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Nature Cell Biology



Publishes papers of the highest quality from all areas of cell biology.



 



Enhancing the quality and transparency of reporting

2017-06-29

The Nature journals' recently updated reporting requirements for life sciences aim to enhance the quality and transparency of methodological and experimental reporting.



Quantifying forces in cell biology

2017-06-19

Physical forces influence the growth and development of all organisms. In the second Review in the Series on Mechanobiology, Trepat and co-authors describe techniques to measure forces generated by cells, and discuss their use and limitations.



Lgr5 joins the club of gastric stem cell markers in the corpus

2017-06-29

Several markers of gastric stem cells have been identified in recent years. Now a study demonstrates that Lgr5 marks a population of reserve stem cells located at the base of the corpus glands of the gastric epithelium, and that these cells can also act as a cell-of-origin for gastric tumorigenesis.



Revolving around constriction by ESCRT-III

2017-06-29

The endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT)-III is critical for membrane abscission; however, the mechanism underlying ESCRT-III-mediated membrane constriction remains elusive. A study of the dynamic assembly and disassembly of the ESCRT-III machinery in vitro and in vivo now suggests that the turnover of the observed spiralling filaments is critical for membrane abscission during cytokinesis.



Inter-organ regulation of haem homeostasis

2017-06-29

Haem is an iron-containing cofactor required for life. Many cellular processes rely on haem and failure to maintain iron homeostasis results in numerous pathological conditions. A study now identifies a Caenorhabditis elegans inter-organ signalling pathway in which secreted intestinal HRG-7 and neuronally secreted BMP signals coordinate animal haem homeostasis.



snoRNAs contribute to myeloid leukaemogenesis

2017-06-29

The mechanism of action of oncogenes in acute myeloid leukaemia is poorly understood. A study now shows that the fusion oncoprotein AML1-ETO regulates leukaemogenesis by increasing the expression of small nucleolar RNAs through post-transcriptional mechanisms, resulting in increased ribosomal RNA methylation, protein translation, and promotion of leukaemic-cell self-renewal and growth.



OPA1 and cardiolipin team up for mitochondrial fusion

2017-06-19

Fusion between the inner membranes of two mitochondria requires the GTPase optic atrophy 1 (OPA1), but the molecular mechanism is poorly understood. A study now shows that fusion of two liposomes can be performed by OPA1 tethered to just one liposome, through an interaction with the phospholipid cardiolipin on the opposing liposome.



Pramel7 mediates ground-state pluripotency through proteasomal–epigenetic combined pathways

2017-06-12

Graf et al. demonstrate that Pramel7 maintains ground-state pluripotency by repressing DNA methylation through proteasomal degradation of UHRF1, thus linking the proteasome and epigenetics with cell fate regulation.



Lgr5-expressing chief cells drive epithelial regeneration and cancer in the oxyntic stomach

2017-06-05

Leushacke et al. provide insights into the role of Lgr5 cells in the oxyntic stomach, demonstrating that they label a subpopulation of chief cells that function as reserve stem cells during regeneration and cells-of-origin of gastric cancer.



Dynamic subunit turnover in ESCRT-III assemblies is regulated by Vps4 to mediate membrane remodelling during cytokinesis

2017-06-12

Mierzwa et al. show that ESCRT-III subunit turnover at the cell midbody is driven by Vps4. Rapid turnover sustains the net growth of ESCRT-III assemblies in the presence of inhibitory Vps2 and Vps24 subunits.



Inter-organ signalling by HRG-7 promotes systemic haem homeostasis

2017-06-05

Sinclair et al. show in Caenorhabditis elegans that intestinal HRG-7 communicates haem status with extra-intestinal tissues. Reciprocally, a DBL-1-dependent signal from neurons regulates both hrg-7 and haem transport.



Cholesterol and fatty acids regulate cysteine ubiquitylation of ACAT2 through competitive oxidation

2017-06-12

Wang et al. show that lipid-induced ROS lead to ACAT2 stabilization by oxidizing a cysteine residue, thereby preventing its ubiquitylation and ACAT2 degradation. They further show that ACAT2 stabilization improves lipotoxicity and insulin resistance.



The MBNL3 splicing factor promotes hepatocellular carcinoma by increasing PXN expression through the alternative splicing of lncRNA-PXN-AS1

2017-05-29

Yuan et al. show that the MBNL3 splicing factor promotes alternative splicing of the lncRNA-PXN-AS1 antisense transcript of PXN, leading to the stabilization of PXN mRNA and increasing its protein levels to promote liver cancer growth.



O-GlcNAcylation of fumarase maintains tumour growth under glucose deficiency

2017-06-19

Wang et al. show that glucose deprivation causes AMPK-dependent phosphorylation of fumarase leading to ATF2 binding and gene transcription for cell cycle arrest. In cancer cells O-GlcNAcylation of fumarase blocks ATF2 binding to allow proliferation.



AML1-ETO requires enhanced C/D box snoRNA/RNP formation to induce self-renewal and leukaemia

2017-06-26

Zhou et al. show that in the context of AML1-ETO-driven leukaemia, AES and DDX21 induce small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA)–ribonucleoprotein (RNP) formation and this is important for self-renewal of leukaemic cells.



Molecular basis of selective mitochondrial fusion by heterotypic action between OPA1 and cardiolipin

2017-06-19

Ban et al. show that optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) and cardiolipin mediate mitochondrial fusion. In contrast, a homotypic trans-OPA1 interaction independent of cardiolipin mediates membrane tethering to form mitochondrial cristae.



Long-term imaging of cellular forces with high precision by elastic resonator interference stress microscopy

2017-06-19

Kronenberg et al. develop a system to record cell–substrate interactions allowing the measurement of horizontal and vertical forces at high resolution, and demonstrate its use by monitoring podosome protrusion and other cell behaviours.