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Validation of radiostereometric analysis in six degrees of freedom for use with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.
Related Articles

Validation of radiostereometric analysis in six degrees of freedom for use with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.

J Biomech. 2017 Dec 26;:

Authors: Van de Kleut ML, Yuan X, Athwal GS, Teeter MG

Abstract
A phantom study was conducted to determine bias in motion and bias at zero motion of radiostereometric analysis (RSA) for evaluating implant relative displacement in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). A Sawbones shoulder phantom was fitted with a RTSA implant set and 13 tantalum markers. The model was fixed to a manual micrometer, providing controlled movements though fifteen known increments in translation and twelve increments in rotation (0.02-5.00 mm and 0.1-6.0°), along each translation and rotation axis. Movement between the glenoid and humerus was assessed using beads vs. beads (B/B), model vs. beads (M/B), and model vs. model (M/M) measurement methods in a model-based RSA environment. Bias in motion and bias at zero motion were defined as the difference between measured and accepted reference values, and the difference between double examinations with a theoretical displacement of zero, respectively. Bias in motion ranged from 0.054 ± 0.010 to 0.129 ± 0.014 mm and 0.076 ± 0.025 to 0.126 ± 0.025° (B/B), 0.023 ± 0.009 to 0.126 ± 0.016 mm and 0.111 ± 0.033 to 0.794 ± 0.251° (M/B), and 0.029 ± 0.010 to 0.135 ± 0.030 mm and 0.243 ± 0.088 to 0.384 ± 0.153° (M/M). Bias at zero motion ranged from 0.120 to 0.156 mm and 0.075 to 0.206° (B/B), 0.074 to 0.149 mm and 0.067 to 1.953° (M/B), and 0.069 to 0.259 mm and 0.284 to 1.273° (M/M). This is the first RSA for RTSA study, with results comparable to those validating the use of RSA for hip and knee arthroplasties (accepted as 0.05-0.50 mm and 0.15-1.15°), justifying the potential use of RSA as a tool for measuring implant displacement in the shoulder.

PMID: 29336821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]




Micro-CT and micro-FE analysis of pedicle screw fixation under different loading conditions.
Related Articles

Micro-CT and micro-FE analysis of pedicle screw fixation under different loading conditions.

J Biomech. 2017 Dec 26;:

Authors: Chevalier Y, Matsuura M, Krüger S, Fleege C, Rickert M, Rauschmann M, Schilling C

Abstract
Anchorage of pedicle screw instrumentation in the elderly spine with poor bone quality remains challenging. In this study, micro finite element (µFE) models were used to assess the specific influence of screw design and the relative contribution of local bone density to fixation mechanics. These were created from micro computer tomography (µCT) scans of vertebras implanted with two types of pedicle screws, including a full region-or-interest of 10 mm radius around each screw, as well as submodels for the pedicle and inner trabecular bone of the vertebral body. The local bone volume fraction (BV/TV) calculated from the µCT scans around different regions of the screw (pedicle, inner trabecular region of the vertebral body) were then related to the predicted stiffness in simulated pull-out tests as well as to the experimental pull-out and torsional fixation properties mechanically measured on the corresponding specimens. Results show that predicted stiffness correlated excellently with experimental pull-out strength (R2 > 0.92, p < .043), better than regional BV/TV alone (R2 = 0.79, p = .003). They also show that correlations between fixation properties and BV/TV were increased when accounting only for the pedicle zone (R2 = 0.66-0.94, p ≤  .032), but with weaker correlations for torsional loads (R2 < 0.10). Our analyses highlight the role of local density in the pedicle zone on the fixation stiffness and strength of pedicle screws when pull-out loads are involved, but that local apparent bone density alone may not be sufficient to explain resistance in torsion.

PMID: 29336820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]