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The British Journal of Criminology Current Issue





Published: Tue, 19 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Last Build Date: Thu, 15 Feb 2018 03:52:41 GMT

 



The Welfare State: A Very Short Introduction. By D. Garland (Oxford University Press, 2016, 153 + xvi pp. £7.99)

Tue, 19 Dec 2017 00:00:00 GMT

The Welfare State: A Very Short Introduction. By GarlandD. (Oxford University Press, 2016, 153 + xvi pp. £7.99)



We Know Where You Are, What You Are Doing and We Will Catch YouTesting Deterrence Theory in Digital Drug Markets

Tue, 30 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT

The author of article (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azx021), published on 26 April 2017, regrets to inform that the current figure in Table 2, third row and last column is incorrect. It should be 1852.50 instead of −57234.73.



Leaving No Stone Unturned: The Borders and Orders of Transnational Prostitution

Wed, 10 May 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Criminologists are increasingly turning their attention to the intersections between immigration and crime control. In this article, we describe and discuss four regulatory practices whereby Norwegian police combine criminal law and immigration law in different ways vis-à-vis migrant women involved in prostitution. These practices target sex workers with exclusionary measures, even though the sale of sex is legal. These regulatory practices illustrate how Norwegian anti-prostitution policies are combined with an anti-trafficking agenda, something which creates a policing regime dependent on extensive forms of surveillance and control over sex workers’ lives and mobility, and on partnerships and networks of governance.



We Know Where You Are, What You Are Doing and We Will Catch YouTesting Deterrence Theory in Digital Drug Markets

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Is crime reduced by highly publicized punishment events? Is crime reduced by law enforcement’s public relations work? These longstanding questions are addressed in a novel context—digital drug markets. An analysis of trade data from two large and illegal e-commerce websites, collected on a daily basis for ten months, examined how market revenue was affected by (1) media coverage of police work on such markets and (2) the highly publicized conviction and life-sentencing of a market founder. Trade increased after periods with elevated media coverage, and also after the two court events. Possible explanations for the increase in trade after the trial outcomes are discussed in an analysis of textual conversations in three online forums associated with illegal e-commerce.



Breaking Down Barriers: Recommendations for Improving Sexual Abuse Reporting Rates in British South Asian Communities

Sat, 22 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Sexual abuse reporting rates, which are low in general, are thought to be even worse for those living within British South Asian communities. After brief consideration of why British South Asian women and children do not report sexual abuse, this article focuses on the working practices of the non-governmental agencies that support such women. It reflects on existing legislation and policy and makes several key recommendations with reference to how this, along with practice, should change. The findings indicate an urgent need for a national training programme, the implementation of mandatory healthy relationship programmes, enhanced community involvement, outreach work and the creation of victim groups and mentor schemes.



Neighbourhood Disorder, Collective Sentiments and Personal Strain: Bringing Neighbourhood Context Into General Strain Theory

Wed, 12 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Using a random sample of 1,435 Ukrainian and Russian respondents, this study integrates the predictions of Agnew’s macro-level strain theory (MST) and general strain theory (GST). Specifically, it seeks to identify possible interactive effects of context—community-level strain, negative affect and religiosity—and individual strain-related variables on personal criminal involvement and depressive symptoms. Findings provide evidence of individual-level processes described by GST, revealing a relationship between personal strain and both criminal involvement and depression. However, community-level strains, anger and religiosity appear unrelated to individual behaviour, whether as direct predictors of crime or as moderators of the strain–crime relationship. The only statistically significant contextual effect uncovered by the study is the association between community disorder and depression. These findings highlight areas in need for further refinement in GST and MST, and they offer several insights into the cultural limitations of a different theoretical framework, the concentrated disadvantage paradigm.



The Private Policing of Insurance Claims: Power, Profit and Private Justice

Wed, 12 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
The article examines the ways private policing is organized with regard to profitability. While the literature on private policing has enhanced our understanding of its growth, scope and normative implications, less is known about how ‘hybrid’ policing is conducted to make profit. Informed by 38 qualitative interviews with the seven largest insurance companies in Sweden, the article details how power relations are organized to ensure that the private policing of insurance claims supports and does not pose a threat to profit. Drawing on evidence from the empirical research, a range of issues are discussed, including the relationship between private policing and state power, and the intertwined governance of both claimants and policing actors.



After Woolwich: Analyzing Open Source Communications to Understand the Interactive and Multi-polar Dynamics of the Arc of Conflict

Fri, 07 Apr 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
This article is based upon a case study of the 2013 murder of Fusilier Lee Rigby in Woolwich, London. It shows how analysis of open source communications data collected via social media platforms can illuminate the inter- and intra-community conflict dynamics arising in the aftermath of such events. Framed by Collins’ recent theoretical work on the escalatory and de-escalatory forces in conflict situations, the empirical analysis brings to the fore some new insights about the ‘arc of conflict’. These frame a conceptual accent upon the interactive sequences of mobilization and counter-mobilization occurring in the moves towards group-based conflicts, and the importance of understanding the multi-polar nature of these involvements.



Illegal Harvest of Marine Resources on Andros Island and the Legacy of Colonial Governance

Wed, 29 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
We used a qualitative case study on Andros Island, The Bahamas, to explore illegal harvest of marine resources as it relates to colonialism. Data collection included interviews with local informants who participated in harvest of marine resources (n = 62), observations and field notes. Residents considered illegal harvest of marine resources ubiquitous, and viewed using marine resources when and where they choose as an appropriate continuation of traditional livelihoods. Residents also perceived both overharvest and regulations constraining harvest as issues pertaining to outside colonial influences. These findings suggest an increased focus on colonial governance may provide insight and more sustainable solutions for marine resource management where traditional harvesting activities are designated as illegal by outside regulators.



