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Preview: Newswise: MedNews

Newswise: MedNews



Newswise: Latest Medical News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.



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Possible Roots of Schizophrenia Uncovered, UCI Study Finds

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 12:05:20 EST

An abundance of an amino acid called methionine, which is common in meat, cheese and beans, may provide new clues to the fetal brain development that can manifest in schizophrenia, University of California, Irvine pharmacology researchers report in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.(image)



Researchers Discover Fundamental Pathology Behind ALS

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 12:00:00 EST

(image) A team led by scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital and Mayo Clinic has identified a basic biological mechanism that kills neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and in a related genetic disorder, frontotemporal dementia (FTD), found in some ALS patients. ALS is popularly known as Lou Gehrig's disease. The researchers were led by J. Paul Taylor, M.D., Ph.D., chair of the St. Jude Cell and Molecular Biology Department and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator; and Rosa Rademakers, Ph.D., of the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida. The findings appear today in the journal Neuron.(image)



Pig-to-Person Spread of Flu at Fairs a Continued Concern

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 12:00:00 EST

The spread of influenza among pigs is common at fairs and other gatherings, and protective measures including cutting the length of time pigs and people congregate make good sense for both the animals and humans, say the authors of a new study.(image)



Multicolor MRIs Could Aid Disease Detection

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 10:05:06 EST

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have developed a method that could make magnetic resonance imaging--MRI--multicolor. Current MRI techniques rely on a single contrast agent injected into a patient's veins to vivify images. The new method uses two at once, which could allow doctors to map multiple characteristics of a patient's internal organs in a single MRI. The strategy could serve as a research tool and even aid disease diagnosis.(image)



Combination of Traditional Chemotherapy, New Drug Kills Rare Cancer Cells in Mice

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 09:00:40 EST

An experimental drug combined with the traditional chemotherapy drug cisplatin, when used in mice, destroyed a rare form of salivary gland tumor and prevented a recurrence within 300 days, a University of Michigan study found.(image)



Successful Test of Small-Scale Accelerator with Big Potential Impacts for Science and Medicine

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 07:30:00 EST

(image) An advanced particle accelerator designed at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory could reduce the cost and increase the versatility of facilities for physics research and cancer treatment.(image)



Antifreeze to Improve Aeroplanes, Ice Cream and Organ Transplants

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 06:05:14 EST

(image) The design of aeroplane wings and storing organs for transplant could both become safer and more effective, thanks to a synthetic antifreeze which prevents the growth of ice crystals, developed by researchers at the University of Warwick.(image)



Drug-Delivering Micromotors Treat Their First Bacterial Infection in the Stomach

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:00:00 EST

(image) Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have demonstrated for the first time using micromotors to treat a bacterial infection in the stomach. These tiny vehicles, each about half the width of a human hair, swim rapidly throughout the stomach while neutralizing gastric acid and then release their cargo of antibiotics at the desired pH.(image)



For Post-Menopausal Women, Vaginal Estrogens Do Not Raise Risk of Cancer, Other Diseases

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:05:00 EST

(image) Women who have gone through menopause and who have been using a vaginal form of estrogen therapy do not have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer than women who have not been using any type of estrogen.(image)



The Environmental Injustice of Beauty

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:05:00 EST

(image) Commentary calls for policies to protect women, especially minority women, from exposure to toxic chemicals in beauty products(image)






Dr. Tawanda Gumbo Named to WHO Task Force on Tuberculosis Medicines

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 18:05:33 EST

(image) Tawanda Gumbo, MD, an investigator at Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, is among 30 experts worldwide named to a World Health Organization task force on treatment of tuberculosis.(image)



Baylor Scott & White - McKinney Researchers Reveal Mom and Baby Skin-to-Skin Care Reduces NICU Admissions for Hypoglycemia

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 18:05:31 EST

Skin-to-skin contact with mom helps newborns at risk of neonatal hypoglycemia stay out of the neonatal intensive care unit, according to a new study by clinicians at Baylor Scott & White Medical Center -- McKinney.(image)



