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Published: Fri, 02 Dec 2016 16:49:08 -0600

 



Durga Puja - Nothing Short of a Bienalle?

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 10:34:23 -0600

If you've never been pandal-hopping in Kolkata, you have never seen this side of the City of Joy. As Durga Puja arrives, the city gears up to a whole new level of excitement with colourful lights setting the stage for the most sought after festival of the city. From the brightly lit alleys, to the sound of the dhak and gong peeling through the night and mouth-watering delicacies available at almost every street corner, the bar of excellence is only being raised with each passing year.



The Mystery of Queen Elizabeth I's Possible Imposter

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 21:48:06 -0500

One of history's most unusual conspiracy theories involved Queen Elizabeth I, the daughter of England's King Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn. During the first half of the sixteenth century, Elizabeth was born to the tyrannical English king. When she was about ten years old, she was taken from Henry's court in plague-ridden London to Bisley, a small town Southwest of London, because he wanted to protect her from getting sick.



The Shadow Rider

Wed, 02 Nov 2016 07:48:57 -0500

Out of the pages of history galloping across the western plains of the Old West rides a lone crusader bringing law and order to an otherwise lawless land. With stealth and cunning many an outlaw met his fate. Horace Mann was broad of shoulder and narrow at the hip and everywhere he went the long arm of the law was not far away.



King Henry VIII and His Six Miserable Wives

Mon, 31 Oct 2016 06:50:44 -0500

King Henry VIII was England's king five centuries ago. He was a cruel king who managed to have six wives. My essay explains the life with Henry and why his wives were miserable.



King Louis's Fragrant Kingdom - The Perfumed Court of Obsession

Tue, 11 Oct 2016 11:35:26 -0500

Not to alarm you but what historians claim that our ancestors hesitated to bathe is quite true. Hygiene among the noble people was rare to find and thus we can only imagine what they would have smelled like. But trust me, it wasn't that bad after all because we are talking about King Louis's court and it was known for its extensive use of perfumes and everything that smelled pleasant. What few of us are aware of is that our nobility had a great fear of water. People back then had a common belief that diseases travelled through water. Now this is what led them to stay away from it and eventually prevented them from bathing. They thought that the less they bathed the healthier they would stay. They couldn't be further from the truth but we know that now, so let's come them some slack this time. This is the reason that during King Louis XIV's reign perfumes were used on a wide scale to scent every nook and corner of the castle and whatever possible.This actually happened and the air in and around the castle became so heavy with fragrance that the French court gradually came to



Typology of the Gaze

Wed, 05 Oct 2016 11:57:34 -0500

The gaze has become prominent in Psychoanalytic Literature. The psychoanalytic gaze is a phallic one. Here in this article, I have introduced various typologies of the gaze.



The Oregon Trail Ruts

Mon, 03 Oct 2016 08:25:33 -0500

History comes alive when you find evidence of it. I still remember the moment that I found an arrowhead lost by a Native American long before my life began. The homesteaders who traveled west on the Oregon Trail left their mark too.



Why Studying Geography Is Important

Thu, 29 Sep 2016 07:46:42 -0500

Many readers may be surprised or even amused by the title of this article, but amongst the communities we live in, individual perceptions can differ regarding how important it is to actually study Geography. In an age where many students need to find employment in a profession that offers a long term future, Geography is one subject many students should consider studying.



The Wounded Artist

Wed, 28 Sep 2016 11:06:04 -0500

Inspired by my personal struggles, this article is dedicated to those artists injured by early abuse and the dark underbelly of the complex social and political terrain of the art industry. The article addresses the painful hurdles the artist encounters, and the psychic toll and resultant wounds incurred. Likewise, it also identifies ways to champion the artist, so that these struggles and wounds can ultimately morph into wisdom, power, and success.



Creation of a Work Of Art

Fri, 23 Sep 2016 07:56:17 -0500

Many things in our world are artificial even agriculture. Our changes in nature can be considered art. Permaculture is artificial but imitates Nature. This way it works together with nature, instead of against it.



That Circle Of Winners

Thu, 22 Sep 2016 06:55:00 -0500

Everybody wants good fortune in their own way, but patience builds it ultimately, and good cause and effect or karma in existence. Some people even seem to be born under a "lucky star" where they get everything that they want.



The Captivating Cultural Life of The Nok and Dogon Ethnic Societies in Nigeria

Wed, 21 Sep 2016 08:08:59 -0500

Nok is a tin mining village located in Nigeria. The name was given by an archaeologist by name Bernard Fagg after studying the culture and discovering some terracotta (fired clay figure which is not glazed) sculptural remains of the people in 1943. The people had a well-organized administration and economic system. They were ruled by kings. They were farmers and hunters by profession. The people also practiced a snake cult and they highly revered snakes. The people believed in ancestors and practiced ancestral veneration and had an ancestral cult. They also believed in animism.



