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Preview: Newswise: MedNews

Newswise: MedNews

Newswise: Latest Medical News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.

Copyright: Copyright 2017 Newswise

Interventions Improve Medication Adherence, Decrease Risk of Hospitalizations

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 16:05:32 EST

(image) Poor adherence to medication regimens is a common problem among patients with cardiovascular diseases like high blood pressure, heart disease, and heart failure. Poor adherence is one reason mortality rates among those patients remain high. Todd Ruppar, associate professor in the Sinclair School of Nursing at the University of Missouri, has found that a variety of interventions aimed at increasing medication adherence can help people with cardiovascular disease avoid the hospital. Ruppar will address the barriers to medication adherence during the Public Health Grand Rounds offered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on Tuesday, Feb. 21 in Atlanta.(image)

UChicago Medicine Opens Clinic in the South Loop

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 16:05:23 EST

The University of Chicago Medicine will open its newest clinic in the South Loop on Tuesday, Feb. 21, adding to the academic medical center's growing network of locations.(image)

Mercury in Fish, Seafood May Be Linked to Higher Risk of ALS

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 16:00:00 EST

Eating fish and seafood with higher levels of mercury may be linked to a higher risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 69th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 22 to 28, 2017. However, fish and seafood consumption as a regular part of the diet was not associated with ALS.(image)

BRCA Gene Plus Breast Cancer History Leads to Preventive Strike Against Pancreatic Cancer

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 15:05:41 EST

(image) More than three decades after surviving breast cancer, Susanne Calabrette faced a second scare. In June 2016, an MRI for an unrelated condition revealed she had pancreatic cysts, giving her a chance for a pre-emptive strike against this killer cancer.(image)

Study on Walking Ability Shows Path to Treatment for Stroke Survivors

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 15:05:07 EST

(image) Stroke is the leading cause of disability in older adults in the United States, but research by Clarkson University Physical Therapy Professor George Fulk and his colleagues is pointing the way to recovery for people who are relearning how to walk.(image)

Experimental Malaria Vaccine Provides Durable Protection Against Multiple Strains in NIH Clinical Trial

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 15:00:00 EST

An experimental malaria vaccine protected healthy subjects from infection with a malaria strain different from that contained in the vaccine, according to a study published today. The Phase 1 clinical trial is important because in places where malaria is common, there is usually more than one strain of malaria.(image)

University of Missouri Thompson Center Recruiting Children, Adults with Autism for Landmark Genetic Study

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 14:05:13 EST

(image) University of Missouri's Thompson Center for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Disorders already has enrolled 2,500 individuals with autism and their family members in the Simons Foundation Powering Autism Research for Knowledge (SPARK) project, the nation's largest autism study, but researchers are continuing to search for more participants.(image)

UNC Researcher Finds Safer, Less-Invasive Method of Staging Endometrial Cancer

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 13:05:07 EST

(image) A UNC-Chapel Hill researcher has published a study in Lancet Oncology online that identifies sentinel-lymph-node mapping as a safer and less-invasive method of staging endometrial cancer that is equally as accurate as the more traditional lymphadenectomy.(image)

Protein Once Thought Exclusive to Neurons Helps Aggressive Cancers Grow, Spread, and Defy Death

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 12:05:21 EST

(image) How we think and fall in love are controlled by lightning-fast electrochemical signals across synapses, the dynamic spaces between nerve cells. Until now, nobody knew that cancer cells can repurpose tools of neuronal communication to fuel aggressive tumor growth and spread.(image)

New Approach to Cervical Cancer Care in Botswana Cuts Lag Time Between Treatment and Diagnosis in Half

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 11:05:46 EST

(image) Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths for women low- and middle-income countries, including Botswana, where 75 percent of cervical cancer patients suffer from advanced forms of the disease. These patients can face wait times as long as five months after diagnosis before receiving lifesaving treatment. A new, multidisciplinary model of cervical cancer care developed by a University of Pennsylvania team based in Botswana cut the delay between diagnosis and treatment by more than 50 percent, according to research published this month in the Journal of Global Oncology.(image)

Biomarker Predicts Poor Prognosis in African-Americans with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer, Study Finds

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 11:05:14 EST

(image) Having high levels of a certain biomarker is linked to poor prognosis in African-American patients with triple-negative breast cancer, while the same biomarker doesn't influence disease outcomes in white patients, according to a new study.(image)

Growing Number of Teens Think Getting Heroin Is 'Probably Impossible'

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 11:05:13 EST

(image) How easy do adolescents think it is to get heroin? A Saint Louis University researcher examines how their perceptions have changed from 2002 to 2014.(image)

Cedars-Sinai Investigators Identify Human Brain Processes Critical to Short-Term Memory

