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Comments for Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean



Portal to my podcast, websites, blog, and publications, providing an entryway into social and religious life among Greeks, Romans, Judeans, Christians, and others in the Roman empire.



Last Build Date: Fri, 20 Apr 2018 16:17:52 +0000

 



Comment on Harland’s Bio / CV by Daniel W

Fri, 20 Apr 2018 16:17:52 +0000

I've been enjoying your podcasts, I also vote for more!



Comment on Harland’s Bio / CV by Phil Harland

Fri, 12 Jan 2018 01:36:33 +0000

I may eventually do some more, but I thought the world had enough of me with these:)



Comment on Harland’s Bio / CV by Omar Munoz

Mon, 18 Dec 2017 16:26:55 +0000

I recently came across your podcast and binged on all of it. It’s been 2 years since you last uploaded anything. Do you plan on continuing it or publishing any new material in any form?



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Scott

Fri, 06 Oct 2017 04:35:39 +0000

Thoroughly enjoy listening to these lectures. I have learned alot. This is my second time through. By the way, I also tried to download 8.17: Satan’s Home, part 4 – Tortures in Hell and Christ’s Descent and found it to be a dead link.



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Ryan

Sun, 27 Aug 2017 03:43:21 +0000

Hello, it appears that your link to podcast 8.17 is broken. The rest of the links seem to work fine.



Comment on Harland’s courses by john dauria

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 09:21:09 +0000

thank you v much for your podasts Phil, enough to keep me going next 20 years..currently on gnosis [A of John] Regards from Bulgaria



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Phil Harland

Sat, 22 Apr 2017 21:28:28 +0000

Hello Ben, Perhaps it's a problem at your end or with your connection? When I go on this page and click the download option it opens it up to play, when I right click and "save link as" it saves fine, and when I press the flash play button it plays fine. Was there a specific episode that didn't work for you?



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Ben Wolfley

Sat, 22 Apr 2017 19:40:21 +0000

Hi, I am very interested in listening to these podcasts, but every time I try to play them I get an error saying 'Not Found'. When I try to download them I get a 'Failed - Network error'. Is there any other options? Thanks



Comment on Harland’s Bio / CV by Chris

Wed, 15 Mar 2017 16:07:11 +0000

More podcasts please!! You are a diamond among academia. I wish more professors would share their research and lectures through podcasts. Thank you! Please make more :)



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Phil Harland

Tue, 14 Feb 2017 16:34:36 +0000

You are welcome! Thanks for listening.



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Magnus Magnuson

Tue, 14 Feb 2017 16:20:33 +0000

This is fascinating stuff! I'm excited for many hours of listening! Thank you for making this free and available for download.



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Phil Harland

Sat, 30 Jul 2016 03:40:28 +0000

Thanks for the encouragement, Rich!



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Rich Hershey

Tue, 26 Jul 2016 13:28:28 +0000

Dear Mr. Harland, I am writing to congratulate you on this very fine series of podcasts. I have listened through all of the episodes on Christianity, and about half on the origins of Satan. I must say that this is quite a service you provide, free of charge, and it speaks volumes about your love of the subject and the quality of your expertise. I only wish I could attend one of your courses, as the podcasts are clearly recorded lectures, and I can only imagine how enriching it would be to work through the material in a more formal classroom setting. Nevertheless, I am currently listening to the podcasts on Christian origins for a second (and in some cases even third) time, and will likely keep going back until all of the information sticks (there's a lot to take in!). Thanks so much for this, it's really of the highest quality, and so important for understanding one of the world's most influential religions.



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Steven Barker

Sun, 06 Mar 2016 12:57:10 +0000

Thank you so much! I've been listening to you for years and have learned many valuable things. Ancient religion/early christianity... they're tricky topics-- you've helped me gain some perspective. I've got to keep learning, though. So much to learn! Thanks again.



Comment on Harland’s courses by Phil Harland

Tue, 10 Nov 2015 13:29:51 +0000

Hello Marc. I think you'll find that most of what I teach now was already covered by the podcast. So I'm not currently adding more, but there may be something new in the future. Thanks for listening to the podcast!



Comment on Harland’s courses by Marc Wm. Vallen

Tue, 10 Nov 2015 03:46:47 +0000

I found your podcast series several years ago, through comments on Dr. Robert M. Price's website. I greatly enjoyed all of your lectures. Some of your new courses intrigue me a great deal. Will you be posting the lectures for those? Here's hoping! Wishing you all the best.



Comment on Harland’s courses by Frank Peacham

Thu, 17 Sep 2015 13:15:54 +0000

The conflicts during Paul's time was over circumcision and foods with the James group. I wonder why the Jewish Sabbath was not an issue for Greeks?



Comment on Harland’s Bio / CV by Chris

Fri, 14 Aug 2015 15:11:46 +0000

I agree with what Keith said. That's what I meant to drop in and say.



Comment on Harland’s courses by john pasco

Wed, 17 Jun 2015 19:05:39 +0000

glad you are putting the podcasts up again!



