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QURAN TRANSLATION TAMIL,VERSES,TAFSEER,HOLY ,MASJID,MOSQUE,IMPORTANT WEBSITE, MASJID IN CHINA,SURAH FATIHA,News magazine,Breaking news,Islamic news,Muslim news,Political news,Hajj,Mosque,Masjid,Quran Translation,Tamil,English,Urdu,islamic books,muslim bo



Updated: 2016-09-07T21:32:39.144-07:00

 



RETURNING YOUR TRUST - AAPKI AMANAT AAPKI SEWA MEIN - ENGLISH - HINDI - URDU - TAMIL

2015-01-14T01:17:24.087-08:00

 WHO IS GOD ? Aapki Amanat Aapki Sewa Mein (English)Foreword    Lets begin with some introspection - if we face a situation, where a small innocent child is running barefoot towards fire and is unaware of its perils, what will be our reaction to it? Won’t you consider it to be your moral responsibility to save the child by picking him up in your arms? And won’t you feel peaceful after doing this good deed? On similar lines, if any person gets severely burnt then you feel both sympathetic and concerned towards him.    But, have we ever wondered the reason behind it. It’s due to the fact that the entire human race is a family of one father (Adam) and mother (Eve). Everyone has got a heart that has love, compassion and sympathy owing to which we share the joys and sorrows of others. Hence, a true human being is the one whose heart is an infinite source of love for entire human race, whose every action is meant for service of others, who cringes at someone else’s sufferings and who seeks the purpose in help of others.    In this world, the life is temporary; post death the life granted will be everlasting. Without acknowledging and submitting to the true God one will never achieve Heaven and will have to burn in Hell Fire for eternity.    These days, millions of people with their own inactions are moving towards the hell fire. Hence, the onus is on those, who love humanity that they come forward and try to save others from the eternal perils of Hell Fire.    We are grateful that Maulana Mohammed Kaleem Siddiqui, has presented some beautiful insights in the book, which are representative of his love towards humanity. It is also a reflection of his responsibility to show the right path to the non-followers/ignorants, which essentially is hallmark of a true Muslim. With these words, I will like to present your legacy to you. Wasi Suleiman Nadvi Editor, Urdu Monthly LetterIn the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most MercifulPlease Forgive MeMy dear readers, I would like to seek your forgiveness for my Muslim brothers and me. Under influence of the archenemy of mankind – Satan, we have failed to convey your own legacy to you. Satan has corrupted our hearts such that there is hatred for the Sinners rather than Sins. Under its influence people have waged innumerable wars making this whole world a battlefield. In order to put things in correct perspective, I intend to selflessly convey your own legacy to you. Lord ,who knows what is in the heart of a person, is witness of the fact that in bringing the legacy to you, I am both selfless and sympathetic. The burden, of not being able to convey it to you till date, has lain heavily in my heart and has left me sleepless for many a nights.A Message of LoveI would request you to receive the message with love. I would also seek Allah to be the witness of my actions that I have tried to convey the legacy to my brothers and sisters as my responsibility. Please try to read, think and reason for the Lord, the sustainer of this world. After arriving in this world, it is essential that a human identifies and follows the real truth. It is his biggest responsibility. I would like to share the same message of love with you.The Biggest TruthThe biggest truth of the world, rather universe is that the creator and the preserver of the world and entire universe is one and only one God. He is the only one of his type. There is no partner of Him in creating, preserving and destroying the world. He is everywhere, He listens to everyone and sees everything. Not even a single leaf can flutter without his command. Every human being, irrespective of his religious background, even if he is an idol worshipper will agree to the fact that there is only one God.    If a person contemplates logically then he can easily conclude that there can be only one Lord. For example, if any institution has two heads then there will always be quarrel between them and the institution cant functi[...]



