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Preview: Brightsurf Science News :: Neck Cancer News

Neck Cancer Current Events and Neck Cancer News from Brightsurf



Neck Cancer Current Events and Neck Cancer News Events, Discoveries and Articles from Brightsurf



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UCLA study describes structure of herpes virus linked to Kaposi's sarcoma

Fri, 19 Jan 18 00:14:30 -0800

UCLA team shows in the laboratory that an inhibitor can be developed to break down the herpes virus. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpes virus, or KSHV, is one of two viruses known to cause cancer in humans.



Researchers find link between breast cancer and two gene mutations

Fri, 19 Jan 18 00:16:00 -0800

Individuals with Lynch syndrome, a genetic condition that has long been known to carry dramatically increased risk of colorectal cancer and uterine cancer, now also have an increased risk of breast cancer. This is the conclusion of a study in the journal Genetics in Medicine which is published by Springer Nature.



Factor that doubles the risk of death from breast cancer identified

Fri, 19 Jan 18 00:00:30 -0800

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have discovered that the risk of death from breast cancer is twice as high for patients with high heterogeneity of the oestrogen receptor within the same tumour as compared to patients with low heterogeneity. The study, published in The Journal of the National Cancer Institute, shows that the higher risk of death is independent of other known tumour markers and also holds true for Luminal A breast cancer.



Hedgehog signaling proteins keep cancer stem cells alive

Fri, 19 Jan 18 00:03:10 -0800

Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have discovered that the survival of cancer stem cells is dependent on the 'Hedgehog signaling pathway'. Targeting this pathway had previously shown no effect on the growth of colorectal cancer. Now, Charité scientists have demonstrated that using different drugs to target a specific aspect of the pathway may yield better treatment outcomes for patients. Results from this research have been published in the journal Cell Reports*.



A centuries-old math equation used to solve a modern-day genetics challenge

Thu, 18 Jan 18 00:13:20 -0800

Researchers developed a new mathematical tool to validate and improve methods used by medical professionals to interpret results from clinical genetic tests. The work was published this month in Genetics in Medicine.



CancerSEEK: Generalized screening for multiple cancer types

Thu, 18 Jan 18 00:09:20 -0800

Researchers have developed a noninvasive blood test based on combined analysis of DNA and proteins that may allow earlier detection of eight common cancer types. In more than 1,000 patients, their method, dubbed CancerSEEK, detected cancer with a sensitivity of 69 to 98 percent (depending on cancer type).



Can mice really mirror humans when it comes to cancer?

Thu, 18 Jan 18 00:07:50 -0800

A new Michigan State University study is helping to answer a pressing question among scientists of just how close mice are to people when it comes to researching cancer. The findings reveal how mice can actually mimic human breast cancer tissue and its genes, even more so than previously thought, as well as other cancers including lung, oral and esophagus.



Cancer gene screening more cost effective in the general population than high-risk groups

Thu, 18 Jan 18 00:10:50 -0800

A study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute indicates that screening the general population for mutations in specific genes is a more cost effective way to detect people at risk and prevents more breast and ovarian cancers compared to only screening patients with a personal or family history of these diseases.



Patient-derived organoids may help personalize the treatment of gastrointestinal cancers

Wed, 17 Jan 18 00:00:40 -0800

A new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) review highlights the potential of 3-D organoid models derived from patient cells to help personalize therapy for individuals with gastrointestinal cancers.



Review examines the pros and cons of surgery to reduce the risk of cancer

Wed, 17 Jan 18 00:00:10 -0800

Genetic testing is commonplace for many inheritable cancer syndromes, and with that comes the knowledge of being a gene carrier for some patients. Many guidelines recommend that gene carriers take certain steps, such as surgery, to reduce their risk of developing cancer. A new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) review explores the quality-of-life consequences of genetic testing and risk-reducing surgery.



Dulling cancer therapy's double-edged sword

Wed, 17 Jan 18 00:08:50 -0800

Researchers have discovered a very promising new pathway to preventing tumor recurrence -- 'resolvins' could be used in complement with chemotherapy, radiation and targeted therapies to stave off the tumor-promoting effects of dead cancer cell debris.



Patients with blood cancer precursor at risk of developing cancer even after 30 years

Wed, 17 Jan 18 00:09:30 -0800

Patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance are at risk of progressing to multiple myeloma or a related cancer -- even after 30 years of stability. These are the findings of a study by Mayo Clinic researchers published in the Wednesday, Jan. 17, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.



