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Preview: Journal of Semitic Studies - current issue

Journal of Semitic Studies Current Issue





Published: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Fri, 06 Oct 2017 07:53:52 GMT

 



Jo Ann Hackett and Walter E. Aufrecht , “An Eye for Form,” Epigraphic Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross

2017-10-06

HackettJo Ann and AufrechtWalter E., “An Eye for Form,” Epigraphic Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross.Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, IN2014. Pp. xl + 383 + numerous figures. Price: $53.55 hardback. ISBN: 13 978-1-57506-303-4.



Margaret Jaques , avec une contribution de Daniel Schwemer , Mon dieu qu’aije fait? Les diĝir-šà-dab (5) -ba et la piété privée en Mésopotamie

2017-10-06

JaquesMargaret, avec une contribution de Daniel Schwemer, Mon dieu qu’aije fait? Les diĝir-šà-dab(5)-ba et la piété privée en Mésopotamie (Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 273). Academic Press Fribourg, Fribourg2015. Pp. xiv + 474. Price: CHF 141.00. ISBN: 978-3-7278-1770-0.



Hélène Nutkowicz , Destins de femmes à Éléphantine au V e siècle avant notre ère

2017-10-06

NutkowiczHélène, Destins de femmes à Éléphantine au Ve siècle avant notre ère (Collection Kubaba Série Antiquité). L’Harmattan, Paris2015. Pp. 418. Price: €39.50 paperback. ISBN: 978-2-343-04913-7.



Brad E. Kelle , Frank Ritchel Ames and Jacob L. Wright (eds), Warfare, Ritual, and Symbol in Biblical and Modern Contexts

2017-10-06

KelleBrad E., AmesFrank Ritchel and WrightJacob L. (eds), Warfare, Ritual, and Symbol in Biblical and Modern Contexts (Ancient Israel and its Literature). Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta2014. Pp. xi + 308. Price: $38.95 paperback. ISBN: 978-1-58983-958-8.



Ernst Würthwein (revised & expanded by Alexander Achilles Fischer ), The Text of the Old Testament: An Introduction to the Biblia Hebraica

2017-10-06

WürthweinErnst (revised & expanded by Alexander Achilles Fischer), The Text of the Old Testament: An Introduction to the Biblia Hebraica (third edition, translated by Erroll F. Rhodes). Wm.B. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI2014. Pp. xix + 343. Price: £19.99/$30.00 paperback. ISBN: 978-0-8028-6680-6.



Anthony Rees , [Re]Reading Again: A Mosaic Reading of Numbers 25

2017-10-06

ReesAnthony, [Re]Reading Again: A Mosaic Reading of Numbers 25 (Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies 589). Bloomsbury, London2014. Pp. x + 191. Price: £60.00 hardback. ISBN: 978-0-567-55436-9.



Paul M. Joyce and Dalit Rom-Shiloni (eds), The God Ezekiel Creates

2017-10-06

JoycePaul M. and Rom-ShiloniDalit (eds), The God Ezekiel Creates (Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies 607). Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2015. Pp. xiv + 217. Price: £70.00 hardback. ISBN: 978-0-567-65859-3.



Joshua L. Harper , Responding to a Puzzled Scribe. The Barberini Version of Habakkuk 3. Analysed in the Light of the Other Greek Versions

2017-10-06

HarperJoshua L., Responding to a Puzzled Scribe. The Barberini Version of Habakkuk 3. Analysed in the Light of the Other Greek Versions (The Hebrew Bible and its Versions 8). Bloomsbury T&T Clark, London2015. Pp. xvi + 315. Price: £70.00 hardback. ISBN: 978-0-56765-864-7.



Suk Yee Lee , An Intertextual Analysis of Zechariah 9–10: The Earlier Restoration Expectations of Second Zechariah

2017-10-06

LeeSuk Yee, An Intertextual Analysis of Zechariah 9–10: The Earlier Restoration Expectations of Second Zechariah (Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies 599). Bloomsbury T & T Clark, London, 2015. Pp. xvi + 311. Price: £70.00 hardback. ISBN: 978-0-56739-999-1.



Trine Bjørnung Hasselbalch , Meaning and Context in the Thanksgiving Hymns: Linguistic and Rhetorical Perspectives on a Collection of Prayers from Qumran

2017-10-06

HasselbalchTrine Bjørnung, Meaning and Context in the Thanksgiving Hymns: Linguistic and Rhetorical Perspectives on a Collection of Prayers from Qumran (Early Judaism and Its Literature 42). Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta2015. Pp. xi + 313. Price: $40.95 paperback. ISBN: 978-1-62837-054-6.