FIRST INDIAN CONVERT ISLAM Cheraman Perumal The Brahmin King

2013-07-16T04:57:16.648-07:00

  FIRST INDIAN CONVERT ISLAMCheraman Perumal The Brahmin King was the first Indian that convert to Islam[5] based on a popular historical event.The Brahmin King Cheraman Perumal was the first Indian that convert to Islam[5] based on a popular historical event. The event was that a group of The Islamic prophet Muhammad's Sahaba (companions) visited Kodungallur. The Chera ruler witnessed a miraculous happening — the sudden splitting of the moon, the celebrated miracle of Muhammad — and learned on inquiry that this was a symbol of the coming of a Messenger of God from Arabia. Soon after, Perumal traveled to Makkah, where he embraced Islam and accepted the name Thajudeen. On his way back to India he died at Salalah in the Sultanate of Oman. On his deathbed he is said to have authorised some of his Arab companions to go back to his kingdom to spread Islam. Accordingly, a group of Arabs led by Malik Bin Deenar and Malik bin Habib arrived in north Kerala and constructed a Masjid at Kodungalloor. As the construction of masjid was sponsored by the King Cheraman, it was named the Cheraman Juma Masjid.[5][6][7]Kalam to visit oldest mosque in sub-continent Staff Reporter AWAITING VVIP VISIT: The Cheraman Juma Masjid at Kodungallur near Thrissur. THRISSUR: President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam will visit the Cheraman Juma Masjid at Kodungallur, near here, considered to be the first mosque in the subcontinent, on July 29. According to the president of the Mosque Committee V. A. Ibrahim, the President has responded to an invitation sent by the committee two months ago. ``This is the first time that an Indian President is visiting the mosque. It is a historic occasion,'' Mr. Ibrahim says. The President is expected to arrive at the mosque at 5.45 p.m. and spend 25 minutes there. He will meet mosque committee officials, address the gathering and leave at 6.10 p.m. The mosque is believed to have been established in 629 AD by Malik Bin Dinar, a contemporary of Cheraman Perumal. Belief goes that Perumal had gone to Mecca, met Prophet Mohammed and embraced Islam. Perumal fell ill as he returned from Mecca. Malik Bin Dinar and a few others reached Kodungallur and showed the rulers letters written by Perumal about his new religious experiences. Dinar and his associates were allowed to construct a mosque. When Dinar, who was the chief priest (Ghazi) of the mosque, left for Arabia, his nephew Habib Bin Malik took over. The mosque is believed to have been renovated in the 11th and 18th centuries AD. In 1974, an extension was built. ``The mosque has been visited by a galaxy of celebrities, including theologians from different parts of the world,'' says Mr. Ibrahim. `Vidyarambham' (initiation into world of letters) ceremonies have been held in the mosque, Hindu style, in the past four years.இஸ்லாத்தை ஏற்ற முதல் இந்தியரும் - தமிழரும்.சேரமான் பெருமாள் பாஸ்க[...]



