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Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes News

Medical Xpress provides the latest news on diseases, disease research, disease studies, conditions, syndromes, health and medicine.


Sudden sensorineural hearing loss recovery impacted by MetS

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 19:00:01 EST

(HealthDay)—Patients with metabolic syndrome have a lower rate of recovery from sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) than those without, according to research published online Feb. 15 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Long-term inhaled corticosteroid use may raise fracture risk

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 18:10:02 EST

(HealthDay)—Long-term, high-dose use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) is associated with a modest increase in the risk of hip and upper extremity fractures in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published in the February issue of CHEST.

Influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominate 2017-2018 season

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 18:05:20 EST

(HealthDay)—Most influenza viruses identified in the 2017 to 2018 season are influenza A, with A(H3N2) viruses predominating, according to research published in the Feb. 16 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Flu season shows signs of leveling off

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 12:05:05 EST

This nasty flu season, which has been worsening for months, may finally be leveling off.

Expanding Hepatitis C testing to all adults is cost-effective and improves outcomes

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 11:49:11 EST

According to a new study, screening all adults for hepatitis C (HCV) is a cost-effective way to improve clinical outcomes of HCV and identify more infected people compared to current recommendations. Using a simulation model, researchers from Boston Medical Center, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Stanford University found that this expanded screening would increase life expectancy and quality of life while remaining cost-effective.

First multiplex test for tick-borne diseases

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 11:12:36 EST

A new blood test called the Tick-Borne Disease Serochip (TBD Serochip) promises to revolutionize the diagnosis of tick-borne disease by offering a single test to identify and distinguish between Borrelia burgdorferi, the pathogen responsible for Lyme disease, and seven other tick-borne pathogens. Led by scientists at the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, the research team report details on the new test in the journal Nature: Scientific Reports.

Drug that treats psoriasis also reduces aortic vascular inflammation

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 10:00:01 EST

An antibody used to treat the skin disease psoriasis is also effective at reducing aortic inflammation, a key marker of future risk of major cardiovascular events. Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, in collaboration with the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, led a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study and found patients who took the drug ustekinumab had a 19 percent improvement in aortic inflammation, as measured and confirmed by imaging, when compared to the placebo group. Joel M. Gelfand, MD MSCE, a professor of Dermatology and Epidemiology at Penn and the study's first author, will present the findings at the 2018 American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting in San Diego tomorrow.

How to spare family and coworkers your flu misery

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 09:30:01 EST

(HealthDay)—You've caught the flu, but you have to go to work and you can't desert your family. What do you do?

New treatment strategies for chronic kidney disease from the animal kingdom

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 09:14:18 EST

The field of biomimetics offers an innovative approach to solving human problems by imitating strategies found in nature. Medical research could also benefit from biomimetics, as a group of international experts from various fields, including a wildlife veterinarian and wildlife ecologists from Vetmeduni Vienna, point out using the example of chronic kidney disease. In future research, they intend to study the mechanisms that protect the muscles, organs and bones of certain animals during extreme conditions such as hibernation. The possibilities were published in Nature Reviews Nephrology.

Black lung disease on the rise

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 09:04:36 EST

An article published Feb. 6, 2018 in the Journal of the American Medical Association reported that researchers from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health had identified 416 cases of advanced black lung disease among coal miners in central Appalachia. New cases of black lung had been rare until recently, but this study suggests that the incidence is rising. Anna Allen and Carl Werntz, professors of occupational medicine at West Virginia University who treat miners with black lung, explain what causes this disabling disease.

Study shows how a carb-restricted diet battles fatty liver disease

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 08:18:07 EST

New details about how a carbohydrate-restricted diet improves metabolism were revealed in a study published today, which could lead to improved treatments for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Healing intestinal diseases with a bacterial mix

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 08:10:01 EST

When the bacterial ecosystem in the intestine is out of balance, there often is no other remedy than a faecal microbiota transplant. Due to the risks of this procedure, researchers from the ETH spin-off PharmaBiome are developing a safe alternative.

The search for a universal influenza vaccine

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 08:00:31 EST

The current 2017-18 flu season is a bad one. Hospitalization rates are now higher than in recent years at the same point, and infection rates are still rising. The best line of defense is the seasonal influenza vaccine. But H3N2 viruses, like the one that's infecting many people this year, are particularly hard to defend against, and this year's shot isn't very protective against H3N2.

Study suggests expanded range for emerging tick-borne disease

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 07:20:36 EST

Human cases of Borrelia miyamotoi, a tick-borne infection with some similarities to Lyme disease, were discovered in the eastern United States less than a decade ago. Now new research led by the Yale School of Public Health strongly suggests that the pathogen's geographic range is bicoastal, far larger than previously believed.