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Ethan

Wed, 06 May 2015 11:10:59 +0000

When is the next podcast coming out!? It's been months and the second one on church fathers is still not here! 8.13! Also, is there a series 9 planned? I'm currently relistening to 1-8 and would love more! Thanks so much for the podcast!



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Samuel H. Bolton

Thu, 19 Mar 2015 13:38:24 +0000

These are fantastic! Thank you so much for making these available. They're very useful to an aspiring religious studies scholar.



Comment on Golden rule: Do unto others according to the “pagans” by Delphine du Toit

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 14:01:49 +0000

Yes, I take from the 'golden rule' firstly that Jesus didn't have it as an original thought - he was a rabbi and he learnt from studying the Torah. I'm also a strong believer in the convergence of ideas - as many philosophers and religious folk in the region were contemplating similar issues, talking and listening to each other, the thought probably found expression in more places than just the ones quoted here, being reinforced through further meditation and conversation. It persists in being an excellent universal rule - and I agree that it isn't about 'equality' it is about 'equity' in treatment. Respectfully, I'd want to be treated in a way I want to be treated, and so I should treat you in the way you want to be treated. (I see the 'platinum rule' as a way of monetising something fundamental. It is unnecessary.)



Comment on Jesus’ descent into hell and Satan’s conversation with Hades (NT Apocrypha 3) by Phil Harland

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 14:56:05 +0000

Hello. I think the key misunderstanding you have is that Christianity has to do with "an entirely different mythology/religion". What this and many other early documents show is that the ideas and practices of followers of Jesus are in some respects unusual or different but in others are very much a part of the Greek or Roman worlds. And so, here, notions from Greek mythology (e.g. Hades) are combined with other ideas held by Jesus-followers.



Comment on Jesus’ descent into hell and Satan’s conversation with Hades (NT Apocrypha 3) by Trains

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 14:36:49 +0000

Um... Hades and the underworld are from an entirely different mythology/religion than Jesus, hell, and Satan. It makes no sense how this story can exist. How is there one true god, yet the greek gods still exist? How can hell and the greek underworld co-exist?



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Tracy Cramer

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:53:19 +0000

Wow, I really can’t express how much I appreciate your making these very accessible lectures available to the public. Thank you! I’ve read a lot in the last two years, (Meier, Sanders, Fredrikson, Ehrman, and Vermes) but I feel your courses fill in a lot of the assumed background information. I am just now finishing your outstanding Series 7, (having only listened to Series 7) and have written down the books you mention, but I am wondering if you have put together a bibliography for all the other series of lectures. Also, are there any study materials at your website? These podcasts should really get a wider audience! Thank you again, tracy



Comment on Harland’s publications by Alejandro Rodríguez

Tue, 13 May 2014 22:07:22 +0000

Hello. I'm very interested in Greco-Roman religion (which I call Hellenism) and I would like to know something as this never has been clear to me. Was the current emperor in the Roman Empire worshipped as a god, or was he worshipped as a god only after he died? I would also like to know if the same thing, or at least something similar, occurred with the Emperors of China. Thanks.



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Scott Carlson

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 12:10:49 +0000

Dr. Harland, Thank you for your podcasts and other resources on early Christianity, especially regarding the Apostle Paul. I am teaching a course on the Pauline Epistles at a Lay Church Leader Training Institute and found your material helpful. Sincerely, Scott Carlson



Comment on Mesopotamian gods, chaos-monsters, and the “combat myth” (Satan 2) by Justin Schedtler

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 20:27:26 +0000

Dear Dr. Harland, Are you familiar with any work done on the "historicization" of the combat myth, i.e., stories in which aspects of the combat myth are transposed onto historical (more or less!) characters? Thanks! Justin Schedtler, Ph.D.



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Ned Gibson

Mon, 06 Jan 2014 22:47:50 +0000

Hello Professor Harland, I am a recent graduate of Rutgers University and I am seriously considering a career in Hermeneutical studies and Biblical History. I have been a listener of your podcast for a couple years now and I was hoping you might have some advice for how I might begin a career in these fields. I was wondering, how would someone actually get into such fields (after getting a PhD)? How does one begin to conduct research? Do you conduct your own research or are you strictly a professor? Any advice, recommendations or further assistance would be greatly appreciated. Thank you, Ned Gibson



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Johan van en Bos

Sat, 28 Dec 2013 22:37:14 +0000

Hallo Philip A. Harland, I am Dutch, 52 years old, father of two almost adult children and teacher (elementary school) with a passion for early Christianity. It is only now that I seriously take it up studying this subject. Doing it academically to me is not an option because I’ve been reading about for decades and among others I am a follower of the Gilles Quispel, the Dutch church historian (or to better say was, because he past away in 2006) When I stumbled upon your website, with that immeasurable number of podcast, exactly in my line of interest, I was happily surprised and I took up executing my old intention. Your series of podcasts and the book ‘Who wrote the gospels’ by Burton L. Mack is my starting position. Of course there are lots of others that I will involve later but for now these seemingly inexhaustible sources will do. I want to thank you for putting all your thorough work on the Net. It gave me the motivation to, instead of reading randomly, take it up get more organised. Yours faithfully, Johan van den Bos Klaroenstraat 16 2287 CK Rijswijk Holland



Comment on Podcast 8.2: Predecessors of Satan from Canaan and Israel by Wim V

Tue, 10 Dec 2013 22:24:55 +0000

Thanks for the new podcast. Still a fervent listener. :)



Comment on Harland’s courses by Phil Harland

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 11:22:58 +0000

Hello Alice. Thanks for reminding me! I had totally forgotten to release it. It is there now, and there is a new series on the "History of Satan" coming up next.