NEWLY CONVERT ISLAM DETIAL

2013-07-16T05:00:02.087-07:00

How 100,000 Britons have chosen to become Muslim... and average convert is 27-year-old white woman By Jack DoyleUPDATED: 08:10 GMT, 5 January 2011 About 5,200 people in UK adopted faith last year aloneThe number of Muslim converts in Britain has passed 100,000, fuelled by a surge in young white women adopting the Islamic faith. The figure has almost doubled in ten years – with the average convert now a 27-year-old white woman fed up with British consumerism and immorality. The numbers, revealed in a study by multi-faith group Faith Matters, have led to claims that the country is undergoing a process of ‘Islamification’.The survey of converts revealed nearly two thirds were women, more than 70 per cent were white and the average age at conversion was just 27.But the organisation’s report argued that most converts saw their religion as ‘perfectly compatible’ with living in Britain.It said: ‘Converts do not represent a devious fifth column determined to undermine the Western way of life – this is a group of normal people united in their adherence to a religion which they, for the most part, see as perfectly compatible with Western life.’Convert: Lauren Booth, the sister-in-law of former Prime Minister Tony Blair, attracted a lot of publicity when she announced she had adopted the Islamic faith last year The report estimated around 5,200 men and women have adopted Islam over the past 12 months, including 1,400 in London. Nearly two-thirds were women, more than 70 per cent were white and the average age at conversion was 27.In 2001, there were an estimated 60,000 Muslim converts in Britain. Since then, the country has seen the spread of violent Islamist extremism and terror plots, including the July 7 bombings. Converts who have turned to terror include Nicky Reilly, who tried to blow up a restaurant in Bristol with a nail bomb, shoe bomber Richard Reid and July 7 bomber Germaine Lindsay. But the report said the number of converts sucked into extremism represented a ‘very small minority’. The survey, conducted by Kevin Brice from Swansea University, asked converts for their views on the negative aspects of British culture. They identified alcohol and drunkenness, a ‘lack of morality and sexual permissiveness’, and ‘unrestrained consumerism’.More than one in four accepted there was a ‘natural conflict’ between being a devout Muslim and living in the UK. Nine out of ten women converts said their change of religion had led to them dressing more conservatively. More than half started wearing a head scarf and 5 per cent had worn the burka. More than half also said they experienced difficulties after converting because of negative attitudes among their family.Last year Lauren Booth, sister-in-law of former prime minister Tony Blair, attracted widespread publicity when she announced that she had converted to Islam. Fiyaz Mughal, director of Faith Matters, said: ‘Conversion to Islam has been stigmatised by the media and wrongly associated with extremist ideologies and discriminatory cultural practices. Daniel Streich Embraces IslamSwiss Politician Bans Minarets then Converts to Islam The Swiss politician Daniel Streich, who rose to fame as a result of his opposition to mosques in his homeland, has now embraced the faith he reviled. Daniel Streich was a member of then Swiss People's Party (SVP) in Switzerland. A well-known politician, Streich led the calls for a ban on minarets across Switzerland. He was active in building anti-Muslim sentiments throughout Switzerland. This sustained campaign led to him being given a high ranking position in the Swiss Army.SVP Witch Hunt Streich left the SVP in November 2009 calling his party's campaign against Islam as a 'witch hunt.' The date coincided with the second anniversary of Streich's conversion which he had kept secret from the party.With the party's campaign to ban minarets leading to a referendum, Streich said the situation had become unbearable for him. Switzerland Minaret [...]



