2017-03-13Two new studies show that FtsZ treadmilling controls and organizes cell wall synthesis to drive bacterial cell division.
2017-02-27This study shows that ATP depletion lowers the antibiotic target activity and thus functions as a general mechanism for the formation of persisters.
2017-02-27The CRISPR–Cas9 patents filed by the Broad Institute are upheld by the US Patent and Trademark Office
2017-03-13Two new studies identify the basis of cytoplasmic incompatibility, a process by which obligate intracellular Wolbachia bacteria favour their inheritance in their female insect hosts.
2017-02-27Pseudogenization of a single Salmonella effector protein gene facilitates pathogen hijacking of dendritic cells for systemic spread.
2017-03-13This month's Genome Watch highlights how culture-independent selective enrichment approaches coupled to whole-genome sequencing enable the analysis of unculturable microorganisms.
2017-02-20In Gram-negative bacteria, the biogenesis of β-barrel outer membrane proteins (OMPs) is mediated by the β-barrel assembly machinery (BAM) complex. During the past decade, structural and functional studies have collectively contributed to advancing our understanding of the structure and function of the BAM complex; however,
2017-01-16Coral reefs occur in nutrient-poor shallow waters, constitute biodiversity and productivity hotspots, and are threatened by anthropogenic disturbance. This Review provides an introduction to coral reef virology and emphasizes the links between viruses, coral mortality and reef ecosystem decline. We describe the distinctive benthic-associated and
2017-02-27The WHO recognizes human African trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease and the leishmaniases as neglected tropical diseases. These diseases are caused by parasitic trypanosomatids and range in severity from mild and self-curing to near invariably fatal. Public health advances have substantially decreased the effect of these diseases
2017-02-20Chronobiological studies of prokaryotic organisms have generally lagged far behind the study of endogenous circadian clocks in eukaryotes, in which such systems are essentially ubiquitous. However, despite only being studied during the past 25 years, cyanobacteria have become important model organisms for the study of
2017-02-27The accidental discovery of the giant virus of amoeba — Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus (APMV; more commonly known as mimivirus) — in 2003 changed the field of virology. Viruses were previously defined by their submicroscopic size, which probably prevented the search for giant viruses, which
2017-02-27Nature Reviews Microbiology15, 69–82 (2017)In the first paragraph of the section 'Sequence specificity and chromatin determinants', at the end of the sixth sentence an incorrect reference is cited. In the following sentence accurate information is now provided