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Preview: The English Historical Review - current issue

The English Historical Review Current Issue





Published: Thu, 31 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Thu, 31 Aug 2017 11:44:16 GMT

 






King John and Religion, by Paul Webster

2017-08-12

King John and Religion, by WebsterPaul (Woodbridge: The Boydell P., 2015; pp. 250. £60).



Violence: A Modern Obsession, by Richard Bessel

2017-08-12

Violence: A Modern Obsession, by BesselRichard (London: Simon and Schuster, 2015; pp. 373. £20).



NS-Siedlungen in Wien: Projekte, Realisierungen Ideologietransfer, by Ingeburg Weinberger

2017-08-10

NS-Siedlungen in Wien: Projekte, Realisierungen Ideologietransfer, by WeinbergerIngeburg (Vienna: LIT, 2015; pp. 475. €54.90).



Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses and the Origins of the Reformation Narrative

2017-08-02

Abstract
With the quincentenary of the German Reformation now upon us, it is worth revisiting how, and why, the posting of the 95 theses emerged as such a defining moment in the Reformation story. It is easy to understand why it has assumed pride of place in modern histories. What is less easy to understand, however, is why the theses-posting emerged as the critical moment in the early modern accounts, for there were many other moments with even more drama and proximate significance for the Reformation. Moreover, the posting of theses had little shock-value at the time. Many professors posted academic theses, many reform-minded Christians had questioned indulgences, and many high-profile German intellectuals had written at least one critical piece against Rome. The following article begins with a survey of the origins of Reformation history and traces the incorporation of the theses-posting into the narrative stream. The second section examines the reasons why this act remained so prominent in the Lutheran memory during the two centuries after the Reformation by relating it to a broader analytical framework and sense of self-perception. The final section examines the process of reinterpretation that occurred during the period of late Lutheran Orthodoxy and the early Enlightenment, when scholars started to revisit the episode and sketch out the features of the modern view. The broader aim is to demonstrate how historical conditions can shape historical facts, even when those facts were bound to something as seemingly idealistic as the origins of a new Church.



Jean Bart: Corsaire du Roi-Soleil, by Patrick Villiers

2017-07-31

Jean Bart: Corsaire du Roi-Soleil, by VilliersPatrick (Paris: Fayard, 2013; pp. 540. €25).



An Emotional State: The Politics of Emotion in Postwar West German Culture, by Anna M. Parkinson

2017-07-31

An Emotional State: The Politics of Emotion in Postwar West German Culture, by ParkinsonAnna M. (Ann Arbor, MI: U. of Michigan P., 2015; pp. 251. £66.50).



The Emergence of Islam in Late Antiquity: Allāh and His People, by Aziz al-Azmeh

2017-07-05

The Emergence of Islam in Late Antiquity: Allāh and His People, by al-AzmehAziz (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2014; pp. xxiii + 634. £89.99).



Activism in the ‘Students’ League of Nations’: International Student Politics and the Confédération Internationale des Étudiants, 1919–1939 *

2017-07-04

Abstract
The aftermath of the First World War saw manifold efforts to (re-)construct an international community. One striking feature of this development was the foundation of a number of international student organisations. This article analyses the largest of these organisations—the International Confederation of Students (Confédération internationale des Étudiants, CIE), using it as a prism through which to examine four major aspects of inter-war student internationalism: nationalism, intellectual co-operation, mobility and radicalism. The CIE brought together the representatives of different national unions of students and thus involved activists who could cast themselves as future leaders. It portrayed its activities as ‘apolitical’, embracing an internationalism that sought to consolidate, rather than overthrow, the international order. To this end, the organisation co-operated with the League of Nations, particularly in the realm of student travel. Yet, despite its discourse of peace and non-partisanship, the CIE suffered from manifold national divisions and maintained an uneasy relationship with the political developments of the period. In this context, the article shows how, rather than being the domain of impractical idealists, internationalism provided an arena for the pursuit of competing national and political agendas.



