Athletic Training Services in US Private Secondary Schools.
J Athl Train. 2016 Oct 17;
Authors: Pike A, Pryor RR, Mazerolle SM, Stearns R, Casa DJ
CONTEXT: Availability of athletic trainer (AT) services in US secondary schools has recently been reported to be as high as 70%, but this only describes the public sector. The extent of AT coverage in private secondary school settings has yet to be investigated and may differ from the public secondary school setting for several reasons, including differences in funding sources.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of AT services in US private secondary schools and identify the reasons why some schools did not employ ATs.
DESIGN: Concurrent mixed-methods study.
SETTING: Private secondary schools in the United States.
PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Of 5414 private secondary schools, 2044 (38%) responded to the survey.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): School administrators responded to the survey via telephone or e-mail. This instrument was previously used in a study examining AT services among public secondary schools. Descriptive statistics provided national data. Open-ended questions were analyzed through content analysis.
RESULTS: Of the 2044 schools that responded, 58% (1176/2044) offered AT services, including 28% (574/2040) full time, 25% (501/2042) part time, 4% (78/1918) per diem, and 20% (409/2042) from a hospital or clinic. A total of 84% (281 285/336 165) of athletes had access to AT services. Larger private secondary schools were more likely to have AT services available. Barriers to providing AT services in the private sector included budgetary constraints, school size, and lack of awareness of the role of an AT.
CONCLUSIONS: More than half of the surveyed private secondary schools in the United States had AT services available; however, only 28% had a full-time AT. This demonstrates the need for increased medical coverage to provide athletes in this setting the appropriate level of care. Budgetary concerns, size of the school and sport offerings, and lack of awareness of the role of the AT continued to be barriers in the secondary school setting.
PMID: 27749083 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]