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Preview: Newswise: MedNews

Newswise: MedNews

Newswise: Latest Medical News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.

Copyright: Copyright 2017 Newswise

Weight-Bearing Exercises, Bariatric Surgery and Joints, A New Metabolic Pathway, and More in the Obesity News Source

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 20:05:10 EST

Click here to go directly to Newswise's Obesity News Source(image)

Are Dialysis Patients Being Over-Screened for Colon Cancer?

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 17:00:00 EST

* Colonoscopies are being performed more often on healthier dialysis patients than on those with more limited life expectancies; however, overall, dialysis patients are being screened at a much higher rate relative to their life expectancy than their counterparts without kidney failure.(image)

Students Propose Solutions to Critical Health Issues at Annual Hackathon

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 16:05:29 EST

(image) From virtual reality to crowdsourcing ideas, participants at UC Health Hack 2017 combined creativity and problem-solving to create projects addressing critical issues in health systems and global health. The 181 participants focused on one of two tracks: health care delivery or refugee health.(image)

Reduced Risk of Pressure Injuries at Hospitals with Nurses Certified in Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Care

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 15:35:40 EST

Hospitals that employ nurses who have specialty certification in wound, ostomy, and continence (WOC) care have lower rates of hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs), reports a study in the Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing. Official journal of the Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses (WOCN(r)) Society, the Journal of WOCN(r) is published by Wolters Kluwer.(image)

Overcoming Workplace Barriers to Breastfeeding - Review and Recommendations in the Nurse Practitioner

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 15:10:02 EST

For mothers of new infants, going back to work may pose a number of obstacles to continued breastfeeding. Workplace policies affecting the ability to breastfeed--and the role of nurse practitioners (NPs) in helping to overcome those obstacles--are the topic of a special article in The Nurse Practitioner, published by Wolters Kluwer.(image)

MSK Researchers Identify First Evidence of Epigenetic Role in Breast Cancer

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 15:05:22 EST

Researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) have identified, for the first time, an epigenetic mechanism promoting breast cancer. The team found that inhibition of the PI3K pathway leads to activation of ER-dependent transcription through the epigenetic regulator KMT2D. These findings provide a rationale for epigenetic therapy in patients with PIK3CA-mutant, ER-positive breast cancer. While epigenetic factors have been known to play an important role in various cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma, this is the first evidence found in breast cancer.(image)

Hitting Cancer with High-Intensity Ultrasound and Immunotherapy

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 15:05:15 EST

(image) In a new study published today in JCI Insight, UC Davis researchers have shown that combining high-intensity focused ultrasound with two immunotherapies (a PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor and TLR9 agonist) can produce excellent response rates in mouse models of epithelial cancer. They also found that, for the combination to be effective, immunotherapies must come first.(image)

Cooking Family Meals, Skipping TV During Those Meals Linked to Lower Odds of Obesity

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 15:05:14 EST

Adults who don't flip on the TV during dinner and those who eat home-cooked meals are less likely to be obese, a new study has found. But the frequency of family meals doesn't appear to make much of a difference.(image)

After a Clinical Trial on Midazolam for Seizures, Emergency Use of the Drug Rises

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 15:00:56 EST

(image) A new study investigated if previous research on midazolam's efficacy as a seizure treatment affected whether ambulances nationwide were choosing the drug over other benzodiazepines for seizure patients.(image)

Keck School of Medicine of USC Receives Grant to Fund Research on the Link Between Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Esophageal Cancer

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 15:00:17 EST

(image) The Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (USC) has received a grant to fund research on the link between gastroesophageal reflux disease and esophageal cancer.(image)

Community Champions: Collaborating with Communities Strengthens Nursing and Leadership Skills

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 14:05:59 EST

(image) Service learning is a pedagogical approach that has proven valuable in helping undergraduate nursing students better understand specific needs of diverse populations and gives them opportunities to apply their knowledge to meet those needs. The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing) has provided its students with dynamic service learning opportunities since 2014 though a unique student-established program called Community Champions, featured in a recent article published online in the Journal of Nursing Education and Practice.(image)

What Does Congenital Zika Syndrome Look Like?