Training Minds for the War of Ideas: Ashridge College, the Conservative Party and the Cultural Politics of Britain, 1929–54, by Clarisse Berthezène

2017-06-28

Training Minds for the War of Ideas: Ashridge College, the Conservative Party and the Cultural Politics of Britain, 1929–54, by BerthezèneClarisse (Manchester: Manchester U.P., 2015; pp. 276. £75).



‘Like a Raging Lion’: Richard the Lionheart’s Anger during the Third Crusade in Medieval and Modern Historiography *

2017-06-28

Abstract
Historians have almost universally characterised King Richard I of England, otherwise known as ‘the Lionheart’, as an intemperate hothead, whose anger was both uncontrollable and socially dysfunctional. This article seeks to test the evidential foundations of this longstanding view, and to explain its genesis, by analysing descriptions of Richard I’s anger in the narratives of the Third Crusade—narratives which have been foundational in formulating such assessments. It does not argue that Richard was a meek or tranquil king, or even that he was always in control of his passions. Rather, it contends that there exists a disparity between how most medieval chroniclers perceived Richard’s wrath and the evaluations of modern historians. The main conclusion reached is that the nature of the source material, which was not only polarised between the king’s supporters and detractors but also witnessed the incorporation of legendary material from an early stage, curtails any attempt to reconstruct the ‘reality’ of Richard’s temperament. After mapping the evolution of attitudes towards anger in the Middle Ages and scrutinising the twelfth- and thirteenth-century narrative accounts of the Lionheart’s wrath, the article seeks to explain why scholars have persisted in casting Richard as an individual who was unusually susceptible to irrational fits of rage and, in so doing, calls for greater sensitivity to the role of memory in future studies of medieval emotions.



La Bataille: Du fait d’armes au combat idéologique, ed. Ariane Boltanski, Yann Lagedec and Franck Mercier

2017-06-26

La Bataille: Du fait d’armes au combat idéologique, ed. BoltanskiArianeLagedecYannMercierFranck (Rennes: P.U. de Rennes, 2015; pp. 285. €19).



Reformation Unbound: Protestant Visions of Reform in England, 1525–1590, by Karl Gunther

2017-06-26

Reformation Unbound: Protestant Visions of Reform in England, 1525–1590, by GuntherKarl (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2014; pp. 284. £65).



The Idea of Anglo-Saxon England 1066–1901: RRemembering, Forgetting, Deciphering, and Renewing the Past, by John D. Niles

2017-06-24

The Idea of Anglo-Saxon England 1066–1901: Remembering, Forgetting, Deciphering, and Renewing the Past, by NilesJohn D. (Malden, MA: Wiley Blackwell, 2015; pp. xv + 425. £60).



The Glorious Revolution and the Continuity of Law, by Richard S. Kay

2017-06-24

The Glorious Revolution and the Continuity of Law, by KayRichard S. (Washington, DC: Catholic U. of America P., 2014; pp. 304. £45.95).



Disraeli, the East and Religion: Tancred in Context *

2017-06-20

Abstract
Recently there has been much interest in Benjamin Disraeli’s writings, and particularly the importance to him of empire, race and Jewishness. His favourite among his own novels, Tancred (1847), set in the Near East, is now often said to advocate Asian imperialism and Jewish superiority and to mark a key stage in his ‘self-fashioning’ as a political leader. This article suggests that the problem with these interpretations, and with the older argument that Disraeli revelled in a lack of principle (which also draws on Tancred) is that they fail to put novel and author in the context of the time. By the 1840s, Disraeli’s books were not obsessed with his own identity; instead he used them to engage with important live issues. The Near Eastern themes which Tancred tackled included serious international questions and equally intense arguments about domestic Christianity, which were themselves heavily influenced by new perspectives on the East. The book discussed how the Church of England, weakened by sectarianism and materialism, could regain the leadership of national opinion. It attacked the liberal sectarian policy pursued by the Peel government in Syria and Lebanon, and European political, religious and economic intervention in the Ottoman Empire more broadly. Commentators have misunderstood what Disraeli meant by ‘empire’, and his (critical) remarks on modern Jews. They continue to present him as exotic, and have read Tancred accordingly, as a personal manifesto for unusual and one-sided causes. Once placed in the context of the time in which it was written, the book’s great theme is revealed as the opposite: the need to abandon partisanship for synthesis in Western and Eastern politics and religion, if a chaotic world is to be brought to order.