The Culture and Arts of The Swazi and Baluba Ethnic Societies

Wed, 21 Sep 2016 08:08:49 -0500

The Swazi live in Swaziland at the southeastern part of South Africa. They speak the Bantu language which is closely related to the Zulu language. The Swazi is part of the San's people who depend on farm produce such as millets and other grains for sustenance. Their main occupation is farming with a large section of the people engaged in pastoral farming precisely the rearing of cattle. Owing to this they also produce milk from the cows reared. Their farmlands are ruled by chiefs and his cabinet of experienced elders. Women are greatly respected in their communities. The Swazi believed in ancestors. The ancestors were greatly respected and highly honoured



The Meaning and Hidden Ideologies of The French Renaissance

Wed, 21 Sep 2016 08:04:18 -0500

Renaissance was a term used by scholars in the 19th century to describe the activities of European artists and intellectuals from the 14th century to the 16th century. Renaissance is a French word, meaning "rebirth "or "rinascinento" in Italian. The term can also be explained as the 'Re-awakening' or the 'Renewal of knowledge'. The period of the renaissance was an age of exploration, experimentation, self-realization and the opening up of new worlds not only in the artistic sense but imagination and creativity. People began to think, reason and analyze every aspect of words, deeds, and conventions of rules of society. It was indeed a period of enlightenment of the world.



The Historical and Cultural Page of The Baules of Cote D'Ivoire

Wed, 21 Sep 2016 08:03:00 -0500

The Baule ethnic society is found in the central part of Cote d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast. They can speak Asante Twi because they were once part of the Asante kingdom. Very little is known concerning the social and economic life of the Baules but they may have been ruled by kings and had a traditional ruling council as they were influenced by the Asantes. They also engaged in farming and gave credence to art as a profession. Training was offered to trainees in the form of apprenticeship. They believed in God whom they called Alura. They believed in lesser gods or divinities and ancestors. The Baule also believed that they lived in heaven with their marriage partners before coming to the earth.



Significance and Lessons From The Exploratory Spirit of The Renaissance Artists

Mon, 19 Sep 2016 08:06:38 -0500

Renaissance art has impacted greatly on the arts that we do today in several ways. This has increased the value and relevance of art in modern societies. It has set a path for today's artists on how they can hone their skills in art for socio-economic development.



The Historical Development and Printing Processes of The Famous Adinkra

Thu, 15 Sep 2016 14:55:35 -0500

Adinkra is a traditional cloth that is printed using the block printing technique. The finished cloth is a traditional mourning cloth worn for funeral occasions. The word 'Adinkra' means 'farewell' or 'goodbye'. It is worn to bid farewell and part ways with the deceased. The cloth has several symbolic patterns usually referred to as Adinkra symbols. These symbols carry symbolic connotations which usually explain the values, norms, and beliefs of the people.



Polynesian Art: Why Is It Part of Genius Creations?

Tue, 13 Sep 2016 08:37:32 -0500

Polynesia consists of various islands in the Pacific Ocean such as Hawaii, Easter islands, Tonga, Samoa, Tahiti, Marquesas Island and New Zealand. Polynesia is a fusion of two words 'poly' which means 'many' and 'nesia' which means 'islands'. Polynesia means 'many islands'. The Polynesians were skillful navigators (sailing masters). The Polynesian societies were ruled by kings, chiefs, and ritual specialists.



Melanesian Art: Reflections of the Creativity of the Pacific Ocean Dwellers

Tue, 13 Sep 2016 08:20:46 -0500

Melanesia is a fusion of two words 'Mela' which means 'black' and 'nesia' which means 'islands'. Melanesia means 'black islands'. It refers to the arts done by the black people in islands such as New Guinea, the dominant island, New Britain, Solomon's island, New Caledonia, New Ireland and Fiji all in the Pacific Ocean. Their arts dates back to either 2000 BC or 3000 BC yet their arts have seen only a few changes in this modern age.



Art Criticism and Judgment: How To Do It Professionally

Tue, 13 Sep 2016 08:11:32 -0500

Art criticism is a way of looking at, talking and thinking about works of art to understand their aesthetic qualities while passing judgment on the work of art. Knowledge in aesthetics is essential in art criticism. Before an art critic actually passes judgment on a work of art, he/she has to critically examine the artwork to understand all its qualities whether good or bad. He has to deeply think about the works of art so as to be able to pass good judgment about the work.



Who Were The Master Builders in Ancient Times?

Tue, 13 Sep 2016 08:11:16 -0500

Most of the ancient builders advanced in the field of architecture. This was through the spirit of experimentation. The ancient Greeks stood out as the masters in architecture. They used wood, mud-brick, and marble for their architectural structures. They used some as a shelter in which they lived. Others were built to house their gods serving as temples. However, worship of the gods was carried out outside the temple. The Greeks built stadiums for athletic contests and theatres for theatrical performances. Colour was used in pecking out details of their building.



How Works of Art Are Appreciated Using The Four-Step Process

Tue, 13 Sep 2016 08:09:41 -0500

Art appreciation is a procedure that is followed to make one aware of all the good and bad qualities that one sees, reads and hears about a work of art. It is a means of responding to works of art that are talking intelligently about a work of art and communicating knowledgeable about a work of art. Art appreciation involves a silent and deep thinking about the works of art. This would enable us to talk intelligently about the works of art.



The Kente Weaving Processes and Its Assorted Tools and Materials

Tue, 13 Sep 2016 08:09:15 -0500

In Kente weaving, before the weaving process is carried out, the materials and tools/equipment needed must be known and assembled as well as the production processes. The processes include planning and designing, warping, beaming, heddling and so forth.



