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Preview: Newswise: SciNews

Newswise: SciNews

Newswise: Latest Science News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.

Copyright: Copyright 2016 Newswise

Cornell Professors to Launch NSF-Funded Space Experiments

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 15:05:39 EST

(image) Engineering professors Paul Steen and Michel Louge have both received funding from the National Science Foundation and NASA's CASIS program to send experiments to the International Space Station.(image)

Scientists Analyze How Rootstock Affects Grapevine Characteristics

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 15:05:23 EST

(image) Grafting, a standard way of propagating grapes worldwide, combines a hardy rootstock with a desirable variety of grapes in the scion. Through National Science Foundation project, researchers will unravel how the genotype of the rootstock impacts the characteristics expressed in the stem, leaves and fruit, known as the phenotype. What they discover may help plants adapt to a changing climate.(image)

UCI and NASA Document Accelerated Glacier Melting in West Antarctica

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 14:05:52 EST

(image) Two new studies by researchers at the University of California, Irvine and NASA have found the fastest ongoing rates of glacier retreat ever observed in West Antarctica and offer an unprecedented look at ice melting on the floating undersides of glaciers. The results highlight how the interaction between ocean conditions and the bedrock beneath a glacier can influence the frozen mass, helping scientists better predict future Antarctica ice loss and global sea level rise.(image)

SlLAC, Stanford Launch 'Bits & Watts,' the First-of-Its-Kind Holistic Approach to Creating the 21st Century Electric Grid

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 14:05:42 EST

(image) An initiative called "Bits & Watts", launched today by Stanford University and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, aims to develop "smart" technology that will bring the grid into the 21st century while delivering reliable, efficient, affordable power to homes and businesses.(image)

Six ORNL Researchers Elected Fellows of the American Physical Society

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 13:05:40 EST

(image) Six researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Physical Society.(image)

Robotic Cleaning Technique Could Automate Neuroscience Research

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 13:05:10 EST

(image) For scientists listening in on the faint whispers of brain neurons, a first-ever robotic technique for cleaning the tiny devices that record the signals could facilitate a new level of automation in neuroscience research. That could accelerate the gathering of information used to map the functions of brain cells and ultimately provide a better understanding what's going on between our ears.(image)

Gregory Howes Inaugural Recipient of the Ronald C. Davidson Award for Plasma Physics

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 13:05:04 EST

AIP Publishing has announced that Gregory Howes, an associate professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Iowa, is the winner of the inaugural 2016 Ronald C. Davidson Award for Plasma Physics. The award will be presented annually in collaboration with the American Physical Society (APS) Division of Plasma Physics, recognizing outstanding plasma physics research by a Physics of Plasmas author.(image)

ASML Taps Livermore Expertise in Computing and Laser Plasma to Develop Extreme EUV Chip Manufacturing

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 12:05:40 EST

ASML, a leading provider of computer chip manufacturing equipment, is tapping Lawrence Livermore expertise in supercomputing and laser plasma physics to improve the performance of the light source for extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, which is used to make microchips for the semiconductor industry.(image)

Wisconsin Dairy Industry Sets Standard for Sustainability

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 12:05:17 EST

(image) The Dairy Strong Alliance announced the formation of the "Dairy Strong Sustainability Alliance" in Wisconsin. The Alliance will foster environmental, economic, and social stewardship with voluntary, non-governmental certification.(image)

Texas Biomed Scientist Awarded NIH Grant to Study Early Onset Atherosclerosis

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 12:00:48 EST

Texas Biomedical Research Institute Staff Scientist recently awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health to study and identify molecular mechanisms underlying early atherosclerosis.(image)

Citizen Scientists Can Now Lend a Hand in Penguin Conservation

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 11:05:51 EST

(image) A new interactive and user-friendly website that tracks Antarctic penguin populations and provides information for scientists to better understand environmental changes will now be accessible to the general public.(image)

First Results of NSTX-U Research Operations Presented at the International Atomic Energy Agency Conference in Kyoto, Japan

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 11:05:43 EST

(image) Wrap-up of PPPL and collaborator presentations at 26th IAEA conference in Japan.(image)

Can a Brain-Computer Interface Convert Your Thoughts to Text?

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 11:05:06 EST

Recent research shows brain-to-text device capable of decoding speech from brain signals(image)

Bio-Inspired Lower-Limb 'Wearing Robotic Exoskeleton' for Human Gait Rehab

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 11:00:00 EST

(image) Wearable "robot-assisted training" is quickly emerging as a method that helps improve gait rehabilitation. In a major advance, researchers from Beihang University in China and Aalborg University in Denmark have designed a lower-limb robot exoskeleton -- a wearable robot -- that features natural knee movement to greatly improve patients' comfort and willingness to wear it for gait rehab. They describe their work in this week's Review of Scientific Instruments.(image)

Controlling Ultrasound with 3-D Printed Devices

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 11:00:00 EST

Researchers have 3-D printed a new kind of device that can harness high-pressure ultrasound to move, manipulate, or destroy tiny objects like particles, drops or biological tissue at scales comparable with cells. By providing unprecedented control of photoacoustic waves, such a device can be helpful for performing precise surgery, analyzing the properties of materials, and for scientific research in the lab. They discuss their work in this week's Applied Physics Letters.(image)

A Complete Waste of Energy

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 10:00:10 EST

(image) University of Utah electrical and computer engineering professor Massood Tabib-Azar and his team of engineers have come up with a way to produce microscopic electronic switches for appliances and devices that can grow and dissolve wires inside the circuitry that instantly connect and disconnect electrical flow.(image)

Researchers Find Weakness in Common Computer Chip

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 09:05:48 EST

Researchers from Binghamton University--State University of New York and the University of California, Riverside have found a weakness in the Haswell central processing unit (CPU) components that makes common computer operating systems vulnerable to malicious attacks. Computer hackers could take control of individual, company and government computers if a weak point in address space layout randomization (ASLR) software is exploited by manipulating a CPU's branch predictor, a piece of hardware designed to improve program performance.(image)

NASA Honors University of Iowa Scientist with Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 09:05:30 EST

(image) Jasper Halekas, associate physics and astronomy professor at the University of Jasper Halekas, associate physics and astronomy professor at the University of Iowa, has won an Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal from NASA, for "exceptional contributions to MAVEN's science return using the Solar Wind Ion Analyzer instrument."(image)

Deep Down Fracking Wells, Microbial Communities Thrive

Tue, 25 Oct 2016 00:00:13 EST

(image) Microbes have a remarkable ability to adapt to the extreme conditions in fracking wells. New finding help scientists understand what is happening inside fracking wells and could offer insight into processes such as corrosion and methane production.(image)

Maze Runners

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 16:05:31 EST

(image) Working with dot-counting mice running through a virtual-reality maze, scientists from Harvard Medical School have found that in order to navigate space rodent brains rely on a cascade of neural signals that culminate in a single decision that prompts the animal to choose one direction over another.(image)

Scientists Uncover Why Hepatitis C Virus Vaccine Has Been Difficult to Make

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 15:05:22 EST

(image) Researchers have been trying for decades to develop a vaccine against the globally endemic hepatitis C virus (HCV). Now scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered one reason why success has so far been elusive.(image)

Dept. Of Energy and Argonne Offer Technical Assistance to Small Businesses

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 15:05:10 EST

(image) The U.S. Department of Energy's Small Business Vouchers Program is once again offering U.S. small businesses unparalleled access to the expertise and facilities of DOE's national laboratories, including Argonne National Laboratory. Small businesses in the clean energy sector have an opportunity to submit requests for technical assistance as part of Round 3 of the Small Business Vouchers Program.(image)