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Pollution Current Events and Pollution News from Brightsurf



Pollution Current Events and Pollution News Events, Discoveries and Articles from Brightsurf



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Study: Health benefits will offset cost of China's climate policy

Mon, 23 Apr 18 00:10:40 -0700

China's climate policy should pay for itself: A new MIT study finds that a four percent reduction per year in carbon emissions should net the country $339 billion in health savings.



A study links soil metals with cancer mortality

Fri, 20 Apr 18 00:07:10 -0700

Spanish epidemiologists and geologists have found associations between esophageal cancer and soils where lead is abundant, lung cancer and terrains with increased copper content, brain tumor with areas rich in arsenic, and bladder cancer with high cadmium levels. These statistical links do not indicate that there is a cause-effect relationship between soil type and cancer, but they suggest that the influence of metals from the earth's surface on the geographical distribution of tumors should be analyzed.



Swapping cars for shared bicycles would avoid up to 73 deaths per year

Thu, 19 Apr 18 00:01:50 -0700

A new study underscores the health and economic benefits of the 12 largest European bicycle-sharing systems.



Coho salmon die, chum salmon survive in stormwater runoff research

Wed, 18 Apr 18 00:14:20 -0700

In a recent paper published in the journal Environmental Pollution, scientists found that coho salmon became sick and nearly died, within just a few hours of exposure to polluted stormwater. But chum salmon showed no signs of ill-effects after prolonged exposure to the same water.



Bike paths for everyone -- except children

Mon, 16 Apr 18 00:03:30 -0700

While the network of bike paths spanning greater Montreal, Longueuil, and Laval more than doubled in size between 1991 and 2016, accessibility has not improved for children, according to a study by INRS researchers published in the Journal of Transport Geography.



Brief exposure to tiny air pollution particles triggers childhood lung infections

Fri, 13 Apr 18 00:05:40 -0700

New study, 'Short-Term Elevation of Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Acute Lower Respiratory Infection,' is the largest to date on this health concern, involving more than 100,000 patients.



Evidence mounts for Alzheimer's, suicide risks among youth in polluted cities

Fri, 13 Apr 18 00:15:20 -0700

A University of Montana researcher and her collaborators have published a new study that reveals increased risks for Alzheimer's and suicide among children and young adults living in polluted megacities.



Extensive seagrass meadows discovered in Indian Ocean through satellite tracking of green turtles

Wed, 11 Apr 18 00:01:20 -0700

Research led by Swansea University's Bioscience department has discovered for the first time extensive deep-water seagrass meadows in the middle of the vast Indian Ocean through satellite tracking the movement of green sea turtles.



The changing chemistry of the Amazonian atmosphere

Wed, 11 Apr 18 00:15:40 -0700

Researchers have been debating whether nitrogen oxides (NOx) can affect levels of OH radicals in a pristine atmosphere but quantifying that relationship has been difficult. Now, Harvard researchers have found that accompanying the increase of NOx concentration from urban pollution, daytime peak OH concentrations in the rainforest skyrocketed, increasing by at least 250 percent. These increased levels of OH concentrations in the Amazon atmosphere could lead to changes in atmospheric chemistry, cloud formation, and rainfall



Stop prioritizing the car to tackle childhood obesity, governments/planners urged

Mon, 09 Apr 18 00:13:40 -0700

The UK governments need to ditch a 42-year-old trend and stop prioritizing the car if they are serious about tackling childhood obesity, insist clinicians and transport experts in a call to action, published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.



Study: Almost 100 million adults have COPD in China

Mon, 09 Apr 18 00:13:30 -0700

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is widespread in China with 8.6 percent of the country's adult population -- almost 100 million people -- suffering from the chronic lung disease, according to a new Tulane University study published in The Lancet. The study, which provided lung-function screenings for more than 50,990 participants, is the largest survey of COPD across age groups ever conducted in China.



Microplastics litter the ocean, but what about freshwater and land?

Thu, 05 Apr 18 00:16:10 -0700

Hundreds of scientific publications now show that microplastics contaminate the world's oceans, yet scientists have only just begun to document and study microplastics in freshwater and terrestrial systems.



