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Preview: International Journal of Public Opinion Research - current issue

International Journal of Public Opinion Research Current Issue

Published: Tue, 06 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Wed, 07 Mar 2018 06:54:04 GMT


A Hard Test of Individual Heterogeneity in Response Scale Usage: Evidence From Qatar

Tue, 06 Mar 2018 00:00:00 GMT

International Journal of Public Opinion Research 2016. DOI:

Perceived Credibility of Chinese Social Media: Toward an Integrated Approach

Mon, 06 Feb 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Using Weblog files and an online survey on Sina Weibo (N = 754), this article (1) empirically examined Chinese social media credibility in validated indexes; (2) compared the credibility of 12 types of media, which yielded three genres: traditional media, Web 1.0, and social media; and (3) explored the predictors of social media credibility. Results indicated SW users rate social media moderately high, especially on its fairness and unbiasedness, rather than accuracy. Comparatively, they trust traditional media most (especially newspaper) and social media least (especially SNS), although social media are more popular and rated fairly credible alone. Users' frequency of traditional media use and social media use, information-seeking motivation, and innovativeness has a positive impact on social media credibility. Reversely, users’ join date, participation, trust inclination, education, and age negatively influence social media credibility.

Public Support for Censorship in a Highly Regulated Media Environment: The Influence of Self-Construal and Third-Person Perception Over Time

Sat, 07 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT

This study represents the first longitudinal examination of third-person effects and uses a rigorous specification of the relative contribution of perceptions of influence on self and others (viz., the diamond method). Using nationally representative samples from Singapore gathered in 2001 (n = 626) and 2013 (n = 1,012), it examines perceptions of sex and nudity in films, content that the government allows but regulates. As expected, interdependent self-construal and third-person perceptions predicted support for censorship, as did perceived total media influence. The pattern of prediction was quite consistent with a slight increase in support for censorship. The discussion considers implications with respect to both the social landscape and an evolving media landscape.

Effects of Deliberative Minipublics on Public Opinion: Experimental Evidence from a Survey on Social Security Reform

Sat, 07 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMT

This article examines the potential influence of deliberative minipublics on public opinion. Using data from a large-scale survey experiment with national coverage, we investigate whether learning the conclusions of a deliberative minipublic affects observers’ support for changes to the Social Security program. Survey respondents in the primary treatment conditions were exposed to the findings of deliberative citizens’ panels regarding proposed changes to Social Security. Respondents in control groups did not receive any information about the deliberative minipublic. Overall, our results suggest that deliberative minipublics have some ability to affect public opinion even if members of the public acquire only minimal information about them. In particular, they are able to influence the opinions of relatively uninformed citizens. The results also suggest, however, that the effects may be limited in their extent and magnitude—at least in the scenario, modeled by our experiment, in which citizens acquire only minimal information about deliberative minipublics.

A Feminist Generation? Cohort Change in Gender-Role Attitudes and the Second-Wave Feminist Movement

Tue, 06 Sep 2016 00:00:00 GMT

This article tests novel hypotheses regarding cohort trends in gender-role attitudes in European countries. The second-wave feminist movement in Western and Southern Europe is found to be an important socialization experience leading the generation who came of age during this period to be unusually feminist given their low levels of education, female labor force participation, and secularism compared with younger cohorts. The feminist movement was especially influential for attitudes toward the trade-off between women’s employment and family life. The feminist generation is not found in Eastern Europe, which did not experience the same second-wave feminist movement and its subsequent diversification and backlash. In addition, cohort change tends to be stronger for women, widening the gender gap in gender-egalitarianism across cohorts.

A Hard Test of Individual Heterogeneity in Response Scale Usage: Evidence From Qatar

Mon, 29 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT

A common approach to correcting for interpersonal differences in response category thresholds in surveys is the use of anchoring vignettes. Here we present results from the first applications of anchoring vignettes in Qatar and, to our knowledge, the Arab world. We extend previous findings both geographically and substantively to show that a range of social and demographic variables account for important variation in response scale use in the domains of economic well-being and political efficacy, and that this variation leads to substantively misleading conclusions when not appropriately modeled. Qatar’s exceptionally homogeneous citizenry presents a uniquely hard test of response scale heterogeneity, and our results suggest that potentially obfuscating differences in individual reporting styles are even more ubiquitous than previously known.

Risk Perception of Nuclear Energy After Fukushima: Stability and Change in Public Opinion in Switzerland

Thu, 25 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT

The accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in 2011 greatly affected attitudes toward nuclear energy in many countries, including Switzerland. In this study, we analyzed the evolution of public opinion about nuclear energy in Switzerland from 2012 to 2014 to determine how different dimensions of attitudes toward nuclear energy changed in the years following the accident and which factors influenced general opinion about nuclear energy. The primary findings show that public opinion about nuclear energy became only slightly more positive as time passed and that the most important predictor of the general opinion about nuclear energy was the individual assessment of its benefits and risk.

Toxic Talk: How Online Incivility Can Undermine Perceptions of Media

Sat, 20 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT

Scholars are increasingly concerned with the potential for uncivil discourse to enhance political polarization in society (Mutz, 2006; Stryker, 2011). Political elites and partisans boost levels of incivility in news media (Muddiman, 2013), and people perceive higher levels of incivility in politics when individuals rather than issues are attacked (Stryker, Conway, & Danielson, 2014). The concerns over incivility extend to the online information environment, where nasty comments can harm healthy back-and-forth dialogue central to democracy that often happens in spaces such as newspapers (Coe, Kenski, & Rains, 2014; Meltzer, 2015). Early research shows that incivility in online comments can be a polarizing factor in how people perceive issues in media, particularly for individuals who hold stronger opinions before seeing the comments (Anderson, Brossard, Scheufele, Xenos, & Ladwig, 2014). In particular, incivility has been found to affect people’s perceptions of the content covered in news articles, a phenomenon dubbed the “nasty effect” (Anderson et al., 2014). It can also increase the perception that individuals in society hold polarized attitudes (Hwang, Kim, & Huh, 2014). Yet, we still do not fully understand how incivility in comments affects perceptions of the news stories themselves or the effect it can have on lines of political polarity in society.

Politics Versus Place? The Relative Influence of Partisanship, Ideology, and Connection With Israel on Support for the Iran Nuclear Agreement

Thu, 04 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT

Analyzing data from the LA Jewish Journal Survey conducted in July 2015 (N = 501), the study empirically examines the relative influence of politics versus place on support for the Iran Nuclear Agreement among members of the American-Jewish community. The results suggest that personal politics, or identifying as a Democrat and holding liberal political views, has the largest impact on support for the Iran Nuclear Agreement. Place, or having been to Israel, has the largest influence on opinion strength or supporting or opposing the deal rather than maintaining a position of ambivalence. The strategic implications of these findings for key stakeholders, including politicians, ethnic news media organizations, and lobbying groups, are discussed.