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Preview: Newswise: SciNews

Newswise: SciNews



Newswise: Latest Science News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.



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Cancer Research Institute Awards $1 Million to Fund the Development of Innovative Microchip-Based Research Models of Organ-Specific Cancer Immunotherapy

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 12:00:46 EST

$1 million CRI Technology Impact Award will support UPENN investigator's development of microchip-based research models that mimic human cancer and immune cell interactions(image)



Pulling the Tablecloth Out From Under Essential Metabolism

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 11:00:38 EST

(image) Most organisms share the biosynthetic pathways for making crucial nutrients because it is is dangerous to tinker with them. But now a collaborative team of scientists has caught plants in the process of altering where and how cells make an essential amino acid.(image)



Detecting Diluteness

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 11:00:12 EST

(image) Engineers at Washington University in St. Louis and Princeton University developed a new way to dive into the cell's tiniest and most important components. What they found inside membraneless organelles surprised them, and could lead to better understanding of fatal diseases including cancer, Huntington's and ALS.(image)



Cloning Thousands of Genes for Massive Protein Libraries

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 11:00:00 EST

(image) Discovering the function of a gene requires cloning a DNA sequence and expressing it. Until now, this was performed on a one-gene-at-a-time basis, causing a bottleneck. Scientists at Rutgers University-New Brunswick in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University and Harvard Medical School have invented a technology to clone thousands of genes simultaneously and create massive libraries of proteins from DNA samples, potentially ushering in a new era of functional genomics.(image)



Microscope Can Scan Tumors During Surgery and Examine Cancer Biopsies in 3-D

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 11:00:00 EST

(image) A new UW microscope could provide real-time results during cancer-removal surgeries, potentially eliminating the 20 to 40 percent of women who have to undergo multiple lumpectomy surgeries because cancerous breast tissue is missed the first time around.(image)



2-D Material's Traits Could Send Electronics R&D Spinning in New Directions

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 11:00:00 EST

(image) Researchers created an atomically thin material at Berkeley Lab and used X-rays to measure its exotic and durable properties that make it a promising candidate for a budding branch of electronics known as "spintronics."(image)



Ultrasound Imaging of the Brain and Liver

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 11:00:00 EST

Ultrasound -- sound with frequencies higher than those audible to humans -- is commonly used in diagnostic imaging of the body's soft tissues, including muscles, joints, tendons and internal organs. A technology called high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is also being explored for therapeutic uses including the removal of uterine fibroids and the destruction of tumors. A suite of noninvasive, adaptive focusing techniques -- that allow ultrasonic beams to be focused through the rib cage and skull -- will be described during Acoustics '17 Boston.(image)



Peanut Family Secret for Making Chemical Building Blocks Revealed

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 11:00:00 EST

The peanut and its kin have not one, but two ways to make the amino acid tyrosine, one of the 20 required to make all of its proteins, and an essential human nutrient. That might seem small, but why this plant family has a unique way to make such an important chemical building block is a mystery that has captured the attention of Hiroshi Maeda, a professor of botany at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.(image)



Creating a Personalized, Immersive Audio Environment

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 10:45:00 EST

The way you hear and interpret the sounds around you changes as you move. That's how sound in the real world works. Now imagine if it worked that way while you were listening to a recording of a concert or playing a video game in virtual reality. During Acoustics '17 Boston, Ivan J. Tashev and Hannes Gamper, with Microsoft's Audio and Acoustics Research Group, will explain how they are using head related transfer functions (HRTF) to create an immersive sound environment.(image)



Virtual Training for Active Shooter Incidents Now Available to First Responders

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 10:05:43 EST

First responders of all disciplines will now be able to train together for active shooter and other critical incidents thanks to a new virtual training platform made available by the DHS S&T and the U.S. Army Research Laboratory.(image)



Rising Seas Could Result in 2 Billion Refugees by 2100

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 10:05:34 EST

In the year 2100, 2 billion people - about one-fifth of the world's population - could become climate change refugees due to rising ocean levels. Those who once lived on coastlines will face displacement and resettlement bottlenecks as they seek habitable places inland, according to Cornell University research.(image)



Talking Science

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 10:00:00 EST

In 22 years, Karin Heineman has been behind the camera for hundreds of scientific stories. By bringing a plethora of scientists into the world of media, she has garnered unique expertise in bridging the communication gap between those in and out of the lab. During Acoustics '17 Boston, Heineman, executive producer of Inside Science TV, will share some of her experience and highlight important elements of capturing the stories of science with video.(image)



New Class of Porous Materials Better Separates Carbon Dioxide from Other Gases

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 09:05:27 EST

(image) Enhanced stability in the presence of water could help reduce smokestack emissions of greenhouse gases.(image)



