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OUPblog » Sociology



OUPblog » Sociology



Last Build Date: Wed, 11 Apr 2018 11:30:53 +0000

 



Being Church as Christian hardcore punk

Mon, 09 Apr 2018 11:30:59 +0000

What is church? In the social sciences, church is ordinarily conceptualized as a physical gathering place where religious people go for worship and fellowship. Church is sacred; it is not secular. With this idea of church in mind, sociologists find that U.S. Christian youth (particularly young white men) are dropping out of church. Some are dropping out because they have lost faith in God. Others, however, are leaving church because they feel alienated from organized religion, not because they stopped being Christians. This rise in “unchurched believers” raises a question: how are Christian youth creating and expressing church beyond the confines of a religious institution?

The post Being Church as Christian hardcore punk appeared first on OUPblog.




National Volunteer Month: a reading list

Sat, 07 Apr 2018 10:30:24 +0000

On 20 April 1974, President Richard M. Nixon declared National Volunteer Week, to honor those Americans whose unpaid “efforts most frequently touch the lives of the poor, the young, the aged and the sick, but in the process the lives of all men and women are made richer.” This commemoration has since been extended to a full month to recognize those who offer their time, energy, and skills to their communities.

The post National Volunteer Month: a reading list appeared first on OUPblog.




Women in economics: female achievement in a male-dominated field

Thu, 08 Mar 2018 12:30:17 +0000

Women in economics are underrepresented. A lack of diversity runs the risk of constraining or distorting the field’s intellectual development. To mark International Women’s Day, we have listed below the achievements of five influential female economists. The list does not fully represent the little diversity that does exist in economic research, but we hope that it will open up important discussions that need to be had.

The post Women in economics: female achievement in a male-dominated field appeared first on OUPblog.




Exploring religious diversity in higher education

Wed, 07 Mar 2018 08:30:21 +0000

In his recent post, “Declining Exposure to Religious Diversity” (24 January), Jeremy Bauer-Wolf notes some striking results of a survey conducted by the Interfaith Youth Core of more than 7,000 students at 122 American colleges and universities. The survey measures the extent of their interfaith experiences on campus, and tracks developments in their attitudes toward religious diversity.

The post Exploring religious diversity in higher education appeared first on OUPblog.




Greenwashing the garrison state

Sun, 04 Mar 2018 11:30:06 +0000

Across the globe, the garrison state has “gone green” as national militaries have become partly involved in stewardship of the natural environment. On the face of it, this is a puzzling development. After all, protecting plants and animals from the depredations of humankind is not a job that most people expect from women and men in uniform.

The post Greenwashing the garrison state appeared first on OUPblog.




A new generation wrestles with the gender structure

Mon, 19 Feb 2018 12:30:40 +0000

What’s happening with kids today? A few years ago, liberals were confidently– and conservatives dejectedly– predicting that Millennials were blurring traditional distinctions between the sexes both in the workplace and at home, operating on “the distinctive and historically unprecedented belief that there are no inherently male or female roles in society. So what are the Millennials’ gender politics?

The post A new generation wrestles with the gender structure appeared first on OUPblog.




Has “feminism” beaten “complicity” or are feminists complicit too?

Sat, 17 Feb 2018 10:30:25 +0000

According to Merriam-Webster Dictionaries,“Feminism” is Word of the Year 2017,” as announced by a headline in The Guardian. “Complicit” was a strong runner-up in Merriam-Webster’s Competition though, and came in first place on the Dictionary.com list. Both “feminism” and “complicit” have been around for some time, so it is not as if 2017 gave birth […]

The post Has “feminism” beaten “complicity” or are feminists complicit too? appeared first on OUPblog.




Freemasonry and the public sphere in the UK

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 08:30:29 +0000

Freemasonry once again hit the headlines of UK media on New Year’s Eve 2017, revealing the contentious nature of the place of secrecy in public life. Just having concluded the celebration of its tercentenary anniversary year, the United Grand Lodge of England found itself at the center of controversy. How far can membership in a masonic lodge be regarded as incompatible with the exercise of a public office?

The post Freemasonry and the public sphere in the UK appeared first on OUPblog.