The Symbolic Meanings of Kente Cloth Designs Among The Asantes and Ewes of Ghana

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 08:24:09 -0500

Kente is one of the famous indigenous cloths of Ghana. The origin of the craft is shared among the Asante ethnic society in the southern part of the Ashanti region and the Ewe ethnic society in the Volta region of Ghana. The times of discovering the art of weaving and the designs among the two groups were simultaneous. While the Asantes believe that they learnt the craft from how grass naturally interlocks, the Ewes claim they learnt the craft from the red and black stripped cobra which is their totem. Whatever be the case, there are interesting patterns and colours of the indigenous cloth that have interesting symbolic meanings that reveal the values, norms and beliefs of the ethnic cultures. It is essential that wearers of this famous cloth know the meaning of the designs and styles so that they can wear them to appropriate occasions.



Jewelry and Canoe Symbols: Revealing The Philosophical Concepts and Values in The Ghanaian Community

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 08:23:36 -0500

Jewelry plays significant roles in the Ghanaian community. They are not just aesthetic items that enhance the personal adornment of an individual but also have symbolic meanings that unveil the philosophical values, concepts and accepted norms for communal living in Ghana. Also, canoes which are primarily used for fishing activities especially in the coastal regions of Ghana particularly among the Fantes in Takoradi, Elmina and Mankessim in the Central region of Ghana have some symbols carved on the wooden canoes. These symbols give deep insights into the accepted ethical codes expected of residents in Ghana. Others serve as inspirational messages to the fishermen as they engage in their fishing activities.



The Breathtaking History and Symbolic Uses of The Akuaba Doll of The Asantes

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 08:18:10 -0500

The Akuaba doll is a special doll cherished very much among the Ghanaian communities especially the Asantes. The Akuaba doll earned the name from an Asante's woman called Akua who was barren and desperately needed a child. Due to her barrenness, she was branded as a witch by her neighbours accusing her of 'eating' (killing) all the children in her womb. Out of desperation, she consulted a local diviner for a child. The diviner after his consultations with the ancestors through some rituals asked Akua to commission a carver to carve a doll in the likeness of the child she dreams of having. She described vividly all the features she admires and desires to see in her would-be-child which reflected the Asante concept of beauty. Some rituals were performed on the doll and given to Akua. The story continues that Akua cared, carried and treated the wooden doll as if it were human. Soon, she became pregnant and bore a daughter exactly as the doll. Henceforth, all barren women were asked to go for a similar 'Akua' (The name of the barren woman) 'ba' (Child) doll. This explains why the doll was has being called Akuaba doll till date.



A Look At The Splendid Artistic Culture of The Indians

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 08:13:12 -0500

Indian art began in 3000BC and has flourished till date with great improvements. The major religion that exerted great influence on Indian art is Buddhism thus the worship of the god, Buddha. They believed in life after death with the understanding that something one does in the physical world will determine his destiny in the metaphysical (spiritual) world. Also, it was believed that the soul of each human being passes from one body to another. The Indians are famed for their long tradition of music and dance as well as jewelry for personal adornment. The Indians practiced various art forms such as sculpture, architecture, painting and textiles.



The Symbolic Interpretations of Designs of Asante Spokesperson Staff and Ceremonial Swords

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 08:12:12 -0500

Symbolism reigns in the Ghanaian community. Therefore, the designs of spokesperson staff, a special staff held by the spokesperson who plays the role as a mediator between the chief and his subjects in the Asante ethnic society in the Ashanti region of Ghana have symbolic meanings. Also, in ceremonies, the chiefs of Asante hold some ceremonial swords as they are carried in palanquins. These swords are also arranged before the chief when he is seated among his subjects during the observance of the ceremony. They also have some designs on them that have symbolic meanings. These must be understood by residents and visitors who attend the festivals and other equally meaningful gatherings where these symbolic items are used.



The High Tone of Art in The Culture The Bambaras of Mali

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 08:11:25 -0500

The Bambara ethnic society is located in the central part of Mali. The Bambara cultivate the land for sustenance. The main occupation there is farming. The people engage in agricultural activities like the planting and cultivation of corn and other cereals. A section of the people also engages in pastoral farming. Some few selected people were trained in smithing and carving. These smiths and carvers are greatly respected and feared because they are believed to be closer to the gods and ancestors. Their cultural life is cluttered with a lot of religious beliefs. These beliefs were greatly portrayed using artistic productions in sculpture, textiles, Blacksmithing, beadwork and much more.



The Role of Art in The Cultural Life of The Mendes in Sierra Leone

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 08:11:17 -0500

The Mende ethnic society is located in the South Western part of Sierra Leone. The main occupation there is farming. The Mendes have organized themselves into kingdoms and autonomous villages and towns ruled by chiefs. The chiefs' exercised limited power because the secret societies there exercise greater authority over the political and social life of the people. The Mendes believed in God as the creator. They practiced magic and also believed in ancestors, animism, sorcery, and witchcraft.



