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TO THE MOON, MARS, AND BEYOND



Many folks would like to see us back on the Moon and developing its resources.



Updated: 2018-01-15T08:51:13.948-08:00

 



Jerry Pournelle, RIP 8 Aug 2017

2017-09-08T20:00:53.053-07:00

To all of you that date back to the BYTE Magazine, Viktor Toth just passed this bit of sad news, "Jerry Pournelle, the noted science-fiction writer, political pundit and early computer enthusiast, is dead at the age of 84."---Pournelle was a long-time collaborator of science-fiction giant Larry Niven, with whom they co-wrote some amazing science-fiction novels, like The Mote in God’s Eye or Oath of Fealty, not to mention their take on Dante’s Divine Comedy, Inferno, and its sequel, Escape from Hell. Novels he published under his own name included the memorable Janissaries or West of Honor.Pournelle was well known to readers of the once legendary BYTE magazine. His Chaos Manor column, in which he reviewed software, hardware, new technologies, was very popular---https://spinor.info/weblog/?p=8531I still have stacks of the BYTE Magazine out in the garage.Trying to sell computers at the "Digital Deli" in Mountain View on weekends before I retired from the Navy back in 1983 seems like yesterday.Someone who remembered Jerry.https://borepatch.blogspot.com/2017/09/rip-jerry-pournelle.htmlBorepatchFriday, September 8, 2017R.I.P. Jerry Pournellehttp://chaosmanorreviews.com/>From Jerry’s son Alex:I’m afraid that Jerry passed awayWe had a great time at DragonConHe did not suffer.-----------https://www.jerrypournelle.com/chaosmanor/well-wishing/This page is for site visitors to post remembrances and thoughts at the time of Dr. Pournelle’s passing (8 Aug 2017).  Your thoughts can be added using the form at the bottom of this page. Comments that are not related to words of encouragement will be removed.Dr. Pournelle’s family appreciates those that have taken the time to send encouragement and well wishes. – Editor.---------Web Site: http://lkellogg.vttoth.com/LarryRussellKellogg/BlogSpot: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/WordPress: http://lrkellogg.wordpress.com/==============================================================WHAT THE MIND CAN CONCEIVE, AND BELIEVE, IT WILL ACHIEVE - LRK -==============================================================[...]



PRINTING BRICKS FROM MOONDUST USING THE SUN’S HEAT

2017-05-08T16:54:24.614-07:00

The European Space Agency (ESA) posted 3 May 2017 an article about making 3D Bricks from a lunar simulant.http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Engineering_Technology/Printing_bricks_from_moondust_using_the_Sun_s_heat3 May 2017Bricks have been 3D printed out of simulated moondust using concentrated sunlight – proving in principle that future lunar colonists could one day use the same approach to build settlements on the Moon.“We took simulated lunar material and cooked it in a solar furnace,” explains materials engineer Advenit Makaya, overseeing the project for ESA.“This was done on a 3D printer table, to bake successive 0.1 mm layers of moondust at 1000°C. We can complete a 20 x 10 x 3 cm brick for building in around five hours.”Access the videos.http://www.esa.int/spaceinvideos/Videos/2017/03/3D-printing_moondust_bricks_with_focused_solar_heatAdvenit adds: “Our demonstration took place in standard atmospheric conditions, but RegoLight will probe the printing of bricks in representative lunar conditions: vacuum and high-temperature extremes.”http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2013/01/Multi-dome_base_being_constructedTitle Multi-dome base being constructedReleased 15/01/2013 12:00 pmCopyright ESA/Foster + PartnersDescriptionMulti-dome lunar base being constructed, based on the 3D printing concept. Once assembled, the inflated domes are covered with a layer of 3D-printed lunar regolith by robots to help protect the occupants against space radiation and micrometeoroids.Id 286363Five hours to make one brick sounds like a long time.  Maybe if you sent in the robots and had them working on projects before humans landed the time would not be a problem.  All part of things to consider in setting up a lunar base. Engineers should really enjoy making something like this work.VISUALIZE MEME: = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANET  SpecialK | May 8, 2017 at 4:31 pm | Categories: Space Exploration | URL: http://wp.me/pYT74-dkWeb Site: http://lkellogg.vttoth.com/LarryRussellKellogg/BlogSpot: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/WordPress: http://lrkellogg.wordpress.com/RSS link: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/atom.xmlNewsletter: https://mailman1.altair.com/mailman/listinfo/lunar-update==============================================================WHAT THE MIND CAN CONCEIVE, AND BELIEVE, IT WILL ACHIEVE - LRK -==============================================================[...]



Base Construction Material

2017-04-28T20:19:40.420-07:00

Whether we go to Mars or the Moon, if we expect to build up a base it will be to our advantage to be able to use the materials we find there.Even if we use the initial lander or sent ahead containers, there will be a need to provide additional  material to provide shielding, especially if there is no atmosphere to slow down cosmic rays.John Reed passed me a link to some work that has been done to see if bricks could be made from a Martian Soil Simulant.https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-01157-wDirect Formation of Structural Components Using a Martian Soil SimulantBrian J. Chow,Tzehan Chen,Ying Zhong &Yu QiaoScientific Reports 7, Article number: 1151 (2017)doi:10.1038/s41598-017-01157-wAbstractMartian habitats are ideally constructed using only locally available soils; extant attempts to process structural materials on Mars, however, generally require additives or calcination. In this work we demonstrate that Martian soil simulant Mars-1a can be directly compressed at ambient into a strong solid without additives, highlighting a possible aspect of complete Martian in-situ resource utilization. Flexural strength of the compact is not only determined by the compaction pressure but also significantly influenced by the lateral boundary condition of processing loading. The compression loading can be applied either quasi-statically or through impact. Nanoparticulate iron oxide (npOx), commonly detected in Martian regolith, is identified as the bonding agent. Gas permeability of compacted samples was measured to be on the order of 10−16 m2, close to that of solid rocks. The compaction procedure is adaptive to additive manufacturing.Shorter version of report. - LRKhttps://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170427091723.htmEngineers investigate a simple, no-bake recipe to make bricks from Martian soilDate:April 27, 2017Source:University of California - San DiegoSummary:Explorers planning to settle on Mars might be able to turn the planet's soil into bricks without needing to use an oven or additional ingredients. Instead, they would need to apply pressure to compact the soil--the equivalent of a blow from a hammer.This is a brick made of Martian soil simulant compacted under pressure. The brick was made without any additional ingredients and without baking.Credit: Jacobs School of Engineering/UC San DiegoSince we would like to go back to the Moon to Stay, using what we find in the Lunar Soil should be considered as well.What elements are there can help suggest what might make a good way to use the soil.It looks like work has been done on lunar soil simulents.https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/leag2016/eposter/5082.pdfIntroduction: The potential of utilizing lunar regolith as the raw material for manufacturing structural members is very appealing for future exploration of the Moon [1,2]. Future lunar missions will depend on in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) for structural components. Manufacturing structural components directly from unrefined lunar regolith would have the advantage of needing less specialized material processing equipment in comparison with refining the lunar regolith for its raw elements. Sintering lunar regolith has been proposed as a structural material by previous researchers but has not been evaluated for its elastic material properties. Sintering can be a highly variable process and only with the material constants can a structure be designed from this material.--------------------------------------http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2007/pdf/1038.pdfDeveloping Cementitious Materials Using Lunar Soil Simulant Yu Qiao,* Jin Chen, Aijie Han. Department of Structural Engineering, University of California at San Diego 9500 Gilman Dr. MC 0085, La Jolla, CA 92093-0085, USA (Email: yqiao@ucsd.edu)Summary: An organic-inorganic nanohybrid of high flexure strength and low permeability is developed using lunar soil simulant and polymer-silicate interphase. The interphase consists of a continuous polya[...]



