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Newswise: SciNews



Newswise: Latest Science News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.



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When Russians Purchase Counterfeit Alcohol

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 17:00:00 EST

Although counterfeit alcohol is a new phenomenon in most of the world, it has been a longstanding problem in Russia. In 2002, illegal commercial alcohol products totaled more than half of the alcohol retail turnover in that country. More recently, an economic recession has reactivated illicit markets in Russia. While the demand for lower-priced counterfeit alcohol is often linked to economic disadvantages, this research examined whether the problem is more complicated.(image)



Winners, Losers Among Fish When Landscape Undergoes Change

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 15:05:46 EST

(image) As humans build roads, construct buildings and develop land for agriculture, freshwater ecosystems respond ― but not always in the ways one might expect.(image)



Harvard Medical School Geneticist David Reich Shares $1M Prize for Ancient DNA Discoveries

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 15:05:45 EST

David Reich, professor of genetics at Harvard Medical School, has been named co-recipient of the 2017 Dan David Prize in archaeology and natural sciences.(image)






Over Time, Nuisance Flooding Can Cost More Than Extreme, Infrequent Events

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 14:05:34 EST

(image) Irvine, Calif., Feb. 21, 2017 - Global climate change is being felt in many coastal communities of the United States, not always in the form of big weather disasters but as a steady drip, drip, drip of nuisance flooding.According to researchers at the University of California, Irvine, rising sea levels will cause these smaller events to become increasingly frequent in the future, and the cumulative effect will be comparable to extreme events such as Hurricane Katrina or Superstorm Sandy.(image)



Sandia Using Kinetics, Not Temperature, to Make Ceramic Coatings

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 13:25:22 EST

Sandia National Laboratories is working to lay down ceramic coatings kinetically at room temperature. Coating at room temperature makes microelectronics design and fabrication more flexible and could someday lead to better, less expensive microelectronics components that underpin modern technology.(image)



Monterey County Students to Present Their Findings to Polar Scientists at CSUMB Feb. 24

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 13:05:58 EST

SEASIDE Calif., Feb. 21, 2017 - Nearly 200 Monterey County elementary, middle and high school students will participate in the Student Polar Research Symposium Friday, Feb. 24, 2017 at the CSUMB University Center Ballroom.(image)



Parents Grade Themselves, Signals from Fat, Getting Teens to Exercise, and More in the Obesity News Source

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 12:05:51 EST

Click here to go directly to Newswise's Obesity News Source(image)



Penn and Wistar Researchers Find "Sweet Spot" Where Tissue Stiffness Promotes Cancer's Spread

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 12:05:35 EST

(image) University of Pennsylvania and Wistar scientists have studied the physical feedback mechanisms between cancer cells and their environment and described how this interplay allows the migration and invasion of tumor cells.(image)






New Studies Quantify the Impacts of Water Use on Diversity of Fish and Aquatic Insects in NC Streams

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 11:05:54 EST

The health of fish and aquatic insects could be significantly affected by withdrawals of fresh water from the rivers and streams across North Carolina according to a new scientific assessment.(image)



West Virginia University Awarded $1.25 Million From ARPA-E for Transformational Energy Technology

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 11:05:53 EST

(image) WVU has received $1.25 million from DOE's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, known as ARPA-E. The award will be used to develop technologies for converting electrical energy from renewable resources into energy-dense carbon-neutral liquid fuels - that is, fuels that do not increase carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.(image)



Understanding 'Glass Relaxation' and Why It's Important for Next-Generation Displays

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 11:00:00 EST

Display manufacturers can account for a certain level of relaxation in the glass, referring to the intermolecular rearrangement, if it's known and reproducible. But fluctuations in this relaxation behavior tend to introduce uncertainty into the manufacturing process, possibly leading to misalignment of pixels within displays. Now, researchers reports on a new modeling technique to quantify and predict glass relaxation fluctuations, important for next-generation displays.(image)



Next-Generation Spacecraft Materials, Different Flavors of Iron, Spooky Meteor Noises, and More in the Space News Source

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 10:25:19 EST

The latest in space and astronomy in the Space News Source(image)



Four Professors Named Sloan Research Fellows

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 10:05:48 EST

Four Northwestern University faculty members -- mathematicians Gang Liu and Yifeng Liu, computer scientist Michael Rubenstein and neuroscientist Tiffany Schmidt -- each have been awarded a prestigious 2017 Sloan Research Fellowship from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.The four are among 126 outstanding early-career scholars being recognized for their achievements and potential to contribute substantially to their scientific fields.(image)



ORC as Loader of the Rings

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 10:00:43 EST

An international collaboration of life scientists, including experts at Van Andel Research Institute, has described in exquisite detail the critical first steps of DNA replication, which allows cells to divide and most advanced life, including human, to propagate.(image)



When Rocket Science Meets X-Ray Science

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 09:15:00 EST

(image) NASA and Berkeley Lab researchers have teamed up to explore next-generation spacecraft materials at the microscale using an X-ray technique that produces 3-D images. This work could help ensure future spacecraft survive the rigors of otherworldly atmospheres.(image)



Stabilizing Energy Storage

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 09:00:21 EST

(image) University of Utah and University of Michigan chemists, participating in a U.S. Department of Energy consortium, predict a better future for these types of batteries, called redox flow batteries. Using a predictive model of molecules and their properties, the team has developed a charge-storing molecule around 1,000 times more stable than current compounds.(image)



Seven New Species of Night Frogs From the Western Ghats Biodiversity Hotspot Including Four Miniature Forms

Tue, 21 Feb 2017 07:00:00 EST

(image) Scientists from India have discovered seven new frog species belonging to the Night Frogs genus. Four out of seven of the new species are miniature-sized frogs (12.2-15.4 mm), which can comfortably sit on a coin or a thumbnail. These are among the smallest known frogs in the world.(image)



URI Professor Examines Effects of Climate Change on Coral Reefs, Shellfish

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 19:05:09 EST

Professor is studying how a variety of marine organisms are responding to changes in their environment. Focusing on reef-building corals and other shelled creatures that are threatened by increasing temperatures and ocean acidification, she is testing them to determine how species may acclimatize to the new circumstances.(image)



Nominations Invited for $250,000 Kabiller Prize in Nanoscience

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 16:05:08 EST

Northwestern University's International Institute for Nanotechnology (IIN) is now accepting nominations for two prestigious international prizes: the $250,000 Kabiller Prize in Nanoscience and Nanomedicine and the $10,000 Kabiller Young Investigator Award in Nanoscience and Nanomedicine.The deadline for nominations is May 15, 2017.(image)



An Alternative to Opioids? Compound From Marine Snail Is Potent Pain Reliever

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 15:00:00 EST

(image) A tiny snail may offer an alternative to opioids for pain relief. Scientists at the University of Utah have found a compound that blocks pain by targeting a pathway not associated with opioids. Research in rodents indicates that the benefits continue long after the compound have cleared the body.(image)



Hydraulic Fluids Hospitable for Microbes

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 13:30:02 EST

(image) For the first time, scientists analyzed the genetic material of surface microbes that are colonizing the deep subsurface, where they are adapting and thriving.(image)



Unlocking Peptide Potential

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 13:25:12 EST

(image) Powerful new computational methods now enable scientists to design a virtually unlimited variety of hyperstable peptide structures not found in nature. This research opens a new frontier in drug discovery.(image)



Soil Will Absorb Less Atmospheric Carbon Than Expected This Century

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 13:15:17 EST

(image) Some global models underestimate the mean age of soil carbon. This underestimation results in an overestimation of soil's carbon sequestration potential.(image)