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Preview: Brightsurf Science News :: Space Shuttle News

Space Shuttle Current Events and Space Shuttle News from Brightsurf



Space Shuttle Current Events and Space Shuttle News Events, Discoveries and Articles from Brightsurf



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How vision shapes touch

Mon, 25 Sep 17 00:08:10 -0700

A neuroimaging study published in JNeurosci reveals the neural network responsible for attributing the sense of touch to a location in space develops and operates differently in individuals blind from birth compared to sighted individuals.



Positive, negative or neutral, it all matters: NASA explains space radiation

Fri, 22 Sep 17 00:00:30 -0700

Charged particles may be small, but they matter to astronauts. NASA's Human Research Program (HRP) is investigating these particles to solve one of its biggest challenges for a human journey to Mars: space radiation and its effects on the human body.



NASA'S OSIRIS-REx spacecraft slingshots past Earth

Fri, 22 Sep 17 00:07:40 -0700

NASA's asteroid sample return spacecraft successfully used Earth's gravity on Friday to slingshot itself on a path toward the asteroid Bennu, for a rendezvous next August.



Locking down the big bang of immune cells

Thu, 21 Sep 17 00:07:50 -0700

Scientists have found that ignored pieces of DNA play a critical role in the development of immune cells known as T cells. Such 'non-coding' DNA activates a change in the 3-D structure of DNA that brings together crucial elements necessary for T cell formation. This 'big bang' discovery may be unfolding throughout the animal and plant kingdoms as well as aid in combating diseases such as lymphoma and leukemia.



Space radiation is risky business for the human body

Wed, 20 Sep 17 00:13:30 -0700

NASA's Human Research Program (HRP) is working to protect the whole human body from radiation in space. Space radiation is dangerous and one of the primary health risks for astronauts. Virtually any cell in the body is susceptible to radiation damage.



Comet or asteroid? Hubble discovers that a unique object is a binary

Wed, 20 Sep 17 00:10:10 -0700

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope helped an international team of astronomers find that an unusual object in the asteroid belt is, in fact, two asteroids orbiting each other that have comet-like features. These include a bright halo of material, called a coma, and a long tail of dust.



Hubble discovers a unique type of object in the solar system

Wed, 20 Sep 17 00:10:30 -0700

With the help of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, a German-led group of astronomers have observed the intriguing characteristics of an unusual type of object in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter: two asteroids orbiting each other and exhibiting comet-like features, including a bright coma and a long tail. This is the first known binary asteroid also classified as a comet. The research is presented in a paper published in the journal Nature today.



Solar wind impacts on giant 'space hurricanes' may affect satellite safety

Tue, 19 Sep 17 00:09:30 -0700

Could the flapping of a butterfly's wings in Costa Rica set off a hurricane in California? For most people, this hypothetical scenario may be difficult to imagine on Earth -- particularly when a real disaster strikes. Yet, in space, similarly small fluctuations in the solar wind as it streams toward the Earth's magnetic shield actually can affect the speed and strength of 'space hurricanes,' researcher Katariina Nykyri of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University has reported in in the Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics.



Rogue wave analysis supports investigation of the El Faro sinking

Tue, 19 Sep 17 00:01:00 -0700

A new analysis done to support the investigation into the 2015 sinking of the El Faro cargo ship has calculated the likelihood of a massive rogue wave during Hurricane Joaquin in October of that year -- and demonstrated a new technique for evaluating the probability of rogue waves over space and time.



NASA gets a dramatic 3-D view of Typhoon Talim's large eye

Fri, 15 Sep 17 00:12:50 -0700

NASA created a dramatic 3-D image of powerful Typhoon Talim using data from the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite. Talim's large eye really made the storm stand out as it moved toward landfall.



NASA's one-year mission investigates how space affects astronauts' functional performance

Thu, 14 Sep 17 00:01:50 -0700

Adapting to the microgravity environment of space changes the way your brain interprets sensory signals, decreases muscle strength and alters cardiovascular function. Astronauts will need to overcome these changes to perform critical mission tasks on a journey to Mars. Comparing One-Year Mission preliminary results to six-month data yielded similar findings. Tasks that challenged postural stability, or balance control systems, changed the most as a result of spaceflight.



Could interstellar ice provide the answer to birth of DNA?

Thu, 14 Sep 17 00:07:00 -0700

Researchers at the University of York have shown that molecules brought to earth in meteorite strikes could potentially be converted into the building blocks of DNA.



NASA's Hubble captures blistering pitch-black planet

Thu, 14 Sep 17 00:12:10 -0700

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has observed a planet outside our solar system that looks as black as fresh asphalt.



NASA's Terra satellite spies Typhoon Talim's large eye

Thu, 14 Sep 17 00:12:00 -0700

NASA's Terra satellite passed over Typhoon Talim and found a powerful storm with a large, open eye.