NASA VR 360

2017-04-27T08:35:51.684-07:00

Looking for ways to make it easy to assist in propagating the MEME: = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANET.NASA has over the years done more to put their face in front of the general public.Back when the Lunar Prospector mission was being set up the project was asked to find a way for the general public to get a feel for what was going on during real time while Lunar Prospector was orbiting the Moon.  They set up a Lunar Prospector web site and I got to adapt some of their programs to let me send data to the web site display applets through a back door.  These displays updated just 5 minutes after the live data was received.  Much quicker than waiting a couple of years for the scientists papers to come out. :-)Since then NASA in general has done much more to provide access to mission information. Mars gets a lot of coverage.https://mars.nasa.gov/programmissions/JPL contributes much.https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/The International Space Station (ISS) is interesting with media coverage letting us know what is going on in Low Earth Orbit.  Videos and interviews bring us up to speed.https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/multimedia/gallery/Today with the higher bandwidth Internet connections and more powerful graphic processors for computers, tablets, and phones. we can take Virtual Tours of the ISS.Here is a YouTube tour.Published on Jan 11, 2016Using the amazing Space Engine and some mods created by Harbinger we can float around outside the International Space Station as it orbits the Earth. Using YouTube's 360 video feature you can look in any direction and those using headsets can experience the view from 400 km above Earth floating next to the most complicated piece of machinery ever made.The music is a slowed down version of Eastminster by Kevin MacLeodhttp://incompetech.com/music/royalty-...Space Engine is Copyright Vladimir Romanyuk © 2011-2016http://en.spaceengine.org/ISS and Space Engineer Mods created by Harbingerhttp://en.spaceengine.org/forum/17-26...Space Engineers developed by http://www.keenswh.com/CategoryScience & TechnologyLicenseStandard YouTube LicenseThis tour is 50 minutes long.Published on May 21, 2016One of the most detailed tours of the ISS from American astronaut Steven Swanson!!!CategoryScience & TechnologyLicenseStandard YouTube LicenseWith the idea of building a Lunar Base, I thought I would see what using a pair of VR googles like the Google Cardboard viewer would be like.https://vr.google.com/cardboard/I bought a BNEXT VR Headset3D VR Headset Virtual Reality Glasses for iPhone & Android - Play Your Best Mobile Games & 360 Movies With Soft & Comfortable New Goggles Plus Special Adjustable Eye Care Systemby BnextThen down loaded an Android APP for my Samsung phone.  Now I am looking to see if NASA or others have done more VR with the Moon in mind.https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.ThomasKole.Apollo15VR&hl=enApollo 15 Moon Landing VRThomas Kole EducationalCelebrating the 45 year anniversary of the Apollo 15 mission!Use your phone and Google Cardboard to simulate the 1971 Apollo 15 Moon Landing.Feel the rumble as the spacecraft descends to the Lunar surface.Walk on the moon like Scott and Irvin did, and unpack and drive the Lunar Rover.---------------------------------------NASA has this link for - NASA Apps For Smartphones, Tablets and Digital Media Playershttps://www.nasa.gov/connect/apps.htmlIt looks like I have some catching up on my viewing.I am hoping that I can find ideas for how a viewer might partake in building a Lunar Base or at least seeing how it might be done.Since we haven't built one I may have my work cut out.  Then again, you may know of something already done or who might be working on such a project.I am wondering if playing with VR applications will help promote the -MEME: = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANET.SpecialK | April 26, 2017 at 9:10 pm | Categories: Uncategorized | UR[...]



Moon 101 - A Course in Lunar Science for non-specialists

2017-04-22T16:28:55.993-07:00

Back in 2010 I looked at the Moon 101 Lecture Series that was given in 2008.https://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/2010/03/moon-101-lecture-series.htmlIt is a very good starting point to look at the Moon and as mentioned in the lecture, we now have additional data from the more recent missions that build on what was said here.For any of us that might like a refresher course, let me post again the links and topics covered. I am re-watching and looking for ideas as to what the general Internet audiance might like to see when we got back to the Moon with humans on the lunar surface.MEME: = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANET.If you don't have the time to listen to all the lectures you still might like to look at slides from the lectures. Very informative.-----------------------------------------------------------------http://www.spudislunarresources.com/moon101.htmMoon 101 - A Course in Lunar Science for non-specialistsPresentation materials for a course of lectures at NASA Johnson Space CenterJune-October, 2008-----------------------------------------------------------------http://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/moon101/Moon 101 Lecture SeriesThese lectures were produced by NASA and posted on this website with permission.The following presentations are included in the lecture series.Introduction to the Moon, Dr. Paul SpudisThe Lunar Environment, Dr. Wendell MendellPhysiography and Geology of the Moon, Dr. Paul SpudisThe Lunar Surface, Dr. Jeff PlesciaThe Lunar Crust, Dr. Gary LofgrenThe Lunar Interior, Dr. Jeff PlesciaThe Lunar Polar Environment, Dr. Ben BusseyA Brief, Selective History of the Apollo Program, Dr. Dean EpplerFuture Scientific Exploration of the Moon, Dr. Paul SpudisLunar Meteorites, Dr. Kevin RighterNOTE: Slide only versions of the lectures are available at Spudis Lunar Resources.Introduction to the MoonIn the first presentation of the Moon 101 lecture series, Dr. Paul Spudis gives an introduction to the Moon, providing an overview of the more detailed Moon 101 lectures to follow. The presentation begins by describing the nature of the Moon as a heavily cratered rocky planet, and compares the general properties of the Moon to those of the Earth and Mars. Global images and elemental composition maps are then followed by discussions of: the thermal and micrometeorite environments on the lunar surface; the Moon's orbit and resulting eclipses and lunar librations as viewed from Earth; surface topography; moment of inertia; surface morphology and physiography; landscapes and terrains; the surface lighting environment; regolith and dust; and the origin of the Moon. The presentation concludes with a review of past and current robotic exploration missions to the Moon.Lesson presented: 06⁄04⁄2008Lesson produced: 09⁄05⁄2008Duration: 56 minutes 5 secondsThe Lunar EnvironmentDr. Mendell's presentation addresses a multitude of aspects of the Lunar Environment. The first section reviews the many external factors that act upon the Moon and how their effects that need to be understood by the lunar designer or explorer. He chooses to discuss the environmental factors through their connection to the Moon's location in the universe, in the Milky Way Galaxy, in our solar system near the Sun, and in proximity to the Earth. The effects of the solar wind plasma, meteoroids, and solar insolation are important on the Moon because it lacks a magnetic field and a substantial atmosphere. He describes the Earth-Moon system as a “binary planet” and discusses the Lunar Coordinate System and the importance of the Moon’s polar regions. The second part of Dr. Mendell's presentation covers the implications of the environment for living and working on the Moon. We have little to no experience in habitat design for a low-gravity planet. The Moon's 'lumpy' structure introduces irregularities in its gravitational field, increasing the cost of maintaining low orbits. He goes[...]



Site Selection for Lunar Industrialization, Economic Development, and Settlement

2017-04-20T15:47:39.277-07:00

https://denniswingo.wordpress.com/2014/10/16/site-selection-for-lunar-industrialization-economic-development-and-settlement/?share=press-this&nb=1&sel=-------------------------------------------------------------------------------This title and link are from Dennis Wingo's WordPress web site and is the same title of his paper that can be bought from New Space on line source.  Since I don't have a subscription I appreciate being able to find on Dennis' web site.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/space.2015.0023?journalCode=spaceSite Selection for Lunar Industrialization, Economic Development, and SettlementTo cite this article:Wingo Dennis. New Space. March 2016, 4(1): 19-39. doi:10.1089/space.2015.0023.Published in Volume: 4 Issue 1: March 10, 2016Online Ahead of Print: December 21, 2015-------------------------------------------------------------------------------I highly recommend reading what Dennis is sharing and see what might be used to help develop the material for the general public that would catch their attention and help imprint on the mind the MEME: = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANET.Let me copy just his introduction and then ask you look at what he has to say.LRK-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Site Selection for Lunar Industrialization, Economic Development, and SettlementIntroductionThe subject of a lunar landing site/outpost/base has been explored extensively. Due to the cost and complexity involved, until now this has been almost the exclusive domain of government. In the United States we have gone through at least three generations of work in this area since the Apollo era. The vast majority of these plans and projects have been science driven, and scientific priorities have governed site selection and architecture. The general purpose here is to develop something fundamentally different. The general question to be investigated is; what would a non- governmental lunar development look like, premised upon economic development, industrialization and settlement? The specific purpose here is to zero in on a location so that further development and cost estimation can begin soon.The question of lunar development and its importance was discussed in an exceptional activity at a major Silicon Valley venture capital office in August of 2014. Over 40 participants, most of whom have spent their careers in engineering, the sciences, and finance, were gathered to discuss the subject of what would a privately financed installation, to the tune of $5 billion dollars, to be operational by the end of the year 2022 look like? The 2022 project milestone would be a permanently inhabited installation that would initially house at least ten people on extended tours. Discussions were held about cost, implementation, economic activity, and so forth and it was encouraging to see how quickly, with the parameters enumerated, the various participants came to a consensus on the path forward. This missive will discuss site selection within the larger context of the overall project goal.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------MEME: = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANET.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------SpecialK | April 20, 2017 at 3:21 pm | Categories: Lunar Base Project | URL: http://wp.me/pYT74-axWeb Site: http://lkellogg.vttoth.com/LarryRussellKellogg/BlogSpot: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/WordPress: http://lrkellogg.wordpress.com/RSS link: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/atom.xmlNewsletter: https://mailman1.altair.com/mailman/listinfo/lunar-update==============================================================WHAT THE MIND CAN CONCEIVE, AND BELIEVE, IT WILL ACHIEVE - LRK -=[...]



Humans LIVING on the Moon by ????