Building better tiny kidneys to test drugs and help people avoid dialysis

Fri, 16 Feb 2018 01:59:59 EST

A free online kidney atlas built by USC researchers empowers stem cell scientists everywhere to generate more human-like tiny kidneys for testing new drugs and creating renal replacement therapies.

Research compares mouse and human kidney development

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 17:00:02 EST

Three new research articles compare human kidney development with a well-studied mouse model of kidney development to identify shared and novel features. The results, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), point to new avenues for research into the processes that direct cells to form functional kidney structures. In addition, the findings may help guide emerging stem cell-directed technologies to generate normal kidney structures for studying and treating human kidney disease.

Flu shot won't make you spread more influenza

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 16:21:48 EST

Getting the flu shot won't make you spread the disease more, doesn't weaken your immune system but it does offer some protection from getting infected, despite misleading claims on social media.

Genetics makes Asians, Europeans susceptible to dengue shock syndrome

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 14:00:15 EST

As globalization and climate change spread tropical diseases around the globe, not all populations are equally susceptible to infection. Gene variants common in people of Asian and European ancestry, for instance, make them more prone than those of African origin to developing severe dengue shock syndrome, according to a new study in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Antioxidant treatment prevents sexual transmission of Zika in mice

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 14:00:14 EST

The antioxidant drug ebselen can prevent sexual transmission of Zika virus from male to female mice, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens by Yogy Simanjuntak and colleagues at Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. The results hint at a potential role for ebselen in preventing Zika spread among humans.

Flu shot only 36 percent effective, making bad year worse (Update)

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 13:52:40 EST

The flu vaccine is doing a poor job protecting older Americans and others against the bug that's causing most illnesses.

Probe speeds detection of deep lung infections in patients

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 13:39:10 EST

A medical imaging technology under development has enabled doctors to see bacteria deep inside patients' lungs for the first time.

IFN-mediated immunity to influenza A virus infection influenced by RIPK3 protein

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 09:13:21 EST

Each year, influenza kills half a million people globally with the elderly and very young most often the victims. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 37 children have died in the United States during the current flu season. Aside from getting the flu shot and employing smart hand hygiene, there are no other methods of prevention. However, a team of scientists from the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC) and McGill University, led by Immunologist Dr. Maziar Divangahi, have discovered a protein that could soon help minimize the impact of the influenza season and become a critical player in the fight against lung infections.

High percentage of patients with Chagas disease are also infected with the intestinal parasite S. stercoralis

Thu, 15 Feb 2018 05:19:22 EST

In patients with Chagas disease, the odds of being infected by the intestinal worm Strongyloides stercoralis increases two-fold, according to a study led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal). The study, published in Plos Neglected Tropical diseases, underlines the potential benefits of performing a combined screening for both infections among Latin American adults living in Europe.

GI surgical site infections higher in low-income countries

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 14:50:01 EST

(HealthDay)—The burden of surgical site infection (SSI) after gastrointestinal surgery is greater for countries with low income as classified by the U.N. Human Development Index (HDI), according to a study published online Feb. 13 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

A new class of drug to treat herpes simplex virus-1 infection

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 14:00:04 EST

For patients with the herpes simplex-1 virus (HSV-1), there are just a handful of drugs available to treat the painful condition that can affect the eyes, mouth and genitals.

Organ-on-chip technology enters next stage as experts test hepatitis B virus

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 10:08:39 EST

Scientists at Imperial College London have become the first in the world to test how pathogens interact with artificial human organs.

Surgical infections linked to drug-resistant bugs, study suggests

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 02:47:22 EST

Patients having surgery in low income countries are more likely to develop an infection than those in wealthier nations, which may be linked to drug-resistant bacteria, research led by the Universities of Birmingham, Edinburgh and Warwick suggests.

New vaginal mesh material could help thousands of women affected by life changing complications

Wed, 14 Feb 2018 02:47:10 EST

Scientists from the University of Sheffield have developed a material that could be used as an alternative to the current vaginal mesh material, polypropylene, used to treat pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence.

Omalizumab effective for chronic spontaneous urticaria

Tue, 13 Feb 2018 16:20:06 EST

(HealthDay)—Omalizumab, alone or in combination with a short-term course of corticosteroids, is highly effective for the treatment of refractory chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU), according to a study published online Feb. 5 in the International Journal of Dermatology.

Nigeria reports 450 suspected cases of Lassa fever; 37 dead

Tue, 13 Feb 2018 10:31:56 EST

The World Health Organization says as many as 450 people may have been infected with Lassa fever in Nigeria in less than five weeks.