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Women run faster after taking newly developed supplement, study finds

Thu, 18 Jan 18 00:13:10 -0800

A new study found that women who took a specially prepared blend of minerals and nutrients for a month saw their 3-mile run times drop by almost a minute. The women who took the supplement also saw improvements in distance covered in 25 minutes on a stationary bike and a third test in which they stepped on and off a bench, according to research from The Ohio State University.



Clean and green: A moss that removes lead (Pb) from water

Wed, 17 Jan 18 00:12:00 -0800

Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) in Japan have demonstrated that that moss can be a green alternative for decontaminating polluted water and soil. Published in PLOS One, the study shows that in particular, the moss Funaria hygrometrica tolerates and absorbs an impressive amount of lead (Pb) from water.



Making waves for ultrahigh definition displays

Tue, 16 Jan 18 00:05:30 -0800

Wavy transistors that vertically gain width without increasing their on-chip footprint could drive future flexible displays.



Study: Pulsating dissolution found in crystals

Mon, 15 Jan 18 00:08:30 -0800

When German researchers zoomed in to the nanometer scale on time-lapse images of dissolving crystals, they found a surprise: Dissolution happened in pulses, marked by waves that spread just like ripples on a pond.



Defect in zinc supply mechanism affects pathology of intractable pulmonary diseases

Thu, 28 Dec 17 00:12:00 -0800

Japanese researchers revealed that abnormal delivery of zinc to lung cells contributes to obstructive pulmonary diseases. They further showed that mRNA splicing abnormalities are involved in the detailed mechanism. So far, the importance of zinc in the lung has only been understood from a nutritional aspect. This discovery is thought to be the first to clarify zinc's effects on the regulation of mRNA ligation (splicing), and its involvement in the onset of pulmonary diseases.



Development of a nanowire device to detect cancer with a urine test

Tue, 26 Dec 17 00:04:50 -0800

MicroRNAs contained within extracellular vesicles (EVs) may serve as diagnostic markers for several types of cancer. Researchers centered at Nagoya University developed a novel nanowire-based polymer that is highly efficient at isolating EV from urine samples. Using the device, they identified large-scale changes in microRNA profiles among cancer patients. The medical device potentially lays the foundation for an improved diagnostic tool in routine care.



DNA-origami surpasses important thresholds

Wed, 06 Dec 17 00:01:10 -0800

It is the double strands of our genes that make them so strong. Using a technique known as DNA origami, biophysicist Hendrik Dietz has been building nanometer-scale objects for several years at the Technical University of Munich (TUM). Now Dietz and his team have not only broken out of the nanometer realm to build larger objects, but have also cut the production costs a thousand-fold. These innovations open a whole new frontier for the technology.



Clear leads to fully transparent devices

Mon, 04 Dec 17 00:13:40 -0800

Large-area, two-dimensional semiconductors wired through transparent oxide conductors produce high-performance see-through electronics.



Glass microparticles enhance solar cells efficiency

Mon, 20 Nov 17 00:05:30 -0800

Scientists from ITMO University have developed a new solar cell coating based on amorphous silicon that combines the features of an electrode and those of a light-trapping structure. The coating enabled researchers to cut down on reflected light and avoid the overheating of solar cells, thus increasing their overall efficiency by 20%. Moreover, the suggested method is highly suitable for industrial needs due to its relatively low cost and simplicity. The research was published in Optics Letters.



Urgent protection for the environment needed to safeguard human health
Strong messages from Dr. Samuel Myers, keynote speaker at The Academy of Medical Sciences