2017-04-19T19:29:56.035-07:00

Humans LIVING on the Moon by ????by SpecialKHumans LIVING on the Moon by --- Aaah that is the question. since I am 79 and thought we would be doing more with the Apollo missions, more after the Lunar Prospector mission found indications of water at the Lunar poles, or more after the later orbiters having looked down at the Moon with more and more information about the potential for benefiting  from Lunar resources.How about this date?----------------------------------------------------------------------Humans LIVING on the Moon by 2030: ESA to build LUNAR BASE to colonise for manAS Nasa hopes to be the first to put a man on Mars, the European Space Agency (ESA) has altogether different ambitions, saying that it wants to colonise the Moon.The ESA says that it wants to set up a lunar base by 2030, but in the decade prior to this, it will send astronauts back and forth for testing.However, it said in a statement that it won’t be competing with Nasa, which has previously stated that it wants to colonise the planet, but envisions “international cooperation and commercial participation.”Humans LIVING on the Moon by 2030: ESA to build LUNAR BASE to colonise for man----------------------------------------------------------------------Back in March of 2016 the Daily Mail posted a closer date.----------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3507665/Could-living-moon-2022-Nasa-scientists-reveal-plans-build-lunar-base-six-years-10-billion.html'We could be living on the moon by 2022': Nasa claims a 'cheap' $10 billion lunar base will be ready for humans in just six yearsProposals look at low-cost solutions for a permanent base on the moonThey say a base capable of supporting 10 people could be built by 2022This could then be expanded to house more than 100 people in a decade Many of the technologies needed already exist on the ISS and on EarthBy Richard Gray for MailO wenlinePUBLISHED: 08:04 EDT, 24 March 2016 | UPDATED: 12:48 EDT, 24 March 2016It is widely regarded as one of the greatest human achievements ever made, but putting a man on the moon was no cheap undertaking.The Apollo missions to send just 12 men onto the dusty lunar surface cost £25 billion (£17 billion) – estimated to be worth around $170 billion (£120 billion) in modern monetary value.But it appears we may be able to send humans back to our rocky satellite and set up a permanent base where they could live for just a fraction of the cost.Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3507665/Could-living-moon-2022-Nasa-scientists-reveal-plans-build-lunar-base-six-years-10-billion.html#ixzz4ejllO2nP----------------------------------------------------------------------Popular Science also says only 10 years we could be back on the Moon. Hold a conference and we get lots of posts. Could help with the MEME: = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANET.----------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.popsci.com/we-could-be-living-on-moon-in-10-years-or-lessWe Could Be Living On The Moon In 10 Years Or LessAnd it wouldn't actually be that expensive, thanks to robots, 3D printing, and SpaceXBy Sarah Fecht March 10, 2016Artist concept of a moon colony via NASA"You are here to help humanity become a spacefaring species."So said the opening line of a brochure for a workshop that took place in August 2014. It was a meeting of some of the greatest scientists and professionals in the space business and beyond, including gene editing maverick George Church and Peter Diamandis from the XPrize Foundation. The workshop's goal: to explore and develop low-cost options for building a human settlement on the moon.http://www.popsci.com/we-could-be-living-on-moon-in-10-years-or-less-------------------------------------------------[...]



Cislunar Space: The Next 30 Years - United Launch Alliance has a vision.

2017-04-17T21:20:15.211-07:00

Cislunar Space: The Next 30 YearsUnited Launch Alliance has a vision.By Paul D. SpudisAIRSPACEMAG.COMFEBRUARY 22, 2017Read more: http://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/cislunar-space-next-30-years-180962249/#TuloDa2uTT1E060e.99Up to speed and thinking about the future, United Launch Alliance (ULA), the amalgam of Boeing and Lockheed created in 2006 to market launch services on the venerable Delta and Atlas rockets, hosted a unique gathering in Centennial, Colorado last week. Approximately 70 invited engineers, scientists and space entrepreneurs gathered at ULA corporate headquarters to consider the pathways and connections of future activities envisioned for cislunar space (the volume of space between and around Earth and the Moon). Working from ULA’s concept of 1000 people working in cislunar space within the next 30 years, we were tasked to consider and work out what these people will do and how the ULA Cislunar 1000 vision will come to pass. (See video and slides from the meeting.)Read more: http://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/cislunar-space-next-30-years-180962249/#TuloDa2uTT1E060e.99------------------------------------------------------The title is from an article Paul D. Spudis wrote for Air & Space about a meeting that United Launch Allianace held.I am trying to find sources that will make it easy to implant the"MEME"  = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANETRepeat, repeat and repeat until you can see the vision.Now who will be the first to control Cislunar Space?We need to be careful here.  If we say CONTROL, then we might be thinking military action.  Would that turn the topic into some "BLACK OP". and lock everything away behind a cloud of secrecy?  Or could we pass it off as something like the "Clementine" mission to an asteroid that mapped the Moon using new instrumentation the military was interested in proof testing? https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/clementine.htmlChina has made progress in going to the Moon, both with orbiters and lander.  If you look at what they accomplished with Chang'e 2 you will find that they orbited the Moon and fully mapped it and went to Sun-Earth L2 and loitered there before going off to an asteroid.  Impressive.  https://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/c-missions/chang-e-2https://sservi.nasa.gov/articles/china-releases-worlds-highest-resolution-lunar-images/Again, repeat, repeat "MEME"  = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANETThen you might ask WHO will set up shop on the Moon?Let me mention Paul D. Spudis again and suggest you go check out his list of earlier blogs about what China is doing.China continues its Long March to the http://www.spudislunarresources.com/blog/china-continues-its-long-march-to-the-moon/Did you watch the YouTube about Paul's book? it is 52 minutes so you might not have listened to the questions, but if you go to minute 48, Paul answers a question about the Chinese space effort and I found informative.The Value of the Moon https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cuhK9a8ipOQ&feature=youtu.bePublished on Oct 24, 2016Planetary scientist Dr. Paul Spudis of the Lunar and Planetary Institute presents his argument for returning humans to the Moon before reaching for Mars and other destinations. Spudis explores three reasons for returning to the Moon: It is close, it is interesting, and it is useful. He argues the Moon is a logical base for further space exploration and possibly a future home for humanity. This was the first presentation in the Lunar and Planetary Institute’s 2016–2017 Cosmic Exploration Speaker Series — Mercury to Mars: LPI Explores the Solar System."MEME"  = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANETSpecialK | April 15, 2017 at 7:55 pm | Categories: Lunar Base Project | URL: http:[...]



W.W.W. MOON? The Why, What and When of a Permanent Manned Lunar Colony

2017-04-15T20:10:52.873-07:00

This title is from Maurizio Morabito's Blogs way back in 2006.https://omnologos.wordpress.com/2006/06/15/www-moon-the-why-what-and-when-of-a-permanent-manned-lunar-colony/As it happened I was checking out the web for problems in establishing a Lunar Colony and ran across one of my old blogs where Maurizio Morabito had made a comment.http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/2007/03/lunar-habitat-habitable-or-not.htmlCheck out Maurizio's archived blog and read taking note of his reference links at the end of the blog.It had been earlier presented at the Human Future and Space Symposium – 28 Apr 2004 – The British Interplanetary Society(an edited version has been published in the Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, Vol. 58, No. 3/4 March/April 2005, pp 131-137)The aim of this presentation is to define the basic reasons, means and timescale for the establishment of a permanent, manned lunar settlement. Going beyond a review of the vast existing literature on the subject, the underlying goal is a call into action (=launches) to all people and organisations involved and interested in the exploration and use of the Moon:· the BIS· the Planetary Society· all Moon-related Societies (such as the Artemis Society)· every single Lunar and Planetary scientist and· for reasons that frankly should be obvious to everyone, also the Mars Societyhttps://omnologos.wordpress.com/2006/06/15/www-moon-the-why-what-and-when-of-a-permanent-manned-lunar-colony/So I woke up this morning and it is April 15, 2017 and we aren't building on the Moon, YET. :-)What did I say was needed to grow in the mind?"MEME"  = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANET,I am looking for more recent articles and I see that authors are still publishing and providing the WHAT is needed.  Not so sure on the WHEN it will happen and that is why I think we need ways to unleash the "MEME"  = THE MOON IS OUR NEXT INHABITED PLANET,Paul Spudis of "The Once and Future MOON" has a blog that emphasis going to the Moon first and NOT Mars, to the point that some  say is repetitious and one sided.  His newer books are sometimes reviewed with that view as well.  That said, I think there are good points covered so here is the link to the blog and a YouTube presentation that is very clear and informative.  Have a look see.http://www.spudislunarresources.com/blog/ SpecialK | April 15, 2017 at 7:55 pm | Categories: Lunar Base Project | URL: http://wp.me/pYT74-6xThanks for looking up with me,- LRK -Web Site: http://lkellogg.vttoth.com/LarryRussellKellogg/BlogSpot: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/WordPress: http://lrkellogg.wordpress.com/RSS link: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/atom.xmlNewsletter: https://mailman1.altair.com/mailman/listinfo/lunar-update==============================================================WHAT THE MIND CAN CONCEIVE, AND BELIEVE, IT WILL ACHIEVE - LRK -==============================================================[...]