Doctoring With Conviction: Criminal Records and the Medical Profession

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
The General Medical Council decides if, when they are convicted of a crime, a doctor in the United Kingdom should be allowed to continue in their employment. This article is the first to detail these decisions for the period 2005–15. No doctor was barred from practising medicine for serious violent and sex offences, including rape, possession of images of child sexual abuse, manslaughter and domestic violence. These findings are placed in the context of contemporary developments in criminal record reform and criminological analysis of the relationship between employment and desistance. It is concluded that the high degree of devolved discretion allowed to elite professional occupations must be subjected to further critical scrutiny and policy reform.



Emotions, Future Selves and the Process of Desistance

Tue, 21 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Desistance research emphasizes that offenders identify a future self that aids desistance efforts. However, it is unclear how future selves operate when offending opportunities arise. To explore this, we employ qualitative accounts of instances when offenders and ex-offenders abstained from offending, and the emotions this evoked. Offending was avoided to preserve aspects of offenders’ lives or avoid negative consequences but, for some, avoiding offending brought frustration. Finally, those who had made the most progress towards desistance were less likely to identify opportunities for offending. These findings suggest future selves inform the desistance process, highlighting particular ways to be. However, time is needed to build up valued aspects of the life that may be feared lost if engaging in crime. Before the benefits of abstaining are recognized, there may be a tension between the future and current self.



Weak Intervention Backfire and Criminal Hormesis: Why Some Otherwise Effective Crime Prevention Interventions Can Fail at Low Doses

Tue, 21 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Although crime prevention tactics are designed to reduce offending, some studies have revealed instances where reported crime actually increases after introducing lower intensity interventions. An analogous trend—characterized by low-dose stimulation and high-dose inhibition—called hormesis has already been observed in the natural sciences. We argue that this phenomenon is theoretically applicable to crime prevention. Findings suggest that researchers should test varying intensities of interventions to avoid rejecting ones that would be otherwise effective at higher levels. Research using dose–response techniques and simulation models should be explored to determine whether a weak intervention backfire effect occurred or is possible. Knowledge of such information could lead to more effective crime prevention strategies and better specified analytic models for evaluation.



Narrative Criminology: Understanding Stories of Crime. Edited by L. Presser and S. Sandberg (New York: New York University Press, 2015, 318 pp. £29.99 UK)

Sat, 11 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Narrative Criminology: Understanding Stories of Crime. Edited by PresserL. and SandbergS. (New York: New York University Press, 2015, 318 pp. £29.99 UK)



Pre-crime: Pre-emption, Precaution and the Future. By Jude McCulloch and Dean Wilson (London and New York: Routledge, 2016, 154pp. £34.99)

Thu, 09 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Pre-crime: Pre-emption, Precaution and the Future. By McCullochJude and WilsonDean (London and New York: Routledge, 2016, 154pp. £34.99)



The Falling Carbon Footprint of Acquisitive and Violent Offences

Thu, 09 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Cutting carbon emissions, wherever they occur, is a global priority and those associated with crime are no exception. We show that between 1995 and 2015, the carbon footprint of acquisitive and violent crime has dropped by 62 per cent, a total reduction of 54 million tonnes CO2e throughout this period. Although the environmental harm associated with crime is likely to be considered lower in importance than social or economic impacts, a focus on reducing high carbon crimes (burglary and vehicle offences) and high carbon aspects of the footprint (the need to replace stolen/damaged property) could be encouraged. Failure to acknowledge these potential environmental benefits may result in crime prevention strategies being unsustainable and carbon reduction targets being missed.



Where Poverty Matters: Examining the Cross-national Relationship Between Economic Deprivation and Homicide

Fri, 03 Mar 2017 00:00:00 GMT

Abstract
Recent research on the role of economic deprivation in explaining cross-national homicide rates is inconsistent. These inconsistencies may be attributed to the use of samples composed primarily of developed countries, and the implicit assumption that the impact of deprivation is constant throughout the homicide distribution. The current study challenges this assumption and suggests a dynamic relationship between deprivation and homicide. Using a broad sample of 148 countries this work applies quantile regression to examine whether inequality and poverty have consistent impacts across the entire homicide distribution. Results indicate that inequality and homicide have a universal positive relationship. In contrast, poverty is only related to homicide in countries with lower homicide rates. Findings are discussed within the context of strain theory.



Criminal Justice in Transition: The Northern Ireland Context. Edited by Anne-Marie McAlinden and Clare Dwyer (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2015, xxiv and 386pp. £55 hardcover).

Fri, 26 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT

Criminal Justice in Transition: The Northern Ireland Context. Edited by McAlindenAnne-Marie and DwyerClare (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2015, xxiv and 386pp. £55 hardcover).



Understanding Drug Use And Abuse: A Global Perspective. By B. P. Bowser, C. O. Word And T. Seddon (eds.). (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 219pp., £75.00 hb).

Tue, 19 Jul 2016 00:00:00 GMT

Understanding Drug Use And Abuse: A Global Perspective. By BowserB. P., WordC. O. And SeddonT. (eds.). (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 219pp., £75.00 hb).