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Preview: Brightsurf Science News :: Biodiversity News

Biodiversity Current Events and Biodiversity News from Brightsurf

Biodiversity Current Events and Biodiversity News Events, Discoveries and Articles from Brightsurf

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An extraordinary cave animal found in Eastern Turkmenistan

Thu, 21 Sep 17 00:16:20 -0700

A remote cave in Eastern Turkmenistan was found to shelter a marvelous cave-adapted inhabitant that turned out to represent a species and genus new to science. This new troglodyte is the first of its order from Central Asia and the first strictly subterranean terrestrial creature recorded in the country. The study is published in the open-access journal Subterranean Biology.

Lightning-fast trappers

Thu, 21 Sep 17 00:02:50 -0700

New findings on the biomechanics and evolution of suction traps in carnivorous bladderworts.

Ozark grasslands experience major increase in trees and shrubs

Thu, 21 Sep 17 00:10:40 -0700

Woody vegetation, such as trees and shrubs, has increased dramatically in Ozark grasslands over the past 75 years, according to a study published this week in the journal Landscape Ecology. If these ecosystems continue to favor woody vegetation, will it be possible to maintain open grasslands for the foreseeable future?

How do human impacts on wetlands affect animals?

Wed, 20 Sep 17 00:10:30 -0700

A new Biological Reviews study provides a comprehensive assessment of how changes to wetlands affect animals, and the authors use their findings to provide recommendations for managing wetlands to maximise their biodiversity.

Animal acoustic activity decline shows forest fire pollution wreaks havoc on wildlife

Wed, 20 Sep 17 00:05:50 -0700

Forest fires in Southeast Asia during the El Niño droughts of 2015 caused considerable disruption to the biodiversity of the region due to the smoke-induced 'haze' they created, according to new research led by Benjamin Lee at the University of Kent and the National Parks Board in Singapore.

Connecting plants and society: The Shenzhen Declaration, a new roadmap for plant sciences

Mon, 18 Sep 17 00:03:10 -0700

Unanimously supported by participants at the XIX International Botanical Congress, held in July 2017, Shenzhen, China, the Shenzhen Declaration for Plant Sciences, runs under the slogan of 'Uniting plant sciences and society to build a green, sustainable Earth' and comes in response to the rapid changes experienced by both our planet and society.

Six new sponge species and new symbiotic associations from the Indonesian coral triangle

Mon, 18 Sep 17 00:06:40 -0700

The Indonesian coral reefs, located in the so-called coral triangle, are considered amongst the richest and most biodiverse places on Earth. Surprisingly, this impressive species diversity is still poorly known. The paper, authored by an international team led by Barbara Calcinai and published in the open access journal ZooKeys, reports the presence of 94 species of sponges, including six new to science and two new symbiotic sponge associations.

No strings attached for underwater video system

Thu, 14 Sep 17 00:06:50 -0700

An underwater wireless optical communications system for streaming high quality, live video.

Light at the end of the tunnel: Restored forest now shelters dozens of endangered species

Thu, 14 Sep 17 00:09:20 -0700

A twenty-year effort to protect and manage tiny remnants of a dilapidated forest in Benin, along with its agricultural and fallow vegetation surroundings, resulted in 14 ha of rich secondary forest, which corresponds to the size of nearly 20 sacred groves. This sanctuary now protects the critically endangered red-bellied monkey together with 52 endangered plant species. The study is published in the open access journal Nature Conservation.

The benefits and pitfalls of urban green spaces

Wed, 13 Sep 17 00:04:10 -0700

With the rapid expansion of the urban landscape, successfully managing ecosystems in built areas has never been more important.

The evolution of 'true frogs' defies long-held expectations of science

Wed, 13 Sep 17 00:06:20 -0700

New research from the University of Kansas appearing in Royal Society Biology Letters shows, in contrast to expectations, 'the rapid global range expansion of true frogs was not associated with increased net-diversification.'

Cold region 'tipping point' now inevitable

Mon, 11 Sep 17 00:10:30 -0700

The decline of cold regions called periglacial zones is now inevitable due to climate change, researchers say.

