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Preview: Safetylit: Occupational Issues

Safetylit: Occupational Issues



Welcome to SafetyLit, the online source for recent research about injury prevention.



 



"You can steal livestock but you can't steal trees." the livelihood benefits of agroforestry during and after violent conflict - Quandt A, McCabe JT.
While violent conflict affects the lives of 1.5 billion people globally, little is known about how such people support and feed themselves. We explore how agroforestry may be used as a livelihood strategy to build livelihood resilience during and immediate...



A comparative study of shift work effects and injuries among nurses working in rotating night and day shifts in a tertiary care hospital of north India - Verma A, Kishore J, Gusain S.
BACKGROUND: Shift work can have an impact on the physical and psychological well-being of the healthcare worker, affecting patients as well as their own safety at the workplace. This study was conducted to compare the health outcomes and injuries, along wi...



A long-term follow-up of the efficacy of nature-based therapy for adults suffering from stress-related illnesses on levels of healthcare consumption and sick-leave absence: a randomized controlled trial - Corazon SS, Nyed PK, Sidenius U, Poulsen DV, Stigsdotter UK.
Stress-related illnesses are a growing health problem in the Western world; which also has economic significance for society. As a consequence; there is a growing demand for effective treatments. The study investigates the long-term efficacy of the Nacadia...



A multibody approach applied to the study of driver injuries due to a narrow-track wheeled tractor rollover - Pascuzzi S.
This paper proposes the use of the multibody approach to evaluate the severity of the injuries to the driver associated with rollover of an agricultural tractor. A simple rollover accident of a narrow-track wheeled tractor was simulated in the multibody-FE...



A retrospective analysis of 2713 hospitalized burn patients in a burns center in Turkey - Albayrak Y, Temiz A, Albayrak A, Peksöz R, Albayrak F, Tanrikulu Y.
BACKGROUND: Burn trauma is a significant health problem that has physical, psychological, and economic repercussions on affected patients. The aim of this study was to present epidemiological and demographic characteristics of patients treated over an 8-ye...



Alcohol use and sickness absence due to all causes and mental- or musculoskeletal disorders: a nationally representative study - Kaila-Kangas L, Koskinen A, Leino-Arjas P, Virtanen M, Härkänen T, Lallukka T.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have not distinguished between different alcohol-use histories, which could have contributed to the current inconsistent evidence regarding the relationship between alcohol use and subsequent sickness absence. We thus examined ...



Assessment of safety culture among job positions in high-rise construction: a hybrid fuzzy multi criteria decision-making (FMCDM) approach - Ardeshir A, Mohajeri M.
The construction industry is known as one of the most dangerous industries, which not only requires sound operation of executive laws and regulations, but also necessitates the safety culture of all workers at workshops. Therefore, the aim of this research...



Characteristics of pediatric and adult cases with open globe injury and factors affecting visual outcomes: a retrospective analysis of 294 cases from Turkey - Kutlutürk Karagöz I, Söğütlü Sarı E, Kubaloğlu A, Elbay A, Çallı Ü, Piñero DP, Ozerturk Y, Yazıcıoğlu T.
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate 1-year follow-up results of cases that were diagnosed with open globe injury (OGI), to compare trauma-related characteristics between pediatric and adult cases, and to determine risk factors for a poor final visual ...



Combined emergency braking and turning of articulated heavy vehicles - Morrison G, Cebon D.
'Slip control' braking has been shown to reduce the emergency stopping distance of an experimental heavy goods vehicle by up to 19%, compared to conventional electronic/anti-lock braking systems (EBS). However, little regard has been given to the impact of...



Development and psychometrics of instruments to assess school personnel's bystander action in situations of teen relationship abuse and sexual assault - Edwards KM, Sessarego SN, Stanley LR, Mitchell KJ, Eckstein RP, Rodenhizer KAE, Leyva PC, Banyard VL.
This article describes recently developed instruments that assess school personnel's bystander barriers and intentions in situations of teen relationship abuse, sexual assault, and sexual harassment, as well as perceptions of school readiness specific to r...



Development of an automatically deployable roll over protective structure for agricultural tractors based on hydraulic power: prototype and first tests - Ojados Gonzalez D, Martin-Gorriz B, Ibarra Berrocal I, Miguel Hernandez B, Caro Garcia F, Morales Sanchez P.
An inadequate use of the deployable Roll Over Protective Structure (ROPS) in agricultural tractors contributes to fatalities in rollover events. To help to resolve this problem, an automatically deployable ROPS was designed, constructed and tested. The pro...



Does performing preplacement workplace hair drug testing influence US Department of Transportation random and postaccident urine drug test positivity rates? - Price JW.
BACKGROUND: Does performing pre-employment hair drug testing subsequently affect the prevalence of positive random and postaccident urine drug tests? METHODS: This cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of positive postaccident and r...