Comment on Harland’s courses by Alice Andrews

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 03:40:35 +0000

I have been looking for a new podcast in October 2013, as there have been new ones each month during the academic year. Will there be more? Hope all is well.



Comment on Visiting Ephesus . . . in Vienna, part 2: Some gods by kate

Sat, 19 Oct 2013 06:13:56 +0000

I find this Cybele statue interesting, because it clearly shows the multiple "lobes" as below and distinctly separate from the breasts, and of an altogether different character. I've also noticed that in the (presumably later?) Artemis versions the diagonal arrangement of the lobes is maintained, as is the lower placement, although they are significantly inflated and the "normal" breasts are not present. The diagonal arrangement is definitely more plant-like than it is mammalian. I'm not aware of much Greek statuary showing pendulous breasts - they tend to be depicted somewhat more youthfully. Perhaps this is just a question of date range? At any rate, I'd be interested in seeing other depictions of the Cybele figure like the one you've shown above.



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by Phil Harland

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 01:28:14 +0000

Thanks for listening, and glad you find this interesting.



Comment on Podcast (series 1-8) by john d`Auria

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:15:46 +0000

Thankyou from someone having moved to southern Bulgaria, little realised, until stumbling upon your websites - esp. podcasts - how central Asia Minor was to what was to become early Christianity. Epi- centre...not back of beyond!



Comment on Harland’s Bio / CV by Keith

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 14:59:12 +0000

I love the podcast! I was searching for a lecture series on the early church and couldn't believe my luck. The evolution of Judaism and Christianity are quickly becoming my personal obsession, and your accessible approach to presenting the dominant historical views is indispensable to me and great to listen to on the road. Thanks for all the wonderful material!



Comment on Podcast 7.8: Introduction to Daniel’s Historical Apocalypse by Gary Clinton

Sat, 21 Sep 2013 22:56:26 +0000

Just wanted to take the opportunity to thank you for this podcast. I am enamored of this kind of historical analysis of the Bible. This clarification of history and fancy is invaluable to all of us.



Comment on Harland’s courses by Phil Harland

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 12:36:23 +0000

Hello Warren. Thanks for your interest, but these are not online courses. Instead, I am a prof at York University and I simply record my lectures and then make them into podcast episodes. However, if you wanted to, you could read along by looking at the syllabus and discussion notes for the course in question which you can find by clicking "courses" on my website.



Comment on Harland’s courses by Warren White

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 12:14:59 +0000

I listen to your podcasts with regularity and am coming to the view that taking a course might be fun. Looking at your website, it is not clear (I could not discouver) the cost or the mechanics. Never having taken an on-line course, I guess that is my first question. I am not interested in a degree....I have several and am retiring. I am just interested in learning on a set of topics that you seem to excell in Warren



Comment on Sophia’s mistake: The Sophia of Jesus Christ and Eugnostos (NT Apocrypha 16) by jerry vaughan

Tue, 20 Aug 2013 15:18:38 +0000

when i read the sophia of christ it brought tears to my eyes for i understood why christ had come and for those that did not understand it let me refer you to and even older text its called the ribhu gita it predates the hebrew bible by thousands of years the ribhu gita or ribhus song was given to ribhu by the forefather himself in the form of siva i hope that this will help you with your journey and may your journey be a blessed one . jerry



Comment on Podcast 7.7: 1 Enoch – Fallen Angels in Early Apocalypticism by Phil Harland

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 12:14:40 +0000

Jenny: They would have if they could have;)



Comment on Alexander the Great (d. 323 BCE) and Christian origins (NT 1.2) by T.K.Sunil - Chennai, INDIA

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 10:00:09 +0000

Even though Alexander believed in Hellinistic religion and culture and his empire spread from Greece to as far as Iran ( he was defeated in the battle with the Indian King Purushottam), why did his Hellinistic religion and culture, perish from Greece? All the Hellinistic temples were destroyed and replaced with Christian churches. Who did this ? Was it a genocide or forced upon them?



Comment on Podcast series 4: Honouring the gods in the Roman Empire – Asia Minor by Daniel

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 06:58:59 +0000

Great job. The "paganism" of the Greeks and Romans always seems to be described quite negatively. Refreshing to see an objective look at their Gods. I'm still on the 3rd podcast, but I've already learned a lot. You've already covered the communal concept of the wealthy providing goods to the poor (of course in exchange for honor), but I'm curious to see how they view concepts like love and togetherness too. Was the New Testament gospel message of "loving your neighbor" a completely novel concept to them? Maybe it was, because Jesus was pretty unique. But maybe not. I'm curious now. Anyway, interesting podcast and will probably finish it today.