Biodiversity just as powerful as climate change for healthy ecosystems

Mon, 11 Sep 17 00:14:00 -0700

Biodiversity is proving to be one of humanity's best defenses against extreme weather. In past experiments, diversity has fostered healthier, more productive ecosystems, like shoreline vegetation that guards against hurricanes. However, many experts doubted whether these experiments would hold up in the real world. A study in this week's issue of Nature offers a decisive answer: biodiversity's power in the wild surpasses experimental predictions, in some cases topping even effects of climate.

Hidden Inca treasure: Remarkable new tree genus discovered in the Andes

Thu, 07 Sep 17 00:11:00 -0700

Hidden in plain sight -- that's how researchers describe their discovery of a new genus of large forest tree commonly found, yet previously scientifically unknown, in the tropical Andes. Researchers from the Smithsonian and Wake Forest University detailed their findings in a study just released the journal PhytoKeys.

Studies call for expansion and digitization of Arctic museum collections

Tue, 05 Sep 17 00:06:50 -0700

New volume of studies highlights how Arctic collections are biodiversity and cultural repositories that help monitor rapidly changing ecosystems, preserve cultural heritage, and enhance public engagement in science and culture.

Experts call for added focus on the impact of glacier mass loss on downstream systems

Mon, 04 Sep 17 00:11:40 -0700

Researchers have warned of an 'urgent worldwide need' to address a broad spectrum of cascading impacts of glacier mass loss on downstream systems.

Indigenous storytelling is a new asset for biocultural conservation

Mon, 04 Sep 17 00:14:50 -0700

Storytelling can help to guide better conservation actions in areas inhabited by indigenous communities worldwide, new research claims.

Diverse landscapes are more productive and adapt better to climate change

Mon, 04 Sep 17 00:02:00 -0700

Ecosystems with high biodiversity are more productive and stable towards annual fluctuations in environmental conditions than those with a low diversity of species. They also adapt better to climate-driven environmental changes. These are the key findings environmental scientists at the University of Zurich made in a study of about 450 landscapes harboring 2,200 plants and animal species.

Nature gem within the city: What grows in the biodiversity-rich Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve

Thu, 31 Aug 17 00:07:20 -0700

Being the oldest of its kind in Malaysia, Bukit Nanas Forest Reserve is a nature enclave, lying in the center of the busy capital city Kuala Lumpur. Researchers from the Forest Research Institute Malaysia have now teamed up to publish an extensive checklist of the flora of this urban nature enclave, while making use of the innovative 'ecosystem inventory' template available in the open-access journal One Ecosystem.

Antidepressants found in fish brains in Great Lakes region

Thu, 31 Aug 17 00:09:10 -0700

Researchers have detected high concentrations of these drugs and their metabolized remnants in the brain tissue of 10 fish species found in the Niagara River. This vital conduit connects two of the Great Lakes, Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, via Niagara Falls. The discovery of antidepressants in aquatic life in the river raises serious environmental concerns, says lead scientist Diana Aga, a professor of chemistry in the University at Buffalo College of Arts and Sciences.

Higher levels of cooperation for provision than for maintenance of public goods

Wed, 30 Aug 17 00:03:10 -0700

A research team was able to show that people are less willing to cooperate to maintain public goods than to provide new ones. The investigators took a closer look at the paradigm of reciprocity: I will only cooperate if others do so as well. The results were published in the journal Nature Human Behaviour.

Researchers tackle methane emissions with gas-guzzling bacteria

Wed, 30 Aug 17 00:02:40 -0700

An international research team co-led by a Monash biologist has shown that methane-oxidising bacteria -- key organisms responsible for greenhouse gas mitigation -- are more flexible and resilient than previously thought.

Conservation hindered by geographical mismatches between capacity and need

Wed, 30 Aug 17 00:02:20 -0700

New research suggests that geographical mismatches between conservation needs and expertise may hinder global conservation goals.

Expanding tropical forest spells disaster for conservation

Wed, 30 Aug 17 00:13:50 -0700

A North Carolina State University study shows that fire suppression efforts in Brazilian savannas turn many of those areas into forest lands, with negative consequences for the plants and animals that live there.