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OUPblog » Psychology



OUPblog » Psychology



Last Build Date: Tue, 16 Jan 2018 21:38:25 +0000

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A five-day guide to resiliency in the New Year

Wed, 10 Jan 2018 13:30:16 +0000

In a world that values busyness, it is often easy to prioritize personal responsibilities over personal fulfillment. Phrases like I wish I had the time and once things settle down justify an all-too-common postponement of happiness and self-care. In the following excerpt from Night Call, acclaimed psychologist and author Robert Wicks details a five-day guide to self-care designed to fit even the busiest of schedules.

The post A five-day guide to resiliency in the New Year appeared first on OUPblog.




Life after death: posttraumatic growth after the loss of a loved one [video]

Sun, 07 Jan 2018 12:30:21 +0000

Can trauma lead to positive change? Posttraumatic growth is a phenomenon experienced by those who have undergone trauma. After facing a traumatic event, those who experience posttraumatic growth endure a period of psychological struggle before eventually finding a sense of personal growth. The process can be long and difficult, and isn’t experienced by everyone who survives a traumatic event.

The post Life after death: posttraumatic growth after the loss of a loved one [video] appeared first on OUPblog.




Ten steps to take when starting out in practice

Thu, 04 Jan 2018 12:30:20 +0000

Starting out in practice is challenging; especially if your training did not include much of an emphasis on practice development. Most training programs don’t as they have very tight curriculums and focus on teaching the core knowledge and skills needed to prepare one to be a competent and effective clinician. Leaving out the core business of practice skills needed to create a sustainable practice environment can make the transition into private practice quite challenging and anxiety provoking.

The post Ten steps to take when starting out in practice appeared first on OUPblog.




“Yes I can!”: the psychology behind lasting personal growth

Tue, 02 Jan 2018 11:30:48 +0000

Approximately 80% of New Year’s resolutions are abandoned by the second week of February. But what makes these goals so difficult to achieve? One theory is that our resolutions are often too big to manage. Sticking to major changes like dieting and exercise can become overwhelming—causing us to give up after any initial set-backs.

The post “Yes I can!”: the psychology behind lasting personal growth appeared first on OUPblog.




Glioblastoma’s spectre in the Senate

Fri, 29 Dec 2017 11:30:32 +0000

With his right arm extended – pausing for just a moment – Senator John McCain flashed a thumbs-down and jarred the Senate floor. Audible gasps and commotion followed. At 1:29 am on 28 July, Senator McCain had just supplied the decisive “Nay” vote to derail the fourth and final bill voted on that night. With that, a seven-year pursuit to undo the Affordable Care Act had collapsed.

The post Glioblastoma’s spectre in the Senate appeared first on OUPblog.




New year, new you: 13 books for self-improvement in 2018

Tue, 26 Dec 2017 11:30:28 +0000

Last year, twitter highlighted the most popular New Year’s resolutions for 2017—which included losing weight, reading more, and learning something new among the most common goals. With 2018 quickly approaching, people all over the world are taking the time to reflect on themselves and determine possible resolutions for the coming year. We’ve put together a reading list of self-improvement books to help our readers reflect and stick to their goals in the New Year.

The post New year, new you: 13 books for self-improvement in 2018 appeared first on OUPblog.




Some of the mysteries of good character

Sat, 23 Dec 2017 08:30:36 +0000

he topic of character is one of the oldest in both Western and Eastern thought, and has enjoyed a renaissance in philosophy since at least the 1970s with the revival of virtue ethics. Yet, even today, character remains largely a mystery. We know very little about what most peoples’ character looks like. Important virtues are surprisingly neglected. There are almost no strategies advanced by philosophers today for improving character.

The post Some of the mysteries of good character appeared first on OUPblog.




“I’m not very good at making conversation”

Fri, 22 Dec 2017 11:30:09 +0000

During the festive period from Christmas to New Year, we can often find ourselves in situations that we are uncomfortable with, making conversations with people we don’t know, and sometimes struggling with social anxiety. In the following extract from Managing Social Anxiety, Workbook, the authors explore cognitive restructuring, and how it can be useful to prepare ourselves for uncomfortable social situations.

