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Aerobic exercise may reduce severity asthma symptoms

12 June 2015

(June 12, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From Brazil - According to research published in Thorax, aerobic exercise may help to reduce severity of asthma symptoms. Researchers studied 58 patients with moderate to severe asthma. Participants were between 20 and 59 years of age, and were randomized to either a 30 minute yoga breathing exercise 2x a week for 12 weeks or to the breathing exercise in addition to a 35 minute treadmill session 2x a week for 12 weeks. Results showed that participants in the aerobic exercise group were able to tolerate twice the level of trigger factor before developing symptoms, and also reported improved quality of life.

Maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy greatly beneficial for mother and child

12 June 2015

(June 12, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From Thailand - Maintaining a healthy weight during pregnancy benefits both mother and child, according to a report published in the Cochrane Library. Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of 37 studies comprised of over 11,000 women. They found that women who were randomized to weight management interventions during pregnancy gained less weight compared to controls. These interventions involved low sugar diets, exercise alone, or diet and exercise combined. Women in the intervention groups were also less likely to have hypertension and were at a small reduced risk of c-section

Link between teen mothers and autism

11 June 2015

(June 11, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From New York - Research published in Molecular Psychiatry finds a link between teenage motherhood and autism. Researchers studied autism rates among nearly 6 million children. Around 30,000 of these children had autism. Participants were born between 1985 and 2004 and were followed up until 2009. Results showed that paternal age, maternal age and parental age-gaps all influenced risk of autism. However, the strongest association occurred among teenage moms and among children with a large gap between their ages.

New genetic markers to help classify brain cancers

10 June 2015

(June 10, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From California - New genetic markers may better classify brain cancers, according to report published in the NEJM. Researchers studied genetic and clinical data from over 1,000 patients with malignant glioma, as well as data on over 11,000 healthy controls. Results showed that with just three molecular markers, scientists were able to group 95% of gliomas into one of five distinct classifications

Common antacid raises risk of heart attack

10 June 2015

(June 10, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From Houston - A new report published in PLOS ONE finds a common antacid that may raise risk of heart attack. Researchers studied 16 million clinical documents that were taken from 2.9 million patients. Researchers analyzed individuals who had no history of heart disease and were taking a commonly prescribed antacid drug for acid reflux, known as proton pump inhibitors. Results showed that those taking these drugs were at 16-21% increased risk of heart attack when compared to those not taking the drug.

Tool predicts one year death risk following hospitalization

09 June 2015

(June 9, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From Ottawa - A new report published in CMAJ describes a novel tool that can accurately predict death risk within 1 year of hospital admission. Researchers studied data on over three million people over an 8 year period. They examined whether the Hospital-patient One-year Mortality Risk (HOMR) could predict risk of death from any cause following the hospitalization. HOMR takes into account age, sex, living status, number of illnesses, severity of illness, and the amount of hospital admissions. They found that the predicted 1-year mortality risk from HOMR was accurate in it’s predictions.

Amyloid PET scan helps diagnose Alzheimer's Disease

09 June 2015

(June 9, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From California - Research presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging finds that amyloid PET scans can improve diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers studied 100 patients with mild cognitive impairment. Participants underwent convention PET scans and amyloid PET scans, and their results were indecently evaluated by a radiologist and nuclear medicine physician. Results showed that amyloid PET scans identified Alzheimer’s disease in half of the cases that were found to be indeterminate with conventional PET scan.

Arterial plaque linked to diabetes

08 June 2015

(June 8, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From Maryland - Arterial plaque is linked to diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, according to research published in Radiology. Researchers studied over 200 asymptomatic patients at low to moderate risk of cardiovascular issues. Participants were over the age of 55 and underwent coronary computer tomography angiography. Results showed that non-calcified plaque was strongly associated with high systolic blood pressure, diabetes and high LDL cholesterol.

New report recommends that office workers stand for 2 hours a day

08 June 2015

(June 8, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From the UK - A new report published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine finds that office workers should stand up for at least 2 hours a day during working hours. Researchers developed the first ever guidance designed to reduce the health consequences of sitting too much during the day. They recommend 2 hours daily, during working working hours, of standing and light activity, eventually having this time increase to four hours.

Researchers identify possible achilles heel of HIV

04 June 2015

(June 4, 2015 - Insidermedicine) From Chicago - Research published in PLOS Pathogens finds a potential achilles heel of HIV. Researchers know that after HIV invades an activated T cell, the virus needs sugar and nutrients directly from the cell in order to propel it’s growth throughout the body. Researchers discovered the switch, known as PLD1, that turns on the cells sugar and nutrient pipeline. They then found that using a compound to block this switch shut down the pipeline and consequently starved the virus to death. Using human cells in vitro, the virus was then unable to replicate.