The Historical Development of Greek Sculpture: From The Motionless To The Motion

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 08:11:10 -0500

The Greeks of Greece have a dramatic historical trend in sculpture production. These progressive efforts can be well traced in the three stylistic periods of their artistic development as categorized by art historians. These periods are the Archaic period, the Classical period and the Hellenistic period. The chief material for sculpture production was marble because of its abundance in ancient Greece. However, other materials such as ivory, bronze and gold were sparingly used. Their statues played significant roles in the lives of the people. For instance, statues were placed at vantage points in the country in remembrance of important events and the victors at the Olympic Games. Others were placed over graves to remember the departed souls and for decorating public buildings.



How Art Reflected The Philosophy of The Ancient Egyptians

Fri, 09 Sep 2016 07:50:31 -0500

Egypt prides itself as the first center of civilization on the African continent from 5000 B.C. The country is located along the coast of the Nile River in the northeast of Africa. Egypt was the site of one of the most powerful and longest-lasting civilization in the ancient world. This great ancient state highly utilized various art forms in revealing their deep-rooted philosophies of life. These philosophies were embedded in their strict and compact religious beliefs paramount amongst them was the belief in life after death. Owing to this, the people practiced a death cult where art was the main vehicle that was used.



The Canopic Jars and Nubia Eggshell Jars: Receptacles For The Relics of The Dead in Ancient Egypt

Fri, 09 Sep 2016 07:49:58 -0500

Canopic jars are pottery vessels made by the ancient Egyptians used as containers in keeping the relics of the dead while the Nubia Eggshell Jars were used in storing relevant herbs that were used in the mummification or embalmment processes of the dead. These pottery wares were made with strong ceramic material such as porcelain or kaolin (white clay). They were glazed and fired at extremely high temperatures in brick- made Kilns.



Nature, Reasons and Uses of Prehistoric Art

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 10:26:51 -0500

The narrow range of subjects of prehistoric art which is animal life and fertility as well as the remoteness and inaccessibility of many of the cave paintings, sculpture, and engravings that were discovered give the indication that the works of art were not 'art for art sake' thus produced for mere decoration. The prehistoric men and women had far more relevant reasons for producing the artworks.



The Accepted Definitions For Art and Its Classification

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 10:26:43 -0500

Art is an area of study that is very broad. Generally, art is defined as a means of self-expression. There is not just one definition widely accepted for Art. Art lends itself to several definitions.



How Art Is Essential In The Personal Life And Socioeconomic Development

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 10:26:39 -0500

Art plays a vibrant role in the personal life of the individual as well as in the social and economic development of the nation. The study of Visual arts encourages personal development and the awareness of both our cultural heritage and the role of art in the society. The learner acquires personal knowledge, skills and competencies through activities in Visual arts. When one studies Visual arts, he/she would come to appreciate or understand that art is an integral part of everyday life.



Desirable Qualities To Be Developed Through The Visual Art Programme

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 10:25:29 -0500

There are several good and relevant traits or qualities that a senior high school student who has studied the Visual Art programme is expected to cultivate. These wonderful attributes must be earnestly sought by learners as they practice the visual arts.



How Indigenous Art Impacts National Development

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 10:25:03 -0500

The indigenous arts offer various employment avenues to the majority of people, especially the rural folks. This helps them in providing for themselves and their families, thereby reducing the unemployment ratio in the country, easing the government of the burden of unemployment.



Familiarizing Oneself With The Governors Of Creation: Principles Of Designs

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 10:24:56 -0500

Principles of design are the rules and guidelines that govern how the elements of design should be organized. They are the fundamental guiding principles to a good composition of the individual elements of design.



How To Identify and Describe The Unique Features Of Indigenous African Arts

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 10:23:14 -0500

The arts practiced by the indigenous Africans bear certain distinct traits or features that make them different from the arts practiced by other cultures like the Western culture. Though some critics say that indigenous African arts is primitive, old fashioned and ritualistic, the arts done are far from those criticisms and they are false. Those allegations are as a result of the failure of the critics in analyzing their unique characteristics.



How The Activities in The Rites Of Passage Illuminates The Culture of The Akans of Ghana

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 10:22:44 -0500

The term 'rites of passage' or 'rites de passage' was first used by the French ethnologist Van Gennep in 1909. It refers to the rites, rituals and ceremonies that are used to mark the changes or transitions from one stage of life to another. These changes include birth, puberty, marriage and death. Among the Akan ethnic society in Ghana, every Akan who marks each of the stages must undertake essential ceremonies and rituals and these lavishly paint the cultural traditions, values, norms and beliefs of the people.



How The Cosmological Belief Systems of the Sub-Sahara Africans Influence Their Socio-Economic Life

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 10:22:33 -0500

The Sub-Saharan Africans refer to Africans located in the Western part of the African continent. It includes countries such as Ghana, Nigeria, Benin, Togo and Cote D'Ivoire. The Sub-Saharan African believes that he is surrounded by various spirits. These spirits fight against each other for supremacy and prominence. There are good or benevolent spirits and bad or malevolent spirits in the universe or cosmos.



Psychic Income

Tue, 30 Aug 2016 09:21:33 -0500

The article speaks about the Psychic Income of the Individual. It is the Tacit experience that a human being derives. It is the intangible benefit beyond the utilitarian value



The Successful Tips for Drawing From Observation

Mon, 29 Aug 2016 09:26:46 -0500

Keen attention to every detail of items observed is the key to drawing them with accuracy. The application of the senses is also essential and assists in accurate representation of objects.