The post “I’m not very good at making conversation” appeared first on OUPblog.




Connecting clinical presence and clinical knowledge in music therapy

Sat, 16 Dec 2017 11:30:28 +0000

In all clinical practices, students must learn to make meaning of clinical information such as, “What does it mean that the client said this or did that? What is the client’s body saying when it does or does not do this?” For music therapy students, there is the additional consideration of music, namely “What does it mean when the client plays music like this? What does it mean when the client hears this music like that?”

The post Connecting clinical presence and clinical knowledge in music therapy appeared first on OUPblog.




A neurocognitive view on the dimensions of Schadenfreude and envy

Sat, 02 Dec 2017 11:30:52 +0000

We usually think highly about ourselves, tending to believe that our prosocial nature prioritizes positive emotions about others. Yet, as highlighted by Hardin’s Tragedy of the Commons, this is not always true. Empathy (that is, the ability to become attuned with others’ feelings) is the basis of cooperation and one of the core links holding human groups together.

The post A neurocognitive view on the dimensions of Schadenfreude and envy appeared first on OUPblog.




In the zone: how balancing stress levels improves performance [excerpt]

Fri, 24 Nov 2017 11:30:12 +0000

Athletes’ maximum performance, also known as peak performance, is often characterized or accompanied by what is called a “flow state” or “peak experience.” Athletes describe this state as being “on automatic pilot,” “totally involved,” “hot,” “on a roll,” “in a groove,” or “in the zone.” An excellent example is provided by the great German goalkeeper Oliver Kahn in the 2001 champions league final game, between his team FC Bayern Munich and FC Valencia.

The post In the zone: how balancing stress levels improves performance [excerpt] appeared first on OUPblog.




Are boys genetically predisposed to behavioural problems? [excerpt]

Sun, 19 Nov 2017 10:30:52 +0000

Are boys naturally more aggressive or is that just a social construct by society? Can so-called “macho behavior” be unlearned or is it intrinsic? This International Men's Day, authors Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman seek out those answers and more in the below excerpt from The Stressed Sex: Uncovering the Truth About Men, Women, and Mental Health.

The post Are boys genetically predisposed to behavioural problems? [excerpt] appeared first on OUPblog.




Are you the favorite child? The science of favoritism

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 11:30:59 +0000

We are frequently asked why we spend our professional careers studying favoritism, after all, parents don’t really have favorites. Or do they? A woman recently approached us after a lecture we gave and told us about caring for her aging mother. Her story captures the importance of this issue. She visited her mother daily in the final year of her mother’s life to feed, bathe, and care for her.

The post Are you the favorite child? The science of favoritism appeared first on OUPblog.




“Thank you for your service” isn’t enough [excerpt]

Sat, 11 Nov 2017 08:30:34 +0000

On this Veterans Day, we honor those fallen and herald those still fighting. We also examine what more can be done in terms of listening and understanding those who have seen the perils of war firsthand. In this excerpt from AfterWar: Healing the Moral Wounds of our Soldiers, author Nancy Sherman shares with us her time spent with a veteran of Afghanistan and his feelings on those who expect so much from soldiers and can only offer thanks in return.

The post “Thank you for your service” isn’t enough [excerpt] appeared first on OUPblog.




On burnout, trauma, and self-care with Erin Jessee

Fri, 10 Nov 2017 18:00:37 +0000

Last week, Erin Jessee gave us a list of critical questions to ask to mitigate risk in oral history fieldwork. Today, we’ve invited Jessee back to the blog to talk more in-depth about her recently published article, “Managing Danger in Oral Historical Fieldwork,” spotting signs of trauma during interviews, and dealing with the sensitive nature of oral history.

The post On burnout, trauma, and self-care with Erin Jessee appeared first on OUPblog.




Pain medicine and addiction: A reading list

Mon, 06 Nov 2017 11:30:54 +0000

On the 10 August 2017, President Donald Trump declared a ‘national emergency’ in the United States - the cause: the country’s escalating opioid epidemic. This drug crisis has rapidly become one of the worst in American history, with data showing that in 2016 up to 65,000 people died from drug overdoses. Officials state that for citizens under 50 they are the leading cause of death, and opioid-specific overdoses make up two-thirds of all those recorded.