Michael Avioz , Josephus’ Interpretation of the Books of Samuel

2017-10-06

AviozMichael, Josephus’ Interpretation of the Books of Samuel (Library of Second Temple Studies 86). Bloomsbury T & T Clark, London2015. Pp. xvii + 254. Price: £70.00 hardback. ISBN: 978-0-567-60880-2.



Mirjam van der Vorm-Croughs , The Old Greek of Isaiah: An Analysis of its Pluses and Minuses

2017-10-06

van der Vorm-CroughsMirjam, The Old Greek of Isaiah: An Analysis of its Pluses and Minuses (Society of Biblical Literature Septuagint and Cognate Studies 61). Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta2014. Pp. xiii + 577. Price: $75.95 paperback. ISBN: 978-1-58983-978-6.



Andrei A. Orlov , Heavenly Priesthood in the Apocalypse of Abraham

2017-10-06

OrlovAndrei A., Heavenly Priesthood in the Apocalypse of Abraham. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge2013. Pp. xii + 214. Price: £55.00 hardback. ISBN: 978-1-107-03907-0.



David M. Stec , The Genizah Psalms: A Study of MS 798 of the Antonin Collection

2017-10-06

StecDavid M., The Genizah Psalms: A Study of MS 798 of the Antonin Collection (Études sur le Judaïsme Médiéval, Tome 57; Cambridge Genizah Studies Series, Volume 5). Brill, Leiden and Boston2013. Pp. xxii + 176. Price: €110.00 hardback. ISBN: 978-90-04-24842-7.



Katell Berthelot , Joseph E. David and Marc Hirshman (eds), The Gift of the Land and the Fate of the Canaanites in Jewish Thought

2017-10-06

BerthelotKatell, DavidJoseph E. and HirshmanMarc (eds), The Gift of the Land and the Fate of the Canaanites in Jewish Thought.Oxford University Press, Oxford2014. Pp. xiii + 464. Price: £64.00 hardback. ISBN. 978-0-19-995980-8.



Mohammad T. Alhawary , Arabic Grammar in Context

2017-10-06

AlhawaryMohammad T., Arabic Grammar in Context (Languages in Context). Routledge, Abingdon2016. Pp. 264. Price: £26.99 paperback. ISBN: 978-0-415-71596-6.



John Barton (ed.), The Hebrew Bible: A Critical Companion

2017-10-06

BartonJohn (ed.), The Hebrew Bible: A Critical Companion. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ and Woodstock, Oxfordshire2016. Pp. xii + 613. Price: $45.00/£34.95. ISBN: 978-0-691-15471-8.



Jeremy D. Smoak , The Priestly Blessing in Inscription & Scripture: The Early History of Numbers 6:24–26

2017-10-06

SmoakJeremy D., The Priestly Blessing in Inscription & Scripture: The Early History of Numbers 6:24–26. Oxford University Press, New York2016. Pp. xvii + 242. Price: £47.99 hardback. ISBN: 978-0-19-939997-0.



G. Brooke Lester , Daniel Evokes Isaiah: Allusive Characterization of Foreign Rule in the Hebrew-Aramaic Book of Daniel

2017-10-06

LesterG. Brooke, Daniel Evokes Isaiah: Allusive Characterization of Foreign Rule in the Hebrew-Aramaic Book of Daniel (The Library of Hebrew Bible / Old Testament Studies 606). Bloomsbury T&T Clark, London2015. Pp. xii + 229. Price: £64.99 hardback. ISBN: 978-0-567-65856-2.



Philip Sumpter , The Substance of Psalm 24: An Attempt to Read Scripture after Brevard S. Childs

2017-10-06

SumpterPhilip, The Substance of Psalm 24: An Attempt to Read Scripture after Brevard S. Childs (Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies 600). Bloomsbury, London2015. Pp. x + 274. Price: £65.00 hardback. ISBN: 978-0-56765-617-9.



Pekka Lindqvist and Sven Grebenstein (eds), Take Another Scroll and Write: Studies in the Interpretive Afterlife of Prophets and Prophecy in Judaism, Christianity and Islam

2017-10-06

LindqvistPekka and GrebensteinSven (eds), Take Another Scroll and Write: Studies in the Interpretive Afterlife of Prophets and Prophecy in Judaism, Christianity and Islam (Studies in the Reception History of the Bible 6). Åbo Akademi University and Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, IN2016. Pp. xxvi + 403. Price: $49.50 paperback. ISBN: 978-952-12-3338-8.