New drug combination helps kickstart the immune system to fight back against cancer

Wed, 17 Jan 18 00:10:50 -0800

Scientists from King's College London have found a way to boost the immune system to help it fight back against cancer. The breakthrough involves the first ever use of a combination of chemotherapy and a drug being trialed as a treatment for neonatal jaundice, that together help kick start the body's natural defenses.



Math can predict how cancer cells evolve

Tue, 16 Jan 18 00:02:10 -0800

Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study from the University of Waterloo has found.



Tiny dinosaur may have dazzled mates with rainbow ruff and a bony crest

Tue, 16 Jan 18 00:07:40 -0800

Ancient dinosaurs were adorned in some amazing ways, from the horns of the triceratops to the plates and spikes of the stegosaurus. A newly discovered, bird-like dinosaur fossil from China contains evidence that could add a new accessory to the list: a shaggy ruff of rainbow feathers.



Oral health may have an important role in cancer prevention

Tue, 16 Jan 18 00:12:30 -0800

The bacteria that cause periodontitis, a disease affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth, seems to play a part also in the onset of pancreatic cancer.



Don't hold your nose and close your mouth when you sneeze, doctors warn

Mon, 15 Jan 18 00:01:30 -0800

Pinching your nose while clamping your mouth shut to contain a forceful sneeze isn't a good idea, warn doctors in the journal BMJ Case Reports.



NHS bowel scope uptake boosted by a fifth when patients sent reassuring reminders

Sun, 14 Jan 18 00:12:00 -0800

Bowel scope screening increased by more than a fifth (21.5 percent) when people were sent additional reminders with a leaflet that addressed common concerns, according to a new study funded by Cancer Research UK.



New epidemiological study finds no connection between cases of cancer and use of plant protection products containing glyphosate

Fri, 12 Jan 18 00:07:30 -0800

BfR Communication No. 036/2017 from 22 December 2017 Epidemiological studies are a central element of public discussion in the debate surrounding the carcinogenic potential of glyphosate. A publication that appeared in the USA in November examined whether there is a possible connection between the use of glyphosate containing plant protection products and cases of cancer among people who work in agriculture using a significantly broader data base.



New biomarkers for colorectal cancer

Thu, 11 Jan 18 00:04:30 -0800

Researchers from the University of Luxembourg found a new biomarker for colorectal cancer (CRC) that might improve therapy and survival rates of patients. Biomarkers are measurable biological indicators for a specific disease, such as changes in the amounts of certain proteins that occur in combination with certain illnesses. Such biomarkers help physicians to diagnose a condition, identify the disease stage, and determine a patient's risk for recurrence of the disease. This supports the doctor in choosing the best-fitting treatment plan.



Education and income determine whether women participate in cervical screening

Thu, 11 Jan 18 00:05:30 -0800

The impression that foreign-born women in Sweden more often are excluded from gynecological cancer screening needs to be reconsidered. A study from Sahlgrenska Academy, published in the journal PLOS One, makes it clear that foreign-born women participate to the same extent as women born in Sweden with a corresponding educational level and income.



Researchers demonstrate RAS dimers are essential for cancer

Thu, 11 Jan 18 00:13:40 -0800

Researchers at UT Southwestern's Simmons Cancer Center have shown that RAS molecules act in pairs, known as dimers, to cause cancer, findings that could help guide them to a treatment.



Certain factors may predict lung cancer patients' response to chemotherapy

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:14:20 -0800

In a retrospective analysis of 73 lung squamous cell carcinoma patients treated with the chemotherapy regimen of gemcitabine plus cisplatin, higher body mass index and younger age were linked with longer progression-free survival, the length of time that a patient lives with cancer but it does not get worse. Patients with better response to treatment and higher body mass index had longer overall survival in the Thoracic Cancer analysis.



New research improves our understanding of cancer cell regulation

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:05:10 -0800

New research measures how changes in kinase activity can influence the growth, development and regulation of cancer cells. They measure kinase network rewiring that occurs in cancer patients so that they can identify new strategies for killing cancer cells.



