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Preview: Newswise: SciNews

Newswise: SciNews



Newswise: Latest Science News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.



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New Study Reveals Relationships Between Chemicals Found on Comets

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 16:05:14 EST

(image) A new study has revealed similarities and relationships between certain types of chemicals found on 30 different comets, which vary widely in their overall composition compared to one another. The research is part of ongoing investigations into these primordial bodies, which contain material largely unchanged from the birth of the solar system some 4.6 billion years ago.(image)



Ames Laboratory Awarded $5 Million to Improve Metal Powders for Advanced Manufacturing

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:05:19 EST

Ames Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been awarded $5 million from the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO) to improve the production and composition of metal alloy powders used in additive manufacturing.(image)



Where the Rains Come From, Glowing Crystals Can Detect Contaminated Drinking Water, 'Polarons' and More in the DOE Science News Source

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:00:44 EST

Click here to go directly to the DOE Science News Source(image)



Research Points to Orb2 as a Physical Substrate for Memory Strength, Retention

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 15:00:24 EST

(image) How do you remember what happened today in the weeks and months that follow? Researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research have answered a piece of that question in a recent study.(image)






Seeking Full-Time Editor/Writer

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 14:05:17 EST

(image) USC Keck Medicine in Los Angeles seeks a full-time Editor/Writer in its PR & Marketing office to perform general media relations duties with an emphasis on writing and editing press releases.(image)



New Tool Uses UV Light to Control Inflammation

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 14:05:10 EST

Cornell researchers have developed a chemical tool to control inflammation that is activated by ultraviolet (UV) light.(image)



Evaluation of Scientific Rigor in Animal Research

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 14:00:00 EST

The "reproducibility crisis" in biomedical research has led to questions about the scientific rigor in animal research, and thus the ethical justification of animal experiments. In research publishing in the Open Access journals PLOS Biology and PLOS ONE on December 2nd, 2016, researchers from the University of Bern have assessed scientific rigor in animal experimentation in Switzerland. The study, commissioned by the Swiss Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office (FSVO), found widespread deficiencies in the reporting of experimental methodology.(image)



Fast, Efficient Sperm Tails Inspire Nanobiotechnology

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 13:05:09 EST

(image) Just like workers in a factory, enzymes can create a final product more efficiently if they are stuck together in one place and pass the raw material from enzyme to enzyme, assembly line-style. That's according to scientists at Cornell's Baker Institute for Animal Health, the first team to recreate a 10-step biological pathway with all the enzymes tethered to nanoparticles.(image)



What Makes Your Voice Yours?

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 13:00:00 EST

What are the characteristics of the way you say, "hello," (or anything else for that matter) that makes you recognizable over the phone? Despite the increasing amount of literature on personal voice quality, very little is actually known about how to characterize the sound of an individual speaker. Two researchers from UCLA in Los Angeles, California, Patricia Keating and Jody Kreiman, are joining forces to apply acoustics tools to their linguistics research, investigating this question.(image)



Cooling Technique Helps Researchers "Target" a Major Component for a New Collider

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 11:05:41 EST

(image) Researchers at Argonne have recently developed a new ultra-low-friction sliding contact mechanism that uses chilled water to remove heat from a key component of a next-generation collider.(image)



Exotic Insulator May Hold Clue to Key Mystery of Modern Physics

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 11:05:02 EST

Experiments using laser light and pieces of gray material the size of fingernail clippings may offer clues to a fundamental scientific riddle: What is the relationship between the everyday world of classical physics and the hidden quantum realm that obeys entirely different rules?(image)



The Promise of Regenerative Medicine the Focus of Upcoming Live Webcast

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 10:05:55 EST

In a live webcast December 7, Molly Shoichet will discuss new research that holds the potential to stop diseases - including cancer, blindness, and strokes - and reverse their effects.(image)



PPPL and Max Planck Physicists Confirm the Precision of Magnetic Fields in the Most Advanced Stellarator in the World