Blind Push of Students and Its Adverse Effects on Visual Art Education

Thu, 25 Aug 2016 09:16:37 -0500

Visual art education is one of the vibrant and resourceful aspects of general education that ensures skills development. This form of education grooms young students in the senior high school level with strong entrepreneurial drives to set up their own small scale industries. This assists them greatly in performing their civic responsibilities which is also quintessential in the development of the nation.



An Appraisal of Contemporary African Art and Artists

Tue, 23 Aug 2016 11:13:19 -0500

Contemporary African art has reached higher heights in the international fronts due to the immense contribution of the continent's prolific artists especially in the last half of the twentieth century. Contemporary African art is not demeaned as it used to be in the late 80's and early 90's.



The Socratic Philosophy of Questioning: Its Implication for the Teaching of Imaginative Drawing

Tue, 23 Aug 2016 11:11:55 -0500

Critical thinking is described as the systematic search for knowledge through rigorous probing, questioning and logical analysis. It is an in-exhaustive and unending search for true knowledge. One cardinal philosophical theory that assists learners in engaging in critical thinking exercises with the view of unearthing undiluted knowledge is the Socratic philosophy of questioning. This philosophical theory was propounded by Socrates who was a Greek philosopher and teacher.



Should Works of Art Be Repatriated to Their Places of Origin?

Mon, 08 Aug 2016 11:10:25 -0500

Repatriation is a hotly debated subject which is ongoing and its fire has little hopes of entirely dying out. Staunch giants and scholars and people in authority such as art curators, art critics, art historians, art teachers, politicians and other well meaning personalities have expressed their views on this controversial subject of restitution of works of art to their places of origin. The issue of art repatriation and the conflicts it's engulfed in is deep and vast.



Does African Art Have a History?

Mon, 08 Aug 2016 11:00:16 -0500

Art history is said to be the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans. The term is universally applied to past events about individuals and associations. It unravels the genesis or etymology of the things in existence today. It is a relevant field of Art that gives weighty information on creativity to artists of today.



Art Criticism: What Artists and Their Art Critics Should Know

Mon, 08 Aug 2016 10:07:16 -0500

Criticism, properly referred to as constructive comments passed by professional art critics about works of artists is under serious debate. Some artists do not like the comments made by some professional critics regarding their creative works of art which they feel deserves praise.



The Human Species Needs to Learn Humility

Mon, 08 Aug 2016 06:44:03 -0500

Humans are a rather arrogant lot, consider if you will how we believe we are the most superior species on the planet, no matter that there are species that are far older than we and have carved out a rather nice niche for themselves. Someday when humans have evolved into something more adaptable or become extinct, I think we all inherently know that other species, more adapted will remain in great numbers and ready to take on the next era on Planet Earth - the cockroach for instance.



Kyoto's 1100-Year-Old Gion Festival

Tue, 05 Jul 2016 14:03:25 -0500

Shining as the best-known festival in Japan, the Gion Festival takes place every year over the whole month of July. It's a testimony to the community spirit of downtown Kyotoites that this annual festival has taken place almost continuously since it started in the year 869.



The Adams Letter

Tue, 21 Jun 2016 10:22:51 -0500

Presently, in the United States of America, our government has led the country into a more inclusive point of view. There are those in politics who oppose this path, asserting that it has made the USA look weak. There is some relevant history in American politics that might be considered.



History: The 'Teacher' That Enlightens the World Through Its 'Experience'

Fri, 17 Jun 2016 12:52:34 -0500

This article discusses the importance of learning history perhaps among middle and high-school learners as many regard history as a boring, non-worthy subject. This article intends to subdue the negative aggression towards learning history.



Thermopylae Museum

Wed, 15 Jun 2016 09:58:29 -0500

This museum is relatively new and does an excellent job of revealing the historical events surrounding the famous battle of Thermopylae. It's one of the most important historic sites in Greece.



Amazing Ways to Show Patriotism

Thu, 09 Jun 2016 11:22:57 -0500

Patriotism defines a citizen who shows love and respect to his or her country. People celebrate patriotic days with their flags and other symbols and celebrations.



Meals in Shakespearean London

Tue, 07 Jun 2016 15:14:57 -0500

The dining habits of Londoners during Shakespearean London were very different to those of modern Londoners. They didn't use knives, or forks, if they were English born.



The Princess and the Plague

Wed, 18 May 2016 13:00:06 -0500

Come and learn about the sad demise of a princess due to the bubonic plague. Hear how all the riches in the world could not save her.



Ashoka Samrat - The Great Emperor of Mauryan Dynasty

Wed, 11 May 2016 09:57:33 -0500

Emperor Ashoka was one of the greatest rulers of Indian History. A great conqueror who ruled one of the biggest empires about two thousand and two hundred years ago. He became a disseminator of peace, love and prosperity.



Mastering the Different Masonic Rituals

Mon, 09 May 2016 15:14:03 -0500

Masonic craft regalia are often used in different Masonic rituals and ceremonies. This explains why all these regalia should be held in high regard. After all, improper care of the different regalia used in their rituals would mean a complete disregard of the rituals as well.