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 14:05:28 EST

(image) In a new paper, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, along with colleagues in Brazil and Spain, describe the phenotypic spectrum or set of observable characteristics of congenital Zika (ZIKV) syndrome, based upon clinical evaluations and neuroimaging of 83 Brazilian children with presumed or confirmed ZIKV congenital infections.(image)

MedStar Washington Hospital Center Receives $232,000 to Combat Crisis of Advanced Colon Cancer Among African-Americans in Ward 5

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 14:05:12 EST

The American Cancer Society and the Cigna Foundation have awarded $232,000 in grants to MedStar Washington Hospital Center to support its innovative community-based program to address the crisis of advanced colon cancer, occurring largely among African-Americans with health insurance living in Washington D.C.'s Ward 5.(image)

Columbia U. Dental School Dean Honored for Service to Oral Health Research

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 14:05:06 EST

(image) The American Association of Dental Research presented the Jack Hein Public Service Award to Dean Christian S. Stohler of the Columbia University College of Dental Medicine(image)

Harvard Medical School Scientists Pinpoint Critical Step in DNA Repair, Cellular Aging

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 14:00:00 EST

(image) The body's ability to repair DNA damage declines with age, which causes gradual cell demise, overall bodily degeneration and greater susceptibility to cancer.(image)

New Study Finds That Most Cancer Mutations are Due to Random DNA Copying 'Mistakes'

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 14:00:00 EST

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists report data from a new study providing evidence that random, unpredictable DNA copying "mistakes" account for nearly two-thirds of the mutations that cause cancer. Their research is grounded on a novel mathematical model based on DNA sequencing and epidemiologic data from around the world.(image)

Most Dengue Infections Transmitted in and Around Home

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 14:00:00 EST

Transmission of the mosquito-borne dengue virus appears to be largely driven by infections centered in and around the home, with the majority of cases related to one another occurring in people who live less than 200 meters apart, new research led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of Florida suggests.(image)

Health Psychologists Now Treating Functional Heartburn, Crohn's Disease, IBS and other GI Disorders

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 13:05:57 EST

Health psychologists have begun treating gastrointestinal disorders that are strongly affected by stress, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn's disease, functional heartburn, functional dyspepsia and ulcerative colitis.(image)

Poor Oral Health and Food Scarcity Major Contributors to Malnutrition in Older Adults

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 13:05:48 EST

(image) A new study by UNC School of Medicine researchers suggests that food scarcity and poor oral health are major risk factors for malnutrition that leads an older adult - already at high risk of functional decline, decreased quality of life, and increased mortality - to land in the emergency department.(image)

Limiting Protein Reduces Post-Heart Attack Injury in Mice

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 13:05:46 EST

(image) According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 735,000 Americans experience a heart attack each year. Opening a blocked coronary artery to restore blood flow to the heart prevents sudden cardiac death. However, doing so also triggers cardiac damage through oxidative stress and inflammation, which eventually can lead to heart failure. In a new study, researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine have identified a protein that can be targeted to decrease post-heart attack injury and prevent heart failure in a mouse model.(image)

Georgetown Global Health Center Receives $3.5M Grant for Biosecurity and Pandemic Preparedness

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 13:05:33 EST

(image) The Open Philanthropy Project has awarded a $3.5 million grant to the Center for Global Health Science and Security at Georgetown University Medical Center to support research focused on improving U.S. and international biosecurity and pandemic preparedness policy.(image)

Research Consortium Develops Evidence-Based Diagnostic Model for Mental Illness

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 13:05:07 EST

Researchers have developed a new, evidence-based alternative to the mental health field's long-established diagnostic tools for the classification, treatment, and research of mental disorders. The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) addresses what the authors say are limitations to the reliability and validity of traditional models.(image)

Columbia U. Scientist Receives International Award for Periodontal Disease Research

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 13:05:05 EST

(image) Dr. Panos Papapanou received the IADR Distinguished Scientist Award in Basic Research in Periodontal Disease for research on the epidemiology of periodontal diseases, their pathobiology, assessment of microbial and host-derived risk factors, as well as the diseases' role as health stressor in heart disease and pregnancy complications.(image)

SLU Scientists Take Aim at Diabetes and Obesity with Exercise in a Pill

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 12:05:54 EST

(image) With a series of new grants, Saint Louis University researchers will develop the potential of two nuclear receptors that control muscle metabolism.(image)

California Researchers Awarded $100,000 Potamkin Prize for Dementia Research

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 12:05:26 EST

The American Academy of Neurology is awarding two California researchers the 2017 Potamkin Prize for Research in Pick's, Alzheimer's and Related Diseases for their work in dementia research. Claudia Kawas, MD, of the University of California, Irvine, and Kristine Yaffe, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, both members of the American Academy of Neurology, will be honored at the American Academy of Neurology's 69th Annual Meeting in Boston.(image)