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Hurricane Harvey: Dutch-Texan research shows most fatalities occurred outside flood zones

Thu, 19 Apr 18 00:15:30 -0700

Scientists found that most Houston-area drowning deaths from Hurricane Harvey occurred outside the zones designated by government as being at higher risk of flooding: the 100- and 500-year floodplains. Harvey, one of the costliest storms in US history, hit Texas on Aug. 25, 2017, causing unprecedented flooding and killing dozens. Researchers at Delft University of Technology and Rice University published their results today in the European Geosciences Union journal Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences.



Human-engineered changes on Mississippi River increased extreme floods

Wed, 04 Apr 18 00:09:20 -0700

A new study has revealed for the first time the last 500-year flood history of the Mississippi River. It shows a dramatic rise in the size and frequency of extreme floods in the past century -- mostly due to projects to straighten, channelize, and bound the river with artificial levees.



Hawaiian-language newspapers illuminate an 1871 hurricane

Tue, 03 Apr 18 00:01:00 -0700

A major hurricane struck the islands of Hawai'i and Maui on Aug. 9, 1871, and wrought widespread destruction from Hilo to Lahaina. A recent study by two scientists, a Hawaiian language expert, and an educator from the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UH Mānoa) revealed how historical Hawaiian-language newspapers expand knowledge of this and other natural disasters of the past.



Climate change could raise food insecurity risk

Sun, 01 Apr 18 00:00:00 -0700

Weather extremes caused by climate change could raise the risk of food shortages in many countries, new research suggests.



UNH Research finds dramatic increase in flooding on coastal roads

Wed, 28 Mar 18 00:03:40 -0700

Researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found that in the past 20 years roads along the East Coast have experienced a 90 percent increase in flooding -- often making the roads in these communities impassable, causing delays, as well as stress, and impacting transportation of goods and services.



Jelawat not seen as a threat to the Philippines

Mon, 26 Mar 18 00:06:40 -0700

Tropical Depression Jelawat, a newly formed tropical cyclone over Western Micronesia is expected to strengthen into a Tropical Storm and enter the southeastern border of the Philippines by this afternoon (March 26).



Evidence for a giant flood in the central Mediterranean Sea

Wed, 21 Mar 18 00:13:20 -0700

Marine scientists have uncovered evidence of one of the largest floods in Earth's history in the central Mediterranean seafloor. The flood, known as the Zanclean flood, is thought to have ended the Messinian Salinity Crisis (MSC), a period during which the Mediterranean Sea became partially dried up.



New data confirm increased frequency of extreme weather events

Wed, 21 Mar 18 00:01:30 -0700

New data confirm increased frequency of extreme weather events, European national science academies urge further action on climate change adaptation. Man-made climate change has been proven to have increased recent extreme rainfall and associated floods; coastal flooding due to sea-level rise; heatwaves in Australia, China, and Europe; and increased risks of wildfires with implications for humans and animals, the environment, and the economy. Climate proofing can help to limit these impacts.



Half a degree more global warming could flood out 5 million more people

Thu, 15 Mar 18 00:02:40 -0700

A new study finds that by 2150, the seemingly small difference between a global temperature increase of 1.5 and 2.0 degrees Celsius would mean the permanent inundation of lands currently home to about 5 million people, including 60,000 who live on small island nations.



Flood, drought and disease tolerant -- one gene to rule them all

Tue, 13 Mar 18 00:00:50 -0700

A newly discovered gene in rice confers flood tolerance, drought tolerance and disease resistance, and the discovery of the gene is a major step forward on the quest to produce climate smart crops.



Weather satellites aid search and rescue capabilities

Wed, 07 Mar 18 00:11:10 -0800

The same satellites that identify severe weather can help save you from it. NOAA's GOES series satellites carry a payload supported by NASA's Search and Rescue (SAR) office, which researches and develops technologies to help first responders locate people in distress worldwide, whether from a plane crash, a boating accident or other emergencies.



Rigor mortis in worms offers new insight into death

Tue, 06 Mar 18 00:13:30 -0800

A dying worm experiences rigor mortis early in the death process, rather than after the main event as it is for humans, according to a new study by an international team of scientists at UCL and Washington University.



