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Preview: Safetylit: Age: Adolescents

Safetylit: Age: Adolescents



Welcome to SafetyLit, the online source for recent research about injury prevention.



 



A cry for help and protest: self-immolation in young Kurdish Iraqi women -a qualitative study - Amin PM, Mirlashari J, Nikbakht Nasrabadi A.
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major psychiatric emergency that has always been a topic of great interest to researchers. Self-immolation is a heinous suicide method that is common in Eastern societies. The present study was conducted to explore probable issues ...



Age onset of offending and serious mental illness among forensic psychiatric patients: a latent profile analysis - Penney SR, Prosser A, Simpson AIF.
BACKGROUND: Developmental typologies regarding age of onset of violence and offending have not routinely taken account of the role of serious mental illness (SMI), and whether age of onset of offending in relation to onset of illness impacts on the manifes...



An exploratory study of stress and coping among Black college men - Goodwill JR, Watkins DC, Johnson NC, Allen JO.
Research on coping mechanisms among Black Americans is robust, yet there is a dearth of studies that use qualitative approaches to examine coping specifically among young Black men. The current and historical landscape of race relations in the United State...



CLASH's life history foundations - Frankenhuis WE, Fenneman J, van Gelder JL, Godoy I.
We recommend extending CLASH by incorporating two evolutionary accounts of the shift toward fast life histories under harsh, unpredictable conditions. These accounts, if integrated with CLASH, make different predictions about the distributions of aggressio...



Continuing play, symptom severity, and symptom duration after concussion in youth athletes - Howell DR, Oʼbrien MJ, Fraser J, Meehan WP.
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether continuing to play after a concussion is associated with higher symptom burden or prolonged symptom duration. DESIGN: Patients who presented for care at a sport concussion clinic within the first 3 weeks of injury we...



Cross-lagged structural equation models for the relationship between health-related state and behaviours and body bullying in adolescence: findings from longitudinal study ELANA - Straatmann VS, Almquist YB, Oliveira AJ, Rostila M, Lopes CS.
We investigated the stability and the directionality of being body bullied and a set of four variables- 1) Body Mass Index (BMI), 2) moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), 3) television time (TV) and 4) video game/computer time (VG)-, termed in th...



Cyberbullying a modern form of bullying: let's talk about this health and social problem - Ferrara P, Ianniello F, Villani A, Corsello G.
Cyberbullying or electronic aggression has already been designated as a serious public health threat. Cyberbullying should also be considered as a cause for new onset psychological symptoms, somatic symptoms of unclear etiology or a drop in academic perfor...



Effects of health insurance coverage on risky behaviors - Lee J.
Prior to implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, dependent health insurance coverage was typically available only for young adults under the age of 19. As of September 2010, the Affordable Care Act extended dependent health insura...



Effects of the road environment on the development of driver sleepiness in young male drivers - Ahlstrom C, Anund A, Fors C, Akerstedt T.
Latent driver sleepiness may in some cases be masked by for example social interaction, stress and physical activity. This short-term modulation of sleepiness may also result from environmental factors, such as when driving in stimulating environments. The...



Epidemiology of head injuries focusing on concussions in team contact sports: a systematic review - Prien A, Grafe A, Rössler R, Junge A, Verhagen E.
BACKGROUND: Although injuries to the head represent a small proportion of all sport injuries, they are of great concern due to their potential long-term consequences, which are even suspected in mild traumatic brain injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of ...



Examining individual, interpersonal, and environmental influences on children's physical activity levels - Wilk P, Clark AF, Maltby A, Smith C, Tucker P, Gilliland JA.
The purpose of this study was to explore individual-level socio-demographic factors and interpersonal-level factors related to social support, as well as the potential role of neighborhood and school environments that may influence the physical activity (P...



Exploring assistive technology use to support cognition in college students with histories of mild traumatic brain injury - Brown J, Wollersheim M.
PURPOSE: College students with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may experience chronic cognitive deficits necessitating use of external supports for daily task completion. The purpose of this study was to explore cognitive support system selection and us...



Exposure to violence, teacher support, and school delay amongst adolescents in South Africa - Herrero Romero R, Hall J, Cluver L.
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents in South Africa are exposed to multiple types of violence, socio-economic disadvantage, and low-quality education: all risk factors for educational outcomes including school delay (grade enrolment below that which is age-approp...



