jan 18 00:13:20 -0800

Several telescopes of the Canary Island Observatories are studying this controversial star in a coordinated campaign involving over a hundred professional and amateur astronomers throughout the world, among them researchers at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) and the University of La Laguna (ULL).

NASA confirms re-discovered IMAGE satellite

Wed, 31 Jan 18 00:04:50 -0800

The identity of the satellite re-discovered on Jan. 20, 2018, has been confirmed as NASA's IMAGE satellite.

GPM satellite analyzes Tropical Cyclone Fehi's rainfall

Tue, 30 Jan 18 00:02:00 -0800

The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Fehi in the Southern Pacific Ocean season and identified heavy rainfall in the system.

It's not how you play the game, but how the dice were made

Tue, 30 Jan 18 00:02:30 -0800

Over time, dice used in playing games have changed in shape and size and evolved with considerations about fairness, chance and probability.

NASA GOLD Mission to image Earth's interface to space

Wed, 24 Jan 18 00:10:20 -0800

On Jan. 25, 2018, NASA launches Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk, or GOLD, a hosted instrument aboard SES-14 that will inspect the dynamic intermingling of space and Earth's uppermost atmosphere.

Fanged friends: World's most vilified and dangerous animals may be humankind's best ally

Thu, 18 Jan 18 00:06:30 -0800

An international review led by the University of Queensland and WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) says that many native carnivores that live in and around human habitation are declining at an unprecedented rate - spelling bad news for humans who indirectly rely on them for a variety of beneficial services.

NASA calculated heavy rainfall leading to California mudslides

Thu, 11 Jan 18 00:01:40 -0800

Winter rains falling on recently burned ground triggered deadly mudslides in Santa Barbara County, California on Jan. 9. NASA calculated the amount of rain fall between Jan. 8 and 10, 2018 and calculated the potential for landslides.

NASA's IMERG measures Tropical Cyclone Ava's disastrous rainfall

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:12:00 -0800

Tropical cyclone Ava dropped extremely heavy rainfall over Madagascar as it passed over the eastern side of the island country on Jan. 5 and 6, 2018. NASA calculated how much rainfall occurred using satellite data.

ASU astronomers to build space telescope to explore nearby stars

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:16:20 -0800

A new ASU-led mission will launch a small satellite telescope into space to study the environment in other solar systems around the Galaxy's most common type of star.

Powerful tropical cyclone irving examined with GPM

Mon, 08 Jan 18 00:10:20 -0800

On Jan. 8, Tropical Cyclone Irving was hurricane-force in the Southern Indian Ocean. The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission or GPM core satellite passed overhead and measured cloud heights and rainfall rates in the powerful storm.