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New graphene nano-ribbons lend sensors unprecedented sensitivity

Fri, 20 Oct 2017 10:53:21 -0400

Pinning DNA-sized ribbons of carbon to a gas sensor can boost its sensitivity far better than any other known carbon material.


Nanoelectronics breakthrough could make microprocessor chips work 1,000 times faster

Fri, 20 Oct 2017 07:36:27 -0400

Researchers have recently invented a novel 'converter' that can harness the speed and small size of plasmons for high frequency data processing and transmission in nanoelectronics.


Metallic nanoparticles will help to determine the percentage of volatile compounds

Fri, 20 Oct 2017 06:46:19 -0400

Scientists have developed a new way of increasing the sensitivity of detecting volatile compounds, especially chlorine, using metallic nanoparticles.


Build molecules in My Molecularium - a free new game app

Fri, 20 Oct 2017 05:01:45 -0400

This fast-paced, free game app challenges players to build a wide variety of fascinating molecules from water and vitamin C to caffeine and adrenalin.


Researchers explore a new way of specific drug delivery using liposomes

Fri, 20 Oct 2017 03:33:06 -0400

Researchers show a straightforward method to functionalize liposomes for specific targeting, potentially paving the way to personalized medicine.


Acoustic microstreaming - using sound waves for microfluidic applications (w/video)

Fri, 20 Oct 2017 03:26:27 -0400

Precise and reproducible manipulation of synthetic and biological microscale objects in complex environments is essential for many practical biochip and microfluidic applications. A new technique that offers simple, non-specific and long-lasting operation has been developed in form of an ultrasound-based method to guide microparticles in an autonomous and reproducible fashion, along with engineered topographical features - something like an automated highway system for microparticles.

Team clarifies valley polarization for electronic and optoelectronic technologies

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 13:42:14 -0400

An interdisciplinary team of scientists has uncovered a direct link between sample quality and the degree of valley polarization in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs).


Terahertz spectroscopy goes nano

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 11:22:50 -0400

Researchers have demonstrated a way to bring a powerful form of spectroscopy -- a technique used to study a wide variety of materials -- into the nano-world.


Chaos reigns even in simple electronics

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 10:25:47 -0400

It's really surprising: it turns out that among simple electronic circuits, built of just a few components, many of them behave chaotically, in an extremely complicated, practically unpredictable manner.


Scientists solve a magnesium mystery in rechargeable battery performance

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 10:19:07 -0400

A new study reveals surprising chemical reactivity in battery components previously considered compatible.


Strange but true: Turning a material upside down can sometimes make it softer

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 10:10:42 -0400

Scientists describe how the indentation toughness of polar crystals can be manipulated in such a way that they become easier or harder to dent from a given direction.


Extreme light trapping with nanomaterials

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 09:40:26 -0400

New nanomaterials technique bends light, pushing the limit of thin-film absorption in solar and water-splitting applications.


2D materials gets a new theory for control of properties

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 09:34:45 -0400

A theoretical method to control grain boundaries in two-dimensional materials could result in desirable properties, such as increased electrical conductivity, improved mechanical properties, or magnetism for memory storage or information processing, among other applications.


Nanomaterial risk profiling puts safety first

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 07:51:40 -0400

With uncertainty around the risks of nanomaterials hampering the EU's innovative potential, researchers are working on a safety concept to better monitor this emerging technology.


Nanomedicine researchers target disease at the molecular level

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 07:43:47 -0400

A scientists work on the diagnostic side of nanomedicine and is centered on nanopores - nanoscopic holes in synthetic membranes through which individual molecules can be threaded.


What tiny structures reveal about material properties

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 03:16:09 -0400

Scientists explore in what way a material's macroscopic properties are determined by its microstructure.


A sputtering step closer to cheaper solar cells

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 03:05:50 -0400

A simple, low cost technique that uses common materials could lead to significantly cheaper solar cells.


NanoFARM: Using nanoparticles to grow food

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 02:54:37 -0400

The answer to the growing, worldwide food production problem may have a tiny solution - nanoparticles, which are being explored as both fertilizers and fungicides for crops.


Researchers watch in real time as fat-encased drug nanoparticles invade skin cells

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 02:47:09 -0400

A new study describes the use of cutting-edge microscopy technology to visualize how liposomes escape from blood vessels into surrounding cells in a living mouse, offering clues that may help researchers design better drug delivery systems.