The Many Lives of Margaret Thatcher

2017-06-14

Margaret Thatcher. Edited by BaleTim (Routledge: London, 2015; 4 vols. pp. 1,624. £900).



The Territories of Science and Religion, by Peter Harrison

2017-05-25

The Territories of Science and Religion, by HarrisonPeter (Chicago, IL: U. of Chicago P., 2015; pp. 320. £21).



Astrology and Reformation, by Robin B. Barnes

2017-05-19

Astrology and Reformation, by BarnesRobin B. (Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2016; pp. 389. £47.99).



Erzherzog Albrecht VI von Österreich (1418–1463): Ein Fürst im Spannungsfeld von Dynastie, Regionen und Reich, by Konstantin Moritz Ambrosius Langmaier

2017-05-18

Erzherzog Albrecht VI von Österreich (1418–1463): Ein Fürst im Spannungsfeld von Dynastie, Regionen und Reich, by LangmaierKonstantin Moritz Ambrosius (Cologne: Böhlau Verlag, 2015; pp. 767. €89).



The Commentaries of Pope Pius II (1458–1464) and the Crisis of the Fifteenth-Century Papacy, by Emily O’Brien

2017-05-18

The Commentaries of Pope Pius II (1458–1464) and the Crisis of the Fifteenth-Century Papacy, by O’BrienEmily (Toronto, ON: U. of Toronto P., 2015; pp. 335. £65).



Communities and Conflicts in the Alps from the Late Middle Ages to Early Modernity, ed. Marco Bellabarba, Hannes Obermair and Hitomi Sato

2017-05-18

Communities and Conflicts in the Alps from the Late Middle Ages to Early Modernity, ed. BellabarbaMarcoObermairHannesSatoHitomi (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2015; pp. 252. €22).



La révolte des boules de neige: Murano face à Venise, 1511, by Claire Judde de Larivière

2017-05-18

La révolte des boules de neige: Murano face à Venise, 1511, by de LarivièreClaire Judde (Paris: Fayard, 2014; pp. 354. €22).



Broken Idols of the English Reformation, by Margaret Aston

2017-05-18

Broken Idols of the English Reformation, by AstonMargaret (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2015; pp. 1,109. £120).



Writing the Ottomans: Turkish History in Early Modern England, by Anders Ingram

2017-05-18

Writing the Ottomans: Turkish History in Early Modern England, by IngramAnders (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015; pp. 195. £55).



Storia di una doppia censura: Gli Stratagemmi di Satana di Giacomo Aconcio nell’Europa del Seicento , by Giorgio Caravale

2017-05-18

Storia di una doppia censura: Gli Stratagemmi di Satana di Giacomo Aconcio nell’Europa del Seicento, by CaravaleGiorgio (Pisa: Edizioni della Normale, 2013; pp. 248. €25).



The Portuguese Massacre of Wiriyamu in Colonial Mozambique, 1964–2013, by Mustafah Dhada

2017-05-18

The Portuguese Massacre of Wiriyamu in Colonial Mozambique, 1964–2013, by DhadaMustafah (London: Bloomsbury, 2016; pp. 233. £65).



Les écritures ordinaires: Sociologie d’un temps de révolution documentaire (1250–1350), by Paul Bertrand

2017-05-17

Les écritures ordinaires: Sociologie d’un temps de révolution documentaire (1250–1350), by BertrandPaul (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2015; pp. 440. €32).



Lascars and Indian Ocean Seafaring, 1780–1860: Shipboard Life, Unrest and Mutiny, by Aaron Jaffer

2017-05-17

Lascars and Indian Ocean Seafaring, 1780–1860: Shipboard Life, Unrest and Mutiny, by JafferAaron (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2015; pp. 237. £65).



