Last Build Date: Wed, 18 Feb 2004 10:14:00 -0000
Wed, 18 Feb 2004 10:14:00 -0000Note that this license covers only some portions of the software. Please see above for more details. GNU LESSER GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2.1, February 1999 Copyright (C) 1991, 1999 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. [This is the first released version of the Lesser GPL. It also counts as the successor of the GNU Library Public License, version 2, hence the version number 2.1.] Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public Licenses are intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This license, the Lesser General Public License, applies to some specially designated software packages--typically libraries--of the Free Software Foundation and other authors who decide to use it. You can use it too, but we suggest you first think carefully about whether this license or the ordinary General Public License is the better strategy to use in any particular case, based on the explanations below. When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom of use, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish); that you receive source code or can get it if you want it; that you can change the software and use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you are informed that you can do these things. To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid distributors to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender these rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the library or if you modify it. For example, if you distribute copies of the library, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that we gave you. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. If you link other code with the library, you must provide complete object files to the recipients, so that they can relink them with the library after making changes to the library and recompiling it. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights. We protect your rights with a two-step method: (1) we copyright the library, and (2) we offer you this license, which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the library. To protect each distributor, we want to make it very clear that there is no warranty for the free library. Also, if the library is modified by someone else and passed on, the recipients should know that what they have is not the original version, so that the original author's reputation will not be affected by problems that might be introduced by others. Finally, software patents pose a constant threat to the existence of any free program. We wish to make sure that a company cannot effectively restrict the users of a free program by obtaining a restrictive license from a patent holder. Therefore, we insist that any patent license obtained for a version of the library must be consistent with the full freedom of use specified in this license. Most GNU software, including some libraries, is covered by the ordinary GNU General Public License. This license, the GNU Lesser General Public License, applies to certain designated libraries, and is quite different from the ordinary General Public License. We use this license for certain libraries in order to permit linking those libraries into non-free programs. When a program is linked with a library, whether statically or using a shared library, the combination of the two is legally speaking a combined work, a derivative of the original library. The ordinary General Public License therefore permits such linking only if the entire combination fits its criteria of freedom. The Lesser General Public License p[...]
Thu, 05 Jun 2003 16:35:35 -0000GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too. When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; and that you know you can do these things. To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it. For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights. We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and (2) offer you this license which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the software. Also, for each author's protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone understands that there is no warranty for this free software. If the software is modified by someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is not the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original authors' reputations. Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in effect making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any patent must be licensed for everyone's free use or not licensed at all. The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION 0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. The "Program", below, refers to any such program or work, and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program or any derivative work under copyright law: that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is included without limitation in the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you". Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). Whether that is true depends on what the Program does. 1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided [...]
Thu, 05 Jun 2003 11:10:49 -0000Alternative Open Source for development web Wilton Jos Ariza Florez Gianfranco A. Lucio Index ? Definition of Open Source ? Open Source vs. Free Software. FSF ? GNU www.gnu.org and LPG ? Advantages and inconveniences of the Open Source ? It bets of the big companies for the Open Source ? Compaq http://opensource.compaq.com ? IBM Proyecto Eclipses http://www.eclipse.org ? HP ? SourceForge http://www.sourceforge.net Index (cont.) ? I develop web Open Source (LAMP) Linux FreeBSD OpenBSD Apache Zope :mono AOLServer PHP Perl Python MySQL PostgreSQL ? ONLAMP http://www.onlap.com ? Development tools ? PHPNuke ? Forte ? The Open Source in the Administration ? The Open Source in the Company ? Conclusions, interesting addresses,... Questions that we want to respond Can I develop a place web with open source? Can you develop a place complex web (transactions,...)? Do people use it (companies, administrations)? What advantages would we obtain of their application? Inconveniences? Definition of Open Source The term Open Source refers to a software type of the one which it is available the code source. The Software Open Source has known potenciar and to integrate those big advantages of the community work, thousands of developers through everybody collaborating in projects jointly. OPEN SOURCE INTERNET Definition of Open Source (cont.) Open Source doesn't mean the mere access to the code source. Those terms for the distribution of the software of code source open they have to complete the following approach, according to the OSI (Open Source Initiative http://opensource.org /): 1. free redistribution 2. code source 3. modifications of the code Copyleft can be redistributed. 