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Journal of Refugee Studies Advance Access





Published: Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Thu, 01 Feb 2018 04:46:14 GMT

 



Entrepreneurial Refugees and the City: Brief Encounters in Beirut

Thu, 01 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Lebanon is hosting more than 1 million Syrian refugees. For a country of its size, and a population of around 4 million, this influx of Syrians into Lebanon has exposed many of its already established ailments. A prevailing perception is that Syrians are establishing businesses and competing with the Lebanese, leading to violent reactions on the part of host communities. In this article, we seek to debunk the reductionist framing of ‘the Syrian refugee’ as a burden, and showcase the economic contribution that some Syrian entrepreneurs have been making to urban neighbourhoods. While entrepreneurs certainly represent a minority of the refugees in Lebanon, we argue that, rather than being competition, Syrian entrepreneurs are complementary to Lebanese businesses in urban areas, and that Syrian businesses are enriching spatial practices in the city. As such, we claim their experiences are significant to document as they can inform useful policy interventions that can render Syrian self-employment an opportunity for local economic development in cities and towns.



The RISE Survey: Developing and Implementing a Valid and Reliable Quantitative Measure of Refugee Integration in the United States

Thu, 18 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Integration has been explored through research, policy and practice as a framework for gauging the extent to which refugees successfully navigate the economic, social and cultural dynamics of their new country; however, the definition and assessment of integration still remain elusive. The purpose of this study was to: (i) operationalize an integration framework to create a reliable and valid survey to assess refugee integration, (ii) test the use of a community-based participatory research (CPBR) model (the ‘Community Connector’ (CC) model) with refugees and (iii) gain insights into the integration process of newly resettled refugees with the use of the survey and CC model. The Refugee Integration Survey and Evaluation (RISE) survey was developed and administered orally to 465 newly arrived adult refugees by caseworkers. Follow-up survey data was collected annually over the course of three additional years using the CC model. The survey was deemed reliable and valid. The CC model led to a 70 per cent response rate three years after baseline data collection. On average, the Overall Integration score increased steadily over time. The implications of this study are that a gap in the literature was addressed and the RISE survey can play a key role in understanding the salient integration factors that could be used by receiving countries to promote integration and help ensure the successful resettlement of refugees around the world.