In a Nutshell: Walnuts Activate Brain Region Involved in Appetite Control

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 17:05:17 EST

Packed with nutrients linked to better health, walnuts are also thought to discourage overeating by promoting feelings of fullness. Now, in a new brain imaging study, researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) have demonstrated that consuming walnuts activates an area in the brain associated with regulating hunger and cravings. The findings, published online in the journal Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, reveal for the first time the neurocognitive impact these nuts have on the brain.(image)



Can Previous Exposure to West Nile Alter the Course of Zika?

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 16:05:06 EST

(image) EL PASO, Texas - West Nile virus is no stranger to the U.S.-Mexico border; thousands of people in the region have contracted the mosquito-borne virus in the past. But could this previous exposure affect how intensely Zika sickens someone now?(image)



Eclipse's Dark Sky Still Threat to Eye

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 16:05:04 EST

(image) While the moon blocks most of the visible sunlight during an eclipse, dangerous ultraviolet light is still entering the eye and damaging the retina(image)



Improving Nursing Home Care for People with Dementia

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 15:05:21 EST

(image) Rutgers and Duke University professors explore how to improve care and reduce the use of antipsychotic medications in nursing homes(image)



CHLA Researcher Awarded $1.9 Million by NIH to Study Novel Approach to Battling Neuroblastoma

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 15:05:07 EST

Muller Fabbri, MD, PhD, of the Children's Center for Cancer and Blood Diseases at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, has been awarded $1.9 million by the National Cancer Institute of the NIH to further his research on neuroblastoma.(image)



Compounds in Desert Creosote Bush Could Treat Giardia and "Brain-Eating" Amoeba Infections

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 13:05:37 EST

(image) Researchers at Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at University of California San Diego and the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found that compounds produced by the creosote bush, a desert plant common to the Southwestern United States, exhibit potent anti-parasitic activity against the protozoa responsible for giardia infections and an amoeba that causes an often-lethal form of encephalitis.(image)



Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery Program at NYU Langone Hospital - Brooklyn Advances Quality of Life

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 13:05:20 EST

(image) Cedric Olivera, MD, clinical assistant professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology at NYU School of Medicine and one of the few female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery specialists in Brooklyn, changed patient Barbara Sampayo's life with pelvic prolapse surgery.(image)



Cell Cycle-Blocking Drugs Can Shrink Tumors by Enlisting Immune System in Attack on Cancer, Study Finds

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 13:00:33 EST

* Study explains why CDK4/6 inhibitors can shrink tumor in some advanced breast cancers * CDK4/6 inhibitors trigger the immune system to attack tumor cells * CDK4/6 inhibitors can also enhance anti-cancer effect of immunotherapy agents(image)



New Genomic Data Platform to Focus on Children's Health Issues

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 12:05:58 EST

Investigators from the University of Chicago Medicine will play a central role in a five-year, $14.8 million effort by the National Institutes of Health, contingent upon available funding, to improve the understanding of inherited diseases.(image)



Eating Habits Affect Skin's Protection Against Sun

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 12:05:55 EST

(image) Sunbathers may want to avoid midnight snacks before catching some rays.(image)



American Chiropractic Association Releases Choosing Wisely(r) List of Tests, Procedures to Question

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 12:05:14 EST

(image) The American Chiropractic Association (ACA) today released a list of five tests and procedures commonly ordered but not always necessary in chiropractic care.(image)



New Data Resource Centre Will Help Better Understand Links Between Birth Defects and Childhood Cancer

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 12:05:00 EST

Up to $14.8 million over five years, contingent on available funds, was announced today by The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Common Fund's Gabriella Miller Kids First Pediatric Research Program (Kids First). Researchers in Canada and the United States are using these funds to join together and build a centralized, cloud-based database and discovery portal of genetic and clinical data called the Kids First Data Resource Center (DRC).(image)