Comment on Podcast 7.7: 1 Enoch – Fallen Angels in Early Apocalypticism by Ross P. Golemith

Mon, 10 Jun 2013 02:51:45 +0000

Dr. Harland: I appreciate your podcast series tremendously. Your podcasts are the most accessible, reasonable and interesting presentation of this material available. I look forward to each episode. I'd love to sit in on your classes! Ross P. Goldsmiths Attorney at Law Denver, Colorado



Comment on Podcast series 2: Early Christian portraits of Jesus by Daniel

Sun, 09 Jun 2013 07:53:17 +0000

Wow, I learned so much. You're very detailed and skeptical, but you never let your biases cloud your teaching. This is probably the most objective analysis of the NT I've ever seen. Thanks.



Comment on Podcast 7.7: 1 Enoch – Fallen Angels in Early Apocalypticism by Jenny

Tue, 04 Jun 2013 21:24:03 +0000

Thanks for that introduction to I Enoch. Your comment about makeup made me laugh. I wonder why more homeschooling parents don't canonize it!



Comment on Podcast 6.4: Associations and Greco-Roman Society – The City by Helene Poulakou

Fri, 18 Jan 2013 18:52:20 +0000

An excellent blog and podcast to stumble upon! Being a native Greek, I'm very much interested in Eastern Mediterranean mythologies and religions, and your titles indicate that I'll find a treasure among your pages. :)



Comment on Podcast 4.3: Salvation from the Gods – Asklepios at Pergamon (Pergamum) by MrChach

Sat, 15 Dec 2012 01:40:11 +0000

Enjoying the podcast I just thought it would help everyone to know that on google earth you can search for Asklepion and it will bring you to it. It is barely out of city limits and directly west. Their are also some pictures that have been taken from their that you can view. Thanks Phil.



Comment on Inscriptions from Aphrodisias online (Epigraphy 2) by Mike Karoules

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:25:10 +0000

Philip, My name is Mike Karoules and I live in Georgia, USA. Would you please be able to tell me what the 2 or 3 best sources of information on Asia Minor Inscriptions (including most of these ancient cities: Heirapolis; Ephesus[especially];Laodicia; Sardis; Pergamum - and just about all those Western Asia Minor cities) would be? I am very interested in the inscriptions of Asia Minor mainly from the era of 250 B.C. to about 250 A.D., approximately. Please give me any internet sources that cover this issue, if you can. Basically, in THESE SOURCES I am looking for inscriptions of the Roman Empire era which show the original LANGUAGE and the ENGLISH translation of that language(whichever language the inscription would in) along with photos of the inscription (but the photo would just be a preference of mine). Also, I am just curious. I notice almost ALL the examples of inscriptions that you cite and document in your articles are Greek. Is there a reason for that? I am mainly talking about, again, the Asia Minor inscriptions in your articles. Did you just choose one "target language" for inscriptions for any specific reason? I have been doing some persoanl research on this matter because I am trying to find out what language(for the most part) most of the inscriptions (of Asia Minor) are in. Would you be able to help me with this? Thank you for any advice and information you can pass on to me. Kindly, Mike Karoules steelcurtain40@yahoo.com



Comment on Podcast 1.2: The Situation at Thessalonica (1 Thessalonians) by Winfriede Stolpmann

Thu, 19 Jul 2012 19:01:22 +0000

Thank you very much for delivering your lecture on the historical background of Pauls letter to the Thessalonians. However I missed some remark on the local "Caribus cult" of the Thessalonians in connection with the hope of restitution of justice und national independence. The romans proclaimed that Caesar was the real "Caribus". In this way the romans had taken over that hope and centering it in Augustus ect. Damit haben die Römer die Hoffnung der Thessalonicher "enteignet" - as we would express it in german. You may commend on that. Winfried Stolpmann



Comment on Paul and the Super-apostles at Corinth (NT 2.8) by Julia Dunbar

Sat, 07 Jul 2012 22:04:24 +0000

I found this article to be quite insightful and in line with John Dominic Crossan's work as well as other theologians. I don't know how to interpret use of the word "radical." People often use in a derogatory manner. I understand it as and examination of the status quo. As far as I can tell, that's what Jesus did throughout his ministry. The moment we are utterly convinced that our point is the point, there is a danger of getting stuck in the mud of our own certitude.



Comment on Visiting Ephesus . . . in Vienna, part 2: Some gods by Temple of Artemis

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 09:20:31 +0000

Ephesus is very amazing !!



Comment on Greco-Roman deities: Artemis of Ephesus 1 by Mark E.Wolf

Wed, 14 Dec 2011 21:23:13 +0000

I have heard from a program(History Channel ?) that the many orbs represented bulls testickles that festuned statues of Artemis at major festivals MEW



Comment on Podcast 5.13: Jesus as Healer and Exorcist by The Legend

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 03:00:26 +0000

Great podcast. The Legions story was always one of my favorite and one that touches me to this day.



