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Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery Advance Access





Published: Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:48:40 GMT

 



Combined perventricular septal defect closure and patent ductus arteriosus ligation via the lower ministernotomy approach

2017-09-25

Abstract
Over the past decade, minimally invasive approaches have been advocated for surgical correction of congenital defects to reduce costs related to hospitalization and for improved cosmesis. Minimal skin incisions and partial sternotomy reduce surgical trauma, however these techniques might not be successful in treating a number of congenital pathological conditions, particularly for combined congenital defects. We focused on cases with a combined presentation of ventricular septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus. We studied 12 infants who successfully underwent surgical treatment for a combined single-stage ventricular septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus closure through a lower ministernotomy without using cardiopulmonary bypass and X-rays. No intraoperative and early postoperative complications or mortality were noted. Postoperative echocardiography did not reveal residual shunts. The proposed technique is safe and reproducible in infants.



Near-infrared fluorescence-guided thoracoscopic surgical intervention for postoperative chylothorax †

2017-09-25

Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Chylothorax is an infrequent but relatively serious complication after lung cancer surgery. Finding the leakage site and identifying the thoracic duct (TD) are the key points of surgical intervention for chylothorax. In this study, for the first time, we demonstrated near-infrared fluorescence imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) intervention for chylothorax in humans.
METHODS
This study included 4 patients diagnosed with chylothorax after lung cancer surgery who underwent VATS intervention; 0.2 mg/kg of ICG was injected subcutaneously into the bilateral inguinal region approximately 30 min before surgery. The D-light P® near-infrared thoracoscope was used for intraoperative fluorescence imaging.
RESULTS
All patients underwent VATS intervention on the right side. Chyle leakage points were detected at the point of dissection of the station of the 4R lymph node behind the azygos vein in 3 patients and at the adjacent point of prophylactic ligation of the TD in 1 patient. The fluorescent hotspot of ICG leakage was detected first. The signal-to-background ratio of the TD or chyle averaged 4.41 (range 2.31–6.72). The TD fluorescent signals lasted for at least 1 h. With the guidance of real-time fluorescence lymphography, the fistulas and the main trunk of the TD were identified and double ligated. Small branches of the TD were occasionally detected and ligated. Chylothorax was managed successfully by surgical interventions in all patients.
CONCLUSIONS
Near-infrared fluorescence imaging with ICG provided highly sensitive and real-time imaging of the TD in VATS intervention for chylothorax in humans.
Clinical registration number
NCT02611245.



Clampless myocardial revascularization on a healed iatrogenic aortic dissection

2017-09-23

Abstract
Iatrogenic aortic dissection is an infrequent complication of cardiac catheterization (0.03–0.06%) associated with up to 19% of mortality at 30 days. It was reported to mostly occur when using a 6-Fr guiding catheter to cannulate the right coronary artery. This life-threatening complication usually requires early surgical management and close imaging monitoring and control of systolic blood pressure. This case report describes a patient with iatrogenic aortic dissection during cardiac catheterization in symptomatic coronary artery disease. Conservative management of the limited non-progressive aortic dissection was chosen followed by surgical revascularization with a clampless technique, despite the recent aortic injury.



Effect of cone reconstruction on right ventricular function in patients with Ebstein’s anomaly: a meta-analysis

2017-09-23

Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Cone reconstruction (CR) is a novel technique for surgically treating the tricuspid valve and right ventricle (RV) in patients with Ebstein’s anomaly. However, precise changes in the RV function after CR remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the RV size and New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class by conducting a meta-analysis of reported data.
METHODS
The MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched for relevant studies. The variables were RV measurements, NYHA functional classes and tricuspid valve regurgitation grades. A fixed/random effects model was used to summarize the estimates of mean difference with standard error. Sensitivity analysis was conducted to ascertain the primary origin of the heterogeneity.
RESULTS
Nine studies that involved 210 patients were included. The results demonstrated that after CR, the functional RV volume significantly decreased, NYHA functional class improved and tricuspid valve regurgitation grade decreased.
CONCLUSIONS
Thus, CR appeared to be a positive approach for Ebstein’s anomaly, with good results being obtained for the RV size and NYHA functional class. Because some limitations could not be overcome, studies with more data on RV and longer follow-ups are required to confirm our study results.