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Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes News

Medical Xpress provides the latest news on diseases, disease research, disease studies, conditions, syndromes, health and medicine.


Sickle cell anemia treatment does not increase malaria risk in Africa

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 10:23:38 EDT

The drug hydroxyurea does not appear to increase the risk of malaria infection in patients with sickle cell anemia who live in malaria-endemic regions, according to a study published online today in Blood, a Journal of the American Society of Hematology (ASH).

Ebola-like Marburg virus kills two in Uganda: official

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 10:02:07 EDT

Two people have died from the Marburg virus in eastern Uganda, in the country's first outbreak of the deadly Ebola-like pathogen in three years, the health ministry said Thursday.

The collision of civil war and threat of global pandemics

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 06:31:18 EDT

There are 30 civil wars underway around the globe, where civilians are dealing with death and destruction as well as public health emergencies exacerbated by the deadly march of conflict.

Migraines may be the brain's way of dealing with oxidative stress

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 06:07:43 EDT

A new perspective article highlights a compelling theory about migraine attacks: that they are an integrated mechanism by which the brain protects and repairs itself. Recent insightful findings and potential ways to use them to help migraine sufferers are published in Headache.

IDSA Infectious Diarrhea guidelines recommend when to test, when to treat

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 02:48:21 EDT

New culture-independent tests are much more sensitive than traditional diagnostic methods in detecting the cause of infectious diarrhea, a significant problem that leads to nearly 500,000 hospitalizations and more than 5,000 deaths in the United States every year. But because these tests are so sensitive and may detect multiple organisms, infectious disease expertise may be necessary to interpret the clinical significance and facilitate appropriate public health surveillance, according to new infectious diarrhea guidelines released by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Visceral adipose tissue index IDs risk of HCC in cirrhosis

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 14:10:03 EDT

(HealthDay)—For male patients with cirrhosis, visceral adipose tissue index (VATI) is an independent risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), according to a study published online Oct. 10 in Hepatology.

Seychelles schools re-open as plague cases test negative

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 13:38:59 EDT

Two suspected cases of plague in the Seychelles have tested negative, the government said Wednesday, as children returned to schools which had closed as panic swept the island nation last week.

C-Path and CDISC announce therapeutic area user guide for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 10:36:58 EDT

Critical Path Institute (C-Path) and The Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC) announce the open availability of a Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Therapeutic Area User Guide ( TAUG-DMD v1.0), which describes the most common clinical concepts relevant to Duchenne studies using the CDISC standard format. This format allows datasets from different sources to be compared or combined for data collection, sharing, and analyses.

Researchers define burden of Hepatitis in Democratic Republic of the Congo

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 08:40:04 EDT

Hepatitis C virus is a curable infectious disease, but treatment remains unavailable in resource-limited settings like the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The DRC Ministry of Health asked the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) to help determine the burden of infection and find a way to connect people infected with the virus to treatment. Using laboratory equipment readily available in developing countries, researchers from UNC and Abbott Diagnostics were able to define and map the burden of disease in the DRC. Their findings were published in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

New insights into herpes virus could inform vaccine development

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 06:11:56 EDT

A team of scientists has discovered new insights into the mechanisms of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, as well as two antibodies that block the virus' entry into cells. The findings, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), have the potential to lead to the development of novel vaccines to prevent infection by EBV and other human herpesviruses.

Madagascar plague death toll climbs to 74

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 04:39:04 EDT

An outbreak of highly contagious plague has claimed 74 lives in Madagascar over the past two months with the capital particularly affected, according to a new official toll published Tuesday.

Anxiety and depression linked to migraines

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 02:36:10 EDT

In a study of 588 patients who attended an outpatient headache clinic, more frequent migraines were experienced by participants with symptoms of anxiety and depression. In the Headache study, poor sleep quality was also found to be an independent predictor of more severe depression and anxiety symptoms.

HPV vaccine safe for adult women: study

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 02:35:00 EDT

(HealthDay)—Vaccines that ward off the cancer-linked human papillomavirus (HPV) are safe for adult women, according to a study of more than 3 million Scandinavians.

Finding the right osteoporosis medication

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 14:50:01 EDT

Dear Mayo Clinic: The bisphosphonate drugs I take for osteoporosis aren't working in my case. My doctor has suggested a few alternatives. Any thoughts on what might be best?