The great acceleration reaches new heights

Wed, 04 Apr 18 00:07:30 -0700

An international team of researchers, including researchers at Edysan laboratorie (CNRS / Université de Picardie Jules Verne) has observed an acceleration in the increase of biodiversity on mountain peaks in Europe. This is a new indicator of the 'great acceleration': an increasingly rapid inflation of different parameters around the world (glacier retreat, coral bleaching, etc.) seen in recent years as a result of climate change. Mountain ecosystems could be seriously disturbed as a result.



Organic fertilizers are an overlooked source of microplastic pollution

Wed, 04 Apr 18 00:11:10 -0700

Organic fertilizers from biowaste fermentation act as a vehicle for microplastic particles to enter the terrestrial environment, with the amount of microplastic particles differing based on pre-treatment methods and plant type, a new study shows.



Use of solid fuels for heating, cooking in China associated with increased risk of death

Tue, 03 Apr 18 00:04:50 -0700

Use of coal, wood or charcoal for cooking and heating in rural China was associated with a greater risk of death, with that risk decreased by having switched to gas, electricity or central heating, or using ventilation.



Agricultural fires can double Delhi pollution during peak burning season

Mon, 02 Apr 18 00:06:00 -0700

Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have demonstrated that in October and November, a peak burning season in nearby Punjab, about half of all pollution in Delhi can be attributed to agricultural fires on some days.



Up to 38 percent of all annual childhood asthma cases in Bradford may be caused by air pollution

Tue, 27 Mar 18 00:13:30 -0700

New research highlights the impact of traffic-related air pollution on childhood asthma. The study also shows traffic-related air pollution could be specifically responsible for up to 24 percent of the total number of cases. An international team of researchers has used a newly developed model to assess the impact exposure to nitrogen oxides -- gases that make up air pollution -- has on the development of childhood asthma.



More than 2,500 cancer cases a week could be avoided

Thu, 22 Mar 18 00:15:10 -0700

More than 135,500 cases of cancer a year in the UK could be prevented through lifestyle changes, according to new figures from a Cancer Research UK landmark study.



Researchers create new low-cost, sustainable material for reducing air and water pollution

Tue, 20 Mar 18 00:07:10 -0700

A new class of hybrid materials shows promise as an affordable and sustainable product for reducing particulate matter in air and organic pollutants in wastewater. The material, produced inexpensively from an industrial waste by-product and naturally abundant polymers, performed more efficiently than activated carbon, the current gold standard.



Cutting carbon emissions sooner could save 153 million lives

Mon, 19 Mar 18 00:10:20 -0700

Up to 153 million premature deaths linked to air pollution could be avoided this century if governments accelerate efforts to reduce fossil fuel emissions, a Duke-led study finds. Deaths would drop on every inhabited continent, but the greatest drops would occur in Asia and Africa. The study projects the number of lives that could be saved in 154 cities worldwide if emissions are reduced and global temperature rise is limited to 1.5oC sooner than later.



Long-term monitoring is essential to effective environmental policy

Fri, 16 Mar 18 00:01:30 -0700

Environmental policy guided by science saves lives, money, and ecosystems. So reports a team of eleven senior researchers in Environmental Science and Policy. Using air pollution in the United States as a case study, they highlight the success of cleanup strategies backed by long-term environmental monitoring.



Blacks have more exposure to air pollutants raising heart disease risk, death

Thu, 15 Mar 18 00:15:00 -0700

Blacks often have higher exposures to air pollutants than whites, elevating their risk for developing heart disease and death. Air pollution is associated with elevated blood sugar, blood vessel dysfunction, heart disease and death.



Large-scale climatic warming could increase persistent haze in Beijing

Thu, 15 Mar 18 00:01:10 -0700

A recent study demonstrated a significant positive trend of persistent haze events in Beijing for the winters from 1980 to 2016 and its close relationship to an increasing frequency of extreme anomalous southerly episodes in North China, as a result of a weakened East Asian winter monsoon system.



Topsy-turvy currents key to removing nitrate from streams, UCI-led study finds

Thu, 15 Mar 18 00:13:00 -0700

More than 500 years ago, Leonardo da Vinci sketched what he called 'la turbolenza,' comparing chaotic swirls atop flowing water to curly human hair. It turns out those patterns influence myriad phenomena, from the drag on an airplane's wings and the formation of Jupiter's red spot to the rustling of tree leaves.



Plastic fantastic -- researchers turn plastic pollution into cleaners

Wed, 14 Mar 18 00:02:00 -0700

Scientists at the University of Bristol have discovered a way to re-use a common plastic to break down harmful dyes in our waste water.