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 10:05:36 EST

(image) Article describes the remarkable fidelity of the magnetic field of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator to the complex design of the field.(image)



Birmingham and Indian Scientists Meet to Investigate Air Pollution Causes

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 06:05:18 EST

(image) Scientists at the University of Birmingham are in Delhi and working with their Indian counterparts to help young researchers better understand the causes, sources and effects of pollution in India and the UK.(image)



Exploring the Fate of the Earth's Storehouse of Carbon

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 16:35:47 EST

(image) A new study predicts that warming temperatures will contribute to the release into the atmosphere of carbon that has long been locked up securely in the coldest reaches of our planet.Soil and climate expert Katherine Todd-Brown of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an author of the study, which was led by researchers at Yale.(image)



Physics Tomorrow

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 16:05:23 EST

(image) Exoplanet images, investigations into artificial consciousness, privacy concerns about facial screening assessments by neural-networks, and accelerators in a post-grand unification era of physics are all covered in this month's special December, 2116 edition of Physics Today, the world's most influential and closely followed magazine devoted to physics and the physical sciences community.(image)



Climate Change Will Drive Stronger, Smaller Storms in U.S., New Modeling Approach Forecasts

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 15:05:36 EST

The effects of climate change will likely cause smaller but stronger storms in the United States, according to a new framework for modeling storm behavior. Though storm intensity is expected to increase over today's levels, the predicted reduction in storm size may alleviate some fears of widespread severe flooding in the future.(image)



URI Professor Arun Shukla Helps Military Create Bomb-Resistant Materials

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 15:05:09 EST

How much force does it take to shatter a Humvee, a soldier's body armor, or a submarine? URI professor is finding answers to those questions and more.(image)



For the First Time, Scientists Catch Water Molecules Passing the Proton Baton

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 14:05:51 EST

(image) Water conducts electricity, but the process by which this familiar fluid passes along positive charges has puzzled scientists for decades. But in a paper published in the Dec. 2 in issue of the journal Science, an international team of researchers has finally caught water in the act -- showing how water molecules pass along excess charges and, in the process, conduct electricity.(image)



Monell Center Receives Funding to Develop Technologies to Improve Taste of Lifesaving Drugs

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 14:05:24 EST

(image) The Monell Center announced today that it has received a $345,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The grant supports an innovative global health research project titled, "Developing Novel Pediatric Formulation Technologies for Global Health: Human Taste Assays."(image)



Houston Methodist Receives Award for Implantable HIV Drug Delivery Device

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 14:00:10 EST

(image) The Houston Methodist Research Institute's department of nanomedicine is the recipient of this year's AIDS Foundation Houston Shelby Hodge Vision Award. Alessandro Grattoni, Ph.D., nanomedicine department chair at the Houston Methodist Research Institute, accepted the award during the World AIDS Day luncheon.(image)



Increasing Tornado Outbreaks--Is Climate Change Responsible?

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 14:00:00 EST

(image) In a new study, Columbia Engineering researchers looked at increasing trends in the severity of tornado outbreaks where they measured severity by the number of tornadoes per outbreak. They found that these trends are increasing fastest for the most extreme outbreaks.(image)



Study Finds Hearing "Meaningful" Sounds Decreases Performance on Cognitive Tasks

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 13:00:00 EST

Open office plans are becoming increasingly common in the workplace -- offering a way to optimize available space and encourage dialogue, interaction and collaboration among employees. However, a new study suggests that productive work-related conversations might actually decrease the performance of other employees within earshot -- more so than other random, meaningless noises.(image)



Study Shows Many Lakes Getting Murkier, but Gives Hope for Improvement

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 12:05:15 EST

(image) A study of more than 5,000 Wisconsin lakes shows that nearly a quarter of them have become murkier in the past two decades. It also shows this trend could get worse as a changing climate leads to increased precipitation.(image)