Comment on Podcast series 3: Diversity in early Christianity: “Heresies” and struggles by Marc

Mon, 05 Sep 2011 08:18:10 +0000

Thanks for all this great material. Is it somehow post-processed and compressed? There seem to be a lot of pauses lacking - hard to define - like silence has been removed...



Comment on Podcast 6.4: Associations and Greco-Roman Society – The City by Rich Griese

Sun, 04 Sep 2011 23:27:56 +0000

Just discovered your podcast, and enjoyed it very much. Will now pop back and check out the earlier episodes. Looking forward to future episodes also. Cheers!



Comment on Greco-Roman deities: Artemis of Ephesus 3 by Eavn Smith

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 14:56:52 +0000

The black head , hands and feet, I thought they were added by the museums and not found like that? Am I wrong? I agree with your ideas though, that they my be symbolic of fertility either , testicles, breasts or eggs, I read some where that they are thought to be bees eggs and held on her body the way a queen bee would before they pupate. But I think they are part of the decoration and symbolism of the goddess and not her physical attributes, necessarily.



Comment on Podcast series 2: Early Christian portraits of Jesus by Kevin Marshall

Mon, 13 Jun 2011 19:57:13 +0000

These lectures are really good. Thank you!



Comment on Podcast 6.3: Judean and Christian Groups as Associations by Phil H.

Sat, 04 Jun 2011 16:38:24 +0000

Hello again, Peter, I just tried downloading from the archive page and it worked fine. Were you having trouble downloading from iTunes? Phil



Comment on Podcast 6.3: Judean and Christian Groups as Associations by Phil H.

Sat, 04 Jun 2011 16:19:28 +0000

Hello Peter, I'm not sure why this is happening to you. Have you tried downloading directly from the archive.org page (following the "here") link? Phil



Comment on Podcast 6.3: Judean and Christian Groups as Associations by Peter

Fri, 03 Jun 2011 16:23:12 +0000

I've really enjoyed listening to your podcasts but I'm finally having to give them up as I can no longer get them to download. The download starts and then drops it for no apparent reason after a MB or two. I've tried well over a dozen times for this latest podcast. It's odd as I regularly download much larger files. But thanks for some excellent lectures.



Comment on New blog on the Christian Apocrypha: Apocryphicity by Ken Warneke

Fri, 03 Jun 2011 02:13:42 +0000

Amazing post! I initially found your blog a week or so ago. Keep up the great work.



Comment on Was Paul a man of his time?: Contemporaries on the treatment of slaves (NT 2.11) by what is a hemroid

Thu, 02 Jun 2011 04:54:07 +0000

Excellent blog, partner! Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean » Was Paul a man of his time?: Contemporaries on the treatment of slaves (NT 2.11)(Philip A. Harland) is absolutely one thing. I'll be establishing my own soon and I will truly replicate areas of yours, legally of course :)



Comment on Online resources for late-Medieval Christianity and the Reformations (Reformations 3) by Asha Marrington

Wed, 01 Jun 2011 08:11:31 +0000

As I have stated, this is a company tool. It’s not really a miracle apparatus. It could effortlessly become one more expense if you don't put the commitment into finding out how to cash in on it.



Comment on Podcast series 3: Diversity in early Christianity: “Heresies” and struggles by Kwanjulyn

Sat, 28 May 2011 01:04:21 +0000

This podcasts was very enlightening, particularly for individual like me who is relatively new to studying the New Testament. Thank you!



Comment on Podcast 5.6: Jesus, Galilee, and Israelite History, part 1 – Until the Second Temple by Susan Caldwell

Sun, 24 Apr 2011 19:30:11 +0000

Could you create - or tell me where to find - a link to the map(s)of the various kingdoms/tribal areas you refer to in this podcast? Thank you, Susan Caldwell



Comment on Paintings of Pompeii 1: Villa of the Mysteries of Dionysos (Villa Item) by Michelle Rae

Sat, 09 Apr 2011 03:05:11 +0000

Thanks for sharing your experience. My husband and I want to get there one day as well. We have to wait until the kids are out of the house though. I have been an art researcher for years so this was a fascinating read as well! Michelle webmaster at www.payday2go.com



Comment on Paintings of Pompeii 1: Villa of the Mysteries of Dionysos (Villa Item) by David Winthorpe

Tue, 05 Apr 2011 10:57:08 +0000

The paintings shown here are quite remarkable and, in particular, I am astonished by the retention of color. I hope that removing them to the National Archeological Museum will ensure that generations to come will be able to view them as we do today.



