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awareness space  awareness  ccw programs  ccw  civilizing process  crime  crimes  historical  offenders  programs  space  study  violence 
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Preview: British Journal of Criminology - Advance Access

The British Journal of Criminology Advance Access





Published: Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:51:57 GMT

 



Integrating Social Disorganization and Routine Activity Theories and Testing the Effectiveness of Neighbourhood Crime Watch Programs: Case Study of Miami-Dade County, 2007–15

2017-11-17

Abstract
This study investigates the effectiveness of citizens’ community crime watch (CCW) programs and community crime theories by testing the relationship between CCW programs and crime, integrating concepts from social disorganization (SD) and routine activity theories (RATs). Using data from 290 Census tracts in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States, this study uses conventional and geospatial analyses to test for the effects of CCW programs, SD and RAT measures on the overall rate and change in burglary, robbery and aggravated assault (2007–15). Results show that crime declined between 2007 and 2015 the most in neighbourhoods with CCW programs, and they provide partial support for SD and RAT for each crime outcome. CCW programs have moderate support for reducing crime and geospatial methods are important use to account for spatial heterogeneity.



Violence and Elias’s Historical Sociology: The Case of Cambodia

2017-11-10

Abstract
Elias’ historical sociology method and his civilizing process theory have rarely been applied to study long-term trends in violence in non-western societies. Drawing from colonial archives, historical and contemporary secondary sources, official police data, crime victim surveys and newspaper records, we estimated the trends in homicide victims in Cambodia between 1900 and 2012, and, from a study of historical developments during the same period, examined whether Elias’ civilizing process theory explained the long-term variations in violence in this country. His interrelated concepts of sociogenesis and psychogenesis, particularly state formation and monopolization of force, interdependencies, sensitization to violence, as well as dis-civilization periods, accounted for the successive ebbs and flows in the level of homicides in Cambodia.



Co-offenders’ crime location choice: Do co-offending groups commit crimes in their shared awareness space?

2017-11-10

Abstract
This study examines the influence of co-offending on crime location choice: the extent to which awareness spaces of co-offenders overlap and whether co-offended crimes are more likely committed in this overlap in awareness space. In total, 4,654 offenders from the greater The Hague region in The Netherlands were studied. They committed 6,283 crimes; of which, 3,612 were co-offended. The data were analysed using a discrete spatial choice model. Results show that most co-offending groups share 50 per cent or less of their awareness space. Offender groups are significantly more likely to commit crimes in areas known to multiple offenders in the group (the shared awareness space of the group) than in areas known to one offender or none of the offenders.