The Planet Moon Project

2017-04-14T00:11:46.513-07:00

Back in November of 2003 David Schrunk sent me a copy of a paper suggesting that when we go back to the Moon we should look at the south pole region of the Moon, up high, on a mountain ,where it would be possible to see back to Earth as well as get energy from the Sun almost continuously.Lunar Reference Mission: Malapert Station (AAS 03-734)https://www.researchgate.net/publication/253917554_Lunar_Reference_Mission_Malapert_Station_AAS_03-734We haven't made it back yet but the dream is still strong and ideas continue to develop.David recently sent me a copy of a revised location for a possible lunar base and he and Madhu Thangavelu will have a spot in the ISDC2017 conference this May 25 - 29, 2017. where they will be available.I am going to now go back and re-read their book, "THE MOON, Resources, Future Development, and Settlement."https://www.amazon.com/Moon-Resources-Development-Settlement-Springer/dp/0387360557Here is an Abstract and some links to related material.The Planet Moon ProjectAbstractThe resources of mankind are now sufficiently advanced to support the global human exploration and development of the Moon. This paper discusses the "Planet Moon Project", which portrays a vision to transform the Moon into an inhabited sister planet of the Earth in the 21st century. Beginning with small-scale, teleoperated in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) projects, electric power, communication, and transportation networks will be manufactured from lunar resources. These infrastructure networks will be field-tested and commissioned in the south polar region of the Moon, and permanent human outposts will then be established. Through several phases of development, the utility networks will grow, and the number of permanently inhabited bases will increase to include all areas of interest on the Moon. With long-term planning and prudent international coordination of resources, the responsible and beneficial conversion of the Moon into an inhabited sister planet of the Earth will thus become possible. - See more at: http://ascelibrary.org/doi/pdf/10.1061/40479%28204%2992#sthash.lMDKY5Mj.dpufSource URL: http://ascelibrary.org/doi/pdf/10.1061/40479%28204%2992The Planet Moon Project | Space 2000AuthorsDavid G. Schrunk; Retired Aerospace Engineer and Medical Doctor. Presently Chairman of the Science of Laws of Laws Institute, 14341 Horizon Court, Poway, CA 92064.E-mail: docscilaw@aol.comMadhu Thangavelu; Adjunct Faculty, Schools of Architecture and Aerospace Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California. E-mail: 75030.1052@compuserve.comBonnie L. Cooper; Senior Engineer, Oceaneering Space Systems, Houston, TX.E-mail: bcooper@oss.oceaneering.comBurton L. Sharpe; formerly, Head, Lunar Surface Experiment Operations Section, NASA-JSC. 1163 Crested View Drive, St. Louis, Missouri, 63146.E-mail: bsharpe416@aol.com Here is a link to  the ISDC2017 web site and the speakers that will be presenting.http://isdc2017.nss.org/speakers/I see that Madhu Thangavelu is presenting and that led to his bio and the link to the YouTube clip covers the information in a more visual form.http://isdc2017.nss.org/madhu-thangavelu/Madhu ThangaveluConductor, ASTE527 Space Concepts StudioUSC Viterbi School of EngineeringMadhu Thangavelu conducts the ASTE527 graduate Space Exploration Architectures Concept Synthesis Studio in the Department of Astronautical Engineering within the Viterbi School of Engineering, and he is also a graduate thesis adviser in the School of Architecture at USC.He holds degrees in both engineering and architecture and has contributed extensively to concepts in space architecture, especially dealing with extraterrestrial development. He is the author or co-author of over 70 technical papers in space architecture, lunar [...]



Swedish Institute of Space Physics goes back to the Moon

2017-04-11T12:07:15.587-07:00

Swedish Institute of Space Physics goes back to the Moonhttp://www.irf.se/link/irf_back_to_the_moon'"On April 7, the Swedish Institute of Space Physics successfully delivered the flight model of the Advanced Small Analyzer for Neutrals (ASAN) instrument to the National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, China. The ASAN instrument will be launched at the end of 2018 onboard the Chinese Chang'e 4 mission to the Moon. Chang'e 4 consists of an orbiter, lander and rover."...The Advanced Small Analyzer for Neutrals (ASAN) instrument on Chang'e 4. (Image Credit: IRF)...Return to the Surface of the MoonThe ASAN instrument will mark the return of Swedish built scientific instruments to the lunar surface after the famous Hasselblad cameras used during the Apollo missions.Ongoing ScienceThe ASAN instrument will allow a continuation of the very successful research initiated with the participation in the Indian Chandrayaan-1 mission with the SARA instrument. A wide range of ground breaking discoveries about the interaction of the solar wind with the lunar surface were made, including the first image of a mini-magnetosphere on the Moon. Many of the open questions raised by SARA measurements made from orbit, will find an answer with ground truth data obtained by the ASAN instrument.PIO Contact:Annelie Klint NilssonIRF Kiruna+46 980 79076press@irf.seScience Contact:Dr. Martin WieserIRF Kiruna+46 980 79198wieser@irf.se...My thanks to LARRY KLAES who passed this information on the FPSPACE mailing listFPSPACE@mail.friends-partners.orghttp://lists.friends-partners.org/mailman/listinfo/fpspaceSpecialK | April 11, 2017 at 9:54 am | Categories: Back To The Moon | URL: http://wp.me/pYT74-3LThanks for looking up with me,- LRK -Web Site: http://lkellogg.vttoth.com/LarryRussellKellogg/BlogSpot: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/WordPress: http://lrkellogg.wordpress.com/RSS link: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/atom.xmlNewsletter: https://mailman1.altair.com/mailman/listinfo/lunar-update==============================================================WHAT THE MIND CAN CONCEIVE, AND BELIEVE, IT WILL ACHIEVE - LRK -==============================================================[...]



Absolutely mind-blowing video shot from the Space Shuttle during launch

2016-01-13T13:49:18.053-08:00

Happy New Year, and no the Space Shuttle has not been reactivated.Tice DeYoung received an email from a friend and thought I might like to view the link to the High Definition view from the Space Shuttle booster.during launch.I think you all might enjoy seeing again even if you saw it when it was originally posted.back in March of 2012  (8:31 min:sec)"Ascent - Commemorating Shuttle" or "Best of the Best" Provides New Views, Commentary of Shuttle Launches,It dated back to 2010 and of course is now available on the web. (45::24 min:sec)Uploaded on Dec 7, 2010  and  Dec 16, 2010  Either one will take some time to watch.  That said, I enjoyed looking at the photography and remembering those that worked on making it possible to build the ISS.The commentary about the many cameras was very informative. High speed photography gives you a great view of action otherwise gone in a blink of the eye.Let me also include a few links to a revised version of David Bowie's Space Oddity, recorded by Commander Chris Hadfield on board the International Space Station.Also a link to Chris giving a TED Talk about going blind during a space walk.  He ends with playing the Space Oddity song again.David Bowie passed away at 69, this January 10, 2016.http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/12/arts/music/david-bowie-dies-at-69.html?_r=0http://www.cnn.com/2016/01/11/entertainment/david-bowie-death/- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------Clip from Tice -http://io9.gizmodo.com/5893615/absolutely-mindblowing-video-shot-from-the-space-shuttle-during-launchDrop whatever you're doing and watch this. NASA has released videos shot from onboard the Space Shuttle's Solid Rocket Boosters in the past, but you've never seen one prepared as masterfully as this.For one thing, the footage was shot in high definition, so the image is exceptionally clear. But what puts this video head and shoulders above most other rocketcams is the sound. The audio has been remastered by the folks over at Skywalker Sound (yes, that Skywalker Sound), and the final product is nothing short of incredible.Michael Interbartolo — who used to work on the Shuttle Program at Mission Control in Houston — had this to say about the video when he posted it to Google+ earlier this morning:Just got this from the guys at Glenn who are finalizing the new special edition DVD/BluRay version of Ascent: Commemorating Shuttle which this will be an extra on. The video is shot from the Solid Rocket Booster Perspective up and down with enhanced sound thanks to Ben Burtt's son and the folks at Skywalker Sound. The team is still trying to figure out how to release this all to the public, but for now enjoy an exclusive first look. +NASA youtube doesn't even have the video.Try to let what you're witnessing sink in. See those numbers flying past in the upper right hand corner? That's the Shuttle's airspeed. See that gleam of light against the inky backdrop of space at 2:08 and 3:11? That's the Shuttle continuing on its flight path into low Earth orbit. Hear the eerie rattling, haunting moans, and weird dinosaur noises? That's what it sounds like to be a Solid Rocket Booster, falling to Earth from an altitude of 150,000 feet....--------------------------------------------------------------------More discussion from Bad Astronomy, Phil PlaitCheck out Phil's link to get more information about the video to prepare for watching.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2012/03/15/turn-up-your-speakers-and-take-a-wild-ride-on-a-shuttle-solid-rocket-booster/#.VpZ5nBUrKUlTurn up your speakers and take a wild ride on a Shuttle solid rocket boosterBy Phil Plait | March 1[...]