Integrated lab-on-a-chip uses smartphone to quickly detect multiple pathogens

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 02:42:43 -0400

Researchers have developed a novel platform to diagnose infectious disease at the point-of-care, using a smartphone as the detection instrument in conjunction with a test kit in the format of a credit card.


Researchers customize catalysts to boost product yields, decrease separation costs

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 14:13:01 -0400

For some crystalline catalysts, what you see on the surface is not always what you get in the bulk, according to two new studies.


Research demonstrates method to alter coherence of light

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 14:05:09 -0400

Scientists have demonstrated for the first time a method of substantially changing the spatial coherence of light.


This nanoelectronics breakthrough could lead to more efficient quantum devices

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 09:56:30 -0400

Researchers have made a breakthrough that could help your electronic devices get even smarter. Their findings, which examine electron behaviour within nanoelectronics.


New material for digital memories of the future

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 09:51:30 -0400

Researchers have developed the first material with conductivity properties that can be switched on and off using ferroelectric polarisation.


Competing forces: How molecules maintain their structure

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 09:46:41 -0400

Using synthetically produced molecules, chemists and physicists have investigated the forces which are at work inside the molecule to give it its three-dimensional structure.


Nanofiber sutures promote production of infection-thwarting peptide

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 09:41:11 -0400

Loading nanofiber sutures with vitamin D induces the production of an infection-fighting peptide, new research shows.


Nanotechnology for neuroscience

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 05:13:24 -0400

Notwithstanding the progress neuroscientists have made in understanding the microscale function of single neurons and the macroscale activity of the human brain - a comprehensive understanding of the brain still remains an elusive goal. Here we review the basic concepts associated with neuroscience and the current journey of nanotechnology towards the study of neuron function by addressing various concerns on the significant role of nanomaterials in neuroscience and by describing the future applications of this emerging technology.

Separating methane and CO2 will become more efficient

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 03:10:44 -0400

To make natural gas and biogas suitable for use, the methane has to be separated from the CO2. This involves the use of membranes: filters that stop the methane and let the CO2 pass through. Researchers have developed a new membrane that makes the separation process much more effective.


Electrode materials from the microwave oven

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 03:04:45 -0400

Novel process for synthesizing high-voltage cathodes for lithium ion batteries.


Water-repelling surfaces ease ice removal

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 02:58:16 -0400

Water-repellent surfaces and coatings could make ice removal a literal breeze by forcing ice to grow up rather than just skate by.


Bridging the terahertz gap

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 02:51:55 -0400

Researchers are exploring the possibility of using an infrared frequency comb to generate elusive terahertz frequencies.


The drop that's good to the very end

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 11:11:42 -0400

Discovery of new water droplet behavior could create more energy-efficient spray drying of products from detergents to instant coffee.


Scientists revisit optical constants of ultrathin gold films

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 10:02:18 -0400

Researchers have conducted highly precise measurements of the optical constants of ultrathin gold films with thicknesses ranging from 20 to 200 nanometers in the optical part of the electromagnetic spectrum.


New frontiers for graphene

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 09:52:34 -0400

The Graphene Flagship's international workshops aim to promote strong global links in graphene research.


Missing link between new topological phases of matter discovered

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 09:47:41 -0400

Physicists investigated a class of materials that exhibit characteristics of topological insulators. During these studies they discovered a transition between two different topological phases, one of which is ferroelectric, meaning a phase in the material that exhibits spontaneous electric polarisation and can be reversed by an external electric field.


Atomic force microscopy in color

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 09:42:41 -0400

Researchers turn atomic force microscope measurements into color images.


Electroplating: The birth of a single nucleus caught in camera

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 09:42:34 -0400

Electroplating, or electrodeposition, is one of the most important processes in chemistry, in which a metal cation in solution can be reduced to its elemental form by applying an electrical potential to an electrode.


New optical tool to image rotational motions in live cells

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 09:29:30 -0400

Researchers have developed a new optical imaging technique, Single Particle Orientation and Rotational Tracking (SPORT), to image rotational motions in live cells and ultimately target cancer cells.


Scientists create most powerful micro-scale bio-solar cell yet

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 09:23:13 -0400

New solar cell could power point-of-care medical devices in limited-resource regions.


World first for reading digitally encoded synthetic molecules

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 04:51:13 -0400

For the first time ever, using mass spectrometry, researchers have successfully read several bytes of data recorded on a molecular scale using synthetic polymers.