Subscribe: Brightsurf Science News :: XMM-Newton News
http://www.brightsurf.com/rss.news.xml?search=XMM-Newton&ru
Added By: Feedage Forager Feedage Grade A rated
Language: English
Tags:
black hole  cancer  chemicals  disease  galaxy  new study  new  newton  physicists  researchers  scientists  study  university  xmm newton 
Rate this Feed
Rate this feedRate this feedRate this feedRate this feedRate this feed
Rate this feed 1 starRate this feed 2 starRate this feed 3 starRate this feed 4 starRate this feed 5 star

Comments (0)

Feed Details and Statistics Feed Statistics
Preview: Brightsurf Science News :: XMM-Newton News

XMM-Newton Current Events and XMM-Newton News from Brightsurf



XMM-Newton Current Events and XMM-Newton News Events, Discoveries and Articles from Brightsurf



Copyright: Copyright 2017, Brightsurf.com
 



Air quality in 'green' housing affected by toxic chemicals in building materials

Tue, 12 Sep 17 00:10:50 -0700

Indoor air pollution can be a problem in many homes, even in eco-friendly buildings. Thanks to a new innovative study led by Silent Spring Institute, researchers have a better idea of where these pollutants come from -- which ones come from chemicals leaching out of building materials and which ones from the personal items people bring into their homes. The findings could inform the development of new green building standards and lead to healthier housing, especially for low-income communities.



Doctors can now predict the severity of your disease by measuring molecules

Tue, 12 Sep 17 00:02:40 -0700

The simple new technique could offer vastly superior predictions of disease severity in a huge range of conditions with a genetic component, including Alzheimer's, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, schizophrenia and depression.



New measure of insulin-making cells could gauge diabetes progression, treatment

Thu, 10 Aug 17 00:11:10 -0700

Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have developed a new measurement for the volume and activity of beta cells, the source of the sugar-regulating hormone insulin.



Study finds patients needed fewer opioid tablets than prescribed after hernia surgery

Wed, 09 Aug 17 00:05:20 -0700

A study by investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital and Newton-Wellesley Hospital found that patients prescribed opioid medications after inguinal hernia surgery used significantly fewer tablets than prescribed, even though they had received fewer than typically administered for such surgery.



Payments to rural communities offer a new opportunity to restore China's native forests

Thu, 03 Aug 17 00:01:10 -0700

Despite massive efforts at reforestation, China's native forests continue to be displaced by plantations. A new study argues that rural communities could help reverse this trend if they were given incentives to protect and restore native forests on their own land. A proposed new umbrella policy for environmental protection in China currently falls short of the measures needed, but if amended, could provide a unique opportunity to benefit rural communities and the environment.



Targeting 'Achilles' heel' could supercharge breast cancer treatment

Wed, 02 Aug 17 00:14:20 -0700

A new class of anti-cancer agents targeting cancer cells' 'Achilles' heel' could help to supercharge breast cancer treatment, improving outcomes for the most aggressive types of breast cancer. Combining anti-cancer compound S63845 with currently used cancer drugs was more effective in killing triple negative breast cancers and HER2-positive breast cancers. This is the first time the S63845 compound has been shown to be effective in breast cancer, suggesting it should be investigated in clinical trials.



New algorithm finds the optimal bond breaking point for single molecules

Tue, 01 Aug 17 00:10:50 -0700

Recent developments in atomic-force microscopy have enabled researchers to apply mechanical forces to individual molecules to induce chemical reactions. A research team from Spain and Germany has now developed a first-of-its-kind algorithm that determines the minimal force it takes to reach the optimal bond breaking point (BBP) at the molecular level to mechanically induce a chemical reaction. They report their findings this week in The Journal of Chemical Physics.



Size matters, and so do temperature and habitat, to scavengers and the carcasses they eat

Tue, 01 Aug 17 00:13:00 -0700

Size matters in the carrion world, and so do habitat and temperature. New research has shed fresh light on the largely understudied area of vertebrate scavenging ecology.



Why Tyrannosaurus was a slow runner

Mon, 17 Jul 17 00:13:20 -0700

A beetle is slower than a mouse, which is slower than a rabbit, which is slower than a cheetah... which is slower than an elephant? No! For small to medium-sized animals, larger also means faster, but for really large animals, when it comes to speed, everything goes downhill again. For the first time, researchers have described in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution how this parabola-like relationship between body size and speed comes about.



Patients whose emergency surgery is delayed are at higher risk of death

Mon, 10 Jul 17 00:05:20 -0700

Delays for emergency surgery were associated with a higher risk of death for patients in hospital -- and higher costs -- yet these delays were largely due to lack of operating rooms and staff, and other system issues, found a new study published in CMAJ.