NASa sees remnants of irma ready to exit Eastern US

Thu, 14 Sep 17 00:11:30 -0700

NASA's Terra satellite and NOAA's GOES East satellite have been just two of the fleet of satellites monitoring the life and death of former Hurricane Irma. Imagery from both of those satellites over two days show the movement of Irma's remnant clouds.



Astronauts don't develop anemia during spaceflight, NASA study suggests

Tue, 12 Sep 17 00:15:10 -0700

Space flight anemia -- the reduction of circulating red blood cells during time spent in space -- is an established phenomenon, but it may not be a major concern during long-duration space missions, according to a study published in the open-access journal BMC Hematology.



Scientists use mismatch in telescopic data to get a handle on quasars and their 'tails'

Tue, 12 Sep 17 00:15:30 -0700

Scientists compared the data on the coordinates of quasars obtained by Gaia and VLBI and suggested a method for revealing structure indirectly by means of combining the data from existing telescopes. Moreover, the precision they've got is superior to what is possible with ordinary optical telescopes and even with Hubble.



Keeping NASA's James Webb Space Telescope in the dark

Tue, 12 Sep 17 00:03:00 -0700

This bunny-suited technician is performing the important task of ensuring no unwanted infrared light interferes with the optical testing of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope inside of Chamber A at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston.



Farming fish

Tue, 12 Sep 17 00:10:50 -0700

Steephead parrotfish (Chlorurus microrhinos) are picky eaters. In the central Pacific, however, they appear to have taken matters into their own hands -- er, fins.



Sun erupts with significant flare

Mon, 11 Sep 17 00:02:20 -0700

The sun emitted a significant, X8.2-class solar flare, peaking at 12:06 p.m. EDT on Sept. 10, 2017. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, which watches the sun constantly, captured an image of the event.



NASA gets nighttime and daytime look at a weaker wide Irma

Mon, 11 Sep 17 00:05:20 -0700

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured night-time look at Hurricane Irma as it weakened to a large tropical storm and the GOES East satellite provided a daytime view as the large storm continued moving north over Florida.



NASA sees remnants of Katia dissipating after Mexico landfall

Sat, 09 Sep 17 00:06:30 -0700

NOAA's GOES East satellite captured an image of former Hurricane Katia's remnant clouds over southern Mexico after its landfall.



Team led by graduate student at PPPL produces unique simulation of magnetic reconnection

Fri, 08 Sep 17 00:00:30 -0700

There is a new application of the fluid model to reconnection in space plasmas.



Active region on sun continues to emit solar flares

Thu, 07 Sep 17 00:04:20 -0700

The sun emitted two mid-level solar flares on Sept. 7, 2017. The first peaked at 6:15 a.m. EDT. The second, larger flare, peaked at 10:36 a.m. EDT. These are the fourth and fifth sizable flares from the same active region since Sept. 4.



City kids with asthma suffer less if they live near a park

Thu, 07 Sep 17 00:09:40 -0700

Children with asthma who live in the city may have fewer days with symptoms the closer they live to parks and green spaces, according to research to be presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress 2017 on Monday.



Does the organic material of comets predate our solar system?

Wed, 06 Sep 17 00:12:00 -0700

The Rosetta space probe discovered a large amount of organic material in the nucleus of comet 'Chury.' In an article published by MNRAS on Aug. 31, 2017, two French researchers advance the theory that this matter has its origin in interstellar space and predates the birth of the solar system.



Two significant solar flares imaged by NASA's SDO

Wed, 06 Sep 17 00:13:50 -0700

The sun emitted NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, which watches the sun constantly, captured images of two significant solar flares on the morning of Sept. 6, 2017.



NASA's SDO captures image of mid-level flare

Tue, 05 Sep 17 00:16:10 -0700

The sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 4:33 pm EDT on Sept. 4, 2017. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, which watches the sun constantly, captured an image of the event.



Superfly flight simulator helps unravel navigation in the brain

Mon, 04 Sep 17 00:10:50 -0700

Researchers at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan have identified two independent pathways in the fly brain that are integrated to allow successful navigation during flight. Published in Nature Neuroscience, the study combined a flight simulator designed for flies with imaging of active neurons to show that landmark locations are processed separately in the fly brain from self-motion.



Like a revolving door: How shuttling proteins operate nuclear pores

Mon, 04 Sep 17 00:00:00 -0700

Nuclear pore complexes are tiny channels where the exchange of substances between the cell nucleus and the cytoplasm takes place. Scientists at the University of Basel report on startling new research that might overturn established models of nuclear transport regulation. Their study published in the Journal of Cell Biology reveals how shuttling proteins known as importins control the function of nuclear pores -- as opposed to the view that nuclear pores control the shuttling of importins.



