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Preview: Newswise: MedNews

Newswise: MedNews

Newswise: Latest Medical News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.

Copyright: Copyright 2018 Newswise

Study Advances Gene Therapy for Glaucoma

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 16:05:34 EST

(image) In a study published today in the scientific journal Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Kaufman and Curtis Brandt, a fellow professor of ophthalmology and visual sciences at UW-Madison, showed an improved tactic for delivering new genes into the eye's fluid drain, called the trabecular meshwork. It could lead to a treatment for glaucoma.(image)

Who Might Benefit From Immunotherapy? New Study Suggests Possible Marker

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 16:00:00 EST

New research finds that PDL-1 expressed in antigen presenting cells - macrophages and dendritic cells found in the tumor microenvironment and in the nearby lymph nodes -- is a better indicator than PDL-1 in the tumor of who will respond to immunotherapy drugs.(image)

Bariatric Surgery Prolongs Lifespan in Obese

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 15:05:56 EST

Obese, middle-age men and women who had bariatric surgery have half the death rate of those who had traditional medical treatment over a 10-year period, reports a study that answers questions about the long-term risk of the surgery. (image)

NIH Invests in Collaborative Research to Understand Mechanisms Controlling Cell Division

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 15:05:38 EST

(image) A three-year, $675,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to understand cell-size control in the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.(image)

Smartphone App Now Recognizes FASD Thanks to MMI Geneticist

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 15:05:35 EST

(image) With a smartphone and an app, qualified health care professionals can now diagnose fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in their office thanks to a suggestion from Omar Rahman, M.D.(image)

Families Who Adopt Receive Specialized Medical Care From Montefiore

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 14:55:09 EST

Parents of adopted children can now consult with a nationally recognized expert in adoption medicine at the Children's Hospital at Montefiore(image)

Hal Skopicki Appointed Chief of Cardiology in the Department of Medicine and Deputy Director of Operations in the Stony Brook University Heart Institute

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 14:05:46 EST

(image) Hal Skopicki, MD, PhD, has been appointed Chief of Cardiology in the Department of Medicine and Deputy Director of Operations in the Stony Brook University Heart Institute. He is a renowned heart failure specialist, who has led the major effort in advancing the care of patients with advanced cardiac disease since his arrival at Stony Brook in 2006.(image)

Having a Pharmacist at Stroke Patient's Bedside Speeds Administration of Critical Drug

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 13:05:41 EST

In treating stroke patients, every minute counts. A drug called rtPA sometimes can stop a stroke in its tracks. Now a Loyola Medicine study has found that having a pharmacist at the patient's bedside can reduce the time it takes to administer rtPA by a median of 23.5 minutes.(image)

Want Romance This Valentine's Day? Help Your Sweetie Avoid Allergy and Asthma Triggers

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 12:35:23 EST

(image) Romance is the name of the game on Valentine's Day, and keeping sneezing, wheezing and watery eyes out of the mix helps put everyone more in the mood for love. Here are five tips from ACAAI to help make your Valentine's Day special.(image)

A 'Touching Sight': How Babies' Brains Process Touch Builds Foundations for Learning

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 12:05:38 EST

(image) A new study from the University of Washington Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) provides one of the first looks inside the infant's brain to show where the sense of touch is processed -- not just when a baby feels a touch to the hand or foot, but when the baby sees an adult's hand or foot being touched, as well. Researchers say these connections help lay the groundwork for the developmental and cognitive skills of imitation and empathy.(image)

Memory Loss From West Nile Virus May Be Preventable

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 12:05:31 EST

People who survive brain infection with West Nile virus can have neurological problems long after the virus is gone. A new study in mice suggests that such ongoing problems may be due to unresolved inflammation that hinders the brain's ability to repair damaged neurons and grow new ones. Reducing inflammation with an arthritis drug protected mice from West Nile-induced memory loss.(image)

Researchers Identify New Way to Unmask Melanoma Cells to the Immune System

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 12:05:12 EST

(image) A research team at the Duke Cancer Institute has found a new way to keep the immune system engaged, and is planning to test the approach in a phase 1 clinical trial.(image)