Comment on Paintings of Pompeii 1: Villa of the Mysteries of Dionysos (Villa Item) by natural work

Fri, 01 Apr 2011 13:27:13 +0000

Most paintings are now removed from Pompeii and preserved in the National Archeological Museum of Napoli



Comment on Paintings of Pompeii 1: Villa of the Mysteries of Dionysos (Villa Item) by Kent @ Whey Protein Review

Thu, 31 Mar 2011 22:34:22 +0000

I just got lost on your site for almost two hours now. I'm a grad student researching religious paintings and such... and what a great resource your site and links are. Keep up the GREAT Work. Cheers~



Comment on Paintings of Pompeii 1: Villa of the Mysteries of Dionysos (Villa Item) by Bill

Tue, 29 Mar 2011 18:29:54 +0000

Hi Phil, You mentioned in your post - "The populations of both of these ancient towns were wiped out by the volcanic eruption of mount Vesuvius in 79 CE" - I've always been amazed by volcanoes and would love to one day get to visit Pompeii. It must be absolutely amazing to visit there and in fact it must have quite a spooky feeling being there given the history that took place all those years ago. Any plans to go back? And did you find it quite affordable being there, or expensive. I'll get there one day for sure :) All the best Bill Webmaster, learnhowtobuildaodghouse.com How To Build A Dog House



Comment on Podcast series 4: Honouring the gods in the Roman Empire – Asia Minor by Dianthia Gilmore

Tue, 29 Mar 2011 03:23:45 +0000

I would like to hear more about the Mysteries and the influence that the Egyptian Institute had on the Greek culture.



Comment on Podcast 5.15: Jesus as a Messianic King? by Phil H.

Wed, 02 Mar 2011 00:33:08 +0000

Scott: Glad you enjoyed the lesser known Jesus. There are quite a few parallels in the accounts of each Jesus's arrest and trial. The other Jesus was very persistent, it seems. Josephus thought that that other Jesus was accurately reflecting the forthcoming destruction by the Romans.



Comment on Podcast 5.15: Jesus as a Messianic King? by Scott F

Tue, 01 Mar 2011 21:17:38 +0000

Fascinating account in Josephus of the "other" Jesus released by Roman authorities as a nut job.



Comment on Podcast series 3: Diversity in early Christianity: “Heresies” and struggles by uair01

Sun, 27 Feb 2011 19:20:51 +0000

Thank you very much for the excellent podcasts. They are very instructive and a pleasure to listen to. They remind me of the shock and surprise I felt 20 years ago when I discovered that "standard" modern Christianity had a very chequered history and that it took 300 years to settle down. Still my faith has survived the shock :-) Do you think that modern religious evolution still follows the same patterns? See for example this excellent book: http://www.amazon.com/American-Religion-Emergence-Post-Christian-Nation/dp/0671867377 The author finds interesting parallels between gnostic kabbalah and Mormonism.



Comment on Podcast series 4: Honouring the gods in the Roman Empire – Asia Minor by Alina

Sat, 26 Feb 2011 09:47:00 +0000

Great podcasts!!!! really enjoyed listing and learned a lot. thanks



Comment on Podcast 5.11: Jesus as Teacher, part 1 – Method and Content by Phil H.

Mon, 06 Dec 2010 02:31:41 +0000

Hello Mark, Parables relating to husbandry, tenant farming, farming, sowing and related agricultural analogies would relate to various parts of the ancient Mediterranean, including Galilee. Some analogies may well be specific to Galilee and Palestine, and some of the gospel authors are likewise familiar with this area. So parables could reflect both the context of Jesus and the context of an author of a gospel. I do not believe we have enough knowledge to exclude the likelihood that Jesus could have used such agricultural or pastoral analogies. But in (ancient) history we can never be certain of anything, as I've been emphasizing in the podcast. So I wouldn't grant any scholar (Hedrick, Scott, Harland, etc) the status of having found the truth about what Jesus didn't say. Phil



Comment on Podcast 5.1: Studying the Historical Jesus – Sources and Problems, part 1 by Scott F

Tue, 30 Nov 2010 22:18:01 +0000

Are we to assume that Tacitus had access to official Imperial records to discover that "Christus" was crucified under Pilate? It would be rather odd if an official record gave his name as "Christus" since that was not actually his name. I would expect Pilate's records to give some variation of "Jesus" rather than title associated with him? It is more likely Tacitus received his information (second- or third- or nth-hand) from Christian sources. This does establish Christian beliefs at the time Tacitus wrote but I just don't see much value in it other than as a collaboration of a earlier, more credible Christian source - namely Paul.



Comment on Podcast 5.11: Jesus as Teacher, part 1 – Method and Content by Mark Alford

Sun, 28 Nov 2010 23:41:05 +0000

As always your podcasts are full of interesting material. In this podcast you speak of Jesus's parables as reflecting everyday life in the ancient near east, and infer that they tell us something about the preaching of the real historical Jesus. But haven't scholars like Charles Hedrick ("Parables as poetic fictions") and Bernard Brandon Scott ("Hear Then the Parable") already shown that the parables do not reflect the realities of everyday life? Example: what shepherd really would endanger his whole flock just to find one errant sheep? The obvious conclusion (although Brandon Scott and Hedrick may not draw it) is that the gospel writers had no clue about life in Palestine, and the parables derive from them, not from a real Palestinian country-dweller.



Comment on Podcast 5.11: Jesus as Teacher, part 1 – Method and Content by Peter

Mon, 15 Nov 2010 00:31:34 +0000

Hello again. Success at last! Thanks to your recommendation about which file link to use and the expedient of taking my laptop as high up in the house as I can. The wonders of living in rural England! Many thanks Peter Roberts



Comment on Podcast 5.11: Jesus as Teacher, part 1 – Method and Content by Peter

Sun, 14 Nov 2010 21:51:59 +0000

Hello Phil I always use one of the links on the RSS feed, which link directly to the mp3 file. This is the first time I've had a problem. It's odd that this particular file starts downloading well enough but then disconnects and closes the file after about 34 per cent. I'm now trying using the archive access as you suggest and I'll let you know what happens. Thanks for your advice - and for the podcasts themselves.