Saving the paintbrush lily from extinction

Wed, 05 Jul 17 00:13:10 -0700

Since the 1990s, the Duthie Reserve in Stellenbosch, South Africa, is home to the only remaining viable population of Haemanthus pumilio in the world. A major project is now underway to conserve the remaining 60 individuals.



Transfer of atomic mass with a photon solves the momentum paradox of light

Wed, 05 Jul 17 00:09:20 -0700

A novel discovery solves the centennial momentum paradox of light. In a recent publication, Aalto University researchers show that in a transparent medium each photon is accompanied by an atomic mass density wave. The optical force of the photon sets the medium atoms in motion and makes them carry 92 percent of the total momentum of light, in the case of silicon.



Hubble eyes a powerful galaxy with a password name

Fri, 30 Jun 17 00:14:20 -0700

Not all galaxies have the luxury of possessing a simple moniker or quirky nickname. This impressive galaxy imaged by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope is one of the unlucky ones, and goes by a name that looks more like a password for a computer: 2XMM J143450.5+033843.



As climate stirs Arctic sea ice faster, pollution tags along

Tue, 27 Jun 17 00:07:10 -0700

A warming climate is not just melting the Arctic's sea ice; it is stirring the remaining ice faster, increasing the odds that ice-rafted pollution will foul a neighboring country's waters, says a new study.



Septic systems are a major source of emerging contaminants in drinking water

Mon, 26 Jun 17 00:02:00 -0700

A new analysis shows that septic systems in the United States routinely discharge pharmaceuticals, consumer product chemicals, and other potentially hazardous chemicals into the environment. The study is the most comprehensive assessment to date of septic systems as important sources of emerging contaminants, raising health concerns since many of these chemicals, once discharged, end up in groundwater and drinking water supplies.



Deceleration of runaway electrons paves the way for fusion power

Wed, 21 Jun 17 00:16:20 -0700

Fusion power has the potential to provide clean and safe energy that is free from carbon dioxide emissions. However, imitating the solar energy process is a difficult task to achieve. Two young plasma physicists at Chalmers University of Technology have now taken us one step closer to a functional fusion reactor. Their model could lead to better methods for decelerating the runaway electrons, which could destroy a future reactor without warning.



Chimpanzees modify grooming behavior when near higher ranking members

Wed, 21 Jun 17 00:04:00 -0700

Chimpanzees modify grooming behavior when near higher ranking members.



Scientists reveal mechanism behind mosquito-borne-disease 'blocker' used to fight viruses

Thu, 15 Jun 17 00:00:20 -0700

A new study from Indiana University may explain how a bacterium called Wolbachia prevents mosquitoes from transmitting deadly diseases such as dengue fever, West Nile virus and Zika.



Similar lipids cluster in soybean cell membrane model

Tue, 06 Jun 17 00:15:00 -0700

Researchers have developed a detailed computational model of the soybean plasma membrane that provides new structural insight at the molecular level, which may have applications for studying membrane proteins and may be useful for engineering plants to produce biochemicals, biofuels, drugs and other compounds, and in understanding how plants sense and respond to stressful conditions. The group report their findings this week in The Journal of Chemical Physics.



Breaking Newton's Law

Thu, 01 Jun 17 00:01:50 -0700

In the quantum world, our intuition for moving objects is strongly challenged and may sometimes even completely fail. Experimental physicists of the University of Innsbruck in collaboration with theorists from Munich, Paris and Cambridge have found a quantum particle which shows an intriguing oscillatory back-and-forth motion in a one-dimensional atomic gas.



Springs were critical water sources for early humans in East Africa, Rutgers study finds

Tue, 30 May 17 00:09:10 -0700

About 1 to 2 million years ago, early humans in East Africa periodically faced very dry conditions, with little or no water in sight. But they likely had access to hundreds of springs that lingered despite long dry spells, allowing our ancestors to head north and out of Africa, according to a groundbreaking study by scientists at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and other institutions.



Physicists discover mechanism behind granular capillary effect

Wed, 24 May 17 00:00:40 -0700

The origin of the granular capillary effect -- the rise of sand or other granules in a tube -- was a long-standing mystery. Only recently did an international team of physicists succeed in unveiling it. Further research may open up new ways to move materials, leading to promising new applications in trade and industry.



Are we educating educators about academic integrity?

Wed, 17 May 17 00:10:20 -0700

A study by Swansea University researchers has found that student academic integrity is not a core concept taught to academics in Higher Education.



Nano fiber feels forces and hears sounds made by cells

Mon, 15 May 17 00:05:30 -0700

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a miniature device that's sensitive enough to feel the forces generated by swimming bacteria and hear the beating of heart muscle cells. The device is a nano-sized optical fiber that detects forces down to 160 femtonewtons and sound levels down to -30 decibels. Applications include measuring bio-activity at the single cell level, or ultra-sensitive mini stethoscopes to monitor cellular acoustics in vivo.