The weight of love: ‘love locks’ as emotional objects

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 10:30:21 +0000

On the night of 8 June 2014, a section of the metal barrier on the Pont des Arts in Paris collapsed under the weight of thousands of padlocks which had been attached to it. Since the first decade of the twenty-first century, it has become increasingly common for famous (and sometimes less famous) bridges, and, increasingly, other monuments, to become encrusted with small padlocks in celebration of romantic love.

The post The weight of love: ‘love locks’ as emotional objects appeared first on OUPblog.




The optics of a cabinet reshuffle: PR vs reality

Sat, 10 Feb 2018 12:30:10 +0000

Reshuffles are a chance to revive the fortunes of a Prime Minister by changing the faces of their Cabinet and Government. January’s offered much but delivered less; the occupants of key Cabinet positions remained in place after all. May’s big beasts stood their ground, seemingly immovable; Justine Greening was the most prominent and the only woman to exit the Cabinet.

The post The optics of a cabinet reshuffle: PR vs reality appeared first on OUPblog.




Community healing and reconciliation: a tale of two cities

Sat, 03 Feb 2018 09:30:39 +0000

Community healing and reconciliation has been a focus of many nations in response to civil war, genocide, and other conflicts. Over the past 12 years there has been a growing number of high profile murders of African American youth in the United States. Some communities have responded to the incidents offering examples of how communities may work together to move forward.

The post Community healing and reconciliation: a tale of two cities appeared first on OUPblog.




Feminist themes in TV crime drama

Tue, 30 Jan 2018 10:30:08 +0000

The fictional world has always featured women who solve crimes, from Nancy Drew to Veronica Mars. Although men crime-solvers outnumbered women on TV, women detectives have increasingly become more commonplace. This trend includes the policewomen depicted on CSI and Law & Order: SUV as well as private detectives like Veronica Mars and Miss Phryne Fisher who are the chief protagonists of their series.

The post Feminist themes in TV crime drama appeared first on OUPblog.




10 fascinating facts about Lucha Libre

Fri, 12 Jan 2018 12:30:50 +0000

Over the course of the 20th century, Lucha Libre—or professional wrestling—has become a stable of urban Mexican culture. Dating back all the way to the 1800s, professional wrestling has become a distinctly national rendition of an imported product. Within the past 20 years, it has gained international acclaim for its distinctive style: an incredible acrobatic ring style and the highly recognizable masks.

The post 10 fascinating facts about Lucha Libre appeared first on OUPblog.




A five-day guide to resiliency in the New Year

Wed, 10 Jan 2018 13:30:16 +0000

In a world that values busyness, it is often easy to prioritize personal responsibilities over personal fulfillment. Phrases like I wish I had the time and once things settle down justify an all-too-common postponement of happiness and self-care. In the following excerpt from Night Call, acclaimed psychologist and author Robert Wicks details a five-day guide to self-care designed to fit even the busiest of schedules.

The post A five-day guide to resiliency in the New Year appeared first on OUPblog.




A Q&A with the Editor of Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Susan Easterbrooks

Thu, 28 Dec 2017 10:30:15 +0000

"The field has changed dramatically in the last 20 years, yet in many ways it remains the same. We have benefitted from advancements in technology that have improved listening technology." Susan Easterbrooks is Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education. We sat down with Susan to discuss her background, the developments in deaf education, and the challenges scholars face in the field.

The post A Q&A with the Editor of Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Susan Easterbrooks appeared first on OUPblog.




New year, new you: 13 books for self-improvement in 2018

Tue, 26 Dec 2017 11:30:28 +0000

Last year, twitter highlighted the most popular New Year’s resolutions for 2017—which included losing weight, reading more, and learning something new among the most common goals. With 2018 quickly approaching, people all over the world are taking the time to reflect on themselves and determine possible resolutions for the coming year. We’ve put together a reading list of self-improvement books to help our readers reflect and stick to their goals in the New Year.

The post New year, new you: 13 books for self-improvement in 2018 appeared first on OUPblog.




The philosopher of Palo Alto

Sat, 09 Dec 2017 09:30:29 +0000

Apple’s recent product launch on 12 September has cast into the mainstream technologies that were first envisioned by Mark Weiser in the 1990s, when he was Chief Technologist at Xerox’s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). Though Weiser died in 1999, at the age of 46, his ideas continue to inspire cutting-edge smartphone innovations. Now is a good time to revisit Weiser’s ideas.

