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Preview: Brightsurf Science News :: Forest Management News

Forest Management Current Events and Forest Management News from Brightsurf

Forest Management Current Events and Forest Management News Events, Discoveries and Articles from Brightsurf

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Study identifies effective parenting strategies to reduce disruptive behavior in children

Tue, 20 Mar 18 00:03:40 -0700

Most parenting programs aim to teach parents how to reduce their children's disruptive behavior. New research looked at more than 150 studies of these programs, finding differences in what works best according to whether or not children already showed behavior problems.

Can acupuncture help alleviate menopausal symptoms?

Tue, 20 Mar 18 00:15:20 -0700

An umbrella review from Duke Clinical Research Institute that was a comprehensive assessment of previous systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials has found that women who received acupuncture had less frequent and less severe vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause than women who did not have acupuncture.

Amazon deforestation is close to tipping point

Mon, 19 Mar 18 00:12:50 -0700

Scientists considered climate change and indiscriminate use of fire to calculate that deforestation rates ranging from 20 percent to 25 percent could turn Amazon's hydrological cycle unable to support its ecosystem.

Long-term monitoring is essential to effective environmental policy

Fri, 16 Mar 18 00:01:30 -0700

Environmental policy guided by science saves lives, money, and ecosystems. So reports a team of eleven senior researchers in Environmental Science and Policy. Using air pollution in the United States as a case study, they highlight the success of cleanup strategies backed by long-term environmental monitoring.

Soil fungi may help determine the resilience of forests to environmental change

Fri, 16 Mar 18 00:05:50 -0700

A major new study reveals that soil fungi could play a significant role in the ability of forests to adapt to environmental change.

Rutgers student on front lines of orangutan conservation, research

Thu, 15 Mar 18 00:10:20 -0700

Didik Prasetyo's passion is learning more about the endangered apes and trying to conserve their habitats and populations, which face enormous pressure from deforestation from logging, palm oil and paper pulp production and hunting. He co-authored an alarming recent study in Current Biology on the estimated loss of more than 100,000 Bornean orangutans between 1999 and 2015.

Growing need for urban forests as urban land expands

Wed, 14 Mar 18 00:01:20 -0700

New research projecting urban land growth and updating urban forest values suggests that urbanization and urban forests are likely to be one the most important forest influences and influential forests of the 21st Century.

A lesson from Darwin

Wed, 14 Mar 18 00:05:10 -0700

When British naturalist Charles Darwin traveled to the Galapagos Islands in 1835, he took notice of the giant kelp forests ringing the islands. He believed that if those forests were destroyed, a significant number of species would be lost. These underwater ecosystems, Darwin believed, could be even more important than forests on land.

Cash payments prompt tropical forest users to harvest less

Wed, 14 Mar 18 00:06:00 -0700

An experiment conducted with 1,200 villagers in five developing countries found that when people are given cash to conserve, they cut down fewer trees both while they are being paid and after payments cease.

Predicting an insect community structure based on genomic variation in a tree species

Tue, 13 Mar 18 00:16:00 -0700

Researchers have discovered a rule to predict an arthropod community structure based on the genomic variation in a foundation tree species.

Mowing the lawn less often improves bee habitat

Tue, 13 Mar 18 00:06:20 -0700

New research suggests that homeowners can improve habitat for bees by mowing the lawn less often.

Areas where homes, forests mix increased rapidly over two decades

Tue, 13 Mar 18 00:07:10 -0700

From 1990 to 2010, the nation's wildland-urban interface grew rapidly, increasing from 30.8 to 43.4 million homes (41 percent growth) and expanding in area from 143,568,227 acres to 190,271,144 acres in area, or 33 percent. The vast majority of new WUI areas were caused by new housing (97 percent), not an increase in wildland vegetation.

World's largest cities depend on evaporated water from surrounding lands

Tue, 13 Mar 18 00:08:20 -0700

A study found that 19 of the 29 largest cities in the world depend on evaporation from surrounding lands for more than one-third of their water supplies.

Asthma management tools improve asthma control and reduce hospital visits

Tue, 13 Mar 18 00:08:10 -0700

A set of comprehensive asthma management tools helps decrease asthma-related visits to the emergency department, urgent care or hospital and improves patients' asthma control.

Scientists use nanotechnology to detect molecular biomarker for osteoarthritis

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:06:30 -0700

For the first time, scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have been able to measure a specific molecule indicative of osteoarthritis and a number of other inflammatory diseases using a newly developed technology.

Keeping GPUs young

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:10:30 -0700

Graphics processing units (GPUs) are used for many computationally intensive tasks. Their aging process can be slowed by clever management, as TU Wien and University of California -- Irvine have now shown.

Research could improve management of conflict between wildlife and farmers across the globe

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:10:20 -0700

A new study led by the University of Stirling highlights improvements in the way conflicts between wildlife conservation and farming are managed worldwide.

Elephant declines imperil Africa's forests

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:07:30 -0700

Poaching and habitat loss have reduced forest elephant populations in Central Africa by 63 percent since 2001. This poses consequences not only for elephants but also for the region's forests, a Duke University study finds. Without intervention to stop poaching, as much as 96 percent of Central Africa's forests will undergo major changes in tree-species composition and structure as local populations of elephants disappear and surviving populations are crowded into ever-smaller forest remnants.

It's mostly luck, not pluck, that determines lifetime reproductive success

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:08:10 -0700

Can one seedling, or one female bird, be so superior to the rest that it will inevitably become the 'lucky' one to grow to the sky, or help perpetuate the species? The short answer: No.