FROM VARIOUS RELIGION CONVERTED TO ISLAM

2013-01-27T08:24:25.533-08:00

From Judaism Jewish actress, Leila MouradAbdullah ibn Salam - 7th century sahabi said to have been a rabbi of aristocratic stock. [152]Hibat Allah Abu'l-Barakat al-Baghdaadi - influential physicist, philosopher, and scientist who wrote a critique of Aristotelian philosophy and Aristotelian physics.[153]Ibn Yahyā al-Maghribī al-Samaw'al was an Arab Muslim mathematician and astronomer of Jewish descent.[154] His father was a Jewish Rabbi from Morocco, but al-Samawʾal converted to Islam.[155]Jacob Querido - 17th century successor of the self-proclaimed JewishMessiah Sabbatai Zevi.[156] Jemima Goldsmith daughter of the billionaire Sir James, that was married to Imran Khan [157]Leila Mourad - Egyptian singer and actress who rose to fame in the 1940s and 1950s.[158]Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss) - Viennese journalist who visited the Hijaz in the 1930s. Later, after WWII, he became Pakistani ambassador to the United Nations[159]. Also translated the Qur'an into English and wrote several books on Islam. His son Talal Asad is an anthropologist at the City University of New YorkIbn Yahyā al-Maghribī al-Samaw'al - mathematician and astronomer who wrote critical works on Judaism, his former faith.[160]Rashid al-Din - 13th century Persian physician[161]Suleyman Ahmad an American journalist and author[162]Sultan Rafi Sharif Bey (Yale Singer) - a pioneer in the development of Islamic culture in the United States.[163]Yaqub ibn Killis - 10th century Egyptian vizier under the Fatimids.[164]From Dharmic religionsFrom BuddhismThe Barmakid family - originally the guardians of the great Buddhist shrine near Balkh, upon conversion they became "the greatest family" in the early Abbasid caliphate.[165]Mahmud Ghazan - seventh ruler of the Ilkhanate.[166]Muhammad Khodabandeh - eighth Ilkhaid dynasty ruler in Iran from 1304 to 1316.[167]Mubarak Shah - head of the ulus of the Chagatai Khanate (1252–1260, March-September 1266).[168]Tarmashirin - Khan of the Chagatai Khanate following Duwa Timur.[169]Hussein Ye - An Islamic scholar of Chinese descent whose lectures are frequently aired on Peace TV.[170] From Hinduism Parameswara (sultan) the PalembangHindu descent. prince of Parameswara - Malay prince of Palembang Hindu descent from Srivijaya that founded the Sultanate of Malacca around 1402.[171]Sumita Devi - Bengali actress and filmmaker.[172]Vilayil Fazila - popular Mappila songs singer from Kerala.[citation needed]Murshid Quli Khan - the Mughal governor of Bengal.[173]Malik Kafur - Indian military general.[174]Abdul Wahid Pedersen - Danish cleric.[175]Cheraman Perumal - The first Indian king to accept Islam[176]Sahaj Ram Sapru - the grandfather of the British-Indian Muslim Philosopher, Sir Dr. Muhammad Iqbal, who was an official in Kashmir during the administration of the Afghan Governor Azim Khan. [177]Kamala Suraiyya (formerly Kamala Das) - Anglo-Malayalam writer[178]Sharmila Tagore (Begum Ayesha Sultana) - Bollywood film actress.[179]Megat Iskandar Shah - first Muslim ruler of Malacca.[180][181]Kabir Suman- Modern Bengali singer & songwriter officially converted to Islam from Hinduism in 2000. [182]Tansen - Notable musician and poet.[183][184]A.R. Rahman (stands for Allah Rakha Rahman) - Modern South Indian singer ,songwriter & Oscar winner officially converted to Islam from Hinduism.[185]From SikhismUbaidullah Sindhi - religious leader and political activist.[186] Other From PaganismSee also: List of SahabaBerke - grandson of Genghis Khan and leader of the Golden Horde who was the first Mongol ruler to establish Islam in a Mongol state.[187]David Myatt - from Paganism, former Neo-Nazi-activist[188]Negudar - Mongol general and noyan[189]Nogai Khan - Mongol general and great-grandson of Genghis Khan.[190]Samori Ture - founder of the Wassoulou Empire who resisted French rule in West Africa.[191][192]Sultan Satuq Bughra Khan - 9th century Uyghur ruler who was one of the first Turks to convert to Islam.[193]Tuda Mengu - Mongol leader of the Golden Hord[...]



CHURCHES CONVERTED TO MOSQUE ( MASJID )

