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Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes News

Medical Xpress provides the latest news on diseases, disease research, disease studies, conditions, syndromes, health and medicine.


Salmonella cases no longer falling in the EU

Tue, 12 Dec 2017 14:45:30 EST

The declining trend of salmonellosis cases in the European Union (EU) has levelled off according to the annual report on zoonotic diseases published today.

Drug blocks Zika, other mosquito-borne viruses in cell cultures

Tue, 12 Dec 2017 12:00:04 EST

If there was a Mafia crime family of the virus world, it might be flaviviruses.

NAFLD not independently tied to risk of reflux esophagitis

Tue, 12 Dec 2017 10:20:01 EST

(HealthDay)—Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is not associated with increased risk of incident reflux esophagitis after adjustment for variables, including body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online Nov. 12 in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Indonesia's diphtheria outbreak: problems in vaccination and antibiotics efficacy

Tue, 12 Dec 2017 09:05:18 EST

Indonesia is seeing an outbreak of diphtheria, sparking fear among the people and the government. The bacteria, that causes a thick covering in the back of the throat, have infected hundreds and spread quickly not only to regions with limited health service but also to the country's capital Jakarta, where health services are much better.

Diphtheria kills nine in Bangladesh Rohingya camps

Tue, 12 Dec 2017 08:50:01 EST

Bangladesh Tuesday launched a massive drive to vaccinate Rohingya children against diphtheria after a suspected outbreak killed nine refugees and infected more than 700.

Treating the new hepatitis C generation on their turf

Tue, 12 Dec 2017 05:20:01 EST

Once a week, Dr. Diana Sylvestre puts her medical expertise to use in a rickety old house frequented by drug users in this small Northern California city.

In Sao Tome, funding fears overshadow gains against malaria

Tue, 12 Dec 2017 04:00:01 EST

A big roadside poster announces a "Pest Control Campaign" in Sao Tome and Principe, with a man in a white face mask wielding an insecticide spray fuelled by a tank on his back.

New animal model for Zika useful for testing vaccines and treatments

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 16:01:11 EST

An alternative animal model that mimics key features of the Zika virus infection, including its lingering presence in bodily fluids, has been developed at Texas Biomedical Research Institute in San Antonio. Acute infections in male marmosets, a New World monkey, resemble the human illness the Zika virus creates in people, including the presence of the virus in semen, saliva and urine up to two weeks after the initial infection.

Rush to treat liver patients causing more harm than good

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 08:49:51 EST

Doctors risk overdiagnosing the most common and fastest-growing liver condition, exposing patients to harmful tests, according to a study published today.

Experts discover ways to tackle drug resistant parasites that cause the killer disease malaria

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 08:29:58 EST

A new analysis of all relevant previously published clinical data shows how parasites causing malaria become resistant to a commonly used treatment for malaria in travelers.

Why simple school sores often lead to heart and kidney disease in Indigenous children

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 08:19:22 EST

Impetigo, also known as school sores, is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection that occurs in children far more frequently than adults. It is one of the most common bacterial infections in children aged two to five years. Impetigo happens when a break in the skin, from scratching an insect bite for instance, lets in disease-causing bacteria.

Study seeks to aid diagnosis, management of catatonia

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 06:36:01 EST

Catatonia, a syndrome of motor, emotional and behavioral abnormalities frequently characterized by muscular rigidity and a trance-like mental stupor and at times manifesting with great excitement or agitation, can occur during a critical illness and appear similar to delirium. But the management strategies are vastly different.

Indonesia vaccinates millions to halt deadly diphtheria outbreak

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 03:39:12 EST

Millions of Indonesian children are being vaccinated this week as the country responds to a widespread diphtheria outbreak that has killed dozens, officials said Monday.

Got scabies? Here's what to do

Sat, 09 Dec 2017 04:20:01 EST

(HealthDay)—If you or a family member develops scabies, you need to take immediate action, a dermatologist advises.

Obesity may be tied to higher rosacea risk in women

Sat, 09 Dec 2017 04:02:54 EST

(HealthDay)—Obesity may be associated with an increased risk for rosacea, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

About 60 NC State students showing symptoms of norovirus

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 16:01:50 EST

Officials at North Carolina State University say about 60 students have shown symptoms of norovirus.

