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Health Education Research Advance Access

Published: Tue, 21 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Tue, 21 Nov 2017 06:44:32 GMT


Effects of an internet-based educational intervention to prevent high-risk sexual behavior in Mexican adolescents


To evaluate the effect of an internet-based educational intervention to increase knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), attitudes and self-efficacy toward consistent condom use in Mexican adolescents. A field trial with an intervention and control group was conducted in 14- to 15-year-old students in two secondary schools. The intervention was delivered via a website that included four educational sessions during a 4-week period and six 30-min class discussions during a 3-month period. In the control group, the investigators observed the general sex education provided by the school. Outcome variables were 1) knowledge about STIs, 2) attitudes regarding condom use, and 3) self-efficacy toward consistent condom use. Differences-in-differences (Diff-in-Diff) treatment effect was estimated for each outcome variable. There were 246 adolescents in the intervention group and 210 in the control group. The intervention had a positive effect on improving knowledge of STIs, attitudes and self-efficacy toward consistent condom use. The major effect was observed on adolescents’ knowledge on STIs (Diff-in-Diff 30.34 points, P < 0.0001). A youth-friendly, culturally-contextualized, internet-based educational intervention complemented by class discussions may be a significant addition to the regular secondary school sex education program to improve knowledge of STIs, attitudes and self-efficacy toward consistent condom use among adolescents.Trial registration: The study was registered at the ID: NCT02686736.

Disparagement of health warning labels on cigarette packages and cessation attempts: results from four countries


Health warning labels (HWLs) on cigarette packs that use strong fear appeals may evoke defensive responses including acts of disparaging the warnings. Whether warning disparagement undermines HWL effectiveness remains unclear. We assessed correlates of one type of HWL disparagement and its association with subsequent cessation attempts. Longitudinal data (2012–14) on adult smokers from Australia, Canada, Mexico and the United States (US) were analyzed. HWL disparagement was assessed as the frequency of making fun of HWLs in the past month. Using Generalized Estimating Equation models we estimated correlates of HWL disparagement and whether HWL disparagement predicted subsequent cessation attempts. In each country, across all waves, 24–31% of smokers reported making fun of the warnings at least once in the past month. More frequent disparagement was found among males, younger participants, those with higher education and greater addiction, and those who recently attempted to quit. Attention to, avoidance of and talking to others about HWLs were all positively associated with HWL disparagement. In all countries, except the US, this type of HWL disparagement was an independent predictor of subsequent cessation attempts. HWL disparagement among smokers may indicate greater warning relevance and processing and does not result in counterproductive effects on cessation efforts.