Marine exploration sensing with light and sound

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:14:50 -0700

Unveiling new strategies to improve future wireless underwater sensing networks for marine research and communication.



Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy linked to brain alterations

Thu, 08 Mar 18 00:07:30 -0800

A new study published in Biological Psychiatry has linked exposure to residential air pollution during fetal life with brain abnormalities that may contribute to impaired cognitive function in school-age children. The study showed for the first time a relationship between air pollution exposure and a difficulty with inhibitory control -- the ability to regulate self-control over temptations and impulsive behavior -- which is related to mental health problems such as addictive behavior and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.



Air pollution linked to brain alterations and cognitive impairment in children

Thu, 08 Mar 18 00:10:30 -0800

A new study performed in the Netherlands has linked exposure to residential air pollution during fetal life with brain abnormalities that may contribute to impaired cognitive function in school-age children. The study, published in Biological Psychiatry, reports that the air pollution levels related to brain alterations were below those considered to be safe.



Environmental exposures more determinant of respiratory health than inherited genetics

Tue, 06 Mar 18 00:09:20 -0800

Researchers have found strong evidence that environmental exposures, including air pollution, affect gene expressions associated with respiratory diseases much more than genetic ancestry. The study, published today in Nature Communications, analyzed more than 1.6 million data points from biological specimens, health questionnaires and environmental datasets, making this study one of the largest ever to examine the relationship between gene expression and environmental stimuli.



Crepidula onyx resilient towards microplastic diet

Mon, 05 Mar 18 00:16:20 -0800

A group of scientists at the Chan Lab of the Division of Life Science, HKUST, uses Crepdiula onyx as a model organism to test microplastics immunity, and found that they will threaten other marine organisms that are less resilient towards mircoplastic pollution.



Identifying ammonia hotspots in China using national observation network

Mon, 05 Mar 18 00:02:40 -0800

Researchers from the CAS institute of Atmospheric Physics implemented a passive ammonia monitoring network based on the diffusive technique with monthly integrated measurements at 53 sites since September 2015 and presented the spatial distributions and seasonal variations in atmospheric NH3 on a national scale in China.



Vertical measurements of air pollutants in urban Beijing

Fri, 02 Mar 18 00:06:50 -0800

Scientists from CAS Institute of Atmospheric Physics use vertically resolved observation system based on the Beijing 325m Meteorological Tower to gain an in-depth understanding of the vertical evolution characteristics of air pollutants within urban boundary layer.They find that that the temperature inversion coupled by the interactions of different air masses elucidated the 'blue sky -- haze' co-existent phenomenon.



Pesticides are accumulated in the fat tissue

Wed, 28 Feb 18 00:06:10 -0800

Pesticides are accumulated in bodies with high fat content. This conclusion was made by the scientists from the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) that have been studying seabirds and marine mammals of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Bering Sea for several years. The cycle of studies is supported by the Russian Science Foundation (No. 14-50-00034).



Global scientific review reveals effective alternatives to neonicotinoid and fipronil insecticides

Mon, 26 Feb 18 00:13:30 -0800

Use of controversial neonicotinoid insecticides ('neonics') in agriculture is not as effective as once thought, and can be replaced by advantageous pest-management alternatives, according to a study published today in the Springer journal Environmental Science and Pollution Research.



Enhanced education could help turn the tide on marine litter

Wed, 21 Feb 18 00:09:20 -0800

Research led by the University of Plymouth has revealed that designing systematic and innovative education tools to teachers and students can make a significant and positive contribution to their understanding of the problem of marine litter -- and their willingness to do something about it.



The plastics industry is leaking huge amounts of microplastics

Tue, 20 Feb 18 00:14:10 -0800

Millions of plastic pellets are leaking out into the environment from a manufacturing site in Stenungsund. This has been shown by a new study conducted by researchers at the University of Gothenburg. Despite several international and national sets of regulatory frameworks, the leaking continues.



Land use change has warmed the Earth's surface

Tue, 20 Feb 18 00:03:30 -0800

Recent changes to vegetation cover are causing the Earth's surface to heat up. Activities like cutting down evergreen forests for agricultural expansion in the tropics create energy imbalances that lead to higher local surface temperatures and contribute to global warming.