Physical Evidence for Ritual Acts, Sorcery and Witchcraft in Christian Britain: A Feeling for Magic, ed. Ronald Hutton

2017-05-11

Physical Evidence for Ritual Acts, Sorcery and Witchcraft in Christian Britain: A Feeling for Magic, ed. HuttonRonald (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016; pp. 261. £63).



Mental (Dis)order in Later Medieval Europe

2017-05-11

Mental (Dis)Order in Later Medieval Europe, ed. Katajala-PeltomaaSariNiiranenSusanna (Leiden: Brill, 2014; pp. 285. €115).



The Wilton Diptych, by Dillian Gordon

2017-05-11

The Wilton Diptych, by GordonDillian with contributions from Caroline Barron, Ashok Roy and Martin Wyld (New Haven, CT: Yale U.P., 2015; pp. 143. £14.95).



Henry IV, by Chris Given-Wilson

2017-05-11

Henry IV, by Given-WilsonChris(New Haven, CT: Yale U.P., 2016; pp. 590. £30).



Exploring the Dutch Empire: Agents, Networks and Institutions, 1600–2000, ed. Catia Antunes and Jos Gommans

2017-05-11

Exploring the Dutch Empire: Agents, Networks and Institutions, 1600–2000, ed. AntunesCatiaGommansJos (London: Bloomsbury, 2015; pp. xx + 297. £22.99).



Trust: A History, by Geoffrey Hosking

2017-05-11

Trust: A History, by HoskingGeoffrey (Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2014; pp. 211. £25).



Interessi e regole: Operatori e istituzioni nel commercio transalpino in età moderna (secoli XVI–XIX), ed. Andrea Bonoldi, Andrea Leonardi and Katia Occhi

2017-05-10

Interessi e regole: Operatori e istituzioni nel commercio transalpino in età moderna (secoli XVI–XIX), ed. BonoldiAndreaLeonardiAndreaOcchiKatia (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2012; pp. 334. €25).



The Paradox of Ukrainian Lviv: A Borderland City Between Stalinists, Nazis, and Nationalists, by Tarik Amar

2017-05-10

The Paradox of Ukrainian Lviv: A Borderland City between Stalinists, Nazis, and Nationalists, by AmarTarik (Ithaca, NY: Cornell U.P., 2015; pp. 356. $35).



Decolonization and the French of Algeria: Bringing the Settler Colony Home, by Sung-Eun Choi

2017-05-10

Decolonization and the French of Algeria: Bringing the Settler Colony Home, by ChoiSung-Eun (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016; pp. 220. £63).



From Armed Struggle to Political Struggle: Republican Tradition and Transformation in Northern Ireland, by Graham Spencer

2017-05-10

From Armed Struggle to Political Struggle: Republican Tradition and Transformation in Northern Ireland, by SpencerGraham (London: Bloomsbury, 2015; pp. 224. £19.99).



America’s Forgotten Middle East Initiative: The King–Crane Commission of 1919, by Andrew Patrick

2017-05-06

America’s Forgotten Middle East Initiative: The King–Crane Commission of 1919, by PatrickAndrew (London: I.B.Tauris. 2015; pp. 317. £62).



Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism, by K. Watenpaugh

2017-05-06

Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism, by WatenpaughK. (Oakland, CA: U. of California P., 2015; pp. 251. £24.95).



Abortion in the Early Middle Ages, C.500–900, by Zubin Mistry

2017-05-03

Abortion in the Early Middle Ages, c.500–900, by MistryZubin (Woodbridge: York Medieval P., 2015; pp. xiv + 342. £60).



Die Urkunde in Der Karolingerzeit: Originale, Urkundenpraxis Und Politische Kommunikation, by Mark Mersiowsky

2017-05-03

Die Urkunde in der Karolingerzeit: Originale, Urkundenpraxis und politische Kommunikation, by MersiowskyMark (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2015; pp. xcvii + 1,113. €148).