Exposure assessment of tractor-related tasks presenting potential overturn hazards on catfish farms in Mississippi, USA - Myers ML, Cole HP, Ibendahl GA, Stephens WB, Westneat SC.
Tractors are used in pond culture of catfish for a variety of mobile tasks, including placing aerators into ponds, mowing, spreading feed into ponds, and transporting equipment (e.g., seining reels), as well as for the stationary task of using the tractor'...



Extremum-seeking algorithms for the emergency braking of heavy goods vehicles -
A pneumatic slip control braking system was demonstrated, which reduces the emergency stopping distances of heavy goods vehicles by up to 19%. Solutions are still required to set the optimal reference wheel slip for this system online, so that it can adapt...



Femoral neck stress injuries: analysis of 156 cases in a U.S. Military population and proposal of a new MRI classification system - Rohena-Quinquilla IR, Rohena-Quinquilla FJ, Scully WF, Evanson JRL.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to formulate a new MRI classification system for fatigue-type femoral neck stress injuries (FNSIs) that is based on patient management and return-to-duty (RTD) time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective r...



Further evidence that sleep deprivation effects and the vigilance decrement are functionally equivalent: comment on Altmann (2018) - Gunzelmann G, Veksler B.
Veksler and Gunzelmann (2018) argue that the vigilance decrement and the deleterious effects of sleep loss reflect functionally equivalent degradations in cognitive processing and performance. Our account is implemented in a cognitive architecture, where t...



How work characteristics are related to European workers' psychological well-being. A comparison of two age groups - Lorente L, Tordera N, Peiró JM.
This study aimed to analyze the mechanisms through which work characteristics are related to psychological well-being, exploring the mediational role of work meaningfulness and job satisfaction, and investigating differences in the patterns of relationship...



Human brain patterns underlying vigilant attention: impact of sleep debt, circadian phase and attentional engagement - Maire M, Reichert CF, Gabel V, Viola AU, Phillips C, Berthomier C, Borgwardt S, Cajochen C, Schmidt C.
Sleepiness and cognitive function vary over the 24-h day due to circadian and sleep-wake-dependent mechanisms. However, the underlying cerebral hallmarks associated with these variations remain to be fully established. Using functional magnetic resonance i...



Industrial Internet of Things: (IIoT) applications in underground coal mines - Zhou C, Damiano N, Whisner B, Reyes M.
The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), a concept that combines sensor networks and control systems, has been employed in several industries to improve productivity and safety. U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) researcher...



Longitudinal evaluation of a training program to promote routine antenatal enquiry for domestic violence by midwives - Baird K, Creedy DK, Saito AS, Eustace J.
BACKGROUND: Routine enquiry about domestic violence during pregnancy is accepted best practice. Training is essential to improve knowledge and practice. Few studies have undertaken a comprehensive evaluation of training impact over time. AIM: To ev...



National public health data systems in the United States: applications to child agricultural injury surveillance - Marlenga B, Berg RL, Pickett W.
PURPOSE: The United States has no comprehensive national surveillance system for fatal or nonfatal child agricultural injuries. Thus, important knowledge gaps exist about recurrent injury patterns that could provide targeted focus for prevention efforts. T...



Personal bullying and nurses' turnover intentions in Pakistan: a mixed methods study - Malik OF, Sattar A, Shahzad A, Faiz R.
In this study, quantitative and qualitative data are presented to examine the direct and mediated effect of personal bullying on nurses' turnover intentions via job stress. The study also investigates the moderating role of political skill on the associati...



Prehospital emergencies in illegal gold mining sites in French Guiana - Egmann G, Tattevin P, Palancade R, Nacher M.
INTRODUCTION: Illegal gold mining is flourishing in French Guiana, existing outside the law due to both the high cost of gold mining permits and the challenges of law enforcement within the Amazon forest. We report the characteristics of, and the medical r...



Rainfall variability and violence in rural Kenya: investigating the effects of drought and the role of local institutions with survey data - Linke AM, O’Loughlin J, McCabe JT, Tir J, Witmer FDW.
In the debate about possible linkages between global environmental change and violent conflict, the research is overwhelmingly based on analysis of aggregate data for administrative areas, towns or villages, and geographic grids. With some exceptions, rese...



Routine activities and criminal victimization: the significance of gendered spaces - Savard DM, Kelley TM, Merolla DM.
Gender is arguably the most prominent correlate of criminal victimization. Few studies, however, examine gender-specific dynamics that might help advance criminology's understanding of the persistent gender gap in criminal victimization. We attempt to help...