3-D Printing of food for astronauts on future Mars mission - 2013

2016-01-08T22:23:10.615-08:00

NASA Invests $125,000 with private firm to investigate 3-D Printing of food for astronauts on future Mars missionhttps://thespacereporter.com/2013/05/nasa-announces-plans-to-feed-astronauts-using-3-d-printer/This subject was noted on my Facebook account and I see that it dates back to 2012 - 2013 time frame so did some looking to see if it was still a topic of interest.What is mentioned is not quite a Star Trek Replicator but rather a 3D printer that can build up a food product like a pizza.--------------------------------------------------------------------It gets a bit stranger if you try to grow fake food for real.  Why bother with parts of an animal you don't want to eat, just grow the part of a chicken you want to eat.Caged or range, not the question, it might have come from a vat of growing meat.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------NASA Invests $125,000 with private firm to investigate 3-D Printing of food for astronauts on future Mars mission.https://thespacereporter.com/2013/05/nasa-announces-plans-to-feed-astronauts-using-3-d-printer/NASA is funding a 3D food printer, and it'll start with pizzahttp://www.theverge.com/2013/5/21/4350948/nasa-funding-3d-food-printer-pizza...--------------------------------------------------------------------Dried component and liquid  to make the paste for your printer.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://qz.com/86685/the-audacious-plan-to-end-hunger-with-3-d-printed-food/The audacious plan to end hunger with 3-D printed foodAnjan Contractor’s 3D food printer might evoke visions of the“replicator” popularized in Star Trek, from which Captain Picard was constantly interrupting himself to order tea. And indeed Contractor’s company, Systems & Materials Research Corporation, just got a six month, $125,000 grant from NASA to create a prototype of his universal food synthesizer.But Contractor, a mechanical engineer with a background in 3D printing, envisions a much more mundane—and ultimately more important—use for the technology. He sees a day when every kitchen has a 3D printer, and the earth’s 12 billion people feed themselves customized, nutritionally-appropriate meals synthesized one layer at a time, from cartridges of powder and oils they buy at the corner grocery store. Contractor’s vision would mean the end of food waste, because the powder his system will use is shelf-stable for up to 30 years, so that each cartridge, whether it contains sugars, complex carbohydrates, protein or some other basic building block, would be fully exhausted before being returned to the store....--------------------------------------------------------------------More but still back a couple of years.Will be watching for more companies and ideas.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.nasa.gov/directorates/spacetech/home/feature_3d_food_prt.htm3D Printing: Food in SpaceNASA and a Texas company are exploring the possibility of using a "3D printer" on deep space missions in a way where the "D" would stand for dining.NASA has awarded a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I contract to Systems and Materials Research Consultancy of Austin, Texas to study the feasibility of using additive manufacturing, better known as 3D printing, for making food in space. Systems and Materials Research Consultancy will conduct a study for the development of a 3D printed food system for long duration space missions. Phase I SBIR proposals are very early stage concepts that may or may not mature into actual systems. This food printing technology may result in a phase II study, which still will be several years from being tested on an a[...]



The Artist Who Helped Invent Space Travel

2016-01-04T13:52:05.723-08:00

Gordon Vaughan posted on my Facebook account the below link about the artwork of Chesley Bonestell..We have mention Chesley Bonestell before but I thought you might enjoy looking at some of the images that are found on the web.They are beautiful and have been an inspiration to many viewers.I enjoyed seeing a big mural at the Smithsonian.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------Gordon VaughanGreat article, didn't know those were all from one artist!The Artist Who Helped Invent Space TravelIf Lucian Rudaux was the Grandfather of space art, Chesley Bonestell was the father. He was born on January 1, 1888, 15 years before the Wright brothers first flew and 38 years before the launch of the first liquid-fuel rocket. When he died 98 years later,…IO9.GIZMODO.COM|BY RON MILLER--------------------------------------------------------------------Here is the Ron Millers article with a lot of Chesley Bonestell images used by permision.Suggest you check them out along with the article  the gizmodo link.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------The Artist Who Helped Invent Space Travelhttp://io9.gizmodo.com/the-artist-who-helped-invent-space-travel-452436111If Lucian Rudaux was the Grandfather of space art, Chesley Bonestell was the father. He was born on January 1, 1888, 15 years before the Wright brothers first flew and 38 years before the launch of the first liquid-fuel rocket. When he died 98 years later, men had walked on the moon and spacecraft had visited most of the planets and many of the moons of the solar system.Bonestell's paintings not only anticipated 20th century space exploration, they helped to bring it about. So realistic were his depictions of other worlds that visiting them no longer seemed fantasy. His artwork looked like picture postcards taken by some future astronaut....--------------------------------------------------------------------The official Bonestell web site where you can view images and even buy prints if interested.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.bonestell.org/http://www.bonestell.org/#LIMITED EDITION PRINTTo commemorate the 70th anniversary of the inaugural publication of Bonestell's space art, Bonestell LLC is releasing 250 limited edition art prints of Saturn as seen from Titan. The last official printing of Bonestell's Saturn as seen from Titan was in the 1970s.Chesley Bonestell's space art first appeared in the May 29, 1944, issue of Life magazine, accompanying the article, "Solar System: It is Modeled in Miniature by Saturn and Nine Moons." The article featured a series of paintings – including Saturn as seen from Titan – depicting views of Saturn from its various satellites and presenting the audience with a realistic and magical impression of Saturn and space. Thus began the era in which Bonestell's art provided a window to explore space in magazines such as Collier's, Fantasy and Science Fiction, Life, Pic, Coronet, Scientific American, and in books such as The Conquest of Space and The Exploration of Mars.Saturn as seen from Titan became one of Bonestell's most iconic paintings. It is also one of the paintings he would paint again and again, the view evolving with time. The print for purchase is a version he created in 1952 for his daughter, Jane Webster. It was first exhibited in the Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles, October 1957. While its second and last exhibition was in 1988 at the California Academy of Sciences.The print was released on June 11, 2014. This date is significant: Chesley Bonestell passed away on June 11, 1986, doing one of the things he loved most – painting.To learn more about the painti[...]



List of proposed missions to the Moon

2016-01-03T17:09:06.585-08:00

The subject of proposed missions to the Moon have been mentioned before, still the beginning of a year is probably a good time to bring it up again.I mentioned that maybe Disney would like to help fund the government direction to make a space habitat and it has been suggested that it might better be done for some commercial lunar enterprise proposal.It might be interesting to look at some of the future space proposals from the idea of what is in it for yourself. Below a snippet of the Wikpedia article on proposed missions to the Moon.We shall see what the new year brings.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------List of proposed missions to the Moonhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_proposed_missions_to_the_MoonUnder developmentCountryNameLaunch dueNature of mission(Private)GLXP Astrobotic Technology2016[1]landing and roving(Private)GLXP Moon Express2017[2]mining(Private)GLXP SpaceIL2017[3]landing and roving RussiaLuna-Glob 12024[4][5]planning the creation of a lunar base IndiaChandrayaan-22017[6][7]landing, roving, sample analyzing ChinaChang'e 52017[8]sample return USALunar Flashlight2018[9]searching for water ice deposits RussiaLuna-Glob 2 (Luna-Resurs)2018[10][11]planning the creation of a lunar base USAILN Node 12018[12]first node of a lunar network JapanSLIM[13]2019[14]pinpoint landing, roving[15][16] ChinaChang'e 4"Before 2020"[17]landing and roving ChinaChang'e 62020[18]sample return--------------------------------------------------------------------Proposed Lunar Mission One would like to send your foot prints to the Moon.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------https://lunarmissionone.com/https://lunarmissionone.com/whats-happening/footsteps-on-the-moonAt Lunar Mission One, we believe the Moon is for everyone. It’s our driving force, our core belief, our mission. We want to give everyone on Earth the chance to make their mark on the Moon with us. So upload a photo of your footprints, feet or shoes below. We plan to send all your photos to the Moon on the Astrobotic Lander in 2017, so you can make a stand on the Moon with us.Lunar Mission One is a mission to the Moon for everyone.------https://lunarmissionone.com/whats-happeninghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunar_Mission_One--------------------------------------------------------------------Will Russia help send some folks toward the Moon?2008 has come and gone and I am not getting any younger. - LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------DSE Alphahttp://www.astronautix.com/craft/dsealpha.htmRussian manned lunar flyby spacecraft. Study 2005. Potential commercial circumlunar manned flights were offered in 2005, using a modified Soyuz spacecraft docked to a Block DM upper stage.The customer would be shot around the moon as early as 2008 at a price of $100 million. Soyuz had already been proven for this role under the L1 program in the 1960's.In August 2005 Energia, in collaboration with Space Adventures / Deep Space Expeditions announced the potential offering of flights around the moon to millionaires able to afford the $ 100 million price tag. Dusting off the work of the 1960's that resulted in the Soyuz being qualified for manned circumlunar flight, the new version proposed two mission profiles:The baseline Direct Staged Mission would run as follows:Day 1: Launch of a Soyuz TMA spacecraft by a Soyuz 11A511U booster into low earth orbit.Day 2: Launch of Block DM upper stage by a Zenit-3 launch vehicle. After the Block DM's parking orbit parameters were verified, the Soyuz TMA began to maneuver to rendezvous with the u[...]



