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Survival Current Events and Survival News from Brightsurf

Survival Current Events and Survival News Events, Discoveries and Articles from Brightsurf

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Depressive symptoms linked to shorter survival in patients with head and neck cancer

Mon, 22 Jan 18 00:09:00 -0800

In a study of patients with head and neck cancer, even mild depressive symptoms were associated with poorer overall survival.

Overall in-hospital cardiac arrest survival improves, lower survival on nights, weekends

Mon, 22 Jan 18 00:06:10 -0800

Overall survival has improved for the approximately 200,000 patients experiencing in-hospital cardiac arrest in the US each year, but patients who arrest during nights or weekends continue to experience lower survival compared to patients who arrest during daytime hours. Survival to discharge in patients who arrested during 'off-hours' was an absolute 3.8 percent lower compared to patients who arrested during 'on-hours,' according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Hedgehog signaling proteins keep cancer stem cells alive

Fri, 19 Jan 18 00:03:10 -0800

Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have discovered that the survival of cancer stem cells is dependent on the 'Hedgehog signaling pathway'. Targeting this pathway had previously shown no effect on the growth of colorectal cancer. Now, Charité scientists have demonstrated that using different drugs to target a specific aspect of the pathway may yield better treatment outcomes for patients. Results from this research have been published in the journal Cell Reports*.

No-fishing zones help endangered penguins

Tue, 16 Jan 18 00:07:10 -0800

Small no-fishing zones around colonies of African penguins can help this struggling species, new research shows.

New study on the impact of relatedness on grandmothers' desire to care for grandchildren

Mon, 15 Jan 18 00:06:40 -0800

Historically, grandmothers have been important to their grandchildren, and the help provided by grandmothers has increased grandchild survival during the times of high child mortality. However, there have been signs that in many populations, the impact of maternal grandmothers and paternal grandmothers on their grandchildren has been different. A recent study conducted at the University of Turku, Finland, shows that X-chromosome relatedness between grandmothers and their grandchildren did not affect grandchild survival in the 18th and 19th century Finland.

Scleroderma study: Hope for a longer life for patients with rare autoimmune disorder

Fri, 12 Jan 18 00:08:40 -0800

The approach could represent the first new treatment to improve survival in patients with severe scleroderma in more than four decades.

New AI technology significantly improves human kidney analysis

Thu, 11 Jan 18 00:06:50 -0800

The ability to quantify the extent of kidney damage and predict the life remaining in the kidney, using an image obtained at the time when a patient visits the hospital for a kidney biopsy, now is possible using a computer model based on artificial intelligence (AI).

Certain factors may predict lung cancer patients' response to chemotherapy

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:14:20 -0800

In a retrospective analysis of 73 lung squamous cell carcinoma patients treated with the chemotherapy regimen of gemcitabine plus cisplatin, higher body mass index and younger age were linked with longer progression-free survival, the length of time that a patient lives with cancer but it does not get worse. Patients with better response to treatment and higher body mass index had longer overall survival in the Thoracic Cancer analysis.

Cancer patients given fluids live longer

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:02:40 -0800

Dying cancer patients given fluids will generally live longer, a new study led by researchers from Royal Surrey County Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Surrey has found.

Biomarkers may help predict outcomes in gastric cancer patients who abuse alcohol

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:06:10 -0800

Alcohol consumption has been identified as a modifiable risk factor for cancers such as gastric cancer. A new report in the the American Journal of Pathology sheds light on how specific proteins interact with alcohol, and how that interplay impacts survival and response to platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with gastric cancer who may or may not still be drinking.

With these special bacteria, a broccoli a day can keep the cancer doctor away

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:08:50 -0800

NUS Medicine researchers have engineered bacteria that specifically targets colorectal cancer cells and converts a substance in some vegetables into an anticancer agent. The system reduced the number of tumors by 75 percent and shrank the remaining tumors by threefold in a mouse model of colorectal cancer. Published in Nature Biomedical Engineering, the study suggests that the probiotics taken together with a diet rich in cruciferous vegetables could help prevent colorectal cancer and its recurrence.

New prostate cancer risk score could help guide screening decisions

Wed, 10 Jan 18 00:01:10 -0800

A new score for predicting a man's genetic risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer could help guide decisions about who to screen and when, say researchers in The BMJ today.

Women survive crises better than men

Tue, 09 Jan 18 00:01:00 -0800

Women tend to live longer than men almost everywhere worldwide. Now, three centuries of data show that women don't just outlive men in normal times: They're more likely to survive even in the worst of circumstances, such as famines and epidemics. Most of the life expectancy gender gap was due to a female advantage in infancy, when behavioral differences between the sexes are minimal. The findings affirm that explanation is at least partly biological.

Survival strategy of messenger RNAs during cellular sugar shortage

Mon, 08 Jan 18 00:01:10 -0800

If a cell runs low on sugar, it stores certain messenger RNAs in order to prolong its life. As a research group at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel has now discovered, the protein Puf5p determines whether individual messenger RNAs will be stored or degraded when sugar levels are low. The study published in eLife shows that Puf5p therefore sends the messenger RNAs to a cell organelle where their fate is sealed.

Beta blockers may boost immunotherapy, help melanoma patients live longer

Mon, 08 Jan 18 00:06:50 -0800

Melanoma patients who took a specific type of beta blocker while receiving immunotherapy lived longer than patients who received immunotherapy alone, according to researchers.

What species is most fit for life? All have an equal chance, scientists say
There are more than 8 million species of living things on Earth, but none of them -- from 100-foot blue whales to microscopic bacteria -- has an advantage over the others in the universal struggle for existence. In a paper published Jan. 8 in the journal Nature Ecology