Comment on Podcast 5.11: Jesus as Teacher, part 1 – Method and Content by Phil H.

Sun, 14 Nov 2010 04:44:25 +0000

Hello Peter, I just tried downloading by clicking on the "here" link to the archive page for this episode and then clicking on "save link as" on the vbr mp3 file and the entire file downloaded properly. Which method were you finding didn't work? Maybe archive wasn't working for a bit, which sometimes happens. Phil



Comment on Podcast 5.11: Jesus as Teacher, part 1 – Method and Content by Peter

Sat, 13 Nov 2010 08:32:09 +0000

I've tried many times to download this file but it closes down about a third of the way through and saves a partial but unusable copy on my hard drive every time. This is a problem I've not had with previous podcasts from here. I know my broadband system is quite slow but the problem for me seems to be unique to this file. Has anyone else had difficulty downloading it?



Comment on Podcast 5.1: Studying the Historical Jesus – Sources and Problems, part 1 by Jack Manderino

Thu, 11 Nov 2010 22:32:59 +0000

Professor Harland: I am also enjoying the lectures. They are extremely informative. I have done all to 3.16, but will be jumping forward to Part 5 Historical Jesus, skipping the non-Christian material for the present as I have much reading now to do of the documents that were discussed in the other lectures, particularly just about all of the non-Canonical writings. It is rare to see people put their intellectual property out for general learning without requesting compensation. In the present economic climate, even edification seems to have its price. Thank you for your generousity.



Comment on Ancient jokes: Humour now and then (Jokes 1) by Electric Blankets ·

Sun, 07 Nov 2010 19:07:31 +0000

when treating bad breath. i use an oral antiseptic like stabilized chlorine dioxide .



Comment on Podcast 5.10: Jesus and his Mentor, John the Baptizer by janiesse

Sun, 31 Oct 2010 05:58:47 +0000

Great stuff. I am a phd in chemistry. Never knew how to deal w/ history. I have learned a lot. Best, jay



Comment on Podcast 5.10: Jesus and his Mentor, John the Baptizer by Mark Alford

Fri, 29 Oct 2010 00:19:22 +0000

In this podcast you spoke several times of the criterion of embarrassment, and that it shows that Jesus's baptism by John is likely historically true. I agree that the gospel writers show embarrassment over it, but that doesn't mean it really happened. It just means that, by the time they were writing, the baptism story had become firmly embedded in the tradition. It could have been invented/adopted by earlier Christians who had different ideas of what is embarrassing. The fact that we see a significant shift in the gospels from Mark to John, insisting on higher and higher Christologies, supports this idea. In a pre-Mark stratum Jesus could have been even less divine, and the idea of his being a pupil of the better-known teacher John might have been perfectly OK, and even a useful recruiting tool for getting followers of John to join the new cult of his supposed successor Jesus. Once the baptism story became a part of the received wisdom it would stay there, causing embarrassment to later Christians who had evolved to a more elevated image of Jesus.



Comment on Podcast 5.10: Jesus and his Mentor, John the Baptizer by Will

Tue, 12 Oct 2010 12:09:53 +0000

Great - a new episode. You have fans out here. John the Baptist ate grasshoppers - I needed to be reminded of that.



Comment on Podcast 5.10: Jesus and his Mentor, John the Baptizer by Clayton

Mon, 04 Oct 2010 23:05:31 +0000

Yay, new episodes again. I was really missing this over the summer.



Comment on Mesopotamian gods, chaos-monsters, and the “combat myth” (Satan 2) by Ansu

Sat, 28 Aug 2010 06:42:05 +0000

Interresting to read your brief resumé of the mysterious Ninurta-myth. But I am a bit puzzled; Does'nt this myth start off with Ea advicing (or prophesizing) Enlil to lend Anzu the Tablet of Destiny?



Comment on A second highly probable thing about the historical Jesus: Immersion by John the Baptizer by perfect optimizer best

Sun, 22 Aug 2010 14:51:43 +0000

I recently decided to make a short movie about this, I would be appreciative if you could maybe take a minute to check it and possibly leave a message about what you think, I left the video url in the ¡°website¡± field, hopefully you can access it, thanks a lot