Prevalence of oral HPV infection higher for U.S. men

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 14:20:03 EDT

(HealthDay)—Oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and high-risk oral HPV infection are more common among men than women, according to a study published online Oct. 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

HIV infection, even with antiretroviral therapy, appears to damage a growing child's brain

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 11:53:56 EDT

HIV infection alters brain development in young children, even when they receive antiretroviral treatment early in life, shows a report in Frontiers in Neuroanatomy. Children exposed to, but not infected by, HIV also appear to have ongoing changes in their brain development.

Findings add to evidence of association between Zika virus and Guillain-Barre syndrome

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 11:00:05 EDT

An examination of cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome in Puerto Rico identified Zika virus infection as a risk factor, according to a study published by JAMA.

ACG: diphenhydramine ups sedation in chronic opioid users

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 10:20:02 EDT

(HealthDay)—For patients using chronic opioids, use of diphenhydramine in addition to conventional sedatives appears to decrease pain and is associated with improved sedation during colonoscopy, according to a study presented at the World Congress of Gastroenterology, being held in partnership with the American College of Gastroenterology's annual scientific meeting and postgraduate course Oct. 13 to 18 in Orlando, Florida.

Pair of discoveries illuminate new paths to flu and anthrax treatments

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 09:26:52 EDT

Two recent studies led by biologists at the University of California San Diego have set the research groundwork for new avenues to treat influenza and anthrax poisoning.

What 115 years of data tells us about Africa's battle with malaria past and present

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 08:30:03 EDT

It's difficult to accurately measure the number of people who get malaria each year. This is because the malaria symptoms are shared with many other diseases that lead to death or illness, especially among young children.

More patients with ulcerative colitis but fewer surgeries

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 07:51:08 EDT

Today, a higher number of patients with ulcerative colitis are able to keep their bowel and steer clear of surgery, as shown in a study from Örebro University. Carl Eriksson, doctoral student at Örebro University, has also shown that the number of people suffering from the disease is 10 times higher today than in the 60s.

Research predicts increase in inflammatory bowel disease in developing world

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 07:35:19 EDT

For the last century, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been a challenge for patients and the medical community in the western world. New research published today in The Lancet by Dr. Gilaad Kaplan shows that countries outside the western world may now be facing the same pattern of increasing IBD rates.

Portable 3-D scanner assesses patients with elephantiasis

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 03:04:52 EDT

An estimated 120 million people worldwide are infected with lymphatic filariasis, a parasitic, mosquito-borne disease that can cause major swelling and deformity of the legs, a condition known as elephantiasis. Health-care workers rely on leg measurements to assess the severity of the condition. However, measuring legs that are severely swollen often proves cumbersome and impractical.

New screening tool can identify diabetic retinopathy

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 13:20:03 EDT

(HealthDay)—A new screening tool can adequately detect risk of diabetic retinopathy in adults with diabetes in low-income communities in Mexico, according to a study published in the October issue of Preventing Chronic Disease.

ACG: defecation posture modification device beneficial

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 13:10:02 EDT

(HealthDay)—A defecation posture modification device (DPMD) can reduce bowel movement duration and straining patterns among healthy individuals, according to a study presented at the World Congress of Gastroenterology, being held in partnership with the American College of Gastroenterology's annual scientific meeting and postgraduate course Oct. 13 to 18 in Orlando, Florida.

ACG: fecal transplant safe in primary sclerosing cholangitis

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 12:50:03 EDT

(HealthDay)—Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from a rationally selected donor seems safe and effective for patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), according to a study presented at the World Congress of Gastroenterology, being held in partnership with the American College of Gastroenterology's annual scientific meeting and postgraduate course Oct. 13 to 18 in Orlando, Florida.

Nigeria confirms three cases of monkeypox

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 12:23:10 EDT

Nigeria said Monday it had confirmed three cases of monkeypox after receiving dozens of reports of the disease since last month in seven states across the country's south.

Endogenous infection marker guides antibiotic therapy

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 10:33:47 EDT

The endogenous infection marker procalcitonin can help to guide the use of antibiotics when treating infections. The course of antibiotic therapy is shortened, and its side effects and mortality rate also decrease, as researchers from the University of Basel and other colleagues report in the journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases. They conducted a meta-analysis of over 6,700 international data sets from patients with respiratory infections.

In Madagascar, plague outbreak now threatens largest cities

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 08:30:02 EDT

As plague cases rose last week in Madagascar's capital, many city dwellers panicked. They waited in long lines for antibiotics at pharmacies and reached through bus windows to buy masks from street vendors. Schools have been canceled, and public gatherings are banned.

New tools to combat kidney fibrosis

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 06:37:43 EDT

Interstitial fibrosis – excessive tissue scarring – contributes to chronic kidney disease, which is increasing in prevalence in the United States.