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Journal of Economic Geography Advance Access





Published: Mon, 13 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Tue, 14 Nov 2017 01:45:13 GMT

 



Agglomeration by export destination: evidence from Spain

2017-11-13

Abstract
We use a dataset of Spanish exporters with rich spatial information to document the existence of agglomeration economies by export destination. More specifically, we show that, for a large set of export destinations, exporters are geographically too close to be the result of a random outcome. We also analyze the variables that explain the cross-destination heterogeneity in agglomeration. We find that firms selling to countries with worse institutions, a dissimilar language and a different currency are significantly more agglomerated. These results suggest that the value provided by agglomeration is higher concerning destinations where entry is more difficult.



Natural disasters and spatial heterogeneity in damages: the birth, life and death of manufacturing plants

2017-11-10

Abstract
In this paper, we use the 1995 Kobe earthquake as a natural experiment to examine the impact of a large exogenous physical shock on local economic activity. For the first time we are able to control for local spatial heterogeneity in the damage caused by a natural disaster using geo-coded plant location and unique building-level surveys. In a survival analysis of manufacturing plants, our results show that building-level damage significantly affects a plant’s likelihood of failure and this effect persists for up to 7 years. Further analysis demonstrates that the plants most likely to exit as a result of earthquake damage are the least productive which is suggestive of a cleansing effect as the average productivity rate of the remaining plants increases. We also find that continuing plants experience a temporary increase in productivity following the earthquake consistent with a ‘build back better’ effect. In terms of local regeneration our results indicate that plant births increase in areas with more severe damage consistent with redevelopment plans for Kobe.