Family functioning and mental health of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth in the Trans Teen and Family Narratives Project - Katz-Wise SL, Ehrensaft D, Vetters R, Forcier M, Austin SB.
Transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGN) youth are at increased risk for adverse mental health outcomes, but better family functioning may be protective. This study describes TGN youth's mental health and associations with family functioning in a communi...



Follow-up of an age-period-cohort analysis on alcohol-related mortality trends in Sweden 1970-2015 with predictions to 2025 - Rosén M, Haglund B.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies have indicated that birth cohorts are important in explaining trends in alcohol-related mortality. An earlier study from Sweden with data up to 2002 showed that birth cohorts that grew up under periods of more liberal a...



From the day they are born: a qualitative study exploring violence against children with disabilities in West Africa - Njelesani J, Hashemi G, Cameron C, Cameron D, Richard D, Parnes P.
BACKGROUND: Despite the building evidence on violence against children globally, almost nothing is known about the violence children with disabilities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience. The prevalence of violence against children with d...



Impaired visuospatial short-term memory in children with ADHD - Narimoto T, Matsuura N, Hiratani M.
Previous studies provide clear evidence that visuospatial memory performance in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is significantly lower than in typically developing children. In the present study, we investigated a major cause ...



Increasing prevalence of emotional symptoms in higher socioeconomic strata: trend study among Danish schoolchildren 1991-2014 - Due P, Damsgaard MT, Madsen KR, Nielsen L, Rayce SB, Holstein BE.
AIMS: The aims of this study were: (a) to examine trends in daily emotional symptoms among 11- to 15-year-olds from 1991 to 2014 in Denmark, and (b) to examine trends in social inequality in daily emotional symptoms, that is, whether the differences in pre...



Insufficient sleep syndrome: an unrecognized but important clinical entity - Kohyama J, Anzai Y, Ono M, Kishino A, Tamanuki K, Takada K, Inoue K, Horiuchi M, Hatai Y.
BACKGROUND: In the Tokyo Bay Urayasu Ichikawa Medical Centre, a sleep clinic for adults and children was established in August 2012. As few sleep clinics are available in Japan that are specifically for children, this clinic provides the opportunity to pro...



Juvenile social defeat stress exposure persistently impairs social behaviors and neurogenesis - Mouri A, Ukai M, Uchida M, Hasegawa S, Taniguchi M, Ito T, Hida H, Yoshimi A, Yamada K, Kunimoto S, Ozaki N, Nabeshima T, Noda Y.
Adverse juvenile experiences, including physical abuse, often have negative health consequences later in life. We investigated the influence of social defeat stress exposure as juveniles on neuropsychological behaviors, and the causal role of glucocorticoi...



Learning to blast a way into crime, or just good clean fun? Examining aggressive play with toy weapons and its relation with crime - Smith S, Ferguson CJ, Beaver KM.
BACKGROUND: Researchers, such as Bandura, have proposed that children's mere exposure to the use of play weapons encourages deviant displays of aggression, but there is very little research to support this hypothesis of 20 years. AIM: To examine t...



National public health data systems in the United States: applications to child agricultural injury surveillance - Marlenga B, Berg RL, Pickett W.
PURPOSE: The United States has no comprehensive national surveillance system for fatal or nonfatal child agricultural injuries. Thus, important knowledge gaps exist about recurrent injury patterns that could provide targeted focus for prevention efforts. T...



On understanding the nature of interpersonal conflict between coaches and athletes - Wachsmuth S, Jowett S, Harwood CG.
Conflict is a part of coach-athlete relationships and should be carefully considered as it can have effects on the quality of coaching and the level of performance. Despite its practical relevance, there is a dearth of research around coach-athlete conflic...



Pacifists and revenge-seekers in response to unambiguous peer provocation - McDonald KL, Asher SR.
In order to better understand why some children retaliate when they feel provoked and others do not, the present study identified "pacifistically-oriented" children who made negative interpretations in response to unambiguous provocations, yet did not endo...






Problematic smartphone use: investigating contemporary experiences using a convergent design - Kuss DJ, Harkin L, Kanjo E, Billieux J.
Internet-enabled smartphones are increasingly ubiquitous in the Western world. Research suggests a number of problems can result from mobile phone overuse, including dependence, dangerous and prohibited use. For over a decade, this has been measured by the...



Racial/ethnic differences of justice-involved youth in substance-related problems and services received - Heaton LL.
This study examined differences in substance-related problems and receipt of substance-specific counseling in 7 different racial/ethnic groups of justice-involved youth. Data came from a nationally representative sample of 7,073 youth in residential placem...



