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Preview: Parliamentary Affairs - Advance Access

Parliamentary Affairs Advance Access





Published: Fri, 10 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Fri, 10 Nov 2017 05:53:39 GMT

 



Structure Versus Accident in the Defeat of France’s Mainstream Right, April–June 2017

2017-11-10

Abstract
Widely expected to recapture France’s presidency and win a parliamentary majority in the 2017 elections, France’s mainstream Right instead suffered a crushing and divisive defeat. A major reason for this was contingent: the selection of a candidate who three months before polling day was placed under investigation for embezzling public funds. Other reasons were more structural, in particular the progressive dislocation of the bipolar multipartism which had characterised France’s party system for over four decades and the resultant strategic divisions within the Right. Although broadly chronological, this analysis of the long electoral cycle of 2016–2017 assesses the respective importance of proximate and long-term factors in the Right’s defeat.



Electoral Performance and Policy Choices in the Front National

2017-11-07

Abstract
This article proposes a two-level analysis of the Front National (FN) in the 2017 French presidential and parliamentary elections. The first level focuses on the electoral performances of Marine Le Pen and the FN and analyses both elections in terms of gains and losses at the polls. The second level considers FN policy and argues that the party went into these elections with a programme targeting both left- and right-leaning voters, attempting a policy synthesis that partly fitted and partly subverted Kirchheimer’s paradigm of the ‘catch-all’ party. Both levels of analysis link to a number of strategic considerations prompting debate within the party over the direction to take in order to improve its future electoral prospects.



Seeking Evidence for a Welsh Progressive Consensus: Party Positioning in the 2016 National Assembly for Wales Election

2017-11-07

Abstract
This article provides a detailed analysis of the policy positions advocated by the five political parties that won seats in the 2016 elections to the National Assembly for Wales (Welsh Labour; Plaid Cymru; the Welsh Conservatives; United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) and the Welsh Liberal Democrats). It takes advantage of a unique dataset of party positions and justifications created for a Voter Advice Application website that ran during the election campaign: www.wales.electioncompass.org. The data collected reflects the responses of senior policy officers within each party to a series of 35 policy questions. This dataset is used to estimate the extent of party disagreement across each policy question as well as to create a matrix of inter-party similarity. These quantitative findings are supplemented by a discussion of the positional justifications proposed by the parties to the project.



Political Roots of Religious Exclusion in Turkey

2017-11-07

Abstract
Do perceived political threats lead to religious exclusion? This study explores the political rationale of the exclusionary attitude towards non-Muslim minorities in Turkey. It relies on a qualitative content analysis of the discussions on the Armenian, Greek and Jewish foundations in the Turkish parliament in the 2000s. While doing so, the research brings together the academic literatures on the perception of religious minorities in Turkey with the group threat perspective. The findings show that the exclusionary statements about the non-Muslim minorities are often justified by suspecting them as potential plotters of the dismemberment of the country. The article concludes that to achieve an inclusive political culture in Turkey, it is imperative to understand the perceived national security threats. It also underlines that parliamentary debates constitute an ideal resource for research, which deserves greater attention.