Biomarkers may help predict outcomes in gastric cancer patients who abuse alcohol

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:06:10 -0800

Alcohol consumption has been identified as a modifiable risk factor for cancers such as gastric cancer. A new report in the the American Journal of Pathology sheds light on how specific proteins interact with alcohol, and how that interplay impacts survival and response to platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with gastric cancer who may or may not still be drinking.



With these special bacteria, a broccoli a day can keep the cancer doctor away

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:08:50 -0800

NUS Medicine researchers have engineered bacteria that specifically targets colorectal cancer cells and converts a substance in some vegetables into an anticancer agent. The system reduced the number of tumors by 75 percent and shrank the remaining tumors by threefold in a mouse model of colorectal cancer. Published in Nature Biomedical Engineering, the study suggests that the probiotics taken together with a diet rich in cruciferous vegetables could help prevent colorectal cancer and its recurrence.



More dentists to discuss risks of HPV-related cancers with their patients

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:08:20 -0800

The dental community is working to strengthen HPV prevention efforts, helping reduce the prevalence of oropharyngeal cancers.



Salk scientists curb growth of cancer cells by blocking access to key nutrients

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:10:40 -0800

Salk researchers have discovered how to curb the growth of cancer cells by blocking the cells' access to certain nutrients.



Rare melanoma type highly responsive to immunotherapy

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:16:30 -0800

Desmoplastic melanoma is a rare subtype of melanoma that is commonly found on sun-exposed areas. Treatment is difficult because these tumors are often resistant to chemotherapy and lack actionable mutations commonly found in other types of melanoma. However, Moffitt Cancer Center researchers report in the Jan. 10 issue of Nature that patients with desmoplastic melanoma are more responsive to immune-activating therapies than previously assumed.



New prostate cancer risk score could help guide screening decisions

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:01:10 -0800

A new score for predicting a man's genetic risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer could help guide decisions about who to screen and when, say researchers in The BMJ today.



Targeting breast cancer through precision medicine

Tue, 09 Jan 18 00:05:20 -0800

University of Alberta researchers have discovered a mechanism that may make cancer cells more susceptible to treatment. The research team found that the protein RYBP prevents DNA repair in cancer cells, including breast cancer.



UC researchers find protein that mediates formation of HER2-driven breast cancer

Tue, 09 Jan 18 00:09:10 -0800

Researchers at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine have identified for the first time that the estrogen receptor-binding protein MED1 is a critical mediator of HER2-driven breast cancer, identifying it as a potential therapeutic target.



Study uncovers healthcare disparities among octogenarians and nonagenarians with advanced lung cancer

Mon, 08 Jan 18 00:03:40 -0800

A new study reveals that, among patients of advanced age with stage III lung cancer, African Americans and individuals who live in lower income areas are more likely to not receive any treatment.



Researchers discover that a 'muscle' cancer is not really a muscle cancer

Mon, 08 Jan 18 00:07:30 -0800

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital oncologists have discovered the cell type that gives rise to rhabdomyosarcoma, the most prevalent soft tissue cancer in children. Previously, scientists thought the cancer arose from immature muscle cells, because the tumor resembled muscle under the microscope. However, the St. Jude researchers discovered the cancer arises from immature progenitors that would normally develop into cells lining blood vessels.



Landmark genetic study better predicts stomach cancer

Fri, 05 Jan 18 00:08:30 -0800

Although stomach cancer is treatable if detected early, diagnosis often occurs at an advanced stage, resulting in high mortality. A new study by researchers at the National University Health System and Duke-NUS Medical School has identified genetic patterns in intestinal metaplasia (a precondition for stomach cancer) which help predict the development of this life-threatening cancer. The discovery could enable targeted screening and earlier detection of stomach cancer, leading to better patient outcomes.



In scientific first, IU researchers grow hairy skin in a dish

Fri, 05 Jan 18 00:09:20 -0800

Researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine have successfully developed a method to grow hairy skin from mouse pluripotent stem cells -- a discovery that could lead to new approaches to model disease and new therapies for the treatment of skin disorders and cancers.



Don't give up now -- keeping your New Year's resolutions could reduce cancer risk

Thu, 04 Jan 18 00:11:00 -0800

Research published this week in ecancermedicalscience may provide the motivation needed to stick with your New Year's resolutions for healthy living. Researchers led by Professor Peter Elwood of Cardiff University, UK examined preliminary data from the UK Biobank, a prospective study of half a million subjects. They found that healthy choices may lead to a total reduction of about one-third in cancer risk.



