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International Relations of the Asia-Pacific Advance Access





Published: Fri, 12 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Fri, 12 Jan 2018 04:45:26 GMT

 



Epistemic frictions: radioactive fallout, health risk assessments, and the Eisenhower administration’s nuclear-test ban policy, 1954–1958

Fri, 12 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
The successful test of a US thermonuclear weapon in 1954 raised a compelling question as to the worldwide dispersion of radioactive fallout. This article reexamines the Eisenhower administration's test-ban policy in the context of global radioactive contamination. To explain the shifting public discourse of the global fallout hazards and its impact on the test-ban debate, the article focuses on epistemic frictions, seeking to demonstrate how a variety of expert bodies evaluated scientific uncertainty and moral ambiguity concerning the biological effects of fallout from different sets of concerns, and how the resulting incongruence both within and between the scientific advisory committees fueled the fallout controversy and affected the Eisenhower administration’s test-ban policy leading toward the test moratorium in 1958.



Introduction: Japan’s International Relations at 60, Part 2

Fri, 22 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT

In 2016, the Japan Association of International Relations (JAIR) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its establishment. As part of the celebration, the Board of Directors of the JAIR decided to disseminate more broadly some of the best research produced by its members. To do so, the JAIR formed a special committee to select the best articles that had been published in its Japanese journal, Kokusai Seiji, in the previous decade. The Committee selected several papers and asked their authors to translate them and submit them to IRAP.