Congress Instructs NASA to Build a Space Habitat by 2018

2016-01-01T15:26:18.611-08:00

A new year.  Maybe we can do a bit more looking up.  Hans Kalff sent me a link (see below) and Jun Okushi posted on Facebook some of the same (see below, below)Hmmmm, A Space Habitat by 2018.  It will be interesting to see what happens before I pass on to a far, far, away place. :-)US$55 million out of $19.3 billion budget.  Hmmmm, Disney spent $4 billion to purchase Lucasfilm so "Star Wars The Force Awakens" wasn't cheap to make.  Then again they expect to make money in the long run.http://www.wired.com/2015/12/disney-star-wars-return-on-investment/I wonder if Disney would like to help marketing going to the Moon, Mars, and Beyond.There ought to be a few toys to sell and a few comic books, and .....May the force be with you, and thanks for looking up with me.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://futurism.com/links/congress-instructs-nasa-build-space-habitat-2018/Congress Instructs NASA to Build a Space Habitat by 2018NASA’S NEW JOB FROM CONGRESSSome of NASA’s successes in 2015 include finding liquid water on Mars and icy mountains on Pluto. In fact, the agency has been making so much waves that the US Congress has decided to give it a raise.However, there’s a catch.Congress is instructing NASA to use some of that money, which is at least US$55 million, to construct a prototype model of a deep space habitat. An omnibus bill passed by Congress this month directs NASA to accelerate work on a “habitation augmentation module” that could be used for future deep space missions.The funds will be part of the Advanced Exploration Systems program, which in turn is part of the Exploration Research and Development line item in the budget that received $350 million in the bill. It further states that “NASA shall develop a prototype deep space habitation module within the advanced exploration systems program.” NASA will also be required to provide Congress with a report within 180 days of the bill’s enactment detailing how those funds are being used to create the habitation module.And Congress wants everything done by 2018.Image credit: NASASee Spacenews - LRK -http://spacenews.com/spending-bill-to-accelerate-nasa-habitation-module-work/--------------------------------------------------------------------Jun Okushi's Facebook post from the Huffington Post- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------Mars, here we come.NASA celebrated news of an unexpected windfall earlier this month when after years of penny-pinching, Congress announced it would increase the space agency’s budget by $1.3 billion in 2016. Now it's emerged that a chunk of that money has been earmarked to help bolster the agency’s plans for a Martian mission. As Popular Science noted, Congress directed NASA to use $55 million of its $19.3 billion budget to begin building a deep space habitat that will house astronauts during future exploratory missions to the red planet.Congress gave the agency until 2018 to develop a decent prototype model of the “habitation module.” NASA must also produce a report on the status of the program in 180 days.NASA said it hopes to launch a crewed mission to Mars by the 2030s, and to begin cislunar (between Earth and the moon) testing of a workable habitat by the 2020s.As SpaceNews noted, the agency has already started working with companies like Bigelow Aerospace, Boeing and Orbital ATK to study habitat designs. The new funding and directive from Congress, however, “could force NASA to speed up” these plans.NASA's habitation module may “shape deep space travel for dozens of decades,” wro[...]



Bonestell's Cracked Lava Surface is REAL!!

2015-11-16T20:38:53.196-08:00

In a previous post we mentioned the movie "Destination Moon" and the selection of landing site for the spacecraft and the paintings of Chesley Knight Bonestell,Jr..The landing site was far enough north that a view of Earth would be low enough on the horizon for a camera to see it in the same shot as the horizon.  Bonestell had been concerned that his painting of the Moon might have shown an unrealistic rendering of the lunar surface with too many cracks.Before we actually went to the Moon with orbiters, landers, and humans, there had been much speculation about what we would actually find.Rocky mountains, and dust bowls that would swallow us up. or maybe volcanic action and lava beds with lava tubes.And then you might want to practice for a landing you had never done before.http://astrogeology.usgs.gov/rpif/videos/making-cratersThere is still much to learn.Ron sent me some information about our cracked lunar surface which you can read below.- LRK -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harpalus_(crater)Harpalus is a young lunar impact crater that lies on the Mare Frigoris, at the eastern edge of the Sinus Roris. To the southeast at the edge of the mare is the small crater Foucault, and to the northwest on the opposite edge is the walled plain named South.The rim of Harpalus is sharp-edged with little sign of wear or erosion. The wall is not perfectly circular, and has a few outward notches and protrusions, especially along the eastern half. It is surrounded by an outer rampart of ejecta, most notably towards the north, and is at the center of a small ray system. Due to its rays, Harpalus is mapped as part of the Copernican System.[1]The inner surface is terraced, and flows down to the floor. The interior wall is the least wide along the northern face, making the floor slightly offset in that direction. Near the midpoint is a system of low central ridges.Popular culture referencesHarpalus was the rocket landing site in the 1950s science fiction film Destination Moon. It was chosen by artist Chesley Bonestell as it had a relatively high latitude and the Earth could be realistically displayed at a low altitude during camera shots. However, the resulting clay model depicted crazing (net-like cracks) across the crater floor, an addition to which Bonestell objected.snip--------------------------------------------------------------------Here is what Ron sent me.  Enjoy.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------Date:: Mon, 16 Nov 2015 02:19:31 -0500Subject:: Bonestell's Cracked Lava Surface is REAL!!At 01:06 AM 11/16/2015, you wrote:... However, the resulting clay modeldepicted crazing < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crazing> (net-like cracks)across the crater floor, an addition to which Bonestell objected.snipThe net-like cracks in the floor of Harpalus that Bonestell objected to, and many, many frequent critics also later objected to are actually on the Moon.But John Archer of the Movie said that the "cracked lava" lunar surface looks nothing like the surface of the Moon. And Bonestell, himself, after the 1969 landing said in reference to the cracked surface: "I tried to make it just as dramatic as I could, and, as a result, it looks ridiculous now. The Moon looks nothing like that".However, as many of us have pointed out, there are millions and millions of square miles of unexplored territory on the Moon, almost all of which have at least been photographed by the Luna[...]



Harpalus (crater)

2015-11-15T22:15:05.083-08:00

In April of 1950 I was 12 and on TV there was Buck Rogers..In June of 1950 "Destination Moon" showed.It was based on Robert A. Heinlein's 1947 book, "Rocket Ship Galileo."When you look at this time after WWII you see the science fiction books continuing the idea of defending the home land, only now we take it to space.Look up! There is the Moon just waiting to be of use as an outpost where you could launch a weapon.If the government won't foot the bill, just find someone with deep pockets and build a rocket in your back yard.When you get there, take a look back at Earth from Harpalus craterSpace in art helped us look up as well.  Check out the paintings of Chesley BonestellChesley Bonestell and the Landscape of the MoonThe purpose of art is to soothe the soul, but sometimes it can predict future realities with uncanny precision.The links below have a lot of information in their references as well.- LRK -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harpalus_(crater)Harpalus is a young lunar impact crater that lies on the Mare Frigoris, at the eastern edge of the Sinus Roris. To the southeast at the edge of the mare is the small crater Foucault, and to the northwest on the opposite edge is the walled plain named South.The rim of Harpalus is sharp-edged with little sign of wear or erosion. The wall is not perfectly circular, and has a few outward notches and protrusions, especially along the eastern half. It is surrounded by an outer rampart of ejecta, most notably towards the north, and is at the center of a small ray system. Due to its rays, Harpalus is mapped as part of the Copernican System.[1]The inner surface is terraced, and flows down to the floor. The interior wall is the least wide along the northern face, making the floor slightly offset in that direction. Near the midpoint is a system of low central ridges.Popular culture referencesHarpalus was the rocket landing site in the 1950s science fiction film Destination Moon. It was chosen by artist Chesley Bonestell as it had a relatively high latitude and the Earth could be realistically displayed at a low altitude during camera shots. However, the resulting clay model depicted crazing (net-like cracks) across the crater floor, an addition to which Bonestell objected.snip--------------------------------------------------------------------https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Destination_Moon_(film)Destination Moon (film)Destination Moon (aka Operation Moon) is a 1950 American Technicolor science fiction film independently produced by George Pal, directed by Irving Pichel, and starring John Archer, Warner Anderson, Tom Powers, and Dick Wesson. The film was distributed in the United States and UK by Eagle-Lion Classics.With Destination Moon, George Pal produced the first major U.S. science fiction film to deal with the dangers inherent in human space travel and the possible difficulties of America's first lunar mission landing on and safely returning from our only satellite.The film's premise is that U.S. private industry will mobilize, finance, and manufacture the first spacecraft to the Moon, while making the assumption that the U.S. government will then be forced to purchase or lease this new technology to remain the dominant power in space and on the Moon. Industrialists are shown cooperating to support the private venture. In the final scene, as the crew approaches the Earth, the traditional "The End" title card heralds[...]



To the Moon in 2013, no not yet and 2015 is fast closing

2015-11-14T18:08:57.637-08:00

Well back in December of 2012 had some posts about expectations for 2013.Always the questions of What, When, Where, Why, and how.I think a bit of repetition may be okay so let me list the links to the two I copied to the blog.http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/2012/12/to-moon-in-2013.htmlTo The Moon in 2013http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/2012/12/to-moon-in-2013-stopping-off-at-mare.htmlTo The Moon in 2013 - stopping off at Mare CrisiumFolks have been looking at the Moon and taking notes and enjoying the looking up,Much more will need to be done if we actually decide to do this again with humans.The answers to the questions above will set much activity in motion and success will change our view of humanity.Earth bound or something more that will inspire our imagination.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://the-moon.wikispaces.com/A+Portfolio+of+Lunar+DrawingsA Portfolio of Lunar DrawingsHarold Hill: A Portfolio of Lunar Drawings (1991)(glossary entry)DescriptionA collection of meticulous drawings and notes of selected small regions of the Moon, by British amateur Harold Hill.--------------------------------------------------------------------http://the-moon.wikispaces.com/Mare+CrisiumMare CrisiumCrisium Basin(unofficial name; IAU feature name for central 418 km of mare: Mare Crisium )--------------------------------------------------------------------When sending humans back to the Moon becomes politically correct and something that catches the attention of the general public, the locations on the Moon need to be looked at for a continued occupation. Both polar regions have been suggested as well as places nearer to the equator.Polar regions show promise for continued light and communication with Earth.  Equatorial regions will need to be able to survive two weeks of darkness.Then their is the question of what kinds of lunar resources will be desirable.If a long range to continuous use of the Moon is expected will there be a plan that has guaranteed funding until occupation becomes self sufficient?Starts and stops may provide jobs for some.  They don't always move us forward to something that will be a continuing benefit to those others that remain Earthbound.Thanks for looking up with me, - LRK -Web Site: http://lkellogg.vttoth.com/LarryRussellKellogg/BlogSpot: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/WordPress: http://lrkellogg.wordpress.com/RSS link: http://kelloggserialreports.blogspot.com/atom.xmlNewsletter: https://mailman1.altair.com/mailman/listinfo/lunar-update==============================================================http://www.nss.org:8080/settlement/moon/library/index.htm KOKH LUNAR LIBRARYWelcome to the Kokh Lunar Library of information on the economic development and human settlement of the Moon. Peter Kokh, recipient of the NSS Gerard K. O’Neill Memorial Award for Space Settlement Advocacy, has been publisher and editor of the Moon Miner’s Manifesto for 26+ years and a former President of the Moon Society....==============================================================https://archive.org/details/Lunar resources utilization for space construction. Volume 2: Study resultsby NONPublished April 30, 1979Usage Public DomainTopics FILLERS, DYNAMIC PRESSURE, STATIC PRESSURE, GAPS, REUSABLE HEAT SHIELDING, REUSE, SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITERS, SPACECRAFT SHIELDING, TILES, WIND TUNNEL TESTS, COMPUTER PROGRAMSYear 1979Language EnglishBook contributor NASACollection nasa_techdocs...====================================================[...]



