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Published: 2018-02-22T20:30:00-05:00
In order to study the properties of the $N^*$(1535) and $N^*$(1650) we calculate the mass distributions of $M B$ in the $\Lambda_c \rightarrow \bar{K}^0 M B$ decay, with $MB=\pi N(I=1/2),\eta p$ and $K\Sigma(I=1/2)$. We do this by calculating the tree-level and loop contributions, mixing pseudoscalar-baryon and vector-baryon channels using the local hidden gauge formalism. The loop contributions for each channel are calculated using the chiral unitary approach. We observe that for the $\eta N$ mass distribution only the $N^*$(1535) is seen, with the $N^*$(1650) contributing to the width of the curve, but for the $\pi N$ mass distribution both resonances are clearly visible. In the case of $MB=K\Sigma$, we found that the strength of the $K\Sigma$ mass distribution is smaller than that of the mass distributions of the $\pi N$ and $\eta p$ in the $\Lambda_c^+\rightarrow\bar{K}^0\pi N$ and $\Lambda_c^+\rightarrow\bar{K}^0\eta p$ processes, in spite of this channel having a large coupling to the $N^*(1650)$. This is because the $K\Sigma$ pair production is suppressed in the primary production from the $\Lambda_c$ decay.
The bulk viscosity of hot QCD medium has been obtained in the presence of strong magnetic field. The present investigation involves the estimation of the quark damping rate and subsequently the thermal relaxation time for quarks in the presence of magnetic field while realizing the hot QCD medium as an effective Grand-canonical ensemble of effective gluons and quarks-antiquarks. The dominant process in the strong field limit is $1\rightarrow 2$ ($g\rightarrow q \bar{q}$) which contributes to the bulk viscosity in a most significant way. Further, setting up the linearized transport equation in the framework of an effective kinetic theory with hot QCD medium effects and employing the relaxation time approximation, the bulk viscosity has been estimated in lowest Landau level (LLL) and beyond. The temperature dependence of the ratio of the bulk viscosity to entropy density indicates towards its rising behavior near the transition temperature.
Recently, it has been investigated how the thermodynamic functions vary when the surface interactions are taken into account for a nucleon which is confined in a Woods-Saxon potential well, with a non-relativistic point of view. In this manuscript, the same problem is handled with a relativistic point of view. More precisely, the Klein-Gordon equation is solved in presence of mixed scalar-vector generalized symmetric Woods-Saxon potential energy that is coupled to momentum and mass. Employing the continuity conditions the bound state energy spectra of an arbitrarily parameterized well are derived. It is observed that, when a term representing the surface effect is taken into account, the character of Helmholtz free energy and entropy versus temperature are modified in a similar fashion as this inclusion is done in the non-relativistic regime. Whereas it is found that this inclusion leads to different characters to internal energy and specific heat functions for relativistic and non-relativistic regimes.
Neutron drops confined in an external field are studied in the framework of relativistic Brueckner-Hartree-Fock theory using the bare nucleon-nucleon interaction. The ground state energies and radii of neutron drops with even numbers from $N = 4$ to $N=50$ are calculated and compared with results obtained from other nonrelativistic \textit{ab initio} calculations and from relativistic density functional theory. Special attention has been paid to the magic numbers and to the sub-shell closures. The single-particle energies are investigated and the monopole effect of the tensor force on the evolutions of the spin-orbit and the pseudospin-orbit splittings is discussed. The results provide interesting insight of neutron rich systems and can form an important guide for future density functionals.
The spin symmetry in the Dirac sea has been investigated with relativistic Brueckner-Hartree-Fock theory using the bare nucleon-nucleon interaction. Taking the nucleus $^{16}$O as an example and comparing the theoretical results with the data, the definition of the single-particle potential in the Dirac sea is studied in detail. It is found that if the single-particle states in the Dirac sea are treated as occupied states, the ground state properties are in better agreement with experimental data. Moreover, in this case, the spin symmetry in the Dirac sea is better conserved and it is more consistent with the findings using phenomenological relativistic density functionals.
Following Golterman and Shamir, we develop scale-chiral perturbation theory in the large $N_c$ and large $N_f$ Veneziano limit that incorporates both light-quark baryons and hidden local symmetric bosons and derive a leading-order scale symmetry Lagrangian applicable in nuclear physics. Some applications in the medium-free space and baryonic matter are discussed.
We propose to measure the yields of $^4{\rm He}$ and $^4{\rm Li}$ in relativistic heavy-ion collisions to clarify a mechanism of light nuclei production. Since the masses of $^4{\rm He}$ and $^4{\rm Li}$ are almost equal, the yield of $^4{\rm Li}$ predicted by the thermal model is 5 times bigger than that of $^4{\rm He}$ which reflects the different numbers of internal degrees of freedom of the two nuclides. Their internal structure is, however, very different: the alpha particle is well bound and compact while $^4{\rm Li}$ is weakly bound and loose. Within the coalescence model the ratio of yields of $^4{\rm Li}$ to $^4{\rm He}$ is shown to be significantly smaller than that in the thermal model and the ratio decreases fast from central to peripheral collisions of relativistic heavy-ion collisions because the coalescence rate strongly depends on the nucleon source radius.