Magnet study sees potential for MRE in measuring liver fibrosis in children

Thu, 11 May 17 00:15:50 -0700

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with collaborators across the nation, have determined that magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) can be an accurate, non-invasive tool to identify liver fibrosis in children. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now the most common cause of chronic liver disease in children, and scarring of the liver, known as fibrosis, is a major determinant of clinical outcomes.



Learning styles -- A once hot debate redshifts

Thu, 11 May 17 00:01:20 -0700

A new study, published in Frontiers in Psychology, reveals while most higher education faculty believe Learning Styles is an important approach for teaching, they don't actually use the pedagogical tool because it is fundamentally flawed.



Image release: Telescopes team up for dramatic new look at the crab nebula

Wed, 10 May 17 00:11:40 -0700

Multiwavelength image with VLA, Spitzer, Hubble, XMM-Newton, and Chandra observatories shows the 'whole picture' of the famous Crab Nebula supernova remnant, and provides astronomers with new insights into the object's complex physics.



Observatories combine to crack open the Crab Nebula

Wed, 10 May 17 00:09:30 -0700

Astronomers have produced a highly detailed image of the Crab Nebula, by combining data from telescopes spanning nearly the entire breadth of the electromagnetic spectrum.



The influence of zero-hours contracts on care workers' lives

Mon, 08 May 17 00:09:50 -0700

A new paper published in Occupational Medicine indicates that deficiencies in health care workers' understanding of their role and the amount of control over their work were significant workplace hazards, though controversial zero-hours contracts did not adversely influence employee health and wellbeing.



College students exposed to toxic flame retardants in dust from dormitory furnishings

Tue, 25 Apr 17 00:13:40 -0700

A new study shows that students living in college dormitories are exposed to high levels of toxic flame retardants in dust. In the analysis, led by Silent Spring Institute, scientists measured dozens of flame retardants in dorm dust samples, including carcinogens, hormone disruptors, and chemicals that affect brain function. The results also included some of the highest levels ever reported.



Astrophysicists studied the 'rejuvenating' pulsar in a neighboring galaxy

Tue, 25 Apr 17 00:13:20 -0700

The Lomonosov Moscow State University scientists published the results of a study of the unique ultra-slow pulsar XB091D. This neutron star is believed to have captured a companion only a million years ago and since then, has been slowly restoring its rapid rotation. The young pulsar is located in one of the oldest globular star clusters in the Andromeda galaxy, where the cluster may once have been a dwarf galaxy.



Phobia of dentists leads to more decay and tooth loss, new study finds

Wed, 19 Apr 17 00:14:10 -0700

People who have a severe fear of the dentist are more likely to have tooth decay or missing teeth, according to a new study from King's College London.



Speed-dependent attraction governs what goes on at the heart of midge swarms

Wed, 19 Apr 17 00:15:10 -0700

Ever wondered what makes the collective behavior in insect swarms possible? Andy Reynolds from Rothamsted Research, UK, and colleagues at Stanford University, California, USA, modelled the effect of an attraction force, which resembles Newton's gravity force, acting towards the centre of a midge swarm. In a recent study published in EPJ E, their model reveals that the gravity-like attraction towards the heart of the swarm increases with an individual's flight speed.



Washington State University physicists create 'negative mass'

Mon, 17 Apr 17 00:01:20 -0700

Washington State University physicists have created a fluid with negative mass, which is exactly what it sounds like. Push it, and unlike every physical object in the world we know, it doesn't accelerate in the direction it was pushed. It accelerates backwards.



Study discovers fundamental unit of cell size in bacteria

Thu, 13 Apr 17 00:03:50 -0700

By applying mathematical models to a large number of experiments in which bacterial growth is inhibited, a team of physicists, biologists and bioengineers from UC San Diego developed a 'general growth law' that explains the relationship between the average cell size of bacteria and how fast they grow.



Elephants' 'body awareness' adds to increasing evidence of their intelligence

Wed, 12 Apr 17 00:11:50 -0700

Asian elephants are able to recognize their bodies as obstacles to success in problem-solving, further strengthening evidence of their intelligence and self-awareness, according to a new study from the University of Cambridge.



Birth weight is risk factor for fatty liver disease in children

Tue, 04 Apr 17 00:01:50 -0700

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with a cohort of clinical collaborators from across the United States, have demonstrated the impact of low and high birth weights in developing Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), a chronic disease that often leads to a need for organ transplantation.