NASA Spots the 'Great Pumpkin': Halloween Asteroid a Treat for Radar Astronomers

2015-10-22T14:03:49.613-07:00

Halloween is coming and maybe you will be out in the Pumpkin Patch with Charlie Brown.When you look up maybe you can catch sight of asteroid 2015 TB145. (with a telescope)I think we are getting better at finding these asteroids sooner but a good thing it is going to miss and too bad we can't stick a transponder on it.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news190.htmlNASA Spots the 'Great Pumpkin': Halloween Asteroid a Treat for Radar AstronomersOctober 21, 2015NASA scientists are tracking the upcoming Halloween flyby of asteroid 2015 TB145 with several optical observatories and the radar capabilities of the agency's Deep Space Network at Goldstone, California. The asteroid will fly past Earth at a safe distance slightly farther than the moon's orbit on Oct. 31 at 10:05 a.m. PDT (1:05 p.m. EDT). Scientists are treating the flyby of the estimated 1,300-foot-wide (400-meter) asteroid as a science target of opportunity, allowing instruments on "spacecraft Earth" to scan it during the close pass.Asteroid 2015 TB145 was discovered on Oct. 10, 2015, by the University of Hawaii's Pan-STARRS-1 (Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System) on Haleakala, Maui, part of the NASA-funded Near-Earth Object Observation (NEOO) Program. According to the catalog of near-Earth objects (NEOs) kept by the Minor Planet Center, this is the closest currently known approach by an object this large until asteroid 1999 AN10, at about 2,600 feet (800 meters) in size, approached at about 1 lunar distance (238,000 miles from Earth) in August 2027."The trajectory of 2015 TB145 is well understood," said Paul Chodas, manager of the Center for Near Earth Object Studies at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. "At the point of closest approach, it will be no closer than about 300,000 miles -- 480,000 kilometers or 1.3 lunar distances. Even though that is relatively close by celestial standards, it is expected to be fairly faint, so night-sky Earth observers would need at least a small telescope to view it."The gravitational influence of the asteroid is so small it will have no detectable effect on the moon or anything here on Earth, including our planet's tides or tectonic plates....http://neo.jpl.nasa.gov/index.html--------------------------------------------------------------------As FOX News reports..Has YouTube and the JPL orbit image.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://foxct.com/2015/10/20/asteroid-the-size-of-empire-state-building-to-pass-incredibly-close-to-earth-on-halloween/Asteroid the size of Empire State Building to pass incredibly close to Earth on HalloweenA massive asteroid is expected to pass by Earth on Halloween in the closest fly-by since 2006.NASA discovered the asteroid, dubbed 2015 TB145 on Oct. 10 using Pan-STARRS 1.--------------------------------------------------------------------NBC-2 - With YouTube and Ad.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.nbc-2.com/story/30316180/asteroid-to-narrowly-miss-earth-on-halloween#.Vikk9_mrTIUAsteroid to narrowly miss Earth on HalloweenPosted: Oct 21, 2015 8:09 AM PDT Updated: Oct 21, 2015 8:10 AM PDT(CNN) -- Don't look now, but an asteroid is heading our way on Halloween.On the other hand, go ahead and look. As it misses Earth by about 300,000 miles (slightly farther away than the moon), the asteroid, named 2015 TB145, will be visible to those with good telescopes -- and NASA, which announced the[...]



Here is to looking up.

2015-10-21T19:16:53.998-07:00

It has been a couple of weeks already since I saw "The Martian" and I was waiting for the book to arrive.  It has arrived! Reading!I also bought The Sentinel Hardcover – 1983 by Arthur C. Clarke and Golden Apples of the Sun, The Paperback – November 1, 1997 by Ray Bradbury, so I must admit I have had my head in books rather than looking up.Paul.Slootweg sent me a reminder that you can never be too young to look up. (see below)I think this is great and certainly what will help us to really make it happen if the kids don't lose the dream by the time they grow up.Hopefully your school system has some teachers that will help them learn how to turn their dreams into reality.Build the electric motor out of nails and bell wire. :-)  [as we did in my fourth grade class with Mr. Peavy]Or build a robot kit. http://www.scientificsonline.com/shop/robotics?Page=1&Sort=featuredhttp://www.scientificsonline.com/page/about-us- LRK -------------------------------------------------------Per Paul Slootweg -My son (James) went to a parents evening at my grandson's (Dylan)nursery (preschool) today.Dylan will be 3 come next February.Anyway, one reported exchange with one of the staff goes as follows:Dylan: "I'm going to the Moon on my rocket."Staff: "What will you see on the Moon?"Dylan: "The Earth."I think it's profound that he can handle that concept already.(Mind you, he can also name more dinosaurs than you or I can think of!)By all means share this little tale with the others Looking Up. I'mmightily proud of both my son and his!------------------------------------------------------If you have too much light pollution to actually look up and see much then maybe a substitute is look on-line.http://livefromspace.com/http://www.ustream.tv/channel/iss-hdev-payloadhttp://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/earthviewerhttp://www.universetoday.com/115235/what-does-earth-look-like-from-the-moon/http://planetary.org/explore/space-topics/earth/pics-of-earth-by-planetary-spacecraft.html?referrer=https://www.google.com/- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------The Martian is good and having seen the movie first was enjoyable..It was fun seeing more detail in the book and the 3D imaging in the Movie was helpful as well.I hope we get as much detail from real missions to the Moon and Mars, should I live that long. :-)- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------5 Big Differences Between The Martian Book And The MovieBY MIKE REYESIf you're looking for a good time at the movies, The Martian is a steely eyed missile man of entertainment. With a nearly record breaking opening for the first weekend in October, the Ridley Scott directed / Drew Goddard written adaptation of Andy Weir's best-selling novel is pretty faithful to the text. But despite Mark Watney's smart-assed humor and scientific prowess still making the grade, along with the scores of other details most inferior adaptations would forget, there are still five major changes that the film adaptation has made. While these changes don't ruin The Martian at all, they are still big enough that they should be discussed.  The OpeningThe Bargain Behind The Hermes ResupplyThe Entire Journey From The Hab To The Ares IV MAVThe Relationship Between Beck And JohannsenThe Epilogue--------------------------------------------------------------------Images from Google search.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------Images for Looking [...]



The Martian movie vs book

2015-10-07T21:08:10.814-07:00

Well the movie, "The Martian" is out and I have seen it twice.  (science errors and all)I am still waiting for a copy of, "The Martian: A Novel" to arrive by snail mail. :-)I have received heads up notes about "The Martian" and how 20th Century Fox version might have been entertaining but strayed some from good science.  Not having read the book yet, I don't have any first hand information how much Andy Weir followed scientific rigor.  His pre-release interviews admits to a few slights for entertainment license so thought I would ask the Internet for some other opinions.Hmmm, you may find some of the reports of interest.What I am interested in is seeing what might interest folks that would help in developing the Moon in preparation for being Spacefaring Do we want to look in on how we can engineer the problem or look for an Indy 500 car crash.It wasn't long after Apollo 11 landing that the audience interest dropped off.Come Apollo 13 problem and much interest.  Will they make it back, will they be lost, tune in for the 6 o'clock news.Much like the Saturday Matinee's I attended as a kid, will Buck Rogers, Flash Gordon save the world?This from the link.- LRK -------------------------------------------------------https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serial_film[Serials were a popular form of movie entertainment dating back to Edison's What Happened to Mary? of 1912. There appear to be older serials, however, such as the 1910 Deutsche Vitaskop 5 episode Arsene Lupin Contra Sherlock Holmes, based upon the Maurice LeBlanc novel,[1] and a possible but unconfirmed Raffles serial in 1911.[2] Usually filmed with low budgets, serials were action-packed stories that usually involved a hero (or heroes) battling an evil villain and rescuing a damsel in distress. The villain would continually place the hero into inescapable deathtraps, or the heroine would be placed into a deathtrap and the hero would bravely come to her rescue, usually pulling her away from certain death only moments before she met her doom. The hero and heroine would face one trap after another, battling countless thugs and lackeys, before finally defeating the villain.Many famous clichés of action-adventure movies had their origins in the serials. The popular term cliffhanger was developed as a plot device in film serials (though its origins have been traced by some historians to the Sherlock Holmes stories of Arthur Conan Doyle or the earlier A pair of blue eyes by Thomas Hardy from 1873), and it comes from the many times that the hero or heroine would end up hanging over a cliff, usually as the villain gloated above and waited for them to plummet thousands of feet to their deaths. Other popular clichés included the heroine or hero trapped in a burning building, being trampled by horses, knocked unconscious in a car as it goes over a cliff, crashing in an airplane, and watching as the burning fuse of a nearby bundle of dynamite sparked and sputtered its way towards the deadly explosive (at the beginning of the next chapter the endangered character usually simply got up and walked away with only minor scrapes). The popular Indiana Jones movies are a well-known, romantic pastiche of the serials' clichéd plot elements and devices.]------------------------------------------------------It will be interesting to rea[...]