The post Pain medicine and addiction: A reading list appeared first on OUPblog.




Six questions to ask before you hit record

Fri, 03 Nov 2017 09:30:41 +0000

Erin Jessee’s article “Managing Danger in Oral Historical Fieldwork” in the most recent issue of the OHR provides a litany of practical advice about mitigating risk and promoting security. The entire article is well worth a read, but for the blog we’ve asked Jessee to provide us a list of some of the most important questions for oral historians to think about in evaluating and limiting exposure to risk.

The post Six questions to ask before you hit record appeared first on OUPblog.




The origins of performance anxiety

Thu, 02 Nov 2017 08:30:51 +0000

Noted psychologist and educator Erik Erikson has written about human development from a biological, psychological, and social perspective encompassing the entire life cycle. His famous chart “The Eight Stages of Man” is in his book Childhood and Society (1950). I have found his ideas particularly helpful to understanding the importance of development in musicians, particularly so since children begin to study musical instruments at very young ages.

The post The origins of performance anxiety appeared first on OUPblog.




Workplace bullying and the law

Wed, 25 Oct 2017 08:30:57 +0000

Is the law able to offer any assistance to victims of workplace bullying? Let me recite an example, which is all too commonplace. Daniel* worked in an office in local government in the UK. When he was bullied by his manager he didn’t even realise it at first. The conduct was subtle. He would be given more than his fair share of the unpopular tasks. Everything he did was criticised, not aggressively, but constantly.

The post Workplace bullying and the law appeared first on OUPblog.




Balancing compassion and self-care in a troubled world

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 08:30:43 +0000

Originating from the Latin “compatī,” (to suffer together), compassion can lead to a greater understanding of human suffering. However, the vulnerability that comes along with compassion can often lead to increased feelings of stress and anxiety. In the video below, psychologist Robert J. Wicks describes the consequences of inordinate compassion.

The post Balancing compassion and self-care in a troubled world appeared first on OUPblog.




The point of depression

Sun, 15 Oct 2017 11:30:33 +0000

There has been a great deal of speculation about the evolutionary significance and origins of depression. What selective advantage does it confer? Does it allow the patient to concentrate on complex and important problems? Is it a type of pain that, like physical pain, causes us to pull back from danger? Is it a type of behavioral quarantine, causing us to hole up in a safe place while dangers stalk around outside?

The post The point of depression appeared first on OUPblog.




Wielding wellness with music

Thu, 12 Oct 2017 11:30:24 +0000

The intersection between music and health occurs on a continuum of care ranging from the personal use of music to “feel better”, to professional music therapy work. While music therapists may work more often in the professional end of the continuum, our experiences and knowledge as clinicians and scholars provide us a unique perspective on […]

The post Wielding wellness with music appeared first on OUPblog.




A twenty-first century reinterpretation of dreams?

Wed, 11 Oct 2017 10:30:21 +0000

But, on this occasion, it is also thanks to a certain Donald Woods Winnicott—perhaps most of all—that this commemorative moment in history takes place. Winnicott, as President of the British Psychoanalytic Society, was instrumental in raising awareness and funds in the 1960s for getting this same statue by Nemon cast and put up in North London for the first time.

The post A twenty-first century reinterpretation of dreams? appeared first on OUPblog.




Cognitive biases and the implications of Big Data

Tue, 10 Oct 2017 09:30:22 +0000

Big Data analytics have become pervasive in today’s economy. While they produce countless novelties for businesses and consumers, they have led to increasing concerns about privacy, behavioral manipulations, and even job losses. But the handling of vast quantities of data is anything but new.

The post Cognitive biases and the implications of Big Data appeared first on OUPblog.




World Mental Health Day 2017: History of the treatment of mental illness

Tue, 10 Oct 2017 07:30:25 +0000

The tenth of October marks World Mental Health Day. Organized by the World Health Organization, the day works toward "raising awareness of mental health issues around the world and mobilizing efforts in support of mental health." Mental health has been a concern for thousands of years, but different cultures have treated mental illnesses very differently throughout time.

The post World Mental Health Day 2017: History of the treatment of mental illness appeared first on OUPblog.