Health staff 'too stressed' to deal with disasters

Mon, 26 Feb 18 00:04:40 -0800

Increasing stress and a lack of motivation among healthcare staff could result in hospitals having to shut down in the wake of a major incident such as flooding or an earthquake, according to new research published in the journal Procedia Engineering.



Distant tropical storms have ripple effects on weather close to home

Tue, 20 Feb 18 00:06:50 -0800

In a new paper in npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University researchers describe a breakthrough in making accurate predictions of weather weeks ahead. They've created an empirical model fed by careful analysis of 37 years of historical weather data. Their model centers on the relationship between two well-known global weather patterns: the Madden-Julian Oscillation and the quasi-biennial oscillation.



Intensive agriculture influences US regional summer climate, study finds

Tue, 13 Feb 18 00:03:50 -0800

Scientists agree that changes in land use such as deforestation, not just emissions of greenhouse gases, can play a significant role altering the world's climate systems. Now, a new study by researchers at MIT and Dartmouth College reveals how another type of land use, intensive agriculture, can impact regional climate.



Aerial imagery gives insight into water trends

Fri, 09 Feb 18 00:06:50 -0800

USU researchers say aerial images taken from drones or helicopters are just as accurate as more conventional field methods used for estimating river discharge.



New UTSA study examines the causes and consequences of the 2015 Wimberley floods

Mon, 29 Jan 18 00:09:00 -0800

A new study by Chad Furl, postdoctoral research associate, and Hatim Sharif, professor of civil and environmental engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio, delves into the 2015 Wimberley, Texas floods that destroyed 350 homes and claimed 13 lives. Furl and Sharif researched the factors that led to the catastrophic flooding and shed light on new ways people in flood-prone areas can protect against future tragedies.



Weather patterns, farm income, other factors, may be influencing opioid crisis

Wed, 24 Jan 18 00:06:10 -0800

The overprescribing of opioid-based painkillers may be the main driver of the increased abuse of opioids in rural America, but economists say that other factors, including declining farm income, extreme weather and other natural disasters, may affect a crisis that is killing thousands of citizens and costing the country billions of dollars.



Climate engineering, once started, would have severe impacts if stopped

Mon, 22 Jan 18 00:03:00 -0800

Facing a climate crisis, we may someday spray sulfur dioxide into the upper atmosphere to form a cloud that cools the Earth, but suddenly stopping the spraying would have a severe global impact on animals and plants, according to the first study on the potential biological impacts of geoengineering, or climate intervention.



Tracing how disaster impacts escalate will improve emergency responses

Thu, 11 Jan 18 00:08:10 -0800

Mapping common pathways along which the effects of natural and man-made disasters travel allows more flexible and resilient responses in the future, according to UCL researchers.



Engineered sandbars don't measure up for nesting plovers

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:14:30 -0800

Dams reduce the creation of natural sandbars, which is bad news for birds that depend on them for nesting habitat. More than 200 hectares of engineered sandbars have been built along the Missouri River to address this problem -- but how does this compare to the real thing? A new study takes advantage of a natural experiment created by the region's 2011 floods, demonstrating that engineered habitat doesn't provide the benefits of sandbars created by nature.



Science for a resilient EU power grid

Thu, 04 Jan 18 00:13:20 -0800

The Joint Research Centre, the European Commission's science and knowledge service, have analysed 16 earthquakes, 15 space weather events and 20 floods, presenting recommendations on how to improve the resilience of the power grid against these natural hazards.



Exploring environmental and technological effects on culture evolution at different spatial scales

Fri, 29 Dec 17 00:00:40 -0800

The trajectory and dynamics of ancient social evolution in human history is a widely concerned issue. Based on the comprehensive analysis of case studies on the rise and fall of ancient civilizations in relation to climate change and technological innovations, researchers in Lanzhou discuss environmental and technological effects on culture evolution at different spatial scales, as well as possible mechanism behind it. This research has been published in the updating special topic entitled



Multi-year submarine-canyon study challenges textbook theories about turbidity currents

Mon, 11 Dec 17 00:09:40 -0800

At the Fall 2017 meeting of the American Geophysical Union, scientists from around the world will present 19 talks and posters about the Coordinated Canyon Experiment -- the most extensive, long-term effort to monitor turbidity currents ever attempted. The results of this two-year project challenge existing paradigms about what causes turbidity currents, what they look like, and how they work.