AACC Releases Practice Guidelines for Using Laboratory Drug Tests to Combat Opioid Addiction, Overdoses

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 11:05:54 EST

WASHINGTON - AACC has issued a new guideline detailing how healthcare providers can use laboratory tests to manage treatment of pain and prevent prescription drug overdoses. Especially relevant in light of the worsening opioid epidemic, the guideline emphasizes increased collaboration between clinicians and laboratory experts as well as the use of more precise drug tests as key to identifying pain patients who are abusing their opioid prescriptions.(image)

Pediatric Physician-Scientists Struggle for Funding

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 11:00:43 EST

(image) A new, multicenter study that included Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has found that most NIH grants awarded to researchers in pediatrics during the past five years have been limited to physicians in senior positions at a small number of institutions. The findings indicate an overall downward trend in funding for pediatric research, particularly among early-career physician-scientists.(image)

Mount Sinai Researchers Identify Protein Involved in Cocaine Addiction

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 11:00:00 EST

Mount Sinai researchers have identified a protein produced by the immune system--granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)--that could be responsible for the development of cocaine addiction.(image)

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology Names New Editor

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:40:54 EST

Board-certified dermatologist Dirk M. Elston, MD, FAAD, the current deputy editor of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology will step into his new role in July 2018, succeeding board-certified dermatologist Bruce H. Thiers, MD, FAAD, who has served as editor for the past 10 years.(image)

Evidence Supports 'Weekend Effect' for Mortality after Surgery

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:40:34 EST

As for other types of medical care, surgery appears to be prone to a significant "weekend effect"-- with higher odds of death when surgery is performed during or one or two days before the weekend, suggests a report in the February issue of Medical Care, published by Wolters Kluwer.(image)

Elevating Patient Care: Penn Medicine Orthopaedics and Princeton Orthopedic Associates Forge Strategic Partnership

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:30:31 EST

Penn Orthopaedics and Princeton Orthopedic Associates have announced a new strategic alliance in an effort to enhance and continue to improve orthopaedic care to patients in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. As part of the Penn Medicine Orthopaedic Specialty Network, physicians and surgeons at each entity will work collaboratively across state lines to expand patients' access to highly specialized orthopaedic care, while improving care team communication and processes, and collecting data to help physicians advance clinical research and care.(image)

Older Adults Are Increasingly Identifying - But Still Likely Underestimating - Cognitive Impairment in Their Families

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:05:41 EST

An increasing number of older adults are reporting cognitive impairment in their families over the past two decades, according to a new study led by researchers at NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing and East Carolina University's Brody School of Medicine.(image)

UNC Expert Publishes Commentary About Recent Change in Donor Lung Allocation Policy

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:05:40 EST

(image) Dr. Thomas Egan of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine says that a recent change in donor lung allocation policy was long overdue. However, because the change happened over the Thanksgiving holiday weekend in response to litigation, it came as a "tsunami" that was "sudden, unexpected, and may have huge consequences."(image)

More Evidence of Link Between Severe Gum Disease and Cancer Risk

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:05:34 EST

A new study adds to accumulating research that gum disease is associated with some cancer risk, reporting a 24 percent increase in the risk of cancer among participants with severe periodontitis. The highest risk was observed in cases of lung cancer, followed by colorectal cancer.(image)

Previous Influenza Virus Exposures Enhance Susceptibility in Another Influenza Pandemic

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 10:00:00 EST

(image) New data analysis suggests that people born at the time of the 1957 H2N2 or Asian Flu pandemic were at a higher risk of dying during the 2009 H1N1 Swine Flu pandemic as well as the resurgent H1N1 outbreak in 2013-2014. And it is not the first time this has happened.(image)

In Chronic Disease Care, Family Helpers Are Key, But Feel Left Out

Tue, 16 Jan 2018 09:05:50 EST

People with diabetes, heart failure and other chronic diseases often live independent lives, without a traditional caregiver. But many have a family member or friend who plays a key supporting role in their health care.(image)