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Newswise: SciNews



Newswise: Latest Science News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.



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University of Arkansas Research May Lead to New Source of Green Energy

Tue, 23 Jan 2018 13:00:24 EST

(image) A University of Arkansas invention has the potential to change the way we produce and consume energy. A technology commercialization company has licensed the patent for this technology and is working with physics professor Paul Thibado on to develop a prototype.(image)






Flu May Be Spread Just by Breathing

Tue, 23 Jan 2018 12:00:25 EST

(image) A new study, led in part by San Jose State researcher Sheryl Ehrman, indicates the virus may be passed on a lot more easily than once thought.(image)






Arizona State University to Manufacture Neuronal Cells Needed to Develop Treatments for Neurodegenerative Diseases

Tue, 23 Jan 2018 10:50:04 EST

Lab-grown human neurons will help researchers develop and test treatments for devastating diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.(image)






Theoretical Physicist Elena Belova Named to Editorial Board of Physics of Plasmas

Tue, 23 Jan 2018 10:25:28 EST

(image) Theoretical physicist Elena Belova named to editorial board of Physics of Plasmas(image)



Blast, Impact Simulations Could Lead to Better Understanding of Injuries and Body Armor

Tue, 23 Jan 2018 10:05:51 EST

Sandia National Laboratories is developing specialized computer modeling and simulation methods to better understand how blasts on a battlefield could lead to traumatic brain injury and injuries to vital organs, like the heart and lungs.(image)



The Big Picture of Great Lakes Mercury Pollution

Tue, 23 Jan 2018 10:00:36 EST

(image) A transdisciplinary team examined regulatory impacts on Great Lakes mercury, focusing on an Upper Peninsula tribal community with high fish consumption.(image)



It All Starts With a 'Spark': Berkeley Lab Delivers Injector That Will Drive X-ray Laser Upgrade

Tue, 23 Jan 2018 03:00:06 EST

(image) A team at Berkeley Lab has designed, built, and delivered a unique version of a device, called an injector gun, that can produce a steady stream of these electron bunches. The gun will be used to produce brilliant X-ray laser pulses at a rapid-fire rate of up to 1 million per second.(image)



Johns Hopkins Scientist Proposes New Limit on the Definition of a Planet

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 18:05:26 EST

(image) An astronomer has calculated that the biggest a planet can be is about 10 times the mass of Jupiter.(image)



New Algorithm Identifies Ten Times More Naturally Occurring Antibiotics than All Previous Studies

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 17:05:03 EST

In a paper published in Nature Microbiology on Jan. 22, a team of American and Russian computer scientists described a new algorithm that identified an order of magnitude, or roughly 10 times more, naturally occurring antibiotics than all previous studies.(image)



Astronomers Produce First Detailed Images of Surface of Giant Star

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 16:05:13 EST

(image) An international team of astronomers has produced the first detailed images of the surface of a giant star outside our solar system, revealing a nearly circular, dust-free atmosphere with complex areas of moving material, known as convection cells or granules, according to a recent study.(image)



Rutgers Scientists Discover 'Legos of Life'

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 15:00:56 EST

(image) Rutgers scientists have found the "Legos of life" - four core chemical structures that can be stacked together to build the myriad proteins inside every organism - after smashing and dissecting nearly 10,000 proteins to understand their component parts. The four building blocks make energy available for humans and all other living organisms, according to a study published online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.(image)



Climate Change and Snowmelt - Turn Up the Heat, but What About Humidity?

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 15:00:00 EST

changes in humidity may determine how the contribution of snowpack to streams, lakes and groundwater changes as the climate warms. Surprisingly, cloudy, gray and humid winter days can actually cause the snowpack to warm faster, increasing the likelihood of melt during winter months when the snowpack should be growing, the authors report. In contrast, under clear skies and low humidity the snow can become colder than the air, preserving the snowpack until spring.(image)



Small Hydroelectric Dams Increase Globally with Little Research, Regulations

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 13:05:13 EST

(image) University of Washington researchers have published the first major assessment of small hydropower dams around the world -- including their potential for growth -- and highlight the incredibly variability in how dams of varying sizes are categorized, regulated and studied.(image)



TSRI Researchers Identify Gene Responsible for Mesenchymal Stem Cells' Stem-Ness'

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 12:05:54 EST

(image) Scientists often struggle to predict how these cells will act in different environments in the body.(image)



Water Sensor Developed by UWM Researcher and Entrepreneur Is Finalist in NASA Competition

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 12:05:13 EST

A water sensor developed by an entrepreneur and the manager UWM's Water Technology Accelerator is a finalist in a NASA competition that seeks to spur creation of new technology. The sensors could have application in space as well as on Earth.(image)



Saint Louis Climate Summit Announces Keynote Speaker

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 12:05:01 EST

(image) Former Sierra Club executive Carl Pope, author of the New York Times bestseller, Climate of Hope: How Cities, Businesses and Citizens Can Save the Planet, will be the keynote speaker at the April SLU bicentennial event.(image)



Marine Vegetation Can Mitigate Ocean Acidification, UCI Study Finds

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 12:05:00 EST

Marine plants and seaweeds in shallow coastal ecosystems can play a key role in alleviating the effects of ocean acidification, and their robust population in shoreline environments could help preserve declining shellfish life, according to a study by University of California, Irvine ecologists.(image)



Researchers Reveal How Microbes Cope in Phosphorus-Deficient Tropical Soil

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 11:05:09 EST

(image) A team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has uncovered how certain soil microbes cope in a phosphorus-poor environment to survive in a tropical ecosystem. Their novel approach could be applied in other ecosystems to study various nutrient limitations and inform agriculture and terrestrial biosphere modeling.(image)



Scientists Discover Material Ideal for Smart Photovoltaic Windows

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 11:00:00 EST

(image) Researchers at Berkeley Lab discovered that a form of perovskite, one of the hottest materials in solar research due to its high conversion efficiency, works surprisingly well as a stable and photoactive semiconductor material that can be reversibly switched between a transparent state and a non-transparent state, without degrading its electronic properties.(image)



Lab-Made Hormone May Reveal Secret Lives of Plants

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 11:00:00 EST

(image) A new synthetic hormone promises to tease apart the many different roles of the plant hormone auxin and could lead to a new way to ripen fruit.(image)



Climate Engineering, Once Started, Would Have Severe Impacts if Stopped

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 11:00:00 EST

(image) Facing a climate crisis, we may someday spray sulfur dioxide into the upper atmosphere to form a cloud that cools the Earth, but suddenly stopping the spraying would have a severe global impact on animals and plants, according to the first study on the potential biological impacts of geoengineering, or climate intervention.(image)



Cryo-EM Reveals Critical Protein-Modifying Complex and Potential Drug Target

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 11:00:00 EST

Scientists have revealed the atomic-level structure of a molecular complex responsible for modifying proteins, possibly paving the way for the development of new medications for cancer and a host of other diseases.(image)