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Preview: Newswise: SciNews

Newswise: SciNews

Newswise: Latest Science News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.

Copyright: Copyright 2017 Newswise

Sandia Labs Team Continues to Quantify Fatigue Using Wearables

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 14:45:43 EST

(image) Sandia Labs team continues to quantify fatigue using wearablesLIVERMORE, Calif. - Can fatigue be predicted? Can life-threatening fatigue be differentiated from recoverable fatigue?A team of researchers led by Sandia National Laboratories is seeking answers to these questions through the Rim-to-Rim Wearables at the Canyon for Health, or R2R WATCH, study, a collaboration with the University of New Mexico and the National Park Service and funded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency.(image)

Key Psychiatric Drug Target Comes Into Focus

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 14:00:00 EST

(image) UNC-Chapel Hill and UC-San Francisco scientists solved the crystal structure of a specific dopamine receptor called D4 at an incredibly high resolution and designed a new compound that tightly binds only to D4 and none of the other 320 receptors they tested.(image)

UNH Researchers Create New Concept That Could Lead to Improved Drug Delivery

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 13:55:27 EST

(image) Inspired by a color changing mechanism found in cephalopods, like squid, cuttlefish and octopus, researchers at the University of New Hampshire have conceived a design for a unique sequential cell-opening mechanism that has many potential applications from drug delivery to color altering camouflage materials.(image)

Scientists Make First Detection of Gravitational Waves Produced by Colliding Neutron Stars

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 13:05:51 EST

(image) University of Minnesota astrophysicists involved in discovery observed in both gravitational waves and light(image)

Study Reveals Key Molecular Link in Major Cell Growth Pathway

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 13:05:38 EST

A team of scientists has uncovered a surprising molecular link connecting how cells regulate growth with how they sense and make available nutrients. The findings also implicate a new protein as a potential drug target in pancreatic cancer.(image)

Los Alamos Scientists, Engineers Receive 2017 Fellows Prizes

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 13:05:33 EST

(image) Five Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have been awarded the Laboratory's prestigious Fellows Prize in the areas of science or engineering research and leadership(image)

Researcher on TB and the Intersection of Aging and Immune Function Joins Texas Biomed as Vice President for Research

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 13:05:30 EST

(image) Joanne Turner, Ph.D., a preeminent scientist in tuberculosis (TB) research, has joined the Texas Biomed team, bringing with her a portfolio of research on the immune system in relation to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and aging.(image)

The Blob That Ate the Tokamak: Physicists Gain Understanding of How Bubbles at the Edge of Plasmas Can Drain Heat and Reduce Fusion Reaction Efficiency

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 12:05:15 EST

(image) Scientists at PPPL have completed new simulations that could provide insight into how blobs at the plasma edge behave. The simulations, produced by a code called XGC1 developed by a national team based at PPPL, performed kinetic simulations of two different regions of the plasma edge simultaneously.(image)

Suicide Molecules Kill Any Cancer Cell

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 11:05:34 EST

Small RNA molecules originally developed as a tool to study gene function trigger a mechanism hidden in every cell that forces the cell to commit suicide, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study, the first to identify molecules to trigger a fail-safe mechanism that may protect us from cancer.(image)

Scientists Solve a Magnesium Mystery in Rechargeable Battery Performance

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 10:30:00 EST

(image) A Berkeley Lab-led research team has discovered a surprising set of chemical reactions involving magnesium that degrade battery performance even before the battery can be charged up. The findings could steer the design of next-gen batteries.(image)

Genetic Influences on the Brain's Reward and Stress Systems Underlie Co-Occurring Alcohol Use Disorder and Chronic Pain

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 10:00:00 EST

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) often co-occurs with chronic pain (CP), yet the relationship between the two is complex - involving genetic, neurophysiological, and behavioral elements - and is poorly understood. This review addressed the genetic influences on brain reward and stress systems that neurological research suggests may contribute to the co-occurrence of AUD and CP.(image)

MSU Scientist Leads NOAA-Funded Effort to Better Predict Droughts

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 09:30:01 EST

A Michigan State University scientist is leading a federally funded effort to create a better system for predicting droughts, which cause billions of dollars in direct losses to the U.S. economy every year.(image)

