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Health Education Research Advance Access





Published: Fri, 11 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Sat, 12 Aug 2017 05:44:20 GMT

 



Motivating parent support for physical activity: the role of framed persuasive messages

2017-08-11

Abstract
Parent support for physical activity (PA) is a behavior unto itself that requires motivation. Persuasive messages may be one method for motivating parent support for their children’s PA. Message framing is one strategy for optimizing the impact of messages. The current study examined the relative effectiveness of gain- versus loss-framed messages for encouraging parent support for children’s PA. Regardless of message frame, parents had an increase in social cognitive antecedents (e.g. perceived behavioral control, intentions) and support for children’s PA following message exposure.



Socio-cultural norms and roles in the use and abuse of alcohol among members of a rural community in Southeast Nigeria

2017-08-10

Abstract
Social influences together with local cultural norms are central factors that can influence the use of alcohol. The study, therefore, identified socio-cultural norms and roles capable of influencing alcohol use among young people in an alcohol producing community, in Nigeria. We used qualitative technique – focused group discussions among selected key persons in the area of study. Three groups; adult males, adult females and youths were engaged in discussions around the themes of socio-cultural; norms, roles, beliefs, values and practices that influences alcohol abuse. The focus group discussions lasted for 60–90 min and each group comprised 8–10 participants. The discussions took place in February 2016. Nine socio-cultural themes emerged following a thematic analysis of the findings, one of which is: Involvement of those who should control drinking in palm wine business hinder control of abuse. Using Vygotsky’s Socio-cultural theory guide, the researchers were able to provide the scaffolding that supported the expression of the harmful effect of alcohol abuse and suggestions for improving control by participants.



Effect of educational package on lifestyle of primiparous mothers during postpartum period: a randomized controlled clinical trial

2017-08-10

Abstract
A healthy lifestyle is important for mothers during the postpartum period. This study was conducted to determine the effects of a lifestyle educational package in primiparous women. This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 220 mothers assigned to two groups using block randomization. In the intervention group, the mothers received face-to-face, phone and SMS counseling and a booklet in addition to routine postpartum training; in the control group, the mothers received only routine training. The Health Behaviors Questionnaire, a Food Frequency Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection. There were no significant differences between the two groups 6 weeks after delivery in terms of physical activity level and nutritional status (P > 0.05) except for the mean consumption of milk and dairy, which was higher in the intervention group (P = 0.041). Training significantly improved certain health behaviors in the intervention group compared to the controls, such as the first time brushing the teeth after delivery, the frequency of sun exposure, the frequency of ventilating the home, keeping warm and iron supplementation. The training provided positively affected certain health behaviors in the mothers; however, it failed to improve their physical activity level and nutritional status.



Strengthening teachers’ abilities to implement a vision health program in Taiwanese schools

2017-08-10

Abstract
We designed a school-based, nationwide program called the ‘New Era in Eye Health’ to strengthen teacher training and to examine whether the existence of a government vision care policy influenced teachers’ vision care knowledge and students’ behavior. Baseline data and 3-month follow-up data were compared. A random sample of teachers (n = 660) from school vision health clusters in 22 cities/counties in Taiwan were invited to participate in our study and 436 agreed to participate (response rate = 66.1%). The mean age of participant teachers was 41.2 years, while the length of service mean was 14.6 years. For monitoring teacher outcomes, five cities/counties were selected as the intensely monitored group based on certain criteria. Sunlight diaries (n = 5434) were distributed and 3342 (61.5%) were returned. Teachers showed significant improvements in knowledge and behavior on the school vision health questionnaire. At the 3-month follow-up, the number of recesses as recorded by students’ ‘sunlight diary’ increased. When teachers had better knowledge and behavior, recesses also increased. This study provided valuable insights to guide dissemination efforts for school vision health interventions and to help teachers implement research into their school vision health activities.