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Preview: Safetylit: Pedestrians and Bicycles

Safetylit: Pedestrians and Bicycles



Welcome to SafetyLit, the online source for recent research about injury prevention.



 



A prospective investigation of neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and physical activity and sedentary behavior in older adults - Xiao Q, Keadle SK, Berrigan D, Matthews CE.
Neighborhood conditions may have an important impact on physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the older population. Most previous studies in this area are cross-sectional and report mixed findings regarding the effects of neighborhood environment...



A study on evaluation method of traffic safety audit result -
In order to prevent the failure of traffic safety audits and to improve the audit technology, evaluation method of the result of traffic safety diagnosis was suggested through similar case evaluation investigation and analysis. The results of all the traff...



A study on staggered crosswalk distance estimation and pedestrian signal operation at roundabouts for vulnerable users -
A roundabout is an unsignalized intersection that operates by giving priority to vehicles already in the circular lanes, thus, proper usage can result in a relatively high reduction of traffic accidents, travel times, and emissions. However, a shortcoming ...



Children's cycling participation, injuries, fatalities and helmet legislation in the United States - Gillham C, Rissel C.
There is general consensus that cycling participation is associated with good individual health, as well as contributing positively to societal and environmental benefits such as improved air quality, reduced traffic congestion and reduced motor vehicle in...



Epidemiology of spinal injury in childhood and adolescence in the United States: 1997-2012 - Piatt J, Imperato N.
OBJECTIVE There has been no successful study of trends in population-based incidences of pediatric spinal injury in the United States. The goal of the current study was to develop robust data to correct this deficiency in contemporary trauma epidemiology. ...



Forensic analysis of 498 road traffic accident deaths in Haikou City - Bai R, Chen M.
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the characteristics of road traffic accident deaths in Haikou city, and to provide reference for the identification of causes of death and the preventive measures. METHODS: Totally 498 road traffic accident deaths accepted by...



Geographic age and gender representation in volunteered cycling safety data: a case study of BikeMaps.org - Ferster CJ, Nelson T, Winters M, Laberee K.
There has been growing interest in using volunteered geographic information (VGI) for transportation planning, such as route data from fitness tracking applications and route mapping smartphone applications, as a compliment to traditional data collection a...



German version of the Community Balance and Mobility Scale : translation and evaluation of measurement properties - Gordt K, Mikolaizak AS, Nerz C, Barz C, Gerhardy T, Weber M, Becker C, Schwenk M.
BACKGROUND: Tools to detect subtle balance deficits in high-functioning community-dwelling older adults are lacking. The Community Balance and Mobility Scale (CBM) is a valuable tool to measure balance deficits in this group; however, it is not yet availa...



Hair cortisol in relation to acute and post-traumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents - Straub J, Klaubert LM, Schmiedgen S, Kirschbaum C, Goldbeck L.
BACKGROUND: We report on the preliminary results of two independent studies that (1) compare the hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) of healthy controls with patients displaying post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS, study 1+2), (2) investigate whether pre-t...



Inequalities in the risk of disability due to traffic injuries in the Spanish adult population, 2009-2010 - Palmera-Suárez R, López-Cuadrado T, Fernández-Cuenca R, Alcalde-Cabero E, Galan I.
BACKGROUND: Although traffic injuries (TIs) are an important cause of disability the related factors are little known. We aimed to estimate the differences in risk of TI-related disability according to individual characteristics that might generate health ...



It is time to consider a presumed liability law that protects cyclists and other vulnerable road users - Boufous S.
Key findings: • Cycling participation is falling and cyclist hospitalisations are on the rise. • Motorists are more likely to be at fault in crashes with cyclists. • A presumed liability law that places the burden of proof on motorists in cr...



Neighborhood built environment and socioeconomic status in relation to physical activity, sedentary behavior, and weight status of adolescents - Sallis JF, Conway TL, Cain KL, Carlson JA, Frank LD, Kerr J, Glanz K, Chapman JE, Saelens BE.
INTRODUCTION: The study examined the association of neighborhood walkability to multiple activity-related outcomes and BMI among adolescents and evaluated socioeconomic status as an effect modifier. METHOD: Cross-sectional study, with adolescents r...



Novel methods for environmental assessment of pedestrian injury: creation and validation of the Inventory for Pedestrian Safety Infrastructure - Nesoff ED, Milam AJ, Pollack KM, Curriero FC, Bowie JV, Gielen AC, Furr-Holden DM.
Nationally, 80% of pedestrian fatalities occur in urban environments, yet the distribution of injuries across urban areas is not uniform. Identifying street-level risk factors for pedestrian injury is essential for urban planning and improvement projects, ...



Relationships between characteristics of urban green land cover and mental health in U.S. metropolitan areas - Tsai WL, McHale MR, Jennings V, Marquet O, Hipp JA, Leung YF, Floyd MF.
Urbanization increases risk for depression and other mental disorders. A growing body of research indicates the natural environment confers numerous psychological benefits including alleviation of mental distress. This study examined land cover types and l...



Route previewing results in altered gaze behaviour, increased self-confidence and improved stepping safety in both young and older adults during adaptive locomotion - Curzon-Jones BT, Hollands MA.
Older adults with falls risk tend to look away prematurely from targets for safe foot placement to view future hazards; behaviour associated with increased anxiety and stepping inaccuracies. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of route previewing in re...



Safe-street neighbourhoods: the role of lower speed limits - Van den dool D, Tranter P, Boss A.
Neighbourhood streets play a vital role in making places liveable. Rather than seeing them as simply transport corridors for cars, they are important places for walking, cycling, social interactions and even playful exploration by local children. This pape...



SARSAI: Low cost speed management interventions around schools, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania - Poswayo A, Witte J, Kalolo S.
This paper looks at the change in speed around nine schools in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania after the introduction of low-cost road safety interventions. It compares the speeds 'before', 'two weeks after' and 'one year after' intervention. The purpose of the st...



Spatial-temporal cluster analysis of mortality from road traffic injuries using geographic information systems in West of Iran during 2009-2014 - Zangeneh A, Najafi F, Karimi S, Saeidi S, Izadi N.
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are considered as one of the most important health problems endangering people's life. The examination of the geographical distribution of RTIs could help policymakers in better planning to reduce RTIs. This study...



Speeding in highway work zone: an evaluation of methods of speed control - Ravani B, Wang C.
Highway workers frequently work in close proximity of live traffic in highway work zones, traffic accidents therefore have devastating effects on worker safety. In order to reduce the potential for such accidents, methods involving use of advisory signs an...



Study on the planning of slow traffic system in Taiyuan City - Liang Z.
Slow traffic is one of the main ways of people travelling in Taiyuan city. This paper discusses the xerrent situation and problems of slow traffic in Taiyuan. It puts forward the strategy of slow traffic development and the counter-measures of constructing...



Traumatic spinal injury: global epidemiology and worldwide volume - Kumar R, Lim J, Mekary RA, Rattani A, Dewan MC, Sharif SY, Osorio-Fonseca E, Park KB.
BACKGROUND: Traumatic spinal injury (TSI) results from injury to bony, ligamentous and/or neurological structures of the spinal column and can cause significant morbidity and mortality. The global burden of TSI is poorly understood, so we performed a syste...



What do we know about behavioral crises in dementia? A systematic review - Backhouse T, Camino J, Mioshi E.
BACKGROUND: Behavioral crises in dementia are represented by a wide variety of symptoms, regularly require external intervention from professionals, and are reported as a risk factor for hospital admission. Little is known about the factors that are associ...