High levels of microplastics found in Northwest Atlantic fish

Fri, 16 Feb 18 00:15:00 -0800

A new study finds 73 percent of mesopelagic fish caught in the Northwest Atlantic had microplastics in their stomachs -- one of the highest levels globally. Typically living at depths of 200-1,000 meters, these fish could spread microplastic pollution throughout the marine ecosystem, by carrying microplastics from the surface down to deeper waters. They are also prey for fish eaten by humans, meaning that microplastics could indirectly contaminate our food supply.



Consumer and industrial products now a dominant urban air pollution source

Thu, 15 Feb 18 00:09:20 -0800

Chemical products that contain compounds refined from petroleum, like household cleaners, pesticides, paints and perfumes, now rival motor vehicle emissions as the top source of urban air pollution, according to a surprising NOAA-led study.



Rapid pollution increases may be as harmful to the heart as absolute levels

Thu, 15 Feb 18 00:11:30 -0800

Rapid increases in pollution may be as harmful to the heart as sustained high levels, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology,1 a European Society of Cardiology journal. The authors urgently call for confirmatory studies as even residents of clean air cities could be at risk.



'Excess emissions' make significant contribution to air pollution

Wed, 14 Feb 18 00:12:50 -0800

A study by Indiana University researchers shows that excess emissions -- which occur with plant shut-downs, start-ups and malfunctions, and not just in connection with natural disasters -- can make serious contributions to overall air pollution.



World's biggest city database shines light on our increasingly urbanized planet

Tue, 13 Feb 18 00:16:00 -0800

The world's largest data platform on cities, launched by the Joint Research Centre, the European Commission's science and knowledge service, reveals the planet is even more urbanized than we thought.



Lithuanian researchers: Wastewater treatment plants could generate electricity

Mon, 12 Feb 18 00:01:50 -0800

Researchers of Kaunas University of Technology (KTU), Lithuania are working on improving the efficiency of microbial fuel cells (MFC) by using modified graphite felt. Primary results show that the new MFC can generate 20 percent higher voltage than usual cells.



Thousands of lives would be saved if counties met ATS clean air standards

Thu, 08 Feb 18 00:12:40 -0800

Thousands of lives would be saved each year, and many more serious illnesses avoided, if U.S. counties met standards set by the American Thoracic Society for the two most important air pollutants, according to a new report by the ATS and the Marron Institute of Urban Management at New York University.



Polluted air may pollute our morality

Wed, 07 Feb 18 00:06:20 -0800

Exposure to air pollution, even imagining exposure to air pollution, may lead to unethical behavior, according to findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. A combination of archival and experimental studies indicates that exposure to air pollution, either physically or mentally, is linked with unethical behavior such as crime and cheating. The experimental findings suggest that this association may be due, at least in part, to increased anxiety.



Research suggests vapers are vulnerable to pneumonia

Wed, 07 Feb 18 00:12:10 -0800

The vapor from e-cigarettes seems to help pneumonia-causing bacteria stick to the cells that line the airways, according to research published in the European Respiratory Journal.



Production of solar fuels inches closer with discovery by Caltech scientists

Tue, 06 Feb 18 00:04:20 -0800

Researchers in the lab of Caltech's Harry Gray have discovered how a catalyst splits water using solar power, opening the door to economically viable solar-fuel production.



New fuel standards will decrease childhood asthma cases

Tue, 06 Feb 18 00:07:00 -0800

New study in Nature Communications quantifies health benefits of new standard for shipping fuel, finding it will result in a 3.6 percent reduction of childhood asthma globally.



Scientists explain the impacts of aerosol radiative forcing

Mon, 05 Feb 18 00:07:40 -0800

Aerosol optical properties and direct radiative effects on surface irradiance were examined using seven years (2006-2012) of Cimel sunphotometer data collected at Panyu--the main atmospheric composition monitoring station in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of China. Optical properties and radiative impacts of the absorbing particles can be used to improve the accuracy of inversion algorithms for satellite-based aerosol retrievals in the PRD region and to better constrain the climate effect of aerosols in climate models.



An underestimated threat: Land-based pollution with microplastics

Mon, 05 Feb 18 00:09:10 -0800

Tiny plastic particles also present a threat to creatures on land and may have damaging effects similar or even more problematic than in our oceans. Researchers from the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) and their Berlin colleagues warn: the impact of microplastics in soils, sediments and the freshwaters could have a long-term negative effect on terrestrial ecosystems throughout the world.