Hydropower dams can be managed without an all-or-nothing choice between energy and food

Thu, 07 Dec 17 00:05:50 -0800

Nearly 100 hydropower dams are planned for construction along tributaries off the Mekong River's 2,700-mile stretch. In Science Magazine, researchers present a mathematical formula to balance power generation needs with the needs of fisheries downstream.



An unexpected way to boost fishery yields using dams

Thu, 07 Dec 17 00:05:40 -0800

A new study based on the Mekong River basin, home to one of the largest freshwater fisheries in the world, reveals particular dam flow patterns that could be harnessed to boost food production -- by up to nearly four-fold compared to un-dammed ecosystems.



Leading doctors back legal action to force UK government to cut carbon emissions

Thu, 07 Dec 17 00:11:20 -0800

In an open letter published by The BMJ today, 18 health professionals, including The BMJ's Editor in Chief Dr. Fiona Godlee, are supporting campaign group Plan B's legal challenge to force the government to revise its 2050 carbon target, saying it is inconsistent with the Paris Agreement temperature objective.



Forests are the key to fresh water

Wed, 06 Dec 17 00:08:20 -0800

Freshwater resources are critical to both human civilization and natural ecosystems, but UBC researchers have discovered that changes to ground vegetation can have as much of an impact on global water resources as climate change.



Scientists show how Himalayan rivers influenced ancient Indus civilization settlements

Tue, 28 Nov 17 00:15:30 -0800

Scientists have discovered that much of the Indus civilization developed around an extinct river, challenging ideas about how urbanization in ancient cultures developed.



Floods are necessary for maintaining healthy river ecosystems, research shows

Mon, 27 Nov 17 00:07:20 -0800

Flooding rivers can wreak havoc on homes and roads but are necessary for healthy ecosystems, research at Oregon State University suggests.



Climate changes triggered immigration to America in the 19th century

Tue, 21 Nov 17 00:05:20 -0800

From Trump to Heinz, some of America's most famous family names and brands trace their origins back to Germans who emigrated to the country in the 19th century. Researchers from the University of Freiburg have now found that climate was a major factor in driving migration from Southwest Germany to North America during the 19th century. The results are published today in Climate of the Past, a journal of the European Geosciences Union.



New research indicates likely hydrological implications of rapid global warming

Mon, 20 Nov 17 00:07:10 -0800

Researchers studying a rapid global warming event, around 56 million years ago, have shown evidence of major changes in the intensity of rainfall and flood events. The findings indicate some of the likely implications should current trends of rising carbon dioxide and global warming continue.



eDNA tool detects invasive clams before they become a nuisance

Fri, 17 Nov 17 00:11:10 -0800

When seeking a cure for a disease, early detection is often the key. The same is true for eliminating invasive species. Identifying their presence in a lake before they are abundant is vital. A recent University of Illinois study successfully used environmental DNA to detect invasive clams in California and Nevada lakes. Researchers believe this tool can help identify pests before they become a problem.



Climate change impacts already locked in -- but the worst can still be avoided

Thu, 16 Nov 17 00:04:10 -0800

Some impacts of global warming -- such as sea level rise and coastal flooding -- are already locked in and unavoidable, according to a major research project.



Biological consequences of climate change on epidemics may be scale-dependent

Tue, 07 Nov 17 00:04:50 -0800

A recent study led by Prof. ZHANG Zhibin from the Chinese Academy of Science and Prof. Nils Chr. Stenseth from University of Oslo indicated that the impacts of climate change on prevalence of epidemics were scale-dependent.



NASA finds new Tropical Storm Selma has heavy rain-making potential

Fri, 27 Oct 17 00:05:40 -0700

Tropical Storm Selma formed in the Eastern Pacific Ocean off the coast of El Salvador and NASA infrared satellite imagery revealed the storm has very cold cloud top temperatures indicating the potential for heavy rain.



Scientists warn that saline lakes in dire situation worldwide

Mon, 23 Oct 17 00:07:20 -0700

Saline lakes around the world are shrinking in size at alarming rates. But what -- or who -- is to blame? Lakes like Utah's Great Salt Lake, Asia's Aral Sea, the Dead Sea in Jordan and Israel, China's huge Lop Nur and Bolivia's Lake Popo are just a few that are in peril. These lakes and others like them are suffering massive environmental problems according to a group of scientists and water managers in Utah and Montana.