Understanding the History and the Degrees of the Knights Templar

Wed, 27 Apr 2016 13:08:25 -0500

Fully understanding where the Knights Templar came from and what relevance its degrees hold help any aspiring and current member understand what their Knights Templar regalia truly stand for. The Knights Templar, or the Order of the Temple of Solomon, is considered as perhaps the most romantic of the suggested ancestors of Freemasonry. Although it derived its name from the military unit in the Crusades, the Order does not claim any direct lineal descent from the historical Knights Templar.



Allama Muhammad Iqbal Is a National Hero

Wed, 27 Apr 2016 08:13:25 -0500

Allama Muhammad Iqbal was the great philosopher-poet of Asia. He was also a great politician and thinker of Pakistan. He was born on 9th November 1877 at Sialkot, Punjab province of Pakistan. His father's name was Noor Muhammad. He descended from a family of Kashmiri Brahmans who had embraced Islam about 300 years ago. Allama Muhammad Iqbal received his early education from his native town. He was very talented/ intelligent from his childhood. He did his B.A in 1897 from Government College, Lahore and M.A (Master of Arts) in Philosophy from the said college in 1899. He was appointed as a lecturer of the said college. He wrote his first book "Bang-e-Dara" at that time. This book was quite different from other poems. Soon he resigned from government service and proceeded to Europe for further higher education. He got a degree from Cambridge, then he got LLB from London and secured Ph. D. from Munich University respectively. His thesis was Philosophy of AJAM.



The Frail Man Who Defined Infinity

Tue, 26 Apr 2016 15:28:22 -0500

The man may have departed, but his achievements would be further immortalised in the newly released film "The Man who Knew Infinity"... and may I add, "whom infinity could not define." "1729" - The taxi sped away. "Boring, isn't it, that number 1729?" remarked Hardy to Ramanujan. "Aha, " replied Ramanujan, "1729 is the smallest number which can be expressed as the sum of two cubes, in 2 dissimilar ways. "



The Longest Overdue Library Book in American History

Mon, 25 Apr 2016 06:13:54 -0500

Not many people know that the longest overdue library books were returned after 221 years. What is surprising is that they were checked out by George Washington, himself.



How Thomas Jefferson Saved the Library of Congress

Mon, 18 Apr 2016 06:13:41 -0500

Thomas Jefferson was one of the finest patriots and presidents America ever had. He did so much for our nation so that, today as Americans, we are proud to live in such a blessed country. Jefferson was a bibliophile- a lover of books. His personal library included 10,000 volumes, in which part was sold to save the Library of Congress in 1814 when the British burned most of Washington D.C.



Why Volunteering Can Make You Happy

Fri, 15 Apr 2016 07:44:12 -0500

"Anywhere I see suffering, that's where I want to be, doing what I can." - Princess Diana. There are a lot of benefits one can gain from actively participating in social causes through non-governmental or charity organisations.



The Damned Human Race - A Critical Analysis

Mon, 04 Apr 2016 12:53:47 -0500

'The Damned Human Race' by Mark Twain is a satire on the mankind that reflects how it has ended up into a state worse than that of the animals. The writer aims to highlight the darker side of the coin of morality which according to him, like any other virtue, carries its own vices. He makes use of argumentative, cynical and indignant tones throughout his essay and shows an admirable coherence in it.



Nietzsche's Descent

Fri, 25 Mar 2016 13:03:57 -0500

Nietzsche's descent into madness is often characterized by a dramatic collapse in Turin, Italy. Was this collapse a fabrication?



Experience the Essence of a Culture

Thu, 17 Mar 2016 07:21:27 -0500

Listen to the arousing heart-pounding beat of the drums, now queue the reverberation of haunting falsetto singers that echo along the shores of the grand river. It's Pow-Wow time on the Six Nations reserve in Ontario. Bordering the towns of Caledonia, Hagersville, and Brant county, the rich cultural heritage tradition of these First Nations people, known as Haudenosaunee, host an annual extraordinary event featuring over 400 lively dancers, singers, scores of traditional crafters, and over 30 unique food vendors.



Okies: Pride and Perseverance

Wed, 10 Feb 2016 11:23:57 -0600

Did you know not all Okies are from Oklahoma? And not all Okies migrated to California during the Great Depression? Some stayed, and persevered during hard times.



My Celebrity Encounters: Robert F Kennedy

Tue, 09 Feb 2016 09:33:14 -0600

I grew up in southern California, and spent most of my life working in the entertainment industry. I am currently a professional touring musician, and I have worked in the motion picture business as a driver, courier, production assistant and actor. This series of articles focuses on some of the people I have met over the course of my life. With the exception of a few, these were positive experiences, and I will try to present these in a chronological order.



The Judgment of Gideon

Tue, 09 Feb 2016 09:13:00 -0600

Many words that we use today draw their meaning from activity that occurred during an ancient time. The word judge is such a word.