Cancer mortality in the US continues decades-long drop

Thu, 04 Jan 18 00:11:50 -0800

The cancer death rate dropped 1.7 percent from 2014 to 2015, continuing a drop that began in 1991 and has reached 26 percent, resulting in nearly 2.4 million fewer cancer deaths during that time.



Small-cell lung cancer patients face barriers to receiving standard-of-care treatment

Thu, 04 Jan 18 00:13:30 -0800

Despite decades of clinical research establishing chemotherapy with thoracic radiation as the standard-of-care for the initial management of non-metastatic small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), a large percentage of US patients do not receive these treatments and in turn have lower overall survival, according to research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.



A new therapeutic target to fight metastasis in ovarian cancer

Thu, 04 Jan 18 00:13:00 -0800

Researchers of IDIBELL - ICO have described a key cellular receptor in the processes of metastasis in ovarian cancer. The finding might lead to the use of inhibitors of this receptor as a therapeutic target in the most aggressive variants of the disease.



Breast size dissatisfaction affects self-examination

Thu, 04 Jan 18 00:14:40 -0800

New research shows that women who are dissatisfied with the size of their breasts are less likely to carry out regular self-examinations to screen for breast cancer.



Gene fusion shifts cell activity into high gear, causing some cancer

Wed, 03 Jan 18 00:04:10 -0800

Researchers at Columbia University discovered that a common fusion of two adjacent genes can cause cancer by kicking mitochondria into overdrive, increasing the amount of fuel available for rampant cell growth.



Specially timed signals ease tinnitus symptoms in first test aimed at condition's root cause

Wed, 03 Jan 18 00:07:20 -0800

Millions of Americans hear ringing in their ears -- a condition called tinnitus -- but a new study shows an experimental device could help quiet the phantom sounds by targeting unruly nerve activity in the brain. Results of the first animal tests and clinical trial of the approach, which uses precisely timed sounds and weak electrical pulses that activate touch-sensitive nerves, resulted in a decrease in tinnitus loudness and improvement in tinnitus-related quality of life.



Noninvasive tinnitus treatment turns volume down on phantom noises

Wed, 03 Jan 18 00:06:50 -0800

Scientists have devised a noninvasive approach to offer relief from tinnitus -- a persistent phantom perception of sound that afflicts as many as 15 percent of people in the United States.



State-of-the-art MRI technology bypasses need for biopsy

Tue, 02 Jan 18 00:12:50 -0800

The most common type of tumor found in the kidney is generally quite small (less than 1.5 in). These tumors are usually found by accident when CAT scans are performed for other reasons and the serendipitous finding poses a problem for doctors.



Berry gives boost to cervical cancer therapy

Fri, 29 Dec 17 00:01:50 -0800

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 12,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year. One of the most common treatments for cervical cancer is radiation. While radiation therapy destroys cancer cells, it also destroys nearby healthy cells. University of Missouri School of Medicine researchers studied in vitro human cancer cells to show that combining blueberry extract with radiation can increase the treatment's effectiveness.



Cancer overrides the circadian clock to survive

Thu, 28 Dec 17 00:13:30 -0800

Tumor cells use the unfolded protein response to alter circadian rhythm, which contributes to more tumor growth, researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) find. A key part of the the circadian clock opposes this process, according to a report published online on December 11 in Nature Cell Biology.



New understanding of why cancer cells move

Wed, 27 Dec 17 00:11:40 -0800

A University of Hawai'i Cancer Center researcher has identified how some cancer cells are made to move during metastasis. The research provides a better understanding of how cancer spreads and may create new opportunities for cancer drug development.



Deep brain stimulation: Improving outcomes in the treatment of movement disorders

Fri, 22 Dec 17 00:16:30 -0800

For the first time, researchers from Charité have shown that, in patients with a type of movement disorder known as dystonia, a particular pattern of brain activity is linked to both the severity of symptoms and the clinical outcomes achieved through deep brain stimulation. Results from this study, which has been published in the journal Annals of Neurology*, may help to improve the way in which treatment is adapted to an individual patients needs.



Acid reflux associated with head and neck cancers in older adults

Thu, 21 Dec 17 00:02:20 -0800

Acid reflux was associated with cancer of the respiratory and upper digestive tracts in older adults.