Comment on Enter the serpent: Adam, Eve, and the Devil (Satan 8) by Shelly

Fri, 20 Aug 2010 00:52:52 +0000

Before I go to the next verse I need to make a point about talking snakes. You can’t read the story about Adam and Eve literally for one reason; and that is 1: ‘Snakes don’t talk‘. The first question you have to ask yourself is, ‘How does this snake manage to talk?’ Some people who are reading this literally put it aside. They must be thinking, Well this is God talking and there are things I don’t know about. So they sweep it aside. Yea, there are things you don’t know about if you think that way. The thing you don’t know is that, Snakes don’t talk. In the next verse God tells us exactly who Satan is:
Genesis 3 : 1 Now the serpent proved to be the most cautious of all the wild beasts of the field that God had made. So it began to say to the woman: “Is it really so that God said you must not eat from every tree of the garden?” 2 At this the woman said to the serpent: “Of the fruit of the trees of the garden we may eat. 3 But as for [eating] of the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the garden, God has said, “You must not eat from it, no, You must not touch it that you do not die.’”
The snake talks. Again we know that snakes don’t talk so God is talking in symbols. God says the snake is a wild beast. That’s not true, snakes are reptiles. A beast is a mammal. God didn’t make a mistake by saying, wild beasts, he knows what he’s doing. So the Serpent is really a mammal that talks. Man is the only mammal that talks. The serpent i[...]



Comment on Enter the serpent: Adam, Eve, and the Devil (Satan 8) by Mel Steffor

Thu, 19 Aug 2010 00:53:00 +0000

In the Book of Genesis, God is telling us two stories with the words of one. From the appearance of being the first two humans in creation Adam and Eve share a commonality with all of us. Adam and Eve are representatives for all of us. God has hidden a prophesy about the future in the story. The following is the interpretation of the story about Adam and Eve in the present. I start at Genesis 2:17
Gen 2 : 17 But as for the tree of the knowledge of good and bad you must not eat from it, for in the day you eat from it you will positively die.”
Trees don’t grow knowledge so I know God is talking in symbols. Knowledge comes from Books. Books are made from the pulp of trees. So the Tree is a Book. A Tree is a metaphor for a Book. This book has knowledge of good and bad. The Book is the Bible. The Bible contains the knowledge of good and bad. Besides I took this verse right out of the Bible. You can’t eat from a book and gain knowledge, but you can digest a book . As in Readers Digest. You are taking the words in, like food. God says, you will positively die. The Book has poison in it. The poison is the fruit on the tree. What is the fruit on the tree that we must not eat? Or, What is the fruit in the New Testament? We know that a Cross is also a Tree and Jesus was nailed to the tree. The fruit from the Bible is Jesus. Clues are Adam and Eve are bare naked. Bare sounds like Bear.
The Tree bears Jesus



Comment on Luke’s portrait of Jesus: Prophet Elijah and “Saviour” (NT 2.14) by Darrell James

Tue, 17 Aug 2010 18:43:38 +0000

Yes, William, but the question that rises up is why does Luke omit Matthew's explicit word's of Jesus indentifying JB with Elijah (Matt 11:14 has no parallel in Luke 7. Matt 17: 9-13//Mark 9:9-13 have no parallel in Luke 9? Mark may have an "Elijianic secret" about the identification of JB and Elijah which Matthew makes precise but Luke de-emphasizes this identification and also any reference which casts Jesus as inferior to JB. What is being asked here is why Luke differs in his "portrait" of Jesus? What is Luke uniquely trying to communicate about the identity and significance of Jesus of Nazareth now crucified, raised, and declared to be "Messiah/Christ" to his audience (church?)in his own setting?



Comment on Podcast series 2: Early Christian portraits of Jesus by Rick

Sat, 07 Aug 2010 19:05:55 +0000

Thanks you for these lectures!



Comment on Ballparking the historical Jesus – The importance of context by Ed Jones

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 21:21:19 +0000

You might find a reconstrution of the Jesus tradition to be of interest. It is in the form of a letter I mailed to R. Joseph Hoffmann about the Jesus Project. By a certain happenstance, the letter not recieved, I submitted it as Comments to the essay: The Importance of the Historical Jesus. The first 13 comments contain the reconstruction with related comments. Several are but "mini paincs" experienced over a 4 day delay before it was published, thus to be ignored. The reconstruction is based largely on quotes from the works of three of our top NT scholars which should make it worth the read.



Comment on Podcast 5.9: Jesus in the Context of Educated Groups and Leaders by Phil H.

Fri, 18 Jun 2010 01:53:19 +0000

Hello Sam, The term peasant is used here more in terms of a broad class issue. In other words, in Galilee at least, you were either a wealthy aristocrat in the city or a peasant. Scholars often speak of the society as a peasant society. Being trained in farming or in carpentry didn't really make much of a class difference. Being a peasant teacher (rather than, say, a priestly teacher) may have been part of what got Jesus into trouble. Hope this helps to clarify. Phil



Comment on Podcast 5.9: Jesus in the Context of Educated Groups and Leaders by Sam Pimentel

Wed, 16 Jun 2010 00:10:49 +0000

Is it fair to keep called Jesus a peasant? He had a skilled trade (probably carpentry), was a teacher of notable renown, was able to travel, etc



Comment on I won the Norman E. Wagner Award! by Will

Thu, 10 Jun 2010 13:53:51 +0000

I love your podcasts and am glad you have been recognized. What a great thing your podcast is: I have been using my driving hours for work as a return to college-- and something like your podcast which is more specific and advanced, closer to the level of detail I would get from a book, makes my drive a pleasure instead of a chore. Thanks.