Understanding hydrodynamization in microscopic models of heavy-ion collisions has been an important topic in current research. Many lessons obtained within the strongly-coupled (holographic) models originate from the properties of transient excitations of equilibrium encapsulated by short-lived quasinormal modes of black holes. The aim of this paper is to develop similar intuition for expanding plasma systems described by, perhaps, the simplest model from the weakly-coupled domain, i.e. the Boltzmann equation in the relaxation time approximation. We show that in this kinetic theory setup there are infinitely many transient modes carrying at late times the vast majority of information about the initial distribution function. They all have the same exponential damping set by the relaxation time but are distinguished by different power-law suppressions and different frequencies of very slow, logarithmic in proper time, oscillations. Finally, we analyze the resurgent interplay between the hydrodynamics and transients. In particular, show that there are choices of relaxation time dependence on temperature for which the asymptotics of the divergent hydrodynamic series is dominated not be the least damped transient, but rather by an unphysical exponential correction having to do with non-analyticities of the equation of motion in complexified time variable.
Exotic new particles carrying baryon number and with mass of order the nucleon mass have been proposed for various reasons including baryogenesis, dark matter, mirror worlds, and the neutron lifetime puzzle. We show that the existence of neutron stars with mass greater than 0.7 $M_\odot$ places severe constraints on such particles, requiring them to be heavier than 1.2 GeV or to have strongly repulsive self-interactions.
We explore the transition to hydrodynamics in a weakly-coupled model of quark-gluon plasma given by kinetic theory in the relaxation time approximation. We demonstrate that the gradient expansion in this model has a vanishing radius of convergence due to the presence of a transient (nonhydrodynamic) mode, in a way similar to results obtained earlier in strongly-coupled gauge theories. This suggests that the mechanism by which hydrodynamic behaviour emerges is the same, which we further corroborate by a novel comparison between solutions of different weakly and strongly coupled models. However, in stark contrast with other known cases, we find that not all the singularities of the analytic continuation of the Borel transform of the gradient expansion correspond to transient excitations of the microscopic system: some of them reflect analytic properties of the kinetic equation when the proper time is continued to complex values.
We perform ab initio self-consistent Green's function calculations of the closed shell nuclei $^{\rm 4}$He, $^{\rm 16}$O and $^{\rm 40}$Ca, based on two-nucleon potentials derived from Lattice QCD simulations, in the flavor SU(3) limit and at the pseudo-scalar meson mass of 469~MeV/c$^{\rm 2}$. The nucleon-nucleon interaction is obtained using the HAL QCD method and its short-distance repulsion is treated by means of ladder resummations outside the model space. Our results show that this approach diagonalises ultraviolet degrees of freedom correctly. Therefore, ground state energies can be obtained from infrared extrapolations even for the relatively hard potentials of HAL QCD. Comparing to previous Brueckner Hartree-Fock calculations, the total binding energies are sensibly improved by the full account of many-body correlations. The results suggest an interesting possible behaviour in which nuclei are unbound at very large pion masses and islands of stability appear at first around the traditional doubly-magic numbers when the pion mass is lowered toward its physical value. The calculated one-nucleon spectral distributions are qualitatively close to those of real nuclei even for the pseudo-scalar meson mass considered here.
In this comment, we address a number of erroneous discussions and conclusions presented in a recent preprint by the HALQCD collaboration, arXiv:1703.07210. In particular, we demonstrate that lattice QCD determinations of bound states at quark masses corresponding to a pion mass of $m_\pi = 806$ MeV are robust, and that the phases shifts extracted by the NPLQCD collaboration for these systems pass all of the 'sanity checks' introduced in arXiv:1703.07210.
We present a study of transverse momentum ($p_{T}$) spectra of unidentified charged particles in pp collisions at RHIC and LHC energies from $\sqrt{s}$ = 62.4 GeV to 13 TeV using Tsallis/Hagedorn function. The power law of Tsallis/Hagedorn form gives excellent description of the hadron spectra in $p_{T}$ range from 0.2 to 300 GeV/$c$. The power index $n$ of the $p_T$ distributions is found to follow a function of the type $a+b/\sqrt {s}$ with asymptotic value $a = 5.72$. The parameter $T$ governing the soft bulk contribution to the spectra remains almost same over wide range of collision energies. We also provide a Tsallis/Hagedorn fit to the $p_{T}$ spectra of hadrons in pPb and different centralities of PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5.02 TeV. The data/fit shows deviations from the Tsallis distribution which become more pronounced as the system size increases. We suggest simple modifications in the Tsallis/Hagedorn power law function and show that the above deviations can be attributed to the transverse flow in low $p_T$ region and to the in-medium energy loss in high $p_T$ region.
Deriving accurate energy density functional is one of the central problems in condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, and quantum chemistry. We propose a novel method to deduce the energy density functional by combining the idea of the functional renormalization group and the Kohn-Sham scheme in density functional theory. The key idea is to solve the renormalization group flow for the effective action decomposed into the mean-field part and the correlation part. Also, we propose a simple practical method to quantify the uncertainty associated with the truncation of the correlation part. By taking the $\varphi^4$ theory in zero dimension as a benchmark, we demonstrate that our method shows extremely fast convergence to the exact result even for the highly strong coupling regime.