Resilience and protective factors among people with a history of child maltreatment: a systematic review - Meng X, Fleury MJ, Xiang YT, Li M, D'Arcy C.
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of resilience and protective factors associated with a better life following child maltreatment exposure, to compare protective factors across specific subtypes of maltreatment, and to explore existing issues in the current ...



Seeing context through metaphor: using communications research to bring a social determinants perspective to public thinking about child abuse and neglect - Kendall-Taylor N, Stanley K.
Human beings think in metaphor and reason through analogy. The metaphors through which we think influence how we understand and feel about social issues as well as the actions that we see as appropriate and important. Metaphors can be used to increase unde...



Sidewalk landscape structure and thermal conditions for child and adult pedestrians - Kim YJ, Lee C, Kim JH.
Walking is being promoted for health and transportation purposes across all climatic regions in the US and beyond. Despite this, an uncomfortable microclimate condition along sidewalks is one of the major deterrents of walking, and more empirical research ...






Team versus individual sport participation as a modifying factor in the development of post-concussion syndrome after first concussion: a pilot study - Jeckell AS, Brett BL, Totten DJ, Solomon GS.
Identification of modifying factors that influence the development of post-concussion syndrome (PCS) following sport-related concussion (SRC) has drawn considerable interest. In this pilot study, we investigate the effect of team vs. individual sport parti...



The association between premorbid conditions in school-aged children with prolonged concussion recovery - Guerriero RM, Kuemmerle K, Pepin MJ, Taylor AM, Wolff R, Meehan WP.
The association between preexisting anxiety, depression, and/or neurodevelopmental disorders and symptom duration among younger children who sustain concussions is not well known. The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of 569 patients presenting ...



The CLASH model in broader life history context - Simpson JA, Griskevicius V.
In this commentary, we address two questions: (1) Is the drive in many young men to gain status and amass resources, which frequently entails direct competition with members of outgroups, one of the key variables underlying the CLASH model? (2) Why is ther...



The effects of sex differences and hormonal contraception on outcomes following collegiate sports-related concussion - Gallagher VT, Kramer N, Abbott K, Alexander J, Breiter H, Herrold A, Lindley T, Mjaanes J, Reilly J.
There is conflicting evidence regarding whether females are more adversely affected following concussion relative to males. Further, recent research suggests hormonal contraceptive (HC) use may affect symptom severity and duration post-concussion. The obje...



The role of adolescence in geographic variation in violent aggression - Marsh AA.
In explaining variation in violent aggression across populations, the age structures of those populations must be considered. Adolescents between the ages of 15 and 25 are disproportionately responsible for violent aggression in every society, and increase...



The safe use of medication by adolescents living on campus - Zhou SY.
I read with great interest the paper [1]. I especially appreciate the viewpoint that optimal use of medications should ideally involve a process negotiated through the triadic relationship between adolescents, their parents/caregivers, and health profes...



Utilization of mental health services by children displaced by Hurricane Katrina - Quast T, Gregory S, Storch EA.
OBJECTIVE: This study examined changes in utilization of mental health services after Hurricane Katrina among children with preexisting conditions who were displaced from their homes in Louisiana disaster counties and resettled in Texas. METHODS: A...



Violence and child mental health in Brazil: the Itaboraí Youth Study methods and findings - Bordin IA, Duarte CS, Ribeiro WS, Paula CS, Coutinho ESF, Sourander A, Rønning JA.
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate a study design that could be useful in low-resource and violent urban settings and to estimate the prevalence of child violence exposure (at home, community, and school) and child mental health problems in a low-income medium-siz...



Youth and young adults with acquired brain injury transition towards work-related roles: a qualitative study - Paniccia A, Colquhoun H, Kirsh B, Lindsay S.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to explore the experiences of youth and young adults with acquired brain injury as they transition towards work-related roles. Little is known about employment experiences among this age group. Understanding their ...



Youth's conceptions of adolescence predict longitudinal changes in prefrontal cortex activation and risk taking during adolescence - Qu Y, Pomerantz EM, McCormick E, Telzer EH.
The development of cognitive control during adolescence is paralleled by changes in the function of the lateral prefrontal cortex (PFC). Using a three-wave longitudinal neuroimaging design (N = 22, Mage  = 13.08 years at Wave 1), this study examined i...