Subscribe: News from the National Academies
http://nationalacademies.org/onpi/na.xml
Preview: News from the National Academies

News from the National Academies





 



Report Offers Guidance on How to Monitor the Quality of STEM Undergraduate Education

Wed, 13 Dec 2017 11:00 EST

Monitoring the quality and impact of undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education will require the collection of new national data on changing student demographics, instructors' use of evidence-based teaching approaches, student transfer patterns, and other dimensions of STEM education, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Read More(image)



National Academies' Gulf Research Program Launches New Funding Opportunity to Advance Scientific and Environmental Literacy

Wed, 13 Dec 2017 11:00 EST

The Gulf Research Program (GRP) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine today announced a new opportunity for nonprofit, state, and local entities to apply for grant funding to advance the scientific and environmental literacy and problem-solving skills of children and youth in the K-12 grade range.(image)



Report Offers Framework to Guide Decisions About Spirit Lake and Toutle River System at Mount St. Helens; Inclusive Decision-Making Process Is Needed

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 11:00 EST

A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine offers a framework to guide federal, tribal, state and local agencies, community groups, and other interested and affected parties in making decisions about the Spirit Lake and Toutle River system, near Mount St. Helens in southwest Washington state. The process should include broader participation by groups and parties whose safety, livelihoods, and quality of life are affected by decisions about the lake and river system, the report says. Read More(image)



National Academies' Gulf Research Program Awards $10.8 Million to Address Systemic Risk in Offshore Oil and Gas Operations

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 11:00 EDT

The Gulf Research Program of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine today announced awards for six new projects totaling $10.8 million. All six projects involve research to develop new technologies, processes, or procedures that could result in improved understanding and management of systemic risk in offshore oil and gas operations. Read More(image)



Guidance for Academies on Sustainable Development Goals

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 15:00 EDT

The United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development identified 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) whose realization will require expertise from many sectors, including science, engineering, and medicine. Supporting the Sustainable Development Goals: A Guide for Merit-Based Academies, a new publication from the InterAcademy Partnership, explains why and how academies around the globe can support the Sustainable Development Goals – for example, by providing advice to governments about implementing the goals, and by monitoring and evaluating progress toward the goals. Learn More(image)



U.S. Has Lost Its Dominance in Highly Intense, Ultrafast Laser Technology to Europe and Asia, New Report Says

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 11:00 EDT

A new National Academies report offers a roadmap that would improve the nation's position in high-intensity laser science and technology, which has broad applications in manufacturing, medicine, and national security. Currently, 80 percent to 90 percent of the high-intensity laser systems are overseas, and all of the highest power research lasers currently in construction or already built are overseas as well. Some of the report's recommendations are for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to create a broad network to support science, applications, and technology of these lasers, as well as for DOE to plan for at least one large-scale, open-access high-intensity laser facility that leverages other major science infrastructures in the DOE complex. Read More(image)



Academy Members Receive Breakthrough Prizes

Mon, 04 Dec 2017 12:00 EDT

NAS members Joanne Chory and Peter Walter as well as Don W. Cleveland, a member of both NAS and NAM, are among those awarded the 2018 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences. And NAS members Charles L. Bennett, Lyman Page Jr., and David N. Spergel are among recipients of this year's Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics. The prizes, known as the "Oscars of science," each come with a $3 million award.(image)



Gulf Research Program Accepting Applications for 2018 Fellowships

Mon, 04 Dec 2017 11:00 EDT

The Gulf Research Program (GRP) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine is now accepting applications for its Early-Career Research Fellowships and Science Policy Fellowships for 2018. Both fellowship programs are designed to help early-career scientists hone their skills and build leadership experience while conducting research or working on issues relevant to the GRP’s focus on advancing science, practice, and capacity at the intersections of human health, environmental resources, and offshore energy safety.(image)



Consumer Access to Affordable Medicines Is a Public Health Imperative, Says New Report; Government Negotiation of Drug Prices, Prevention of 'Pay-for-Delay' Agreements, and Increased Financial Transparency Among Recommendations