Microbes From Ships May Help Distinguish One Port From Another

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 09:00:53 EST

(image) Much the way every person has a unique microbial cloud around them, ships might also carry distinct microbial signatures. The key is testing the right waters--the bilge water from the bottoms of ships.(image)



The Electrochemical Society and Toyota North America Announce 2017-2018 Fellowship Winners for Projects in Green Energy Technology

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 09:00:20 EST

(image) The ECS Toyota Young Investigator Fellowship Selection Committee has chosen three winners who will receive $50,000 fellowship awards each for projects in green energy technology. The awardees are Dr. Ahmet Kusoglu, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Professor Julie Renner, Case Western Reserve University; and Professor Shuhui Sun, Institut National de la Rechersche Scientifique (INRS).(image)



Physical Activity + Fitbit Help Women During Early Alcohol Recovery

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 09:00:00 EST

The first three months of sobriety pose the greatest risk for relapse, and the greatest challenge for intervention efforts. Results from a pilot study suggest that a lifestyle physical activity intervention supported by a Fitbit device can successfully supplement existing alcohol treatment among depressed women during early recovery. These results will be shared at the 40th annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) in Denver June 24-28.(image)



Manipulating Earth-Abundant Materials to Harness the Sun's Energy

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 08:05:29 EST

(image) New material based on common iron ore can help turn intermittent sunlight and water into long-lasting fuel.(image)



Legislation Will Strengthen Coordination in the Gulf Region

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 08:00:09 EST

Senate Bill S. 1373 and House Bill H.R. 2923 would authorize the Gulf of Mexico Alliance as a regional coordinator for Gulf of Mexico ecological issues. This is similar to the role the Chesapeake Bay Foundation serves for Chesapeake Bay.(image)



Using Body Noise to Improve Cancer Detection

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 14:45:00 EST

In passive elastography, the elasticity of tissue is measured using the body's own propagation of shear waves, which enables more effective imaging deeper inside the body in an even more noninvasive way than traditional elastography and may be used for cancer detection. Stefan Catheline, researcher at the University of Lyon will discuss this and other elastography advances during Acoustics '17 Boston.(image)



The Friendly Honk

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 14:00:00 EST

Sound permeates the human experience and gets our attention, sometimes traumatically so. Consider the car horn. It is a widespread practical application of this noise-trauma-alert principle -- and an increasing source of noise pollution worldwide as the global traffic population grows. It also is the subject of new noise pollution research to be presented during Acoustics '17 Boston. The study introduces a new pedestrian-friendly car-horn sound identified through the Mean Option Score.(image)



Tiny Bubbles Offer Sound Solution for Drug Delivery

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 11:30:00 EST

(image) The blood-brain barrier protects the brain and central nervous system from harmful chemicals circulating in the blood but also prevents delivery of drugs that could help treat patients with brain cancers and brain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. With recent advances in technology, the blood-brain barrier can now be opened safely, noninvasively and in a targeted manner using ultrasound. One of the newest approaches aiming to advance this research will be presented during Acoustics '17 Boston.(image)



Exploring the Potential of Human Echolocation

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 10:45:00 EST

(image) People who are visually impaired will often use a cane to feel out their surroundings. With training and practice, people can learn to use the pitch, loudness and timbre of echoes from the cane or other sounds to navigate safely through the environment using echolocation. Bo Schenkman, an associate professor at KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden, will present a summary of some aspects of his work on human echolocation during Acoustics '17 Boston.(image)



Seeing With Your Ears

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 10:45:00 EST

(image) Paris' Cathedral of Notre Dame has a ghost orchestra that is always performing, thanks to a sophisticated, multidisciplinary acoustics research project that will be presented during Acoustics '17 Boston. In the project, computer models use recordings from a live concert held at the cathedral and detailed room acoustic simulations to produce a novel type of audience experience: a virtual recreation of the live performance using spatial audio and virtual reality.(image)



Drinking Makes You Older at the Cellular Level

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 09:00:00 EST

The more alcohol that people drink, the more their cells appear to age. In a new study that will be shared at the 40th annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) in Denver June 24-28, researchers found that alcoholic patients had shortened telomere lengths, placing them at greater risk for age-related illnesses, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and dementia..(image)



Genes Are Not Fixed, Experience and Exposure Can Change Them

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 09:00:00 EST

Epigenetics refers to how certain life circumstances can cause genes to be silenced or expressed, become dormant or active, over time. New research shows that adolescent binge drinking can lead to epigenetic reprogramming that predisposes an individual to later psychiatric disorders such as anxiety. These data will be shared at the 40th annual scientific meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) in Denver June 24-28.(image)