Da Representação Documental a Materialidade Do Espaço: Territorio Da Diocese De Braga (Séculos IX–XI), by André Evangelista Marques

2017-05-03

Da representação documental a materialidade do espaço: Territorio da diocese de Braga (séculos IX–XI), by MarquesAndré Evangelista (Porto: CITCEM e Edições Afrontamento, 2014; pp. xxx + 448. €40).



Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Constitutiones et Acta Publica Imperatorum et Regum, Vol. 12: Dokumente zur Geschichte des deutschen Reiches und seiner Verfassung 1357—1359, ed. Ulrike Hohensee, Mathias Lawo, Michael Lindner and Olaf B. Rader

2017-05-03

Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Constitutiones et Acta Publica Imperatorum et Regum, Vol. 12: Dokumente zur Geschichte des deutschen Reiches und seiner Verfassung 1357–1359, ed. HohenseeUlrike, LawoMathias, LindnerMichael and RaderOlaf B. (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2013; pp. l + 576. €170).



Women, Poetry and Politics in Seventeenth-Century Britain, by Sarah C.E. Ross

2017-04-29

Women, Poetry and Politics in Seventeenth-Century Britain, by RossSarah C.E. (Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2015; pp.264. £55).



Transnational Perspectives on Modern Irish History, ed. Niall Whelehan

2017-04-29

Transnational Perspectives on Modern Irish History, ed. WhelehanNiall (New York: Routledge, 2015; pp. 256. $140).



Des États dans l’État: Les États de Languedoc, de la Fronde à la Révolution, by Stéphane Durand, Arlette Jouanna and Elie Pélaquier

2017-04-20

Des États dans l’État: Les États de Languedoc, de la Fronde à la Révolution, by DurandStéphane, JouannaArlette and PélaquierElie (Geneva: Droz, 2014; pp. 983. €62).



Enlightening Enthusiasm: Prophecy and Religious Experience in Early Eighteenth-Century England, by Lionel Laborie

2017-04-20

Enlightening Enthusiasm: Prophecy and Religious Experience in Early Eighteenth-Century England, by LaborieLionel (Manchester: Manchester U.P., 2015; pp. 354. £80).



Hume: An Intellectual Biography, by James A. Harris

2017-04-20

Hume: An Intellectual Biography, by HarrisJames A. (New York: Cambridge U.P., 2015; pp. 621. £35).



Victorian Political Culture: ‘Habits of Heart and Mind’, by Angus Hawkins

2017-04-20

Victorian Political Culture: ‘Habits of Heart and Mind’, by HawkinsAngus (Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2015; pp. 428. £65).



The Ashgate Research Companion to Imperial Germany, ed. Matthew Jefferies

2017-04-20

The Ashgate Research Companion to Imperial Germany, ed. JefferiesMatthew (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015; pp. 463. £90).



The Transnational World of the Cominternians, by Brigitte Studer

2017-04-20

The Transnational World of the Cominternians, by StuderBrigitte (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015; pp. 227. £60).



Darfur: Colonial Violence, Sultanic Legacies and Local Politics, 1916–1956, by Chris Vaughan

2017-04-20

Darfur: Colonial Violence, Sultanic Legacies and Local Politics, 1916–1956, by VaughanChris (Woodbridge: James Currey, 2015; pp. 231. £45).



Consuming Behaviours: Identity, Politics, and Pleasure in Twentieth-Century Britain, ed. Erika Rappaport, Sandra Trudgen Dawson and Mark J. Crowley

2017-04-20

Consuming Behaviours: Identity, Politics, and Pleasure in Twentieth-Century Britain, ed. RappaportErika, DawsonSandra Trudgen and CrowleyMark J. (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015; pp. xix + 295. £22.99).



The Edinburgh History of Education in Scotland, ed. Robert Anderson, Mark Freeman and Lindsay Paterson

2017-04-20

The Edinburgh History of Education in Scotland, ed. AndersonRobert, FreemanMark and PatersonLindsay (Edinburgh: Edinburgh U.P., 2015; pp. 384. £125).



