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Preview: Newswise: SciNews

Newswise: SciNews



Newswise: Latest Science News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.



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NUS Researchers Make Inroads Into Finding Out How T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia Develops

Mon, 29 May 2017 21:05:52 EST

A research team from the National University of Singapore led by Assistant Professor Takaomi Sanda, Principal Investigator from the Cancer Science Institute of Singapore and Department of Medicine at NUS Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, has provided new insights into the molecular mechanism affecting how genes are produced during normal T-cell development, and contributing to leukaemia formation.(image)



Death by Volcano?

Mon, 29 May 2017 15:05:58 EST

(image) The discovery of anomalously high levels of mercury in rocks from the Ordivician geological period has led to a new interpretation of the ensuing mass extinction. A sequence of disturbances may have led to catastrophic cooling by reflective sulfate aerosols injected into the atmosphere by massive volcanism. The finding is important since aerosol cooling is under consideration as a way to temper global warming.(image)



New Antibiotic Packs a Punch Against Bacterial Resistance

Mon, 29 May 2017 15:00:00 EST

(image) Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have given new superpowers to a lifesaving antibiotic called vancomycin, an advance that could eliminate the threat of antibiotic-resistant infections for years to come.(image)



Vision Keeps Maturing Until Mid-Life

Mon, 29 May 2017 13:00:00 EST

(image) The visual cortex, the human brain's vision-processing centre that was previously thought to mature and stabilize in the first few years of life, actually continues to develop until sometime in the late 30s or early 40s, a McMaster neuroscientist and her colleagues have found.(image)



Hotspots Show That Vegetation Alters Climate by Up to 30%

Mon, 29 May 2017 11:00:00 EST

(image) Nature Geoscience study analyzes global satellite observations, shows vegetation alters climate and weather patterns by as much as 30%. The researchers used a new approach and found feedbacks between the atmosphere and vegetation can be strong, explaining up to 30 percent of variability in precipitation and surface radiation. The paper is the first to examine biosphere-atmosphere interactions using purely observational data, could improve weather and climate predictions critical to crop management, food security, and more.(image)



A New Spin on Electronics

Mon, 29 May 2017 11:00:00 EST

(image) A University of Utah-led team has discovered that a class of "miracle materials" called organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites could be a game changer for future spintronic devices. Spintronics uses the direction of the electron spin -- either up or down -- to carry information in ones and zeros. A spintronic device can process exponentially more data than traditional electronics. The researchers discovered that the material possess two contradictory properties necessary to make spintronic devices work.(image)



Wine in Texas, Microplastics, South Sudan Poaching, and More in the Environmental Science News Source

Sat, 27 May 2017 09:20:11 EST

The latest research on the environment in the Environmental Science News Source(image)



Problems with Bariatric Surgery, Burning Bone Fat, Food Insecurity, and More in the Obesity News Source

Fri, 26 May 2017 17:05:25 EST

Click here to go directly to Newswise's Obesity News Source(image)






Fungal Enzymes, Vanadium, Wearable Sensors, Floating Rocks, and More in the DOE Science News Source

Fri, 26 May 2017 14:30:09 EST

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source(image)



Attacking Cancer by Working Together

Fri, 26 May 2017 14:05:49 EST

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Losing Sleep Over Climate Change

Fri, 26 May 2017 14:00:00 EST

(image) UC San Diego study of U.S. data suggests a sleep-deprived planet by century's end. Researchers show that unusually warm nights can harm human sleep and that the poor and elderly are most affected. Rising temperatures will make sleep loss more severe.(image)



Improving Wheat Yields by Increasing Grain Size, Weight

Fri, 26 May 2017 13:05:33 EST

(image) As part of the National Institute of Food and Agriculture's International Wheat Yield Partnership Program, researchers aim to improve wheat yields by increasing grain size and weight using a precise gene-editing tool known as CRISPR/Cas9.(image)



$1.67 Million Gift Fuels Cal Poly Pomona Students' Mission to be First to Launch Rocket into Space

Fri, 26 May 2017 13:05:07 EST

Cal Poly Pomona has received a $1.67 million gift from the National College Resources Foundation. The university's aerospace engineering department will use the funding for liquid rocket development.(image)



UVA Darden Launches Business Innovation and Climate Change Initiative

Fri, 26 May 2017 12:05:23 EST

(image) The Darden School of Business has announced the launch of the Business Innovation and Climate Change Initiative, an ambitious new project spearheaded by Darden's Batten Institute for Entrepreneurship and Innovation aimed at exploring how business innovation can be a source for pragmatic solutions to one of the world's most urgent issues.(image)



Where the Rivers Meet the Sea

Fri, 26 May 2017 11:05:53 EST

(image) Penn State researchers have created a new hybrid technology that produces unprecedented amounts of electrical power where seawater and freshwater combine at the coast.(image)



Fungal Enzymes Team Up to More Efficiently Break Down Cellulose

Fri, 26 May 2017 11:00:00 EST

(image) Cost-effectively breaking down bioenergy crops into sugars that can then be converted into fuel is a barrier to commercially producing sustainable biofuels. Enabled by DOE User Facilities, a team reports that early lineages of fungi can form enzyme complexes capable of degrading plant biomass.(image)



Life on Terra Firma Began with an Invasion

Fri, 26 May 2017 11:00:00 EST

(image) Scientists are now confident animal life on solid ground started with a few short bursts of marine creatures making the leap from the oceans. New research at the University of Portsmouth also paints a clear picture of how animals rapidly spread out and changed once they made the leap.(image)



High Levels of PFOA Found in Mid-Ohio River Valley Residents From 1991 to 2013

Fri, 26 May 2017 10:05:47 EST

New research from the University of Cincinnati (UC) reveals that residents of the Mid-Ohio River Valley had higher than normal levels of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) based on blood samples collected over a 22-year span. The exposure source was likely from drinking water contaminated by industrial discharges upriver. This is the first study of PFOA serum concentrations in U.S. residents in the 1990s.(image)



Scientists Jump Hurdle in HIV Vaccine Design

Fri, 26 May 2017 09:05:30 EST

(image) Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made another important advance in HIV vaccine design.(image)



Bioelectricity New Weapon to Fight Dangerous Infection

Fri, 26 May 2017 05:00:00 EST

(image) Changing natural electrical signaling in non-neural cells improves innate immune response to bacterial infections and injury. Tadpoles that received therapeutics, including those used in humans for other purposes, which depolarized their cells had higher survival rates when infected with E. coli than controls. The research has applications for treatment of emerging diseases and traumatic injury in humans.(image)



Atomic-Scale Imaging Improves Dating of Planetary Events

Fri, 26 May 2017 05:00:00 EST

(image) Research led by the University of Portsmouth has identified a new way to improve how we measure the age of planetary evolution in our solar system.(image)



New Cellular Target May Put the Brakes on Cancer's Ability to Spread

Fri, 26 May 2017 05:00:00 EST

(image) Researchers have discovered a biochemical signaling process that causes densely packed cancer cells to break away from a tumor and spread the disease elsewhere in the body.(image)



Argonne Scientists Make Vanadium Into a Useful Catalyst for Hydrogenation

Thu, 25 May 2017 19:05:28 EST

(image) In a new study, Argonne chemist Max Delferro boosted and analyzed the unprecedented catalytic activity of an element called vanadium for hydrogenation - a reaction that is used for making everything from vegetable oils to petrochemical products to vitamins.(image)



The Global Reach of Argonne's Nuclear Security Training Team

Thu, 25 May 2017 18:05:52 EST

(image) For more than 40 years, Argonne has promoted the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and technology through its affiliation with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).(image)