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Latest Acute Renal Failure News



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Dialysis Olympiad in India: Interview With Vice President - Strategy, NephroPlus
(image) h3Highlights:/h3 ul class="group-list punch-points" liNephroPlus organized 2nd edition of world's one (and) only Dialysis Olympiad in New Delhi/li liNephroPlus is India's highest and most qualitative dialysis delivery network/li liMr. Sohil Bhagat said, "NephroPlus is Driven by a guest-centric (at NephroPlus all patients are called guests) approach"/li/ul bNephroPlus,/b India's highest and most qualitative dialysis delivery network has hosted the 2nd edition of the world's ...



Insomnia Increases Risk of Kidney Failure and Early Death
(image) bHighlights/b . Insomnia was linked with increased risks of early death, rapid kidney function decline, and kidney failure in a group of US veterans. . Results from the study will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2017 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, LA. Insomnia may have severe negative effects on kidney health and overall survival, according to a study presented at ASN Kidney Week 2017 at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, LA. Chronic insomnia ...



Current Heparin Dosage Inefficient in Treating Kidney Failure Associated VTE
(image) Observational study assesses the impact of body weight and renal function on venous thromboembolism (VTE) rates among patients receiving prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight or unfractionated heparin. The study was conducted by a research team at the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. Between September 2009 and 2011, 6599 patients were admitted to the hospital for at least two days. The mean age and body mass index (BMI) were 54.6 and 28.5, respectively. Among those who developed VTE, 165 (71....



Hope for Kidney Failure Patients in Two Years With the World's First Bionic Kidney
(image) h2Highlights: /h2 ul class="group-list punch-points"liThe procedure for the bionic kidney to be placed inside the body is done through a common surgical procedure/liliIt is made by silicon nanotechnology in the form of a microchip/liliThe rejection factor is zero/li/ul The number of patients diagnosed with kidney failure is increasing every day. A patient with kidney failure undergoes dialysis to get a chance of living a productive life. a href="http:www....



Kidney Failure Effects Psychosocial Health of Young Adults
(image) Kidney failure is a rising concern that significantly lowers quality of life, especially in young adults. A recent study found that young adults with kidney failure experience limited employment, independence, and relationships when compared to their healthy peers. The study is published in the iClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology/i (CJASN). Young adults who need dialysis or a kidney transplant face certain psychosocial challenges not experienced by older patients, and the ...



Risk of Dialysis in Kidney Patients After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
(image) h2Highlights:/h2ul class="group-list punch-points"liStage 4 and 5 kidney disease patients have a higher risk of dialysis at 30 days post-TAVR./liliTranscatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a treatment option for patients with aortic stenosis who are not suitable for surgical valve replacement./liliStudy finds that the high-risk group represents a small minority of the entire TAVR population, less than 6 percent of the patients./li/ul bA ...



Readmission After 30 Days of Dialysis in Kidney Failure Patients
(image) Nearly one-quarter of dialysis patients who are admitted to the hospital are readmitted soon after discharge, often for a diagnosis that is different than the one that led to the initial hospitalization. More than half a million people in the United States receive treatment for kidney failure, mostly through hemodialysis. On average, bhemodialysis patients are admitted to the hospital nearly twice a year, and they have double the 30-day readmission rate as patients without kidney dysfunction/b....



Exercise Regularly To Reduce Inflammation in Lupus Nephritis
(image) Moderate exercise, that is 45 minutes of treadmill walking per day significantly decreased inflammatory damage to the kidneys. Waking up in the morning with the joint pain, swelling and stiffness that accompanies lupus doesn't exactly inspire a workout. But research in mice and a related pilot study in humans are showing how regular activity and stress reduction could lead to better health in the long run. In the mouse model of lupus, researchers from The Ohio State University found that ...