2013-06-24T11:09:23.947-07:00

This Mosque is converted from a Church -- it is still even shown as a church on the OS Get-a-Map. The change of use is evidence of the way demographics in the area have altered in the last 30 years.Central Mosque, Wembley  Muslims Converting Empty European Churches into Mosquesby Soeren KernJanuary 16, 2012 at 5:00 amMuslims in Europe are increasingly converting empty Christian churches into mosques.The proliferation of mosques housed in former churches reflects the rise of Islam as the fastest growing religion in post-Christian Europe.There are now more practicing Muslims than practicing Christians in many parts of Europe, not only in large urban centers, but also in smaller towns and cities across the continent.Central Mosque, Wembley   As Islam replaces Christianity as the dominant religion in Europe, more and more churches are set to become mosques, which increasingly serve not only as religious institutions but also function as the foundational political building blocks for the establishment of separate, parallel Muslim communities in Europe that are based on Islamic Sharia law.The latest churches destined to become mosques are located in Germany, where the Roman Catholic Church has announced plans to close up to six churches in Duisburg, an industrial city in northwestern part of the country, due to falling church attendance.Duisburg, which has a total population of 500,000, is home to around 100,000 mostly Turkish Muslims, making it one of the most Islamized cities in Germany.Muslims in Duisburg are now clamoring to turn empty churches in the city into mosques, according to the Germany daily newspaper, Der Westen.All of the churches slated for closing are located in the gritty Hamborn and Marxloh districts in northern Duisburg where Islam has already replaced Christianity as the dominant religion, and where several Catholic churches have already been abandoned in a previous round of church closings.In Marxloh, all eyes are set on the Church of Saint Peter and Paul, which is the last remaining church in a part of Duisburg that is now almost completely Muslim. The church may be closed as early as the end of January 2012.Marxloh also happens to be home to the Duisburg Merkez Mosque, the largest mosque in Germany. Completed in 2008 at a cost of more than €7.5 million ($10 million), the Ottoman-style mega-mosque can accommodate more than 1,200 Muslim worshippers at a time.Merkez now wants to turn the churches in Hamborn and Marxloh into mosques and prayer centers that would serve as extensions of the mega-mosque. According to the chairman of the Merkez Mosque, Mohammed Al, "Regardless of whether it is a church or a mosque, it is a house of God."In addition to Roman Catholic churches, some Protestant churches have also been converted into mosques in Germany, where the Muslim population has jumped from around 50,000 in the early 1980s to more than 4 million today.In Germany as a whole, more than 400 Roman Catholic churches and more than 100 Protestant churches have been closed since 2000, according to one estimate. Another 700 Roman Catholic churches are slated to be closed over the next several years.By contrast, there are now more than 200 mosques (including more than 40 mega-mosques), 2,600 Muslim prayer halls and a countless number unofficial mosques in Germany. Another 128 mosques are currently under construction, according to the Zentralinstitut Islam-Archiv, a Muslim organization based in Germany.In neighboring France, mosques are being built more often than Roman Catholic churches, and there now are more practicing Muslims in the country than practicing Catholics.Nearly 150 new mosques are currently under construction in France, home to the biggest Muslim community in Europe.The total number of mosques in France has already doubled to more than 2,000 during just the past ten years, according to a research report, "Constructing Mosques: The Governance of [...]