Mysterious cosmic explosion puzzles astronomers

Sun, 02 Apr 17 00:05:40 -0700

A mysterious flash of X-rays has been discovered by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory in the deepest X-ray image ever obtained. This source likely comes from some sort of destructive event, but may be of a variety that scientists have never seen before.



Towards a mathematical theory of PID control

Fri, 31 Mar 17 00:04:50 -0700

A latest research gives a simple and analytic design method for the PID (proportional-integral-derivative) parameters for second order nonlinear uncertain systems, and establishes a mathematical theory for global stability and asymptotic regulation of the closed-loop control systems, which is of high value for both PID control theory and its wide practice. Science China Information Sciences reported this discovery in the second issue of 2017.



Mysterious cosmic explosion surprises astronomers studying the distant x-ray universe

Thu, 30 Mar 17 00:00:10 -0700

A mysterious flash of X-rays has been discovered by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory in the deepest X-ray image ever obtained. This source likely comes from some sort of destructive event, but it may be of a variety that scientists have never seen before.



Looking for signs of the Big Bang in the desert

Tue, 21 Mar 17 00:02:10 -0700

The Simons Observatory will be built in the Chilean Atacama desert for the purposes of studying primordial gravitational waves which originated in the first instants of the Big Bang. The SISSA research group led by Carlo Baccigalupi and Francesca Perrotta will take part in this prestigious international project which will lead to the realization of an ultra-modern telescope project. Their role will involve studying and removing 'signal contaminants.'



Outside auditors should be wary of information provided by management, MU study shows

Mon, 20 Mar 17 00:02:30 -0700

Nate Newton, assistant professor of accountancy in the Trulaske College of Business at the University of Missouri, and his co-authors asked practicing auditors to estimate expenses relating to a year-end fire at a fictional company. Newton and his co-authors found that a group given estimates supporting the company's preferred expenses were more than twice as likely to approve of management's preference compared to auditors who received a set of estimates more representative of the full range of potential expenses.



From the butterfly's wing to the tornado: Predicting turbulence

Wed, 15 Mar 17 00:13:40 -0700

Remember the butterfly-triggers-tornado adage? Chaos theory says calculating turbulence to find out if that's true must be impossible. Now, physicists are latching onto turbulent patterns with digital optics and math. Their resulting forecasts jibe with actual turbulent flows. Embeddable video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P2hKUhf3bkA



Robber fly's aerial hunting skill relies on extreme visual acuity

Thu, 09 Mar 17 00:11:40 -0800

You might expect that the miniature brains and eyes of tiny robber flies would limit their ability to launch sophisticated in-flight predatory attacks on their prey. But, according to researchers reporting in Current Biology on March 9 who've captured the rice-sized predators' tactics on film, that's not so.



Rapid changes point to origin of ultra-fast black hole 'burps'

Wed, 01 Mar 17 00:03:20 -0800

Scientists have made the most detailed observation yet of a black hole outflow, from the active galaxy IRAS 13224-3809. The outflow's temperature changed on time scales of less than an hour -- hundreds of times faster than ever seen before. The rapid fluctuations in the outflow's temperature also indicated that the outflow was responding to X-ray emissions from the accretion disk, a dense zone of gas and other materials that surrounds the black hole.



Brightest neutron star yet has a multipolar magnetic field

Tue, 21 Feb 17 00:00:40 -0800

Scientists have identified a neutron star that is consuming material so fast it emits more x-rays than any other. Its extreme brightness can only be explained if the star has a complex multipolar magnetic field, the researchers say.



New evidence in favor of dark matter: The bars in galaxies are spinning more slowly than we thought

Wed, 08 Feb 17 00:11:20 -0800

An article recently published in the Astrophysical Journal by a team of IAC researchers show that bars in galaxies are rotating much more slowly than had been inferred by previous works.



UNH researcher discovers a black hole feeding frenzy that breaks records

Mon, 06 Feb 17 00:14:40 -0800

A giant black hole ripped apart a nearby star and then continued to feed off its remains for close to a decade, according to research led by the University of New Hampshire. This black hole meal is more than 10 times longer than any other previous episode of a star's death.



Fast food packaging contains potentially harmful chemicals that can leach into food

Wed, 01 Feb 17 00:02:30 -0800

A comprehensive analysis of fast food packaging in the US shows that many restaurants use food packaging containing highly fluorinated chemicals, or PFASs. The findings suggest that fast food packaging may be a source of exposure to toxic chemicals, raising concerns about potential health effects.



Both push and pull drive our galaxy's race through space

Mon, 30 Jan 17 00:04:20 -0800

What is propelling the Milky Way's race through space? By 3-D mapping the flow of galaxies through space, researchers found that the Milky Way galaxy is speeding away from a large, previously unidentified region of low density. The study will appear in the forthcoming issue of Nature Astronomy.