Azithromycin Prevents Relapses of Nephrotic Syndrome in a 2-year Old Child
(image) bHighlights:/b ul class="group-list punch-points"liNephrotic syndrome is an immune-based kidney disease that shows relapses/liliIt is treated with steroids and immunosuppressive drugs, both of which are associated with serious side effects/liliAzithromycin, if proved beneficial, could prevent relapses with a much better safety profile./li/ul bA case report published in the iClinical Kidney Journal/i reported the use of the ...



Hypothyroidism Affects Dialysis Patients' Quality of Life
(image) In dialysis patients, impaired thyroid function may have detrimental effects on the health and well-being, finds a new study. Although hypothyroidism -- a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone -- is common in hemodialysis patients, it's unclear how it affects their health and quality of life. To investigate, Connie M. Rhee, MD, MSc (University of California Irvine) and her colleagues examined information from 450 hemodialysis patients from 17 outpatient ...



Bloodstream Infections in Dialysis Patients Linked to Catheters
(image) Increased rates of infection continues to be linked with using catheters to access the blood during hemodialysis, according to a recent analysis of data from US dialysis facilities. The findings appear in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Most bloodstream infections in dialysis patients continue to occur in those with central venous catheters used to access their blood. The findings come from 2014 data from US dialysis facilities. Staphylococcus ...



Children With Renal Failure Need An Early Kidney Transplant
(image) An early kidney transplant is necessary for children diagnosed with advanced kidney failure, says a senior nephrologist of Kavery Hospital, Chennai. Recently at the hospital, two boys were successfully treated for kidney transplant. Speaking to reporters, R. Balasubramaniyam, Chief Nephrologist, said when the kidney failure in children reaches advanced stage, one should do pre-emptive kidney transplant. "Once the child is identified to have chronic renal failure in the initial stages, ...



Neutrophils Could be a Promising Target for Kidney Failure Treatment in Cancer Patients
(image) bHighlights:/b ul class="group-list punch-points"liKidney failure is a frequent and common complication in cancer patients./li liScientists have found neutrophils to be a promising target for treating kidney failure in cancer patients./li liInhibiting the enzyme GSK484 could be effective in preventing the formation of NETs in the mouse and human neutrophils in test tubes./li/ul In more than 50% of the cancer patients, kidney dysfunction is turning out to be a common complication ...



New Tool to Predict Kidney Failure Risk in Diabetes Patients
(image) bHighlights/b ul class="group-list punch-points" liThe previously used biomarkers in diabetes patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) missed a large proportion of patients at high risk of the disease/li liThese biomarkers also failed to identify and enroll the right candidates for clinical trials, resulting in lack of useful information and decreased efficiency and cost-effectiveness./li liA new tool called the classification and regression trees (CARTs) helped to identify ...



Apixaban : Low Dose of Warfarin Alternative May Prevent Stroke in Dialysis Patients
(image) bHighlights/b ul class="group-list punch-points"liWarfarin is the commonly used anticoagulant to prevent stroke./li liThere is no clear data available on the use of warfarin for prevention of stroke in dialysis patients./li liApixaban drug is found to be a low dose alternative drug for warfarin in dialysis patients to prevent stroke./li/ul An alternative anticoagulant to warfarin, when given at a low dose to dialysis patients, can be maintained in the blood to prevent ...



Care for Undocumented Immigrants With Kidney Failure
(image) By failing to provide scheduled dialysis treatments to undocumented immigrants with kidney failure, states pay higher costs for care and the patients face greater pain and psychological distress, suggests a new study appearing in the issue of the journal JAMA Internal Medicine. "The Illness Experience of Undocumented Immigrants Receiving Emergent-Only Hemodialysis," was conducted over a 12-month period by researchers from Denver Health Medical Center, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical ...



More Dialysis May Not Not Deliver Benefits
(image) Doubling the amount of dialysis did not improve overall quality of life for patients with kidney failure, finds a study conducted by The George Institute for Global Health. The results, published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, challenge the widely-accepted view of clinicians that longer dialysis universally leads to better clinical outcomes and improved quality of life. However increasing the amount of dialysis did improve some intermediate outcomes, which may be important for some patients....