ONGOING MASJID WORKS

2013-06-23T11:11:45.589-07:00

When Prophet Mohammed (PBUH)arrived in Madinah,the first act he performed wasthe building of a Masjid.From the events of the emigration to Madinah, it is clear that the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) never stayed in any place unless he built a Masjid therein for the believers to gather. He built the Qubaa Masjid when he stayed there for four days. He also built a Masjid between Qubaa and Madinah when the time of the Friday prayer came while he was in the residence of the tribe of Salimibn Auf in the heart of Ranonaa’ Valley.When he arrived in Madinah, the first act he performed was the building of a Masjid.This indicates the importance of a Masjids in Islam. All acts of worship (ibadah) in Islam are for the purification of the soul, refinement of morals, and strengthening the ties of mutual cooperation among the Muslims. The congregational prayers and the Friday and Eid prayers are strong examples of the nature of the Muslim community and in the unity of their opinions, goals and cooperation in achieving righteousness and in fearing Allah.Thus, if this is the case with the acts of worship, it is no wonder that Masjids carry a great social and spiritual place in the lives of the Muslims. The Masjid is the thing which unites them and their efforts. It refines their souls and awakens their minds and hearts. It solves their problems. The Masjid shows their strength and cohesiveness.Is it not true that Abu Bakr (RA), `Umar (RA), `Uthman (RA), Ali (RA), Khalid (RA), Saad (RA), Abu Ubaidah (RA), and their likes from among the greats of Islamic history were but the students of the Muhammad’s school which was headquartered in the Prophet’s Masjid ?Another special characteristic of the Masjid in Islam is that the word of truth emanates from them every week on the tongues of the preachers. The topic may be about forbidding evil and enjoining good or an invitation to do some good, an awakening for the heedless, an invitation to assembly, objections to a wrongdoer, or a warning about a tyrant.If we see the Masjids crippled and not playing their great role today, it is due to the fault of some of their paid preachers, mercenaries or the ignorant. On the day when the strong leaders and the scholars of Islamic legislation, sincere to Allah and His Messenger, give advice to the leaders and common Muslims and ascend the pulpits and lead the prayers, on that day the Masjid will return to its leading position in the Islamic society. The Masjid will return to its role in raising real men, graduating heroes, reforming corruption, fighting evil and building society upon the foundation of fearing and pleasing Allah alone. We hope for this to take place, Allah willing, when the vanguard of our purified, believing youths, who are educated with Allah’s religion and who behave with the Prophet’s Mohammed (PBUH) manners, occupy the pulpits and the rooms of the Masjids.                   THE IMPORTANCE OF CONSTRUCTING  MASJID IN ISLAMby HAZARTH K.A.NIZAMUDDEENLISTEN HERE allowFullScreen='true' webkitallowfullscreen='true' mozallowfullscreen='true' width='320' height='266' src='https://www.youtube.com/embed/aILuTOjbA9U?feature=player_embedded' FRAMEBORDER='0' />If you would be interested in Constructing New Masjids in India, Contact Us and we would guide you to the places where they are needed the most. We would also suggest you to take a look at our ‘Masjid Appeals‘ section wherein existing Masjids need your assistance in fulfilling their requirements.contact Ayub 99622 10628 .....mtj313@msn.comONGOING MASJID PROJECTSKINDLY VISIT  >>>>CLICK>>>Spend your wealth for the cause of Allah, and be not cast by your own hands to ruin; and do good. Lo! Allah loveth the beneficent....AL-QURAN 2:195. பாதையில் செலவு செய்யுங்கள்; இன்னும் [...]