Influenza picking up in U.S., predominantly A(H3N2)

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 14:10:01 EST

(HealthDay)—Influenza activity was low during October 2017 but started increasing in November, with influenza A, predominantly A(H3N2), most commonly identified, according to research published in the Dec. 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

US flu season off to an early start; widespread in 7 states

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 13:28:06 EST

This year's flu season is off to a quick start and so far it seems to be dominated by a nasty bug.

Large proportion of patients experiencing acute exacerbations of COPD are skipping out on pulmonary rehabilitation

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 13:03:20 EST

Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) can negatively impact a patient's health-related quality of life, lead to a decline in pulmonary function, and can also cause an increased use of health care resources. On average, patients with COPD have one to three treated exacerbations per year, and up to 25 percent of patients with COPD who are hospitalized for an exacerbation die within a year. In the past, systematic reviews have shown that pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) can reduce hospital admissions, but referral rates lacked consistency. Researchers from Imperial College London set out to determine the effect of PR on COPD exacerbation rates.

Letermovir prophylaxis cuts risk of CMV infection

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 10:40:02 EST

(HealthDay)—For cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seronegative patients undergoing hematopoietic-cell transplantation, letermovir prophylaxis is associated with a lower risk of CMV infection than placebo, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Feijoas promise new anti-fungal treatments says researcher

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 08:00:48 EST

Mona Mokhtari will graduate with a PhD in Biomedical Science at a Victoria graduation ceremony, after conducting research into the antifungal properties of one of New Zealand's favourite fruits.

Uganda Marburg virus outbreak is contained: WHO (Update)

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 05:18:08 EST

Uganda has contained an outbreak of the Ebola-like Marburg virus weeks after it emerged, the World Health Organization said Friday, praising improved response systems since the disastrous West African Ebola epidemic.

Unique pattern of brain inflammation may explain neurocognitive impairment in HIV patients on antiretroviral drugs

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 03:36:18 EST

Although combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has improved survival of patients infected with HIV and has reduced the incidence of severe neurologic complications, almost half of cART-treated HIV patients experience some degree of neurocognitive impairment (neuroHIV). To search for underlying pathology, scientists analyzed the brains of monkeys infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) then treated with cART. As reported in a new study in The American Journal of Pathology, the majority of the SIV-infected macaque brains showed signs of unusual lymphocyte-dominant inflammation, suggesting that persistent neuroinflammation may underlie cognitive problems in cART-treated HIV patients.

Many donor kidneys that are discarded may be suitable for transplantation

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 17:00:02 EST

When researchers examined information on pairs of kidneys from the same donor in which 1 kidney was used but the other was discarded, the kidneys that were used tended to perform well even though they were similar in quality to their partner kidneys that were not used. The findings, which come from a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), provide further evidence that many of the donated kidneys that are discarded are in fact suitable for use.

Study provides insights on immune cells involved in kidney disease

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 17:00:01 EST

Researchers have uncovered new information on cells involved in the body's immune response following kidney injury. The findings, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), may lead to new strategies to help protect individuals' kidney health.

Understanding and preventing gangrene

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 15:04:58 EST

Dear Mayo Clinic: I have heard that a stubbed toe can lead to gangrene in some individuals. Is that true? What are the signs of gangrene, and how can it be avoided?

Platelet-rich plasma injection may be effective for alopecia

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 14:30:01 EST

(HealthDay)—Subcutaneous injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may be effective for treating alopecia, according to an experimental study published Nov. 11 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

Physiochemical 'fingerprint' of parasitic 'American murderer' uncovered

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 14:00:04 EST

The physical and chemical 'fingerprint' profile of a parasitic worm, dubbed the 'American murderer,' which infects hundreds of millions of people worldwide, has been uncovered for the first time by researchers at the University of Nottingham - a discovery that could allow for more effective and earlier treatment.

New compound stops progressive kidney disease in its tracks

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 14:00:04 EST

Progressive kidney diseases, whether caused by obesity, hypertension, diabetes, or rare genetic mutations, often have the same outcome: The cells responsible for filtering the blood are destroyed. Reporting today in Science, a team led by researchers from the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School describes a new approach to prevent death in these essential kidney cells. Studying multiple animal models of kidney disease, the team discovered a compound that can impede loss of the filtration cells and restore kidney function. The work, inspired by an investigation into a genetic form of the condition, has the potential to affect therapeutic research for millions of people suffering from progressive kidney diseases.

Ted Koppel's fight to make COPD headline news

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 13:53:20 EST

(HealthDay)—The doctor who diagnosed Grace Anne Koppel with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) didn't pull any punches.