Dialysis Management Rarely Mentioned in Advance Directives
(image) bHighlights/b ul class="group-list punch-points"liAmong people on dialysis, only 49% had advance directives, finds a study by doctors from Mayo Clinic./lili Only 10.6% mentioned dialysis and only 3% mentioned dialysis management in advance directives. /liliAdvance directives should be prepared in consultations with the individual, loved one and the doctor./li/ul There is increased awareness about preparing advanced directives which are documents that specify a patient's ...



Precautions For Dialysis Patients Following Fistula Surgery
(image) A two-day conference on controversies in Dialysis Access Asia-Pacific (CiDAAP) began at the Hyatt Regency in Gurgaon. Debates, discussions and a competitive challenge among interventional radiologists, access surgeons and nephrologists with the goal of improving patient care are discussed during the conference. For those who have suffered kidney failure, dialysis provides a new lease of life. During dialysis, the blood from a patient's body is taken to a machine, cleaned and returned. The machine ...



Walking Improves The Quality Life Of Dialysis Patients
(image) Exercises for patients who are undergoing dialysis have been recognised, that are simple and can be easily performed at home (like walking) made a great impact on the quality life of the dialysis patients, says a new study published in iJournal of American Society of Nephrology (JASN). /i The study included 296 dialysis patients. The team randomized normal physical activity or a low intensity exercise program for 20 minutes of walking at low-moderate speed every second day--of gradually increasing intensity over 6 months....



Reflux and Ulcer Medications Up The Risk of Kidney Failure
(image) bHighlights/b ul class="group-list punch-points" liIndividuals who took proton pump inhibitors (PPI)or histamine receptor-2 (H2)blockers for heartburn, acid reflux, or ulcers had elevated risks of developing kidney stones./li liIn individuals without acute kidney injury, PPI's were linked with a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease or kidney failure compared with histamine receptor-2 blockers./li/ul bCertain medications commonly used to treat heartburn, acid reflux, ...



Minister Sushma Swaraj Undergoes Dialysis at AIIMS
(image) External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said that she was undergoing treatment for kidney failure at AIIMS. "Presently, I am on dialysis. I am undergoing tests for a Kidney transplant. Lord Krishna will bless," Swaraj said in a tweet on November 16. Minister Swaraj was admitted to AIIMS on November 7 and is being monitored by a team of doctors. According to the sources at AIIMS, "Her condition is stable. Her history of chronic diabetes has affected her kidney functioning. She is on dialysis....



Outreach (and) Education Programs Targeted To Dialysis Facilities Boosts Kidney Transplant Referrals
(image) An educational and outreach initiative boosted kidney transplant referrals and reduced racial disparities in such referrals in Georgia, the state with the lowest kidney transplantation rate and the highest proportion of African Americans with kidney failure. The findings appear in an upcoming issue of theiJournal of the American Society of Nephrology(JASN)/i. Racial disparities exist in access to early steps in the kidney transplant process, including referral from a dialysis facility to a transplant center....



Novel Biomarkers Increase Power to Predict Therapeutic Response in Lupus Nephritis
(image) Approximately half of all patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) develop lupus nephritis (LN), an immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis. Lupus nephritis, in turn, leads to renal failure in up to 50% of patients within five years. American College of Rheumatology guidelines recommend changing LN treatment after six months of induction therapy if response to therapy is not achieved. However, 'response to therapy' is not clearly defined and renal damage can occur during the six-month induction period....



Kidney Society Partners With US CDC to Prevent Dialysis Infections
(image) Patients undergoing dialysis are at a high risk for infection because their treatment requires frequent use of catheters or insertion of needles to access the bloodstream. Also, dialysis patients have weakened immune systems, and they require frequent hospitalizations where they might acquire infections. In 2008, an estimated 37,000 bloodstream infections occurred among hemodialysis patients with central lines, and one-quarter of these patients may have died as a result of the infection. Since ...