Archaeology and Stone Tools

Mon, 08 Feb 2016 07:55:26 -0600

Have you ever wondered how you would know that early stone tools were of human design? This is a widespread question, for as we wander through the rooms of a natural history museum we ask ourselves several pertinent questions regarding the contents. Many of us may question who fabricated these primitive items or perhaps how old are the utensils we are looking at. These same questions have been solicited over the years by members of the archaeological community and most often they have derived some sort of equitable agreement as to an answer. Research accomplished indicates that the most common early material for tools and weapons was stone. Now the only question remaining would be whether these artifacts were created by humans or natural means.



Art, Health and the Muse

Wed, 20 Jan 2016 10:41:55 -0600

Does art heal the artist? Can art have any therapeutic effects?



5 Things About Joseph Conrad You Didn't Know

Tue, 12 Jan 2016 14:34:52 -0600

Jozef Teodor Konrad, renowned as Joseph Conrad was born on December 3, 1857. His parents were Polish; as a result, he was raised primarily in Poland and received education there. He was implanted with a lot of revolutionary ideas and this changed after he became orphaned at the age of 12.



What Are Magazine Ships?

Thu, 07 Jan 2016 07:18:27 -0600

The magazine is the name of a place where ammunition is stored on board a vessel and included explosive materials. The London Company was quite strict in the weapons sent to the colony and the affairs of the magazine were administered by a director who was assisted by a committee of five counselors. One the cargo was received into the colony, the accounts thereof were required to be passed upon by a team of auditors specially nominated in a Quarter Court.



The Trial of Captain Kidd: Pirate or Privateer?

Thu, 07 Jan 2016 07:13:46 -0600

Capt. Kidd was hired as a privateer, but tried in the courts as a piracy. The age-old question remains as to whether or not he was guilty of piracy, and the where is the location of a treasure never found.



Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby: Becoming Tom's Anima Woman

Tue, 29 Dec 2015 08:43:37 -0600

In F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby, the romantic but somewhat shady entrepreneur Jay Gatsby finds he has a second chance with the one that got away, Daisy Buchanan, who has married for wealth rather than love. As Gatsby discovers by the end of the story, Daisy has become what Carl Jung calls the anima woman, the female image of Tom's imagination to which Daisy has sold herself and ultimately her freedom. She will never love Gatsby enough to break away from her role as Tom's anima woman.



We The Citizens Of One Nation

Wed, 23 Dec 2015 07:42:35 -0600

I felt completely at home as I looked around the room and listened to what our facilitator had to say - a feeling that often eludes me even in my own country, a country in which I was born and raised. Wondering why I felt this warmth, I studied my immediate environment to get to the bottom of this sensation.



History of the Commended Libertarian Women of Ancient India

Thu, 10 Dec 2015 14:30:44 -0600

Two young ladies, Atreyi and Vasanti, meet by chance amid an excursion and begin a conversation. Atreyi advises Vasanti that she is making a trip toward the south looking for better education; however, she is a student at a college, which is popular to a great degree in the north; her teacher's distraction with his progressing novel means he has little time to show her anything of utilization. Vasanti concurs this move bodes well.



Creativity in America and How Italians Can Learn From American Ingenuity

Mon, 07 Dec 2015 06:47:04 -0600

I have traveled back and forth from America and Italy since 1982, during which time I experienced the changes that occurred in Italy, a country that was once prosperous due to a wide availability of creative jobs and Italian creative visions. However, ever since Italy joined the European Union, that drive to create as well as job protection, have diminished to the extent that one cannot simply reinvent himself with a home business creating art and design. Moreover, many of the greatest Italian minds are leaving in droves for other countries like America and Germany. If Italy is going to rise up from this depressing situation, it will have to learn lessons from America as well as taking on American language as a second language.



A Verbal Case Against the American Revolution

Fri, 20 Nov 2015 06:30:24 -0600

A medium height gentleman approaches and stands before a select group of men who are advocating a revolution from the British crown and campaigning for independence of the colonies here in the new world. The man appears to be a calm sort of individual who continually glances down to the floor as he addresses the assembly. Holding his cuffed hands in front of him he slowly begins to speak.



What Made Native American Peoples Vulnerable to Conquest by European Adventurers?

Fri, 20 Nov 2015 06:23:47 -0600

There were several traits which made the Native Americans vulnerable to conquest by European adventurers. First, the people themselves were ill equipped to deal with the European invaders. Their numbers were quickly reduced as a result of famine, forced labor, epidemics involving contact with European diseases and wars.



Art Vs Science - Are They That Much Different?

Tue, 03 Nov 2015 11:25:49 -0600

Do you imagine? Did you ever envision something that will make your work a little bit easier? Were you ingenious? Did you feel the passion you had for it when you took ownership of it?



Being Watched From Guard Towers

Mon, 19 Oct 2015 07:26:17 -0500

Japanese Americans were held as prisoners in camps during World War II. They were watched over by guards in towers with their guns pointed inward.



Anima Woman in Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House

Thu, 15 Oct 2015 08:01:54 -0500

In Henrik Ibsen's play A Doll's House, Nora attempts to become Torvald's ideal woman but later discovers she must leave him in search of self-realization. In the nineteenth century when Nora refuses to act out what Jung calls her husband's anima image, the only choice she has is to abandon the marriage.