Rising sea levels creating first Native American climate refugees

Mon, 23 Oct 17 00:15:30 -0700

Rising sea levels and human activities are fast creating a 'worst case scenario' for Native Americans of the Mississippi Delta who stand to lose not just their homes, but their irreplaceable heritage, to climate change.



WSU researcher links salmon sex to geological change

Thu, 19 Oct 17 00:02:20 -0700

It turns out that sex can move mountains. A Washington State University researcher has found that the mating habits of salmon can alter the profile of stream beds, affecting the evolution of an entire watershed. His studyis one of the first to quantitatively show that salmon can influence the shape of the land.



How bright is the moon, really?

Tue, 17 Oct 17 00:14:10 -0700

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is planning to take new measurements of the Moon's brightness, a highly useful property that satellites rely upon every day.



WSU researchers document one of planet's largest volcanic eruptions

Wed, 11 Oct 17 00:11:30 -0700

Washington State University researchers have determined that the Pacific Northwest was home to one of the Earth's largest known volcanic eruptions, a millennia-long spewing of sulfuric gas that blocked out the sun and cooled the planet. Only two other eruptions -- the basalt floods of the Siberian Traps and the Deccan Traps -- were larger, and they led to two of the Earth's great extinctions.



NASA analyzes Tropical Storm Nate

Fri, 06 Oct 17 00:08:10 -0700

NASA's Aqua satellite and NOAA's GOES East satellite provided imagery of Tropical Storm Nate affecting Nicaragua and extending into the Caribbean Sea.



NASA sees Tropical Depression 16 develop in southwestern Caribbean Sea

Wed, 04 Oct 17 00:09:20 -0700

Infrared imagery from NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites showed powerful thunderstorms around the center of Tropical Depression 16 as it developed early on Oct. 4 in the southwestern Caribbean Sea.



Gut bacteria metabolism may factor into hypertension

Tue, 03 Oct 17 00:08:40 -0700

One in three American adults suffers from high blood pressure, or hypertension. The disease can be passed down in families, and certain lifestyle factors such as smoking, high-sodium diets, and stress can increase the risk. In recent years, scientists have discovered that certain gut bacteria may contribute to hypertension, as well.



Changes in non-extreme precipitation may have not-so-subtle consequences

Tue, 19 Sep 17 00:01:30 -0700

Extreme floods and droughts receive a lot of attention. But what happens when precipitation -- or lack thereof -- occurs in a more measured way?



Changes in nonextreme precipitation may have not-so-subtle consequences

Mon, 18 Sep 17 00:07:20 -0700

Major floods and droughts receive a lot of attention in the context of climate change, but University of Illinois researchers analyzed over five decades of precipitation data from North America to find that changes in nonextreme precipitation are more significant than previously realized and larger than those in extreme precipitation. These changes can have a strong effect on ecosystems, agriculture, infrastructure design and resource management, and point to a need to examine precipitation in a more nuanced, multifaceted way.



NASA sees Hurricane Max make landfall and weaken

Fri, 15 Sep 17 00:13:20 -0700

NASA's Aqua satellite captured in infrared-light image of Hurricane Max that showed the storm weakened quickly as it made landfall in southwestern Mexico. Max quickly degenerated into a large area of low pressure.



Cost of not adapting to climate change would be at least five times higher

Thu, 14 Sep 17 00:13:20 -0700

A study on damage to coastal considered only real estate loss. If nothing is done, researchers say, losses might be up to ten times higher if the predicament includes the spreading of flood- and global warming -related diseases.



Letting the data speak for itself

Tue, 12 Sep 17 00:16:00 -0700

A new statistical approach for environmental measurements lets the data determine how to model extreme events.



Historic legacies affect climate change survival in Caribbean

Tue, 12 Sep 17 00:01:00 -0700

In a new paper published this week, Dr Sealey-Huggins finds that discussion of climate change has failed to pay enough attention to the social, political and historic factors which increase the vulnerability of Caribbean societies, and calls for a new approach focused on understanding and addressing these historic inequalities.