Duck Tape, MacGyver, "The Martian" - book and movie

2015-10-05T18:44:20.674-07:00

I have been looking at movie trailers for "The Martian" and decided to go to the movies.I live in the dark ages and had never gone to a movie in "3D".  Probably to cheap to pay for glasses.I waited for the previous showing to finish and folks to file out.  The lights came on and I was the first one in.  A bit early as the cleaning crew came in and proceeded to fill a very large trash can with popcorn and drink containers and other trash.  Talked with them while standing out of the way.  October 2, 2015 was the opening weekend and it seems some of the relatives of the author, Andy Weir, had seen the movie earlier.(Livermore National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratory is just over the hill from Tracy and he had programmed at Sandia.)The theater's previews were shown in ear splitting sound level that made me wish I had brought ear plugs and thought I would go deaf for a whole movie.  I was very pleasantly surprised when "The Martian" started and everything was at an appropriate sound level for the action being portrayed and the "3D" viewing was like we were there for real.  No silly jumping out of a screen.  Nice and added to the realism.Having watched a number of the trailers and YouTube interviews I appreciated, and expected to see the Duck Tape and MacGyver, can do attitude.  I was not disappointed. I laughed at one liners, had tears in my eyes at unexpected moments, and thoroughly enjoyed the adventure.No matter the Martian wind would probably not been able to blow things around at the start of the movie, I am sure a real mission would have enough of its own problems to test ones survival instincts.  It was interesting to see how Mark Watney handled his.I also appreciated how the movie managed to have enough camera monitors to provide statistical and personal information to update the full movie camera presentation.All in all I thought well done.  I had not read the book so have ordered a used one.  Watching the YouTube interviews we get to see the movie teaser trailer and here about how he managed to get published.  That in itself was enlightening.  A lot of work, writing, while working, and developing a website and going finally to post the book on line in several forms and then posting to Amazon Kindle Direct Publishing.There has been some question as to whether NASA has taken advantage or made announcements about water on Mars to coincide with the movie release.  I will let you check out the links that follow and make your own opinion.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.thespacereview.com/article/2837/1"The Martian" and real Martians---The film adaptation of the bestselling novel "The Martian" opened to rave reviews and a big box office take this weekend, days after NASA also announced evidence of liquid water on the surface of present-day Mars. Jeff Foust examines what effect -- if any -- these events could have on NASA's plans for actual human missions to the Red Planet.http://www.thespacereview.com/article/2837/1Just as Mark Watney, the central character of the book and film The Martian, used this rover to make a long-distance trek across the surface of Mars, some Mars advocates hope the film helps power NASA’s own long-term plans to send humans there. (credit: 20th Century Fox)...--------------------------------------------------------------------A bit from[...]



What new technology innovations might be used to take us to the Moon, Mars, and Beyond?

2015-10-02T09:05:42.361-07:00

The Earl of Kimberly sent a note about work being done to make it possible to freeze CO2 out of coal fired electric plants exhaust.--------------------------------------------------------------------...Just seen a claim that a new process for freezing power station exhaust can remove 99% of the CO2. Now that would make a difference, so we could have more time to develop solar and wind power and high grade energy storage and avoid the nuclear route. http://scienceblog.com/80420/cryogenic-system-freezes-up-to-99-of-co2-emissions-from-coal-power-plants-so-carbon-can-be-stored-potentially-repurposed/...--------------------------------------------------------------------I read the article and watched the video.  When I saw the dry ice being screw/auger out of the cryo freezer it made me think of what we could use on the Moon or Mars when we start extracting gasses.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6kZ6EyI_iBc&feature=youtu.beAnd of course one idea leads to another.  I wondered how you might get the many ideas being generated to be passed around and help in a cross pollination effort to make devices for use on the Moon and Mars.Maybe a website that is promoting a mixed bag of plans for going to the Moon.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.synergymoon.com/about_synergy_moon.htmlAbout SYNERGY MOONOverviewSYNERGY MOON is unique in that its members personify an eccentric, electrifying merge of the arts and sciences. Our spirit is one of social entrepreneur meets extreme adventurer, approaching the world with the creative drive of an artist and the problem solving skills of an engineer. Our company growth plan involves both private sector funding and the unique inclusion of high profile sponsorship opportunities for some of the world's top brands ready to get their message out on a global scale. We encourage international, interdisciplinary collaborations and innovation, we bring together and induce a fusion of science, technology, engineering, arts and mathematics, coalescing for on the ground changes that benefit the entire human family....http://www.synergymoon.com/sponsorship.html--------------------------------------------------------------------SynergyMoon has a partner, InterplanetaryVentures- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.interplanetaryventures.org/AboutInterPlanetary Ventures is developing the inner solar system for human settlement, with infrastructure, exploration and development projects that will take us from near earth space to the moons of Jupiter in the next ten years, paving the way for others to follow. Our goal is to create the terrestrial and space based infrastructure required to support humanity's permanent expansion into the bountiful reaches of our solar system.We're going into space this year, and we're going to the moon before the end of 2015. Get onboard now and be part of the greatest adventure of our time!--------------------------------------------------------------------And a bit of sobering thought from Neil Degrasse Tyson. - LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.haydenplanetarium.org/tyson/read/2006/11/01/delusions-of-space-enthusiastsDELUSIONS OF SPACE ENTHUSIASTSNovember 1, 2006 in the Read sectionBY NEIL DEGRASSE TYSONFROM NATURAL HISTORY MAGAZINE, NOVEMBER 2006Human ingenuity seldom fails to improve on [...]



UNDER THE SUN

2015-09-30T13:56:19.291-07:00

Over the years my mom would save items that her little darling would do. :-)As time passed they moved to a retirement home and when dad passed away she started cleaning out boxes and giving things to my brother, sister and me.The other day Sangad (wife) was checking some old stacks of papers and pulled out a large manila envelope that had some graduation papers and this little story I must have written for the one year of college I attended right out of high school. (This was before the 26 years of active duty Navy that interrupted getting back to going to night school to finish up a college degree in computer science.)All that sun out there and what to do with it?- LRK --------------------------------------------------------------------UNDER THE SUNbyLarry R. KelloggMay 4, 1957B+The scene is the living room of a ranch type house.Two young men stand looking out a large picture window.The desert sun beats down on the dry land that spreads out as far as the eye can see.Tom is rather tall with dark brown hair and a lively air about him.Jack is dark featured and a little shorter than Tom.He is quiet and definitely bored with the surroundings.Tom:  Look out there. What do you see?Jack: Oh, just a lot of dried up sage brush.Tom:  No! No! Look again. What do you see?Jack: What do I see?  Nothing but desert, just desert for miles. Not a single thing.Tom:  Look again.  Don't you see anything else?Jack: Look again! Man that is all I have done since we got here.         Looking out on all that barren land with the hot sun burning down.Tom:  That's it. That's it.Jack: What's it  You mean the hot sun burning down?  What about it?         There is a pause as Tom thinks through what he is going to say.          When he speaks it is in a little quieter tone.Tom:  Do you know why we are here?Jack: Sure, to work on some fool experiment for the government.         Hijacked right out of my air-conditioned office to work on some crazy idea for Uncle Sam.Tom:  Yes, but what was it that we are supposed to accomplish?Jack:  Perfect some crazy gadget that is supposed to be able to change energy into any of its forms.Tom:  Right!  Think of all the energy out there. Just burning down.Jack: Do I have to?  I would much rather think of a little food.Tom: Food!  Don't you see that if this gadget, as you call it, works we will be able to make anything, just from the energy out there.          Think man!Jack: Do you mean I could just sit here and let that hot old sun make, prepare, and serve my dinner?           Then when I am through, clean up the whole works.Tom:  Right!Jack: Well what are we waiting for?  The sooner we get that thing working, the sooner it can feed me.Tom:  I'm with you.           As Tom and Jack exit, the sun seems to shine a little brighter.-------------------------------------------------------------------Well we have solar conversion for power and folks knocking on my door to use my roof for their solar cells but not quite what I had in mind.- LRK ---------------------------------------------------------------------http://www.firstsolar.com/en/About-Us/Projects/Desert-Sunlight-Solar-Farm.aspxRiverside County, Ca[...]