Anxiety May Affect Health And Care Of Dialysis Patients And Needs Addressing
(image) bHighlights/bul class="group-list punch-points"liNumber of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing dialysis is rising./liliHemodialysis patients suffer from numerous psychological and social problems./liliAnxiety disorders may complicate health and care of hemodialysis patients./liliAnxiety in ESRD patients needs prompt recognition and treatment./li/ul The effect of anxiety disorders on a href="http:www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/chronic-renal-failure....



Dialysis Used More Liberally in US Compared To Other Developed Nations
(image) In the US, a much higher proportion of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), even those (and) #8805;85 years of age, receive renal replacement therapy (RRT) such as maintenance dialysis or kidney transplantation compared to other developed countries. The new study which appear in an upcoming issue of theiClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology(CJASN)/i, suggest that decisions about RRT in the United States are as part of interventions to prolong life and often may ...



Older Dialysis Patients Feel They Have Little Say in Choosing Treatment Options
(image) The number of patients undergoing dialysis in the United States has increased nearly 60% between 2000 and 2012, most dramatically among those aged 75 and older, suggested the U.S. Renal Data System's 2014 Annual Data Report. Starting dialysis treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) should be a shared decision made by an informed patient based on discussions with a physician and family members. However, many older dialysis patients say they feel voiceless in the decision-making process and ...



Kidney Failure Risk in Pediatric Diabetic Patients Revealed Through Simple Blood Test
(image) bHighlights/bul class="group-list punch-points"li Researchers have developed a new test to predict the risk of kidney failure in pediatric diabetic patients. /l. i li Pediatric diabetic patients have a high risk for diabetic nephropathy./li li The innovative test will ensure better care for the pediatric patients. /li/ul Pediatric diabetic nephropathy is an alarming condition that pediatric diabetics are at the risk of developing. Type 1 diabetes occurs in childhood but ...



Metabolite Retention May Cause Cognitive Impairment in Kidney Failure Patients
(image) In patients with compromised kidney function, the retention of compounds that are normally removed from the body and excreted in urine may contribute to various health problems. Retention of certain metabolites in the blood may contribute to cognitive impairment in patients with kidney failure, revealed a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the iJournal of the American Society of Nephrology/i (JASN). The findings may lead to interventions to safeguard the mental health of patients with poor kidney function....



Red Meat Consumption Increases the Risk of Developing Kidney Failure
(image) Increasing numbers of individuals are developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), and many progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant. Current guidelines recommend restricting dietary protein intake to help manage CKD and slow progression to ESRD; however, there is limited evidence that overall dietary protein restriction or limiting specific food sources of protein intake may slow kidney function decline in the general population. A new study indicates ...



Payment Reform Has Led to Decrease in Home-Based Dialysis
(image) More than 100,000 people develop end-stage renal disease every year in the United States. Due to a shortage of kidneys available for transplantation, the vast majority receive dialysis, which can be provided through one of three methods. The Medicare program's transition in 2004 to tiered fee-for-service physician reimbursement for dialysis care had the unintended consequence of reducing use of home dialysis, according to a paper co-authored by a nonresident scholar at Rice University's Baker ...



Simultaneous Polycystic Kidney Removal and Kidney Transplant Helps a Patient to Avoid Dialysis
(image) As part of a 28-person paired kidney exchange (PKE), a patient was able to avoid dialysis when surgeons simultaneously removed two diseased kidneys and also transplanted a kidney from a living donor. The first-of-its-kind procedure, performed in May on a patient with polycystic kidney disease (PKD), eliminated the need for the patient to ever undergo dialysis. "We worked closely with the National Kidney Registry, which coordinated the 28-person swap that led to a compatible living donor for our patient," says David B....



Arteriovenous Fistula (AVF) Surgery for Kidney Failure Patients Slows Down Decline of Kidney Function and Delays Start of Hemodialysis
(image) ul class="group-list punch-points"liCreation of an arteriovenous fistula could be beneficial for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)/liliDecline in estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) is slow after the surgery/liliA new study finds that arteriovenous graft/fistula slows renal decline irrespective of the status of fistula maturity./li/ul bArteriovenous graft/fistula (AVG/AVF) is a surgical procedure where the vein is connected directly to ...