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 11:00:00 EST

Cedars-Sinai neuroscientists have uncovered processes involved in how the human brain creates and maintains short-term memories. This study is the first clear demonstration of precisely how human brain cells work to create and recall short-term memories. Confirmation of this process and the specific brain regions involved is a critical step in developing meaningful treatments for memory disorders that affect millions of Americans.(image)

Same-Sex Marriage Legalization Linked to Reduction in Suicide Attempts Among High School Students

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 11:00:00 EST

The implementation of state laws legalizing same-sex marriage was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of suicide attempts among high school students - and an even greater reduction among gay, lesbian and bisexual adolescents, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.(image)

What Turns Benign Central Nervous System Tumors Deadly

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 10:05:48 EST

(image) In a new study, Yale researchers identified genetic abnormalities that mark atypical meningiomas, which have a 40% chance of recurring after surgical removal and are marked by a shorter survival rate than benign tumors.(image)

Decision-Making Suffers When Cancer Patients Avoid Math

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 09:00:00 EST

Many of the toughest decisions faced by cancer patients involve knowing how to use numbers -- calculating risks, evaluating treatment options and figuring odds of medication side effects. But for patients who aren't good at math, decision science research can offer evidence-based advice on how to assess numeric information and ask the right questions to make informed choices.(image)

UofL Researcher Receives $2.6 Million From NIH to Determine How Gut Microbiota Protect Against Malaria

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 08:05:53 EST

(image) Nathan Schmidt, Ph.D., has shown that microbes in the gut of mice can affect the severity of illness suffered from infection with Plasmodium, the parasite that causes malaria. He now begins research to determine which microbiota protect the host and to learn more about the mechanism behind that protection.(image)

Majority of Opioid Medications Not Safely Stored in Homes with Children, Survey Finds

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:05:00 EST

Nearly 70 percent of prescription opioid medications kept in homes with children are not stored safely, a new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds.(image)

Poll: Only a Third of Parents Think They Are Doing a Good Job Helping Kids Be Healthy Eaters

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(image) If you know healthy eating is important for your kids but you also feel like it's easier said than done, you're not alone.(image)

Repetitive Head Injuries May Not Cause Movement Problems for Former NFL Players

Sun, 19 Feb 2017 16:00:00 EST

Former NFL players who had repeated head injuries may not have significant problems with motor functions later in life, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 69th Annual Meeting in Boston, April 22 to 28, 2017.(image)

GBSI Report Shows Encouraging Progress Towards Addressing Reproducibility to Significantly Improve Quality of Preclinical Biological Research by Year 2020

Sun, 19 Feb 2017 10:00:00 EST

(image) One year after the Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) issued its Reproducibility2020 challenge and action plan for the biomedical research community, the organization reports encouraging progress toward the goal to significantly improve the quality of preclinical biological research by year 2020. "Reproducibility2020 Report: Progress and Priorities," posted today on bioRxiv, identifies action and impact that has been achieved by the life science research community and outlines priorities going forward. The report is the first comprehensive review of the steps being taken to improve reproducibility since the issue became more widely known in 2012.(image)

Rigor and Reproducibility Policy One Year Later: How Has the Biomedical Community Responded?

Sun, 19 Feb 2017 10:00:00 EST

(image) Leonard P. Freedman, PhD, president of Global Biological Standards Institute (GBSI) will lead a panel discussion convened by GBSI, titled "Rigor and Reproducibility One Year Later: How Has the Biomedical Community Responded?" Freedman will also introduce a new GBSI report on the life science community's multiple years of progress toward improved reproducibility by 2020. "Reproducibility2020 Report: Progress and Priorities," also tracks the GBSI Reproducibility2020 challenge issued February 2016.(image)

Blast Off: Stem Cells From Mayo Clinic Physician's Lab Launch Into Space

Sun, 19 Feb 2017 09:45:55 EST

Today, the latest rocket launch from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, included a payload of several samples of donated adult stem cells from a research laboratory at Mayo Clinic's Florida campus.(image)

Penn Team Tracks Rare T Cells in Blood to Better Understand Annual Flu Vaccine

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 19:05:39 EST

(image) A team has found a way to identify the small population of circulating helper T cells present in the blood after an annual flu vaccine to monitor their contribution to antibody strength. A technique that identifies these helper immune cells could inform future vaccine design, especially for vulnerable populations.(image)

Dr. Richard Libby Awarded 2017 Shaffer Prize for Innovative Glaucoma Research

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 17:05:40 EST

(image) The Shaffer Prize is awarded annually by Glaucoma Research Foundation to recognize a researcher whose project best exemplifies the pursuit of innovative ideas in the quest to cure glaucoma.(image)