The post The philosopher of Palo Alto appeared first on OUPblog.




The problem with a knowledge-based society

Sun, 26 Nov 2017 11:30:05 +0000

In the last few decades, few concepts have spoken to the imagination of economists like the ‘knowledge based economy’ or ‘knowledge economy’ within Western policy circles. There has been a consensus that Western economies have entered a phase in economic history called the ‘knowledge’ or ‘knowledge-based’ era. The brains of the workforce are thought to be the most important contributor to today’s wealth creation.

The post The problem with a knowledge-based society appeared first on OUPblog.




Does a student’s college funding source influence their field of study?

Sun, 19 Nov 2017 12:30:21 +0000

"There are two dominant narratives about the function of higher education today." Higher Education has changed dramatically over the past few decades, and debates over college costs have intensified. Examining how college funding is associated with course selection, Social Forces Editor Arne L. Kalleberg interviews Natasha Quadlin about her research about the effects of college funding sources.

The post Does a student’s college funding source influence their field of study? appeared first on OUPblog.




Children behind bars: a look at the American juvenile justice system [extract]

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 13:30:16 +0000

In this excerpt from The War on Kids: How American Juvenile Justice Lost Its Way, we follow author Cara Drinan as she travels prior to the 2012 presidential election, to visit the first of many of these young inmates whom she would come to know during her research.

The post Children behind bars: a look at the American juvenile justice system [extract] appeared first on OUPblog.




The importance of physics for humanists and historians

Sat, 04 Nov 2017 08:30:03 +0000

If you studied history, sociology, or English literature in your post-secondary education, it was probably in part because physics was too hard to understand or not as interesting. If you did not pay attention to quiet developments in the world of physics over the past several decades, you missed some very interesting important discoveries. Today, physics is not what our parents or even any of us who went to high school or university in the last quarter of the twentieth century learned because the physicists have been busy learning a lot of new things.

The post The importance of physics for humanists and historians appeared first on OUPblog.




Shakespeare, Sinatra, and the Philosophy of Aging [excerpt]

Thu, 02 Nov 2017 11:30:34 +0000

Aging in the world of entertainment is portrayed in a variety of ways. In some cases it’s graceful and elegant; in others it’s manic and doddering. Shakespeare has dealt with this subject numerous times with vast reinterpretations in productions through the centuries. In this excerpt from Aging Thoughtfully: Conversations about Retirement, Wrinkles, Romance, and Regret, authors Martha C. Nussbaum and Saul Levmore look at the classic example of King Lear, and how different portrayals of this elderly character can be a reflection of how people see aging and infirmity in modern times.

The post Shakespeare, Sinatra, and the Philosophy of Aging [excerpt] appeared first on OUPblog.




How welcoming practices and positive school climate can prevent bullying

Sun, 29 Oct 2017 08:30:57 +0000

What happens when a student or parent first walks in to a new school? What welcoming practices occur during the initial registration process, when parents first complete a set of forms, when they hear the first hello, or when students are first introduced to teachers and classmates? Are students and parents greeted with warmth, guidance, and understanding, or is it a cold administrative process?

The post How welcoming practices and positive school climate can prevent bullying appeared first on OUPblog.




Hannah Arendt and the source of human values

Wed, 25 Oct 2017 10:30:10 +0000

Hannah Arendt was a literary intellectual, defined by Thomas Pynchon as, “people who read and think.” Like Socrates, Hannah Arendt thought and went where thought took her. Arendt’s thinking led her many places, but one of the more interesting topics she thought about was the source of human values.

The post Hannah Arendt and the source of human values appeared first on OUPblog.




How do we decide whom to rely on?: A Q&A with Mario L. Small

Mon, 23 Oct 2017 08:30:34 +0000

When people are facing difficulties, they often feel the need for a confidant-a person to vent to or a sympathetic ear with whom to talk things through. How do they decide on whom to rely? In theory, the answer seems obvious. In practice, what people actually do often belies these expectations.We sat down with Mario L. Small, to answer some key questions into how we decide whom to rely on and social networks.

The post How do we decide whom to rely on?: A Q&A with Mario L. Small appeared first on OUPblog.