4. not to the discrimination of people or groups 5. not to the discrimination of labor fields 6. distribution of the license Open Source vs. Free Software The term Free Software was coined by it to refer to the compatible software with the license of the project GNU: the LPG. Therefore the Open Source was defined by the OSI and the FS it was defined by the FSF, both licenses are not same but if very similar and almost the whole software that one completes completes the other one. Summarizing the YOU and the FS is programs whose license allows to those users the freedom of executing the program for any purpose, to modify the program and to redistribute the original or the one modified. Copyleft The licenses with copyleft insist in that the modified versions of the program they should also be free software. Said in another way anyone that redistributes the software, with or without changes, he/she should give the freedom of to copy it and to modify it more. GNU/GPL is with copyleft BSD (Berkeley System Distribution) it is a license without copyleft GNU and LPG LPG Generic Public License http://es.gnu.org/Licencias/gples.html The listing of the packages GNU and with license LPG is in: http://www.gnu.org/software/software.es.html The project GNU began in 1984 to develop a operating system type complete Unix, which was open source: The system GNU. Variants of the system GNU, using Linux like kernel, they are broadly used, and although frequently calls `` Linux'', this variants should refer more exactly as systems GNU/Linux. Advantages of the open source ? Reduction of costs ? Security ? Collaboration (it is more beneficial having at 10000 programmers in a project that to 50 doctors in sciences of the calculation) ? Freedom of redistribution and modification ? Quick resolution of errors Inconveniences of the open source ? In most of the cases the absence of a real fellow responsible for the same one that responds of the system today and in the one future. ? More complexity of the system that which makes him have some cost, although small. Problems of the open source ? He lacks a marketing work and promotion to open up I walk in the administrations and in the PYMES. It bets of the big companies 18 projects harbored in Sourceforge. Agreements of collaboration with Lutris, Suse, Redhat, Boiler,... It has don[...]
Thu, 05 Jun 2003 10:40:21 -0000Basic concepts of And-Learning 1. INTRODUCTION The object of this report, is to be good as starting point for the development of a platform of and-learning whose nucleus is based in PHP-cloud. The following points are an analysis and extract articles on the topic, carried out by experts and ceo's of companies related with the and-learning. 2. WHAT it should PROVIDE A PLATAFORMA LMS (Learning Management System) The and-learning it is the tool that allows to be carried out the process of continuous formation. The society requires a permanent formation since the knowledge they have a short period of validity. Nevertheless to create an atmosphere of and-learning it is necessary to keep in mind the technology. It implies it some processes of change of the perception of the learning methods. The objectives of the platform must be defined of and-learning. Nevertheless standard, alone proposals, guides or models don't exist to continue. The contents must be excellent and to be very presented by means of new methods pedagogic inclination of a good administration and structuring of the technical and standard aspects. Everything leaving it of the teaching like central aspect. This learning system implies three factors: contents, services, platform. The and-learning it is a project, it is not a product, it is a process and the technology is a support to the project. A project has four phases: creation, design, installation and evaluation. At the present time different types of platforms exist. The key questions when choosing a platform are the requirements servidor/cliente, the database, the escalabilidad, the integration, the importacin/exportacin of data, the profiles of the participants, the CV and programs of profiles, the pursuit events and courses, the material, the instructors and contained, it allows the access of the platform but using the same programs, in the technology environments, the administration of the knowledge, the administration of the abilities and the administration of the resources respectively. A not well structured or complicated platform can diminish the possibilities of success of this formation type and desmotivar a lot to the students. A formation of quality in the Net should organize and to foment activities that guarantee the contact among the course partners. These will go by the organization of debate forums, students' meetings in virtual classrooms and chats directed by expert tutors in the area of knowledge that will be. It should also have a pursuit of the progresses of the students through autoevaluacin tests and of the realization of practical cases. It is to reach an identical demand level to which you/they would have if they were studying in attendance, assuring this way the validity of the knowledge acquired in this Virtual Campus. Also the possibility to have tutorships personalized with the professors is fundamental when guiding its learning, to incentivate them and to motivate them to continue studying and to reach an in agreement result with the expectations that the students have put in its formation. On standard At the present time hundred of platforms and thousands of contents exist in way proprietor, that is to say that a content developed by the company TO for their platform, B won't work in the platform of the company (and vice versa). Like it can be observed easily, this brings disorientation among those who should decide when implementing a system of and-Learning, call you University or company, and consequently he/she goes braking the normal development of this industry. The standards, then, are necessary for: To avoid that an institution is captive of a certain technology that prevents him to move to another without necessity of carrying out big investments. The offer of courses of companies of third that you/they produce contents, to increase just as it happens for example, in the environment Windows. The standards, in definitive, try to protect the investments to future [...]
Thu, 05 Jun 2003 08:24:38 -0000
See http://alms.sourceforge.net/editing.html for more informaiton.