Being Behind the Curve Can 'Sting,' Especially for Medical Conditions

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 09:00:20 EST

(image) A medical condition that puzzled physicians, scientists and veterinarians, and remained obscure for decades, was long known by indigenous peoples in Colombia.(image)

Dogs Are More Expressive When Someone Is Looking

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 09:00:00 EST

(image) Dogs produce more facial expressions when humans are looking at them, according to new research from the University of Portsmouth.(image)

'Sex That Moves Mountains': Spawning Salmon Play Significant Role in Shaping Landscapes

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 08:05:37 EST

(image) When salmon spawn, the earth moves -- not immediately, but over the course of hundreds of thousands or millions of years. That's the conclusion of a study, co-authored by an Indiana University geologist, which finds that salmon can play a significant role in shaping mountain landscapes.(image)

Two-Dimensional Materials Gets a New Theory for Control of Properties

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 08:05:22 EST

(image) A theoretical method to control grain boundaries in two-dimensional materials could result in desirable properties, such as increased electrical conductivity, improved mechanical properties, or magnetism.(image)

New Findings Help Explain How Usher Syndrome Affects Vision and Hearing

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 17:05:05 EST

(image) Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center utilized their Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB) grants to make progress in characterizing the genetic and physiologic components of Usher syndrome--the most common cause of deaf-blindness.(image)

New Study Reveals Breast Cancer Cells Recycle Their Own Ammonia Waste as Fuel

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 17:00:18 EST

Breast cancer cells recycle ammonia, a waste byproduct of cell metabolism, and use it as a source of nitrogen to fuel tumor growth. The insights shed light on the biological role of ammonia in cancer and may inform the design of new therapeutic strategies to slow tumor growth.(image)

SDSC's 'Comet' Supercomputer Assists in Latest LIGO Discovery

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 16:05:35 EST

(image) This week's landmark discovery of gravitational and light waves generated by the collision of two neutron stars eons ago was made possible by analyses and signal verification performed by Comet, an advanced supercomputer based at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at UC San Diego.(image)

CSRI Student Searches for New Trends in Research Data

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 16:00:50 EST

(image) Ben Garcia is working with Professor Marty Condon on a long-running research project that focuses on the evolutionary biology of some unique flies, the flowers they live on, and their predators, to better understand the diverse species from Central and South America.(image)

Kansas State University Featured in Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense National Report

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 16:00:24 EST

(image) Kansas State University is featured in several sections of the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense's special bipartisan report released on Wednesday, Oct. 18.(image)

UCI Scientists See Order in Complex Patterns of River Deltas

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 15:50:18 EST

River deltas, with their intricate networks of waterways, coastal barrier islands, wetlands and estuaries, often appear to have been formed by random processes, but scientists at the University of California, Irvine and other institutions see order in the apparent chaos.(image)

A Fashionable Chemical and Biological Threat Detector-on-a-Ring

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 15:05:58 EST

(image) Wearable sensors are revolutionizing the tech-world, capable of tracking processes in the body, such as heart rates. They're even becoming fashionable, with many of them sporting sleek, stylish designs. But wearable sensors also can have applications in detecting threats that are external to the body. Researchers now report in ACS Sensors a first-of-its kind device that can do just that. And to stay fashionable, they've designed it as a ring.(image)

Battling Flames Increases Firefighters' Exposure to Carcinogens

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 15:05:14 EST

The threat of getting burned by roaring flames is an obvious danger of firefighting, but other health risks are more subtle. For example, firefighters have been found to develop cancer at higher rates than the general population. Now researchers have measured how much firefighters' exposure to carcinogens and other harmful compounds increases when fighting fires. Their study, appearing in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology, also points to one possible way to reduce that exposure.(image)

How a 'Star Wars' Parody Turned Into a Tool for Scientific Discovery (Video)

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 14:40:23 EST

Science has long inspired the arts, but examples of the reverse scenario are sparse. Now scientists who set out to produce a "Star Wars" parody have inadvertently created such an example. Incorporating animation techniques from the film industry, the researchers developed a robust new modeling tool that could help spur new molecular discoveries. Their project, reported in ACS Nano,resulted in a short film about fertilization called "The Beginning."For a look behind-the-scenes, watch ACS' Headline Science video.(image)