Open-Heart Surgery Lends Clues to Kidney Failure
(image) Nearly a third of all patients undergoing heart surgery experience kidney failure, yet little is known about why kidney injury occurs or how to prevent it. No one can deny that open-heart surgery, where the heart is exposed and the blood is made to bypass it, is one of the most invasive of all medical procedures. Now, for the first time, a team of researchers in the United States and Australia have investigated the causes of kidney injury, using a mathematical model that simulates typical open-heart surgery and the effects on a rat kidney....



Why are Women Less Susceptible to Kidney Failure Than Men?
(image) Female hormones may protect women from developing kidney failure relative to men, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the iJournal of the American Society of Nephrology/i (JASN). The findings may be helpful for future attempts at safeguarding women's and men's kidney health in sex-specific ways. Sex differences between men and women affect most, if not all, organ systems in the body, but there is a significant gap in knowledge of female physiology aside from organ functions involved in reproduction....



FDA Permits Use of Metformin in Some Diabetes Patients With Mild to Moderate Kidney Failure
(image) ul class="group-list punch-points"liFDA approves the use of metformin for some type II diabetes patients with mild-to- moderate renal disease./liliMetformin was earlier not recommended for use by FDA in these patients due to possible risk of lactic acidosis./liliPatients with mild-to-moderate kidney disease can now use metformin if their eGFR tests indicate levels within permissible limits./li/ul The FDA has now approved the use of a href="http:www.medindia.net/education/familymedicine/pharma-metformin....



Advice to Kidney Patients Undergoing Dialysis
(image) Dialysis provides a new lease of life for those who have suffered a kidney failure. During dialysis, the blood from a patient's body is taken to a machine, cleaned and returned. The machine functions as an artificial kidney and the process of dialysis generally takes about four hours. The most popular way of doing dialysis is through the AV Fistula, where an artery, particularly in the forearm, is connected to a vein. After the fistula is created, the patient goes through hemo-dialysis, where ...



Conservative Treatment May Be a Reasonable Option for Elderly Kidney Failure Patients
(image) Worldwide, increasing numbers of older patients are developing kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD), that can be treated with renal replacement therapy such as kidney transplantation or dialysis. A new study found no significant survival advantage among elderly kidney failure patients who chose dialysis over conservative management. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the iClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology/i (CJASN), indicate that conservative ...



African Americans at Higher Risk of Kidney Failure
(image) African Americans have an increased risk for chronic kidney disease and kidney failure compared with European Americans. Studies have shown that much of this risk is due to genetic variations in a gene called apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1), which creates a protein that is a component of HDL, or good cholesterol. These variants arose tens of thousands of years ago in sub-Saharan Africa, and so are present in individuals who have recent sub-Saharan African ancestry. To get a better sense of how ...



Cost-Effective Dialysis Offers Affordable Treatment to Millions With Kidney Failure
(image) ul class="group-list punch-points"li2-6 million people with end-stage kidney disease are on dialysis in the world./lili7 million need a href="http:www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/dialysis.htm" target="_blank" class="vcontentshlink" alt="Information on Dialysis" title="Information on Dialysis"dialysis/a but, they are unable to access it and die prematurely. /liliIndia has only 400 dialysis units and two-thirds are in private sectors. /liliThe low-cost dialysis machine ...



Dialysis Centers and Generic Drug Stores to Come Up: Finance Minister
(image) As many as 3,000 new generic medicine stores will be set up by the government across the country to tackle the shortage of drugs in rural areas, said Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley. "For the better availability of generic medicines in the country, especially in the rural areas, the government has decided to open 3,000 new generic medicines stores," said Jaitley, presenting the budget for 2016-17 in the Lok Sabha. He also announced the launch of a National Dialysis Program to address the ...