Safety in hard times - a qualitative analysis of safety concerns in two industrial plants under financial duress - Young SA, Blitvich J.
A purposive critical case study of two heavy industrial plants was conducted to identify and discuss safety issues faced by companies under financial duress. Access to these companies presented a rare opportunity for study: one plant had announced definite...



Safety knowledge transfer through mobile virtual reality: a study of aviation life preserver donning - Chittaro L, Corbett CL, McLean GA, Zangrando N.
Aviation safety knowledge is a key factor in determining how passengers will respond in an emergency, but the effectiveness of the tools (preflight safety briefing, safety briefing card) used by airlines to educate passengers about safety has been shown to...



Safety Management System in TQM environments - Álvarez-Santos J, Miguel-Dávila J, Herrera L, Nieto M.
Safety Management Systems continue to be a prevalent research topic nowadays, which has gone from being an incipient construct to an essential factor in new currents of business management. Organizations have perceived the importance of organizing their te...



Strategies and challenges in preventing violence against Canadian indoor sex workers - Bungay V, Guta A.
OBJECTIVES: To examine indoor sex workers' strategies in preventing workplace violence and influential socio-structural conditions. METHODS: Data included qualitative interviews with 85 sex workers in British Columbia, Canada, from 2014 through 201...



Takotsubo cardiomyopathy associated with work-place bullying - Malik H, Kangaharan N, Agahari I.
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a condition of transient left ventricular dysfunction precipitated by acute physical or emotional stress. The pathogenesis of TC is not well understood, but it is known to predominantly affect postmenopausal wom...



The effect of social support, gratitude, resilience and satisfaction with life on depressive symptoms among police officers following Hurricane Katrina - McCanlies EC, Gu JK, Andrew ME, Violanti JM.
BACKGROUND: Police officers in the New Orleans geographic area faced a number of challenges following Hurricane Katrina. AIM: This cross-sectional study examined the effect of social support, gratitude, resilience and satisfaction with life on symp...



The effects of workplace respect and violence on nurses' job satisfaction in Ghana: a cross-sectional survey - Boafo IM.
BACKGROUND: Studies have established the negative effects of workplace disrespect and violence on the personal and professional well-being of nurses. In spite of this, only a few have directly investigated the effects of these issues on nurses' job satisfa...



The role of the perceptions of school climate and teacher victimization by students - Huang FL, Eddy CL, Camp E.
Violence directed toward teachers in schools is relatively understudied in comparison with other school-based forms of peer aggression (e.g., school bullying). Based on the nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) 2011-2012, approximate...



The soil-peace nexus: our common future - Lal R.
The strong soil-peace link is governed by the need for finite, but essential, resources intricately connected with ecosystem services and functions. Access to adequate and nutritious food is essential to human wellbeing, peace and tranquillity. The relatio...



To do no harm: humanitarian aid in conflict demands political engagement - Patel RB, Wild HB.
Humanitarian aid in settings of conflict has always been fraught with challenges. In the absence of political engagement, however, manipulation by state authorities, however, have the potential to pervert aid intervention to inflict harm. South Sudan exemp...



Uncovering obstacles: the exercise of symbolic power in the complex arena of intergenerational family farm transfer - Conway SF, McDonagh J, Farrell M, Kinsella A.
The older generation's reluctance to 'step aside' and retire to facilitate young farmers who want to establish a career in farming is a globally recognized feature of intergenerational family farm transfer. This is despite the array of financial enticement...



Visualizing risk related information for work orders through the planning process of maintenance activities - Sarshar S, Haugen S.
Major accidents are characterized by complex causal patterns with many factors influencing the occurrence of such accidents. Within the offshore petroleum industry the causes can be found not just in the execution of maintenance work, but also in the prepa...



Watching the clock on the way to work? Analysing trends in commuting activities, modes and gender differences in commute times, using hazard-based duration modelling methods - Dissanayake D.
This study uses Hazard-based duration modelling methods to investigate commute patterns of males and females, with the aim of exploring the variability of commute times and modes over a period of nine years beginning in 2003. Securing two major datasets of...



Workplace alcohol harm reduction intervention in Australia: cluster non-randomised controlled trial - Pidd K, Roche A, Cameron J, Lee N, Jenner L, Duraisingam V.
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The workplace holds substantial potential as an alcohol harm reduction and prevention setting. Few studies have rigorously examined strategies to reduce workplace alcohol-related harm. Hence, an in-situ 3 year trial of a comprehensiv...



Youth and young adults with acquired brain injury transition towards work-related roles: a qualitative study - Paniccia A, Colquhoun H, Kirsh B, Lindsay S.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to explore the experiences of youth and young adults with acquired brain injury as they transition towards work-related roles. Little is known about employment experiences among this age group. Understanding their ...