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Agricultural and Biofuel News - ENN





 



New screening technique will allow crop breeders to develop drought resistant varieties faster

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 08:18:00 EST

Chithra Karunakaran and Karen Tanino’s team developed a simple non-destructive method to screen hundreds of wheat leaf samples in a day, reducing the time and cost associated with traditional breeding programs to select varieties for drought tolerance. Their findings were published in the November issue of Physiologia Plantarum.“Developing these types of tools better enables physiologists to complement breeding programs,” said Tanino, a professor of plant sciences at the University of Saskatchewan.(image)



Quantifying the Greenhouse Gas Footprint of Crop Cultivation

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 16:20:00 EST

"Climate-smart” crop cultivation, characterized by a low greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint, low synthetic nitrogen consumption, and simultaneously high yields (Figure 1), is an approach in agriculture for implementing the Paris Agreement as part of mitigating climate change. The GHG footprint is an index used to indicate the climate change impact potential exerted by crop production. It is therefore crucial to accurately quantify the GHG footprints of crop cultivation systems. However, severe problems or drawbacks in the quantification of GHG footprints still exist, which has limited the applicability of the GHG footprint in crop cultivation.(image)



Researchers Model Optimal Amount of Rainfall for Plants

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 16:12:00 EST

Researchers have determined what could be considered a “Goldilocks” climate for rainfall use by plants: not too wet and not too dry. (image)



A new NOAA tool is helping to predict US droughts, global famine

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 08:14:00 EST

Agriculture is the economic engine that powers the Great Plains, the vast stretch of treeless prairie that covers parts of 10 states – and where the next drought can appear with little warning.Now there’s a powerful new tool to help provide farmers and ranchers in the arid western United States critical early indications of oncoming droughts, and its name is EDDI.(image)



Flying Laboratory Reveals Crucial Tropical Forest Conservation Targets in Borneo

Mon, 04 Dec 2017 11:20:00 EST

About 40 percent of northern Malaysian Borneo’s carbon stocks exist in forests that are not designated for maximum protections, according to new remote sensing and satellite mapping from Carnegie’s Greg Asner and his colleagues.(image)



From Alaska to Amazonia: first global maps of traits that drive vegetation growth

Mon, 04 Dec 2017 09:17:00 EST

Detailed global maps of key traits in higher plants have been made available for the first time, thanks to work led by researchers from the University of Minnesota’s (UMN) College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences (CFANS).(image)



Genes Found in Drought-Resistant Plants Could Accelerate Evolution of Water-Use Efficient Crops

Fri, 01 Dec 2017 12:28:00 EST

Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified a common set of genes that enable different drought-resistant plants to survive in semi-arid conditions, which could play a significant role in bioengineering and creating energy crops that are tolerant to water deficits.(image)