New insights into iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia.
Blood Rev. 2017 Feb 13;:
Authors: Camaschella C
Recent advances in iron metabolism have stimulated new interest in iron deficiency (ID) and its anemia (IDA), common conditions worldwide. Absolute ID/IDA, i.e. the decrease of total body iron, is easily diagnosed based on decreased levels of serum ferritin and transferrin saturation. Relative lack of iron in specific organs/tissues, and IDA in the context of inflammatory disorders, are diagnosed based on arbitrary cut offs of ferritin and transferrin saturation and/or marker combination (as the soluble transferrin receptor/ferritin index) in an appropriate clinical context. Most ID patients are candidate to traditional treatment with oral iron salts, while high hepcidin levels block their absorption in inflammatory disorders. New iron preparations and new treatment modalities are available: high-dose intravenous iron compounds are becoming popular and indications to their use are increasing, although long-term side effects remain to be evaluated.
PMID: 28216263 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Blood Rev. 2017 Feb 06;:
Authors: Baines AC, Brodsky RA
The complement system is an essential part of the innate immune system that requires careful regulation to ensure responses are appropriately directed against harmful pathogens, while preventing collateral damage to normal host cells and tissues. While deficiency in some components of the complement pathway is associated with increased susceptibility to certain infections, it has also become clear that inappropriate activation of complement is an important contributor to human disease. A number of hematologic disorders are driven by complement, and these disorders may be termed "complementopathies". This includes paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS), cold agglutinin disease (CAD) and other related disorders, which will be the focus of this review. A better understanding of the central role of the complement system in the pathophysiology of these disorders may allow for application of therapies directed at blocking the complement cascade.
PMID: 28215731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]