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Nature Reviews Neuroscience - Issue - nature.com science feeds





 



Neurodevelopmental disorders: Converging on autism spectrum disorder

2017-01-05

A characterization of transcriptomic changes in autism spectrum disorder points to shared cortical alterations that result in profound changes in neuronal gene transcription, long non-coding RNA transcription, cortical patterning and glial function.



Neurodevelopmental disorders: A painful role for SHANK3

2016-12-22

Shank3 deficiency disrupts TRPV1 signalling, pain processing and the induction of heat hyperalgesia in mice.



Learning and memory: Working out working memory

2016-12-22

Unattended information can lie latent in working memory and then be reactivated by transcranial magnetic stimulation.



Sensory systems: Smelling trouble

2016-12-22

It is not known how mammals sense potentially life-threatening reductions in oxygen in the ambient air, but a novel mechanism has been found in mice that involves a novel subpopulation of olfactory sensory neurons that express the soluble guanylate cyclase GUCY1β2.



Neural development: Relaying control of neuronal identity

2017-01-05

The stage-specific regulation of sets of enhancers by the 'programming' transcription factor islet 1 regulates the transcription of effector genes during motor neuron differentiation.



Psychiatric disorders: Parsing depression

2017-01-20

Depression is characterized by a range of symptoms that can be experienced in different combinations and to different extents depending on the individual. Efforts to categorize depression by matching symptoms to physiological changes have had limited success. Here, functional MRI was used to compare whole-brain



Sensory systems: Age-related odour detection

2017-01-20

In rodents, postnatal neurogenesis is restricted to certain brain areas including the olfactory bulb. It has been shown that blocking this neurogenesis disrupts olfactory learning, but the techniques used lacked specificity. Here, designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs) were used to inactivate newborn



Learning and memory: Shared memories

2017-01-20

A group of people witnessing the same event will often have similar memories of it, but the cortical representations of these memories are not well studied. Participants in this study were scanned using functional MRI while watching a movie and also when recalling the movie.



Techniques: Getting down to detail

2017-01-20

Currently, there is no technique available that enables specific and inducible genetic manipulation of astrocytes in the brain. Here, the authors identified a marker that enabled selective targeting of astrocytes in mice using the Cre–LoxP system. They combined this with expression of a



Ventral tegmental area: cellular heterogeneity, connectivity and behaviour

2017-01-05

Dopamine-releasing neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) have central roles in reward-related and goal-directed behaviours. VTA dopamine-releasing neurons are heterogeneous in their afferent and efferent connectivity and, in some cases, release GABA or glutamate in addition to dopamine. Recent findings show that motivational signals



Closed-loop brain training: the science of neurofeedback

2016-12-22

Neurofeedback is a psychophysiological procedure in which online feedback of neural activation is provided to the participant for the purpose of self-regulation. Learning control over specific neural substrates has been shown to change specific behaviours. As a progenitor of brain–machine interfaces, neurofeedback has provided a



Selective neuronal vulnerability in Parkinson disease

2017-01-20

Intracellular α-synuclein (α-syn)-rich protein aggregates called Lewy pathology (LP) and neuronal death are commonly found in the brains of patients with clinical Parkinson disease (cPD). It is widely believed that LP appears early in the disease and spreads in synaptically coupled brain networks, driving neuronal



Structural plasticity and reorganisation in chronic pain

2017-01-20

Nature Reviews Neuroscience18, 20–30 (2017)In Box 1 and on page 26 of this article, in the section Activity-dependent 'switches', Aβ afferents were incorrectly defined. This has been corrected in the online version of the article.



CRF and the nucleus incertus: a node for integration of stress signals

2016-11-24

We recently read with interest the timely and scholarly Review by



Scanning the horizon: towards transparent and reproducible neuroimaging research

2017-01-05

Functional neuroimaging techniques have transformed our ability to probe the neurobiological basis of behaviour and are increasingly being applied by the wider neuroscience community. However, concerns have recently been raised that the conclusions that are drawn from some human neuroimaging studies are either spurious or