Promising Bio-hybrid Kidney Could Make Dialysis Unnecessary
(image) bul class="group-list"liBio-hybrid chip mimics kidney functions/liliThe silicone chip is powered by the heart/liliRemoves waste, salt and water/liliCould probably replace the need for dialysis in the future/li/ul/b William H Fissell IV from Vanderbilt University Medical Center has designed a microchip that mimics the functions of a kidney and is believed to remove waste from the body, along with salt and water. This, researchers believe, will eliminate the need for a a href="http:www....



Green Corridor Created To Save Two Kidney Failure Patients In Delhi
(image) A green corridor was created by the Delhi Police to transport the organs harvested from a brain-dead patient in Delhi. Two kidney failure patients got a fresh lease of life, thanks to the noble deed of a family in donating organs of a brain-dead patient and some timely help from Delhi Police. A 38-km green corridor was created on February 7, from the Max Super Specialty Hospital in Shalimar Bagh to its Vasant Kunj branch where the two end-stage kidney failure patients were admitted, the hospital said in a statement....



Signaling Molecule Holds Key Between Ischemic Renal Failure and Organ Damage
(image) Ischemia is a condition that occurs due to insufficient supply of oxygen to the kidneys. This can lead to acute renal failure that affects over 13 million people yearly and leads to 1.7 million deaths across the globe. Working with their colleagues from the MDC, the Charite;, FMP in Berlin and Hannover Medical School, Dr Lajos Marko; and Emilia Vigolo have traced one of the causes of ischemia-related renal failure to a signaling molecule called NF-kappaB and a specific type of tissue: tubular epithelial cells....



Survival Rates Increase Among Dialysis And Kidney Transplant Patients In The United States
(image) The United States Renal Data System (USRDS) annual report reveals both positive and negative trends in kidney disease in the U.S.The report is released by the USRDS coordinating center based at the University of Michigan Kidney Epidemiology and Cost Center, in partnership with Arbor Research Collaborative for Health. Highlights from the report include: ul class="group-list list"liFewer deaths were reported among dialysis and kidney transplant patients in 2013, dropping by 28 percent and 40 percent, respectively, since 1996....



Serum Phosphorus Levels can Help Predict Kidney Failure Risk in African-Americans
(image) Chronic kidney disease (CKD) refers to a gradual loss of the kidney function. An increase in serum phosphorus levels in African Americans with CKD is associated with faster progression to kidney failure, known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The research, from the Indiana University School of Medicine, was presented at ASN Kidney Week 2015 November 3-8, 2015, at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego, CA. Previously confirmed in primarily Caucasian populations, the new study confirms ...



Patients With Kidney Failure At High Risk Of Developing Different Types Of Cancer
(image) Immunosuppressant drugs and poor kidney function increases the risk of developing different types of cancer in patients with kidney failure. A new study suggests the need for persistent cancer screening and prevention in these patients. People with kidney failure are at increased risk of developing different types of cancer, which might be due to a variety of factors related to their disease and the treatments they receive. Often these patients undergo intervals of dialysis followed by transplantation, ...



ALung Hemolung Respiratory Dialysis System Receives FDA Expedited Access Pathway Designation
(image) ALung Technologies, a Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania firm, obtained Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Expedited Access Pathway designation for its HemolungRespiratory Assist System (RAS) that removes carbon dioxide from blood, letting the lungs rest without having to undergo ventilation. Mechanical ventilation is a life saver for many critically ill patients. However, it requires sedation, intubation. The system can also lead to ventilator associated pneumonia and other complications. Expedited ...



Australian Hospital Uses Recycled, Diseased Kidneys For Dialysis To Overcome Donor Shortage
(image) Doctors at New South Wales Hospital use the recycled and diseased kidneys of cancer patients due to the critical shortage of organ donations in Australia. The John Hunter Hospital in Newcastle have been quietly transplanting the kidneys into dialysis patients since 2008 with great success. Transplant surgeon and urologist doctor Philip Sprott carries out the risky procedure, which involves clearing the kidney of cancer before transplanting it into the new patient. "When we take out ...