Molecules move faster near sticky surfaces

Fri, 01 Sep 17 00:03:30 -0700

Molecules move faster as they get closer to adhesive surfaces, but this effect is not permanent. Such is the conclusion of a study published in Physical Review Letters, carried out by Simone Napolitano andthe Laboratory of Polymers and Soft Matter Dynamics at the Université libre de Bruxelles.



Equatorial jet in Venusian atmosphere discovered by Akatsuki

Fri, 01 Sep 17 00:02:40 -0700

Observations by Japan's Venus climate orbiter Akatsuki have revealed an equatorial jet in the lower to middle cloud layer of the planet's atmosphere, a finding that could be pivotal to unraveling a phenomenon called superrotation.



Hubble delivers first hints of possible water content of TRAPPIST-1 planets

Thu, 31 Aug 17 00:08:20 -0700

An international team of astronomers used the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope to estimate whether there might be water on the seven earth-sized planets orbiting the nearby dwarf star TRAPPIST-1. The results suggest that the outer planets of the system might still harbour substantial amounts of water. This includes the three planets within the habitable zone of the star, lending further weight to the possibility that they may indeed be habitable.



NASA watching Harvey from satellites and the International Space Station

Tue, 29 Aug 17 00:06:00 -0700

NASA has a lot of resources providing information on Tropical Storm Harvey as it continues to drop tremendous, flooding rainfall on Texas and Louisiana. Satellites like NASA's Aqua satellite and platforms like aircraft and the International Space Station continue to provide various kinds of data on the storm.



Potential Tropical Cyclone 10 soaks Mid-Atlantic

Tue, 29 Aug 17 00:07:20 -0700

NOAA's GOES East satellite provided an image of Potential Tropical Cyclone 10 as it continued moving north along the US East Coast.



Weightlessness affects health of cosmonauts at molecular level

Tue, 29 Aug 17 00:10:00 -0700

It is widely known that space conditions influence metabolism, thermoregulation, heart biorhythms, muscle tone and other physiological aspects. However, the molecular mechanisms which drive the physiological changes caused by space flights remain unknown. Scientists analyzed the effect of space conditions on the protein composition in blood samples of 18 Russian cosmonauts. The results indicated many significant changes in the human body caused by space flight.



NASA's Lunar mission captures solar eclipse as seen from the moon

Tue, 29 Aug 17 00:12:30 -0700

LRO captured an image of the Moon's shadow over a large region of the United States, centered just north of Nashville, Tennessee.



Georgia State astronomers collaborate to study variability in Seven Sisters cluster

Mon, 28 Aug 17 00:08:30 -0700

An international team of astronomers has used a new algorithm to enhance observations from the NASA Kepler Space Telescope in its K2 Mission and perform the most detailed study yet of the variability of the Seven Sisters star cluster.



Kepler satellite discovers variability in the Seven Sisters

Fri, 25 Aug 17 00:04:00 -0700

Dr. Tim White of the Stellar Astrophysics Centre at Aarhus University and his team of Danish and international astronomers have demonstrated a powerful new technique for observing stars such as the Pleiades star cluster, which are ordinarily far too bright to look at with high performance telescopes. Their work is published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.



Exploring the ground truth: NASA's twin study investigates metabolites

Thu, 24 Aug 17 00:13:50 -0700

Stanford University School of Medicine Postdoctoral Fellow Tejaswini Mishra, Ph.D., is integrating multi-omics data for NASA's Twins Study and comparing all the metabolites in retired twin astronauts Scott and Mark Kelly. She saw a number of Scott's metabolites increase in levels when he went to space and when he returned to Earth some of those stayed elevated. By integrating data from other Twins Study investigations, she hopes they can determine the cause of this elevation.



The spacefaring power of... pee? (video)

Thu, 24 Aug 17 00:06:40 -0700

Space scientists have to take advantage of all the materials available to them on a deep-space mission. Even human waste can be a valuable resource. Learn how urine has the potential to become everything from hand tools to nutritional supplements in this video from Reactions: https://youtu.be/w6x54zYuqXk.



NASA's Webb Telescope will study our solar system's 'ocean worlds'

Thu, 24 Aug 17 00:12:20 -0700

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope will use its infrared capabilities to study the



Turning human waste into plastic, nutrients could aid long-distance space travel (video)
Imagine you're on your way to Mars, and you lose a crucial tool during a spacewalk. Not to worry, you'll simply re-enter your spacecraft and use some microorganisms to convert your urine and exhaled carbon dioxide into chemicals to make a new tool. That's one goal of scientists developing ways to make long space trips feasible. The researchers will present their results today at the 254th National Meeting