Books Received

2017-10-06







A Note on Loanverbs in Semitic

2017-10-06

Abstract
Loanverbs are accommodated in several different ways in the Semitic language family. In some cases, a loanverb is employed in combination with a verb such as ‘to do’ from the recipient language that bears the inflection and/or grammatical information. In other cases, a loanverb is used in the same way as a native verb without any morphosyntactic adaptation. In this note, I argue that there are also cases in the Semitic language family in which a verbalizing affix in the form of a derived stem, usually the D-stem and more rarely the C-stem, is required to accommodate a loanverb. I propose that this accommodation strategy is to be analysed as indirect insertion in Wohlgemuth's typology of loanverbs.



Studia Onomastica Coranica: AL-Raqīm , Caput Nabataeae *

2017-10-06

Abstract
Nāṣir-i Khusraw (d.1088 ce)One of the many Quranic terms whose meaning has long vexed the minds of traditional Muslim commentators and students of the secular discipline of Quranic studies alike is the word al-raqīm, a hapax legomenon that appears in Qur’ān 18:9, at the beginning of the story of the ‘companions of the cave’. The present study aims to show that this term is a toponym that should be identified with Petra, the capital of the ancient kingdom of Nabataea.



The Preposition fi -as an Object and Aspect Marker in a South Tunisian Bedouin Dialect 1

2017-10-06

Abstract
The following article deals with the preposition fi- in the Bedouin dialect of Dūz in Southern Tunisia, not in its well-known local and temporal functions, but rather as a marker of various, mainly progressive, durative and habitual aspects. In this function fi- may precede only direct objects of transitive verbs in the imperfect. In addition to an extensive survey of the scattered information found on this topic in numerous publications on Arabic dialects, this study also offers a broad analysis of contexts in which fi- is required for aspectual reasons and those in which it is precluded. The many examples that are embedded in the analysis of fi- provide a detailed insight into a very typical but hitherto understudied syntactic phenomenon of Tunisian Arabic.



The Archaic Feminine Ending - at in Shammari Arabic

2017-10-06

Abstract
This paper discusses the feminine nominal suffixes -at and plural -āt in the Shammari Arabic dialect. It will show that its pausal allomorphs are best understood as the result of a pausal rule *t > y. The Shammari dialect must therefore go back to a dialect that had *-at in all environments and not -ah word-finally and -at in construct, as is often taken to be the original situation in all modern Arabic dialects. After this discussion, several other dialects that appear to point to feminine ending systems which deviate from the general modern Arabic trend will be discussed. A tentative suggestion is given that the Dōsiri dialect of Kuwait goes back to a dialect with a Classical Arabic distribution for the feminine singular ending: -a in pause, -at everywhere else.



The Spread of Prepausal Lowering in Galilean Arabic

2017-10-06

Abstract
This paper discusses the lowering of the high vowels /i,u/ to [e,o] in final syllables in palestinian Arabic. Such a shift is actually well documented in the literature with regard to final unstressed cvc syllables. Yet whereas previous studies have not stated a clear prosodic condition on the shift, we bring evidence that in the Galilean dialects discussed the shift is clearly conditioned and occurs in the pre-pausal position only. In addition, we show that the same shift occurs in two other positions, viz. final CV and CVCiCi, and that it is not merely qualitative but quantitative as well, so that lowering of /i,u/ to [e,o] often involves certain lengthening, yielding [e:,o:] respectively. In the last section of this article we provide a uniform account for vowel lowering and lengthening in the three types of syllable mentioned. We show that in the pre-pausal environment an additional templatic position is added to the last vowel; and since this position cannot be realized through vowel lengthening, a lowering agent is inserted instead.



From Tuscany to Egypt: Eighteenth Century Arabic Letters in the Prize Paper Collections

2017-10-06

Abstract
The Prize Paper Collections in the National Archives in Kew Gardens contain more than fifty-five Arabic letters and another two dozen accounts and other documents, which were seized in 1759 by British privateers as part of the loot on a Tuscan ship, set out from Livorno towards Alexandria. Virtually untouched since that time, they present a most exciting source of documentary Ottoman Arabic. The letters were written by Christian merchants trading in the Mediterranean and by Christian clergy in Rome to their co-religionists in Egypt and Turkey. This article presents an introduction to the Arabic Prize Papers, a short linguistic analysis of a preliminary corpus of eleven letters, the edition and translation of three sample letters. Particular attention is paid to the linguistic divergence between those letters written by merchants and those composed by church dignitaries, as well as to the sociolinguistic variation found in specific writers.