Polymer nanoparticle shows ability to locate and treat breast tumors

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:08:30 -0700

One major problem in treating cancer is identifying the location of small tumors and treating them before they metastasize.

National Academies review of the draft Fourth National Climate Assessment

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:08:20 -0700

The US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to review the draft Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) -- a congressionally mandated report that evaluates the state of climate science and the broad range of impacts of climate change in the United States every four years - and the draft Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2) - a report that feeds into the overall assessment process developed by USGCRP.

Plants faring worse than monkeys in increasingly patchy forests of Costa Rica

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:10:00 -0700

A University of Toronto-led study shows that cattle ranching, agriculture and other human activities breaking up Costa Rican forests into isolated patchy fragments, are causing more problems for native plant populations than for monkey species sharing the same habitat.

More homes built near wild lands leading to greater wildfire risk

Mon, 12 Mar 18 00:11:00 -0700

New research out of the University of Wisconsin-Madison shows that a flurry of homebuilding near wild areas since 1990 has greatly increased the number of homes at risk from wildfires while increasing the costs associated with fighting those fires in increasingly dense developments.

Locked in a forest

Fri, 09 Mar 18 00:16:10 -0800

Argonne researchers have found that in the next 100 years, already existing reforestation in the country could help topsoil absorb an additional 2 billion tons of carbon. Their work is detailed in a recent study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Best practices lacking for managing traumatic brain injury in geriatric patients

Thu, 08 Mar 18 00:11:50 -0800

When older adults suffer a traumatic brain injury (TBI), they may benefit from aggressive treatment and rehabilitation, but the lack of evidence-based, geriatric-specific TBI guidelines presents barriers to optimal care.

Once degraded, Brazilian savanna does not regenerate naturally

Thu, 08 Mar 18 00:02:20 -0800

According to study, after being converted to pastures, areas of the so-called 'Cerrado' become closed forest with poor biodiversity if not appropriately managed. This biome works as the source for much of Brazil's main river basins, and boasts biodiversity levels higher than tropical forests at the microscale.

Early-killed rye shows promise in edamame

Thu, 08 Mar 18 00:02:00 -0800

With the rise of herbicide-resistant weeds in most grain and vegetable crops, farmers are looking for alternatives to herbicides to control weeds. Cover crops offer one potential weed management tool. Their use in specialty crops is limited, and no testing has been done so far in edamame. However, a new University of Illinois study reports that early-killed cereal rye shows promise for edamame growers.

Estimates overstated for Mongolian rangelands damaged by livestock

Wed, 07 Mar 18 00:07:30 -0800

An estimated 70 percent of the rangelands in Mongolia are damaged by livestock and unregulated land use. But new research found less irreversible damage -- up to 10 percent at most -- from livestock in Mongolia's rangelands.

Wildfires set to increase: Could we be sitting on a tinderbox in Europe?

Wed, 07 Mar 18 00:08:30 -0800

Scientists at the Joint Research Centre, the European Commission's science and knowledge service, modelled fire danger for several weather and climate scenarios in Europe up to the year 2100.

Tropical birds live longer than temperate counterparts

Wed, 07 Mar 18 00:13:50 -0800

An international research team has found strong evidence that passerine birds near the equator live longer than their higher latitude counterparts.

Two new species of stone centipedes found hiding in larch forests in China

Wed, 07 Mar 18 00:13:10 -0800

Scientists described two species of previously unknown stone centipedes from China. Now housed at the Hengshui University, China, the studied specimens were all collected in the leaf litter or under rocks in larch forests. The research is published in the open access journal ZooKeys.

Do US and Canadian governments base their hunt management plans on science?

Wed, 07 Mar 18 00:00:00 -0800

The majority of hunt management policies in the US and Canada do not include science-based approaches in their composition, a new study finds. According to the authors, the results highlight the need for management agencies to more routinely adopt and adhere to science-based approaches, thus leading to better management of natural resources.

Wildlife conservation in North America may not be science-based after all

Wed, 07 Mar 18 00:16:30 -0800

A study led by recent SFU Ph.D. alumnus Kyle Artelle has unveiled new findings that challenge the widespread assumption that wildlife management in North America is science-based. He conducted the study with SFU researchers John Reynolds and Jessica Walsh, as well as researchers from other institutions.

Diverse tropical forests grow fast despite widespread phosphorus limitation

Wed, 07 Mar 18 00:01:30 -0800

Ecological theory says that poor soils limit the productivity of tropical forests, but adding nutrients as fertilizer rarely increases tree growth, suggesting that productivity is not limited by nutrients after all. Researchers at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) resolved this apparent contradiction, showing that phosphorus limits the growth of individual tree species but not entire forest communities. Their results, published online in Nature, March 8, have sweeping implications for understanding forest growth and change.

Study suggests native UK Pine martens are helping to control invasive gray squirrels

Tue, 06 Mar 18 00:00:20 -0800

For many years, populations of a little red squirrel with cute ear tufts, a native of Great Britain, Ireland and Europe, have been in serious decline because of competition for food from an invasive North American gray squirrel and a pox it carries for which the native animal has no defense. Now, new research suggests that native pine martens, also once on the decline, are suppressing the invading squirrels' numbers.

Current deforestation pace will intensify global warming, study alerts
In a Nature Communications article, international group of scientists affirms the prolongation of an annual deforestation of 7,000 square km can nullify the efforts for reducing GHG emissions. The study brings a new assessment on the importance of tropical forests in world climate regulation, and calculates a 0,8