Bruno Metsu

2009-07-10T05:48:29.925-07:00

Abdul-Karim al-Jabbar, previously Karim Abdul-Jabbar (born Sharmon Shah on June 28, 1974), is an American former football player. A 5'11" running back, he played in the National Football League (NFL) from 1996 to 2000 with the Miami Dolphins, Cleveland Browns and Indianapolis Colts. Contents [hide] 1 College2 Professional career 2.1 NFL statistics 3 Name controversy4 Notes5 External links [edit] Biography Metsu's playing career was largely based in his native France, along with a spell in Belgium with Anderlecht. After retiring as a player, he took up the assistant manager post at his last club, Beauvais Oise, and by 1988 had become full-time manager of the club. He spent over a decade coaching in France before his first foray into international management. [edit] African Odyssey Metsu took over African national side Guinea in 2000 before joining Senegal later that year. He helped the Francophone side to a spot in the 2002 FIFA World Cup, their first ever appearance in the tournament, where they were expected to prop up a group containing France, Denmark and Uruguay. Senegal pulled off a shock in the opening match of the tournament, however, beating former colonial masters and defending World Cup and European champions France 1-0. Metsu's side qualified from the group stage and beat Sweden in the round of 16, earning recognition as the first African side to reach the quarterfinals since Cameroon in 1990. Senegal were finally beaten in the quarterfinals by Turkey in extra time on İlhan Mansız's golden goal. After they had defeated France in the opening game, Senegalese president Abdoulaye Wade had declared a national holiday. Metsu's connection to the country went even further as he had converted to Islam after marrying a Muslim woman, taking the name Abdul Karim.[1][2] His psychological approach to the game had led him to encourage Senegal's players to focus on France's weaknesses rather than their strengths, using videos to his advantage and adjusting his coaching methods to the unique challenges of an African side.[3] [edit] UAE and Qatar: There and Back Again Metsu's success with Senegal led him to the lucrative Middle East, where in the United Arab Emirates he took over defending champions Al Ain, owned by the Emir of Abu Dhabi.[3] He led the side to victory in the first edition of the re-branded AFC Champions League in 2003, completing a double including the country's league championship. This led to a host of offers for the Frenchman, who joined Qatari side Al-Gharafa to the dismay of his former employers. Metsu was eventually forced to pay a fine for breach of contract.[3] Metsu led his new side to the Qatari championship in his first season, going unbeaten in the process. However, with players in the league contracted to the country's Olympic committee rather than their clubs, the side was dismantled with former AC Milan and Chelsea defender Marcel Desailly joining Qatar SC. Metsu maintains that the Crown Prince of Qatar orchestrated the moves due to his unhappiness at his club, Al-Sadd, being dethroned from the top of the Q-League.[3] Metsu nevertheless led his side to victory in the 2005/2006 Sheikh Jassem Cup, but conditions had deteriorated to the point that he departed. Next up for Metsu was a brief stint in Saudi Arabia, where two-time defending champions Al-Ittihad were struggling in fifth place and in need of a late surge up the table. Metsu was handed a one-month contract by club president Mansour Al-Bilali and took the club to third in the table, eventually losing in a play-off semifinal to Al-Hilal. Metsu returned to the United Arab Emirates as national team boss in 2006, coaching his side to victory in the 2007 Gulf Cup of Nations in front of a packed stadium in Abu Dhabi on 30 January 2007. It was the country's first Gulf Cup win, with Metsu achieving what former national team bosses Tomislav Ivic, Roy Hodgson, Carlos Queiroz[...]



Count Cassius

2009-07-10T05:15:24.368-07:00

Count Cassius (8th century), also Count Casius, kumis Kasi or kumis Qasi, was a Hispano-Roman or Visigothic nobleman that originated the Banu Qasi dynasty. According to the 10th century Muwallad historian Ibn al-Qutiyya, Count Cassius converted to Islam in 714 as the mawali (client) of the Umayyads, shortly after the Umayyad conquest of Hispania, and his family came to be called the Banu Qasi (sons or descendants of Cassius). Cassius had converted at the hands of the Arab, Hassan ibn Yassar al-Hudhali, qadi in Zaragossa at the time of Abd ar-Rahman's arrival in the peninsula. He converted to Islam as a means to preserve his lands and political power.[citation needed] Cassius joined forces with Musa ibn Nusayr and Tariq ibn Ziyad and travelled to Damascus to personally swear allegiance to the Caliph Al-Walid I. Another Arab historian Ibn Hazm who lived in the 11th century, listed his sons as Fortun, Abu Tawr, Abu Salama, Yunus and Yahya. The Banu Qasi dynasty was directly descended from Fortun, the eldest son of Count Cassius, while it has been suggested that the second son may be the Abu Taur of Huesca who invited Charlemagne to Zaragoza in 778. It has further been suggested that the Banu Salama, a family that ruled Huesca and Barbitanya (Barbastro) in the late 10th century, may descend from Abu Salama.[1] At the time of the Muslim arrival and after, Cassius ruled an area comprising Tudela, Tarazona, Borja and probably Ejea. However, there is a certain degree of doubt among some historians as to whether Count Cassius ever existed, partly because the name Cassius is not attested to anywhere in the period as a name. They point out that the origins of the Banu Qasi, as recounted by Ibn al-Qutiyya, could be a product of the spurious antiquarianism of the latter Umayyad period rather than reliable genealogy, that satisfied the need for stories which bridged the conquest.[2][...]