Thu, 30 Nov 2017 13:00 EDT

Consumer access to effective and affordable medicines is an imperative for public health, social equity, and economic development, but this need is not being served adequately by the biopharmaceutical sector, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report offers eight recommendations with 27 actions for their implementation to improve the affordability of prescription drugs without discouraging the development of new and more effective drugs for the future. Over the past several decades, the biopharmaceutical sector in the United States has been successful in developing and delivering effective drugs for improving health and fighting disease, and many medical conditions that were long deemed untreatable can now be cured or managed effectively. However, high and increasing costs of prescription drugs coupled with the broader trends in overall medical expenditures, which now equals 18 percent of the nation’s gross domestic product, are unsustainable to society as a whole. Read More(image)



New Report Calls for Greater Oversight of Precursor Chemicals Sold at the Retail Level to Reduce Threats from Improvised Explosive Devices

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 11:00 EDT

Policymakers' efforts to reduce threats from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) should include greater oversight of precursor chemicals sold at the retail level – especially over the Internet – that terrorists, violent extremists, or criminals use to make homemade explosives, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. While retail sales of these precursor chemicals present a substantial vulnerability, they have not been a major focus of federal regulations so far. Read More(image)



A Number of Proactive Policing Practices Are Successful at Reducing Crime; Insufficient Evidence on Role of Racial Bias

Thu, 09 Nov 2017 11:00 EDT

A number of strategies used by the police to proactively prevent crimes have proved to be successful at crime reduction, at least in the short term, and most strategies do not harm communities' attitudes toward police, finds a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. However, the committee that conducted the study and wrote the report said there is insufficient evidence to draw strong conclusions on the potential role of racial bias in the use of proactive policing strategies. Read More(image)



National Academies Serving as New Host for IAP-R Secretariat

Thu, 09 Nov 2017 09:00 EDT

The U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine are now serving as the host for the InterAcademy Partnership for Research (IAP-R) secretariat. The IAP-R, formerly known as the InterAcademy Council, mobilizes the world's leading experts to produce reports that provide scientific advice on issues critical to the global community. Read More(image)



National Academies' Gulf Research Program Commits $2 Million to Assist Scientific Research Impacted by Hurricanes Harvey and Irma

Mon, 06 Nov 2017 11:00 EDT

The Gulf Research Program (GRP) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine today announced it will award up to $2 million in fast-track grants to help scientific research efforts recover from the impacts of Gulf Coast hurricanes Harvey and Irma. To be eligible, affected research efforts must be relevant to the GRP’s focus on enhancing human health, environmental resources, and offshore energy safety in the Gulf of Mexico region. Read More(image)



Statement on Wall Street Journal Op-Ed on National Academies' Review of Climate Science Special Report

Fri, 03 Nov 2017 11:00 EDT

An op-ed in today’s Wall Street Journal questions the conclusions of a National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine analysis, issued earlier this year, of a draft of the federal government's U.S. Global Change Research Program’s Climate Science Special Report (CSSR). The National Academies' analysis -- authored by a committee of 11 renowned experts and subjected to the Academies' rigorous independent external peer-review process -- is a comprehensive assessment of the draft CSSR. The analysis provides more than 100 pages of comments on the draft CSSR with the intention of improving the accuracy of the final version of the CSSR, released by the federal government today. The National Academies stand by their analysis. In particular, we stand by the committee's conclusion that the CSSR chapter on sea-level rise accurately reflects the current scientific literature. Scientists have high confidence in recent estimates of sea-level rise, because multiple lines of corroborating evidence are available, including data from satellites, tidal gauges, and a global array of thousands of profiling floats. Together these lines of evidence provide strong support for the conclusion that sea-level rise is accelerating because of the melting of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, along with continued thermal expansion of ocean waters. The committee's analysis of the draft CSSR can be read here.(image)



Public Safety During Severe Weather and Other Disasters Could Be Improved With Better Alert Systems and Improved Understanding of Social and Behavioral Factors