The Royal Abbey of Reading, by Ron Baxter

2017-04-19

The Royal Abbey of Reading, by BaxterRon (Woodbridge: The Boydell P., 2016; pp. xix + 354. £60).



The Monks of Tiron: A Monastic Community and Religious Reform in the Twelfth Century, by Kathleen Thompson

2017-04-19

The Monks of Tiron: A Monastic Community and Religious Reform in the Twelfth Century, by ThompsonKathleen (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2014; pp. 270. £65).



The Medieval Peutinger Map: Imperial Roman Revival in a German Empire, by Emily Albu

2017-04-19

The Medieval Peutinger Map: Imperial Roman Revival in a German Empire, by AlbuEmily (New York: Cambridge U.P., 2014; pp. xv + 169. $110).



The Law of Contract 1670–1870, by Warren Swain

2017-04-19

The Law of Contract 1670–1870, by SwainWarren (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 2015, pp. xxx + 331. £74.99).



Spaces for Feeling: Emotions and Sociabilities in Britain, 1650–1850, ed. Susan Broomhall

2017-04-19

Spaces for Feeling: Emotions and Sociabilities in Britain, 1650–1850, ed. BroomhallSusan (Abingdon: Routledge, 2015; pp. 231. £29.99).



Science, the Arts and Society in the Eighteenth-Century Dutch RepublicRepublic, ed. Klaas van Berkel and Bart Ramakers

2017-04-19

Science, the Arts and Society in the Eighteenth-Century Dutch Republic, ed. van BerkelKlaas and RamakersBart (Hilversum: Verloren, 2015; pp. 316. €29).



Walking Histories 1800–1914, ed. Chad Bryant, Arthur Burns and Paul Readman

2017-04-19

Walking Histories 1800–1914, ed. BryantChad, BurnsArthur and ReadmanPaul (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016; pp. xvi + 332. £63).



ireland’s czar: gladstonian government and the Lord Lieutenancies of the Red Earl Spencer, 1868–86, by James H. Murphy

2017-04-19

Ireland’s Czar: Gladstonian Government and the Lord Lieutenancies of the Red Earl Spencer, 1868–86, by MurphyJames H. (Dublin: U. College Dublin P., 2014; pp. 406. €50).



Germany and ‘The West’: The History of A Modern Concept, ed. Riccardo Bavaj and Martina Steber

2017-04-19

Germany and ‘The West’: The History of a Modern Concept, ed. BavajRiccardoSteberMartina (New York: Berghahn Books, 2015; pp. 317. £60).



Reordering the World: Essays on Liberalism and Empire, by Duncan Bell

2017-04-19

Reordering the World: Essays on Liberalism and Empire, by BellDuncan (Princeton, NJ: Princeton U.P., 2016; pp. xiv + 441. £29.95).



Fascism, Aviation and Mythical Modernity, by Fernando Esposito

2017-04-19

Fascism, Aviation and Mythical Modernity, by EspositoFernando (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015; pp. 419. £80).



Capitalism: A Short History, by Jürgen Kocka, tr. Jeremiah Riemer

2017-04-19

Capitalism: A Short History, by KockaJürgen tr. RiemerJeremiah (Princeton, NJ, 2016; pp. 198. £18.95).



Der Investiturstreit in England, by Stefanie Schild

2017-04-17

Der Investiturstreit in England, by SchildStefanie (Husum: Matthiesen Verlag, 2015; pp. 324. €49).



A Tale of Three Cities: The Life and Times of Lord Daer 1763–1794, by Bob Harris

2017-04-17

A Tale of Three Cities: The Life and Times of Lord Daer 1763–1794, by HarrisBob (Edinburgh: John Donald, 2015; pp. 280. £25).



Humanitarian Imperialism: The Politics of Anti-Slavery Activism, 1880–1940, by Amalia Ribi Forclaz

2016-12-23

Humanitarian Imperialism: The Politics of Anti-Slavery Activism, 1880–1940, by ForclazAmalia Ribi (Oxford: Oxford U.P., 2015; pp. 243. £60).