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Medical and Health Encyclopedia





Published: 2005-08-18T22:54:43+00:00

 



Overweight

2005-08-18T22:54:43+00:00

Alternative names Fat - obese; Obesity Definition Obesity is also defined as a BMI (body mass index) over 30 kg/m2. Patients with a BMI between 25 and 29.9 are considered overweight, but not obese. See also diet and calories.



Type 2 diabetes

2005-08-18T22:18:15+00:00

Alternative names Noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; Diabetes - Type 2 Definition Type 2 diabetes is a chronic, life-long disease that results when the body’s insulin does not work effectively. Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas in response to increased levels of blood sugar (glucose) in the blood. See also Type 1 Diabetes.



Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

2005-08-18T22:02:05+00:00

Alternate Names : Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, IDDM, Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors Type 1 diabetes mellitus, more commonly known as type 1 diabetes, is a disease in which the pancreas produces too little insulin to meet the body’s needs. Insulin is a hormone that helps control the level of glucose in the blood. Glucose is the main form of sugar in the body. What is going on in the body? Glucose is a key source of energy for the cells of the body. When a person eats, the pancreas makes extra insulin to move glucose from the bloodstream to the inside of the cells, where it is converted to energy. A person with type 1 diabetes does not make enough insulin to move the glucose into the cells. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood becomes too high. This condition is called hyperglycemia, and it can cause damage to the body, if left untreated.



Abdominal exploration

2005-08-17T08:54:26+00:00

Alternative names Laparotomy; Exploratory laparotomy Definition Abdominal exploration is a type of surgery where the abdomen is opened (laparotomy) and explored (exploratory laparotomy) for examination and treatment of problems.



Yaws

2005-08-17T08:54:09+00:00

 



Acid-fast stain

2005-08-17T08:52:10+00:00

Definition  The acid-fast stain is a test used to examine a specimen for the presence of microorganisms, specifically mycobacteria which include the bacteria that cause Tuberculosis. How the test is performed  Specimens of blood, urine, stool, sputum, bone marrow, or tissue may be collected, depending on the location of the suspected infection.



Abdominal CT scan

2005-08-17T08:28:26+00:00

Definition An Abdominal CT scan involves X-ray images of the abdomen from many angles. The X-ray beams are detected by the scanner and analyzed by a computer. The computer reconstructs the data into a picture of the body area being scanned. These images can be viewed on a monitor or reproduced as photographs.



Abdominal wall biopsy

2005-08-17T08:25:47+00:00

Alternative names Abdominal wall fat pad biopsy; Biopsy - abdominal wall fat pad Definition This procedure involves removing a small portion of the abdominal wall “fat pad.” The procedure is done most often to test for amyloidosis.



Abdominal MRI

2005-08-17T08:23:47+00:00

Alternative names Nuclear magnetic resonance - abdomen; NMR - abdomen; Magnetic resonance imaging - abdomen; MRI of the abdomen; Abdominal MRI Definition A noninvasive procedure that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to construct pictures of the abdomen and its organs.



Abdominal hysterectomy

2005-08-17T08:23:41+00:00

Alternative names Vaginal hysterectomy; Abdominal hysterectomy; Removal of the uterus Definition A hysterectomy is a surgical removal of the uterus, resulting in the inability to become pregnant (sterility). It may be done through the abdomen or the vagina.