Wed, 01 Nov 2017 11:00 EDT

A more cohesive alert and warning system that integrates public and private communications mechanisms and adopts new technologies quickly is needed to deliver critical information during emergency situations. At the same time, better understanding of social and behavioral factors would improve the ways we communicate about hazards, inform response decisions such as evacuations, develop more resilient urban infrastructure, and take other steps to improve weather readiness. Two reports by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine propose steps to improve public safety and resilience in the face of extreme weather and other disasters. Read More(image)



Opioid Epidemic in the News

Thu, 26 Oct 2017 03:30 EDT

President Trump today declared the opioid epidemic a public health emergency. A recent National Academies report presents a national strategy to reduce the opioid epidemic. The report says it is possible to stem the still-escalating prevalence of opioid use disorder and other opioid-related harms without foreclosing access for patients suffering from pain. Read the full report(image)



Colleges and Universities Should Take Action to Address Surge of Enrollments in Computer Science

Thu, 26 Oct 2017 11:00 EDT

U.S. colleges and universities should respond with urgency to the current surge in undergraduate enrollments in computer science courses and degree programs, which is straining resources at many institutions, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. It examines the benefits and drawbacks of a range of strategies that institutions could pursue in response – such as adding faculty and resources, imposing targeted controls on enrollment, or using innovative technologies to deliver instruction to large numbers of students, among other options. An important factor driving the enrollment surge is the labor market, where the number of computing jobs far exceeds the number of computer science graduates being produced. Read More(image)



U.S. Ocean Observation Critical to Understanding Climate Change, But Lacks Long-Term National Planning

Fri, 20 Oct 2017 11:00 EDT

Ocean observing systems provide information essential for monitoring and forecasting changes in Earth's climate. A new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine finds that continuity of ocean observations is vital to gain an accurate understanding of the climate, and calls for a decadal, national plan that is adequately resourced and implemented to ensure critical ocean information is available to understand and predict future changes. The report notes that federal activities provide an opportunity for sustained and coordinated ocean-observing in the U.S., but require coordinated and high-level leadership to be effective. Additional benefits of this observational system include improvements in weather forecasting, marine resource management, and maritime navigation. Read More(image)



NAM Elects 80 New Members

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 10:00 EDT

The National Academy of Medicine today announced the names of 80 new members at its 47th annual meeting. Election to the NAM is considered one of the highest honors in the fields of health and medicine and recognizes individuals who have demonstrated outstanding professional achievement and commitment to service. Annual Meeting Page(image)



NAM Announces Recipients of Awards, Honors

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 12:00 EDT

The National Academy of Medicine presented two prestigious awards at its annual meeting today, as well as announced the 2017 class of NAM Fellows. The 2017 Gustav O. Lienhard Award for Advancement of Health Care was given to Diane Meier, professor of geriatrics and palliative medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, for her leading role in driving awareness and adoption of palliative care services in the United States. In addition, the Academy awarded the 2017 Rhoda and Bernard Sarnat International Prize in Mental Health was awarded to Joseph Coyle, whose research laid the foundation for integrating neuroscience and clinical psychiatry and shifted psychiatry's emphasis toward empirically based brain research; and to the team of Catherine Lord and Matthew State, whose work revolutionized the study of autism and related neuropsychiatric disorders. NAM Fellows News Release | Lienhard News Release | Sarnat News Release | Annual Meeting Page(image)



Winners of 2017 D.C. Public Health Case Challenge Announced

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 12:00 EDT

The winners of the fifth annual D.C. Public Health Case Challenge were announced at this year's National Academy of Medicine Annual Meeting. The challenge aims to promote interdisciplinary, problem-based learning around a public health issue of importance to the local Washington, D.C. community. Read More(image)



NAM Honors Members for Outstanding Service

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 09:00 EDT

For their outstanding service, the National Academy of Medicine honored members Barbara J. McNeil, Ridley Watts Professor and founding head of the department of health care policy at Harvard Medical School and professor of radiology at Brigham and Women's Hospital; Richard O. Hynes, investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Daniel K. Ludwig Professor for Cancer Research in the Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; and Ruth R. Faden, Philip Franklin Wagley Professor of Biomedical Ethics and founder of the Berman Center for Bioethics at Johns Hopkins University. News Release | Annual Meeting Page(image)