The Arab Rabelais: Ibn Dāniyāl's Carnivalesque Satire and Wit

2017-10-06

Abstract
In medieval Cairo the oculist and litterateur Ibn Dāniyāl satirized the Mamluk Sultan Baybars's campaign against vice in three shadow plays drawing on a mock-heroic rhetoric in the irreverent burlesque tradition. This article provides an in-depth analysis of the playwright's carnivalesque and satirical trilogy with particular reference to The Shadow Spirit and The Amazing Preacher and the Stranger in the light of the Russian critic and philosopher Mikhail Bakhtin's theory of carnival. The carnivalesque is a burlesque dramatic mode that aims to furtively defy and sabotage the social hierarchy and resist a government's political system through satire and mocking rhetoric. Bakhtin associates the mode with the medieval carnivals and feasts of fools and sub-deacons celebrated by the clergy in Europe. Burlesque drama was intended to cause hilarious laughter by caricaturing the government's ludicrous subjugation of its subjects in bawdy comedies. Ibn Dāniyāl's trilogy in general and these two plays in particular can be studied in the context of popular culture and the carnivalesque tradition which is germane to Bakhtin's theory of carnival.



The Duality of the Victim and Torturer in Two Works by Fāḍil Al-‘Azzāwī

2017-10-06

Abstract
This article focuses on the cycle of violence that has characterized modern Iraq, with emphasis on the complex relationship between the victim and the torturer as depicted in al-‘Azzāwī’s novels al-Qal'a al-khāmisa (The Fifth Castle) and Madīna min ramād (City of Ashes). Al-‘Azzāwī paints Iraq's modern history as an endless cycle of violent revolutions and counter-revolutions. In each period, there is a group of revolutionaries who rebel against a tyrannical regime and eventually manage to seize power, upon which they become the new tyrants, brutally punishing their former rivals and suppressing any opposition. This means that the line between oppressor and oppressed, or between torturer and victim, can be very blurred, for today's victim can be tomorrow's torturer, and vice versa. Al-‘Azzāwī shows that the line can be blurred in another way as well: a single individual can be both a victim and a torturer at the same time. Thus, the torturer in a tyrannical regime, who has no choice but perform his terrible job, sometimes suffers almost as much as the people he tortures. The two novels explore this state of duality from two different perspectives: al-Qal'a al-khāmisa from the viewpoint of the prisoner and Madīna min ramād from the viewpoint of the jailor.



The Arabic Language and Syro-Lebanese National Identity Searching in Buṭrus Al-bustānī's Muḥīṭ Al-Muḥīṭ 1

2017-10-06

Abstract
Over centuries, Arabic lexicography had operated under a solid myth of pure linguistic origins rooted in the terra prima of the Arabian Desert. Buṭrus al-bustānīʾs Muḥīṭ al-Muḥīṭ is the earliest Arabic lexicon that breaks with this tradition. In this modern lexicon, al-Bustānī recollected the biblical origins of key Arabic words. By introducing the Bible into the Lexicon, al-Bustānī revolutionized some conventions of Arabic lexicography which usually operated under a solid — mainly Quranic — notion of what constitutes a legitimate source for lexical elaboration. The inclusion of the Bible competitively decentred the foundational texts of the classical lexicon. Although al-Bustānī relied on conventional methodologies in his approach to lexicography, he succeeded in constructing an alternative, rival narrative about the biblical origins of the civilization of the Arabs. These changes went in tandem with al-Bustānīʾs contribution to the Christianization of Syro-Lebanese national identity in the nineteenth century.



Hebrew as a Political Instrument: Language-Planning By the ‘Canaanites’

2017-10-06

Abstract
This article analyses the reforms to the Hebrew language promulgated by a dissident Israeli anti-Zionist movement known as the ‘Canaanites’. Language-planning by the ‘Canaanites’ included the coining of neologisms to substitute for foreign loanwords in Hebrew and the replacement of the Hebrew script with an amended version of the Latin alphabet. In the sphere of language-planning the ‘Canaanites’ displayed a dialectical mix of linguistic purism and a radically innovative approach. By exploring this aspect of ‘Canaanite’ activity, the article demonstrates that the debate over language in Israel reflects a much larger debate over the nature of the Israeli national community.