Translation That Works

Mon, 12 Oct 2015 15:20:47 -0500

You can translate well if you follow 5 steps in sequence. You must determine the purpose of the text. You should clarify the text in the original language. Then you should produce a rough translation in the target language. After that, you should produce an idiomatic version in the target language. Finally, you should test the effectiveness of the translation on speakers of the target language. In the end, the skill to translate well resolves itself in your ability to write well in the target language.



Hall of Shame

Mon, 14 Sep 2015 11:16:07 -0500

The Hall of Shame - It is simply inconceivable that the world at large, the so called political leaders with a few exceptions remains so oblivious and in high gear demagoguery when in face of sheer misery when we witness the plight of the millions of innocent man, women and children refugees fleeing the conflict areas in search of a safe place to live. Let's all not forget the main culprits of all these conflicts are precisely the same ones doing the least and trying to look away. As stated by...



An Attempt to Survive the Holocaust Through Detachment

Thu, 20 Aug 2015 08:03:20 -0500

Dr. Jay Lifton describes the notion of "psychic numbing" as a way to detach oneself from the horrors that were going on in concentration camps, both for the prisoners and for the Nazi doctors. This form of detachment was an essential part of the "survival" process for many different people. A disassociation from the realities of the death camps enabled the Nazi doctors to continue with their experiments and selections without making most feel guilty for the pain and death they were imposing on millions of people. Conversely, many prisoners consciously or subconsciously found a way to detach from the horrors that were being inflicted on their own people in order to distant themselves from their emotions and focus on their survival. This article aims to expose the various ways that the main people affected by the Holocaust (prisoners, Nazi soldiers and doctors) experience detachment as a way to acclimate to the environment that they were presented with.



Creating a New Nigeria

Wed, 12 Aug 2015 15:01:01 -0500

A man beats up his wife to coma, when he was asked why he beat up the wife to that point he said, it was because the wife provoked him to anger. But, he forgot to mention that between the time the wife provoked him and the time he react he had a space in between. That space in between, created a platform for him to make a choice.



Things I've Never Done - Part 4

Thu, 06 Aug 2015 12:42:34 -0500

More musings on the theme of Things I Have Done. This one, perhaps, of the category of Things I Wish I Could Avoid.



The Unholy War

Thu, 06 Aug 2015 09:43:38 -0500

There is a war going on in the streets, the battlefields, the internet and in the heart of minds of people all across the globe. It is a new form of war where different groups seek to destroy the other not by traditional warfare, but through an asymmetrical and proxy geopolitical tactics that defies the imagination. Western leaders are quick to spin and point fingers in the ongoing ISIS phenomenon and others groups without really trying to address a far deeper aspect and root...



5 Reasons Why You'll Fall In Love With The Middle Ages

Thu, 30 Jul 2015 06:32:05 -0500

Most of us who learn even a little about medieval times think of castles in faraway lands and begin to study everything there is to know about medieval living. Once we do that the dress, the food, peasant and aristocratic lifestyles, knights, and battles. Why once you learn about the Middle Ages you will fall in love with these times? Here are five pretty good reasons.



Serious Cross-Harp Harmonica Players Know the Notes They Blow Are Not Their Own But Are All Borrowed

Mon, 27 Jul 2015 15:07:37 -0500

Serious harmonica players know their debt is drawn, bent and borrowed from an unsung discovery long ago. Who was the original discoverer of the cross-harp form? What was this first cross-harp player like? Would any words that might come from that mouth speak as persuasively as the musical form it shaped? All of the above is unknown. And, so, recently, some new words have been shaped for this discoverer to speak... "Into my lungs, me blind but freed... Drawn air over new free reeds... Bent down, found a sound all my own: my authoritative tone. My style! I figure it all out... me! First one ever play my way. Now everybody play my way. But I play my way... first!" - The lead character in Champion Book.



Things I've Never Done - Part 2

Tue, 21 Jul 2015 15:28:57 -0500

I was around nine or ten when my older sister Margie played Beethoven's Fifth Symphony for me on her ancient windup Victrola. It was her favorite symphony-her favorite single piece of music-and she could never get enough of it. After she played it for me that one time, it became my favorite too.



Things I've Never Done - Part 1

Tue, 21 Jul 2015 13:26:31 -0500

A bit of whimsy. An exploration on the theme of things I've never done.



Too Much Of Anything Affects Our Life

Tue, 21 Jul 2015 07:28:52 -0500

Even the ambrosia taken in excess quantity affects the health. Medicine becomes a poison when the dose exceeds the prescription. Overdoing anything defeats the very purpose of such action. So, Too much of anything is good for nothing.



Why The Interest In Literature Decline?

Tue, 14 Jul 2015 15:52:25 -0500

This is a general idea about the decline of interest in literature. The article tries to answer the why and how of this important question. You can read this article to know about a new idea about literature and commercialization.



Confronted Through Art

Sun, 12 Jul 2015 20:36:03 -0500

The creative process allows for people to become vulnerable and often scared of what they find when confronted through art. I aim to help people see each situation from different perspectives, just as a sculpture can be looked at from different sides but it is still one piece.



Florence and the Medici Family

Wed, 24 Jun 2015 14:31:37 -0500

Although today the city of Florence is considered quite small, at the time of the Medici it was the most populated and richest city in Europe and home to those who actually were the largest bank owners. Florence was capable of promoting trade and the finance more in the most important states of the time, such as France and England.