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Newswise: SciNews



Newswise: Latest Science News, updated hourly. Newswise specializes in delivering the knowledge-based news behind tomorrow's headlines from the world's leading research institutions directly to journalists and to the public.



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No Biochar Benefit for Temperate Zone Crops, Says New Report

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EST

(image) Scientists believe that biochar, the partially burned remains of plants, has been used as fertilizer for at least 2,000 years in the Amazon Basin. Since initial studies published several years ago promoted biochar, farmers around the world have been using it as a soil additive to increase fertility and crop yields. But a new study casts doubt on biochar's efficacy, finding that using it only improves crop growth in the tropics, with no yield benefit at all in the temperate zone.(image)



Caudate Stimulation Enhances Human Associative Learning

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 17:00:00 EST

Winner of the Philip L. Gildenberg MD Resident Award, Sarah Kathleen Bourne Bick, MD, presented her research, Caudate Stimulation Enhances Human Associative Learning, during the 2017 American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) Annual Scientific Meeting.(image)



White Blood Cell Count and Neutrophil‑lymphocyte Ratio Improve Prediction of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia in Good‑grade Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 17:00:00 EST

Winner of the DePuy Synthes Cerebrovascular Award, Fawaz Al-Mufti, MD, presented his research, White Blood Cell Count and Neutrophil‑lymphocyte Ratio Improve Prediction of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia in Good‑grade Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, during the 2017 American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) Annual Scientific Meeting.(image)



Research From Sandia Shows Brain Stimulation During Training Boosts Performance

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 16:45:37 EST

(image) New research from Sandia published in Neuropsychologia shows that working memory training combined with a kind of noninvasive brain stimulation can lead to cognitive improvement under certain conditions. Improving working memory or cognitive strategies could be very valuable for training people faster and more efficiently.(image)



S&T Physicist Improves Particle Interaction Modeling

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 16:05:53 EST

Quantum electrodynamics is a lot like baking a cake. At least, that is what physicist Dr. Ulrich Jentschura equates to the process of creating an equation that can couple particles' and antiparticles' predicted masses at the same time.(image)



Researchers Invent Process to Make Sustainable Rubber, Plastics

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 16:05:25 EST

(image) Materials used to make synthetic rubber and plastics could get a lot greener soon, thanks to a team of scientists from three U.S. research universities, including the University of Delaware. The team has invented a process to make butadiene from renewable sources.(image)



3 Small Energy Firms to Collaborate with PNNL

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 15:05:27 EST

(image) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is collaborating with three small businesses to address technical challenges concerning hydrogen for fuel cell cars, bio-coal and nanomaterial manufacturing.(image)



Geologist Discovers Whirlwind Phenomena in Andes Mountains

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 15:05:25 EST

(image) (image)



In-Flight, on-Demand Hydrogen Production Could Mean "Greener" Aircraft

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 15:05:23 EST

Technion researchers have a developed safe and efficient way to produce hydrogen on board a plane in flight. Using aluminum particles and (fresh or waste), the technology could one day help meet in-flight energy needs on commercial aircraft.(image)



AHA Awards UAB a $3.7 Million Grant to Further Generational Obesity Research

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 15:05:11 EST

(image) A multidisciplinary research team at UAB looks to address obesity as it is genetically passed from mother to child.(image)



Breaking Climate Change Research (Embargoed) Shows Global Warming Making Oceans More Toxic

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 15:00:00 EST

(image) Climate change is predicted to cause a series of maladies for world oceans including heating up, acidification, and the loss of oxygen. A newly published study published online in the April 24 edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences entitled, "Ocean warming since 1982 has expanded the niche of toxic algal blooms in the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans," demonstrates that one ocean consequence of climate change that has already occurred is the spread and intensification of toxic algae.(image)



Scientific Discovery Game Significantly Speeds Up Neuroscience Research Process

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 14:05:17 EST

(image) A new scientific discovery game called Mozak is allowing video gamers to significantly speed up reconstructing the intricate architecture of brain cells, a fundamental task in 21st century brain science. These citizen scientists have outperformed computers in tracing the intricate shapes of neurons, a first step in understanding how our brain circuitry works.(image)



URI Launches Construction of $125 Million Engineering Complex

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 14:05:16 EST

Rhode Island Gov. Gina Raimondo, University of Rhode Island President David M. Dooley and URI College of Engineering Dean Raymond Wright joined other state, University and business leaders in a ceremonial groundbreaking today to launch construction of URI's new $125 million engineering complex.(image)



Cheating Death: A Neurosurgical History of Human Resuscitation, Reanimation, and the Pursuit of Immortality

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 14:00:00 EST

Winner of the Vesalius Award, Michael Bohl, MD, presented his research, Cheating Death: A Neurosurgical History of Human Resuscitation, Reanimation, and the Pursuit of Immortality, during the 2017 American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) Annual Scientific Meeting.(image)



Starvation Prompts Body Temperature, Blood Sugar Changes to Tolerate Next Food Limitation

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 13:45:00 EST

Rats that have experienced past episodes of limited food resources make physiological adaptations that may extend their lives the next time they are faced with starvation. New research about starvation physiology will be presented today at the American Physiological Society (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2017 in Chicago.(image)



Orange Essential Oil May Help Alleviate Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 13:45:00 EST

PTSD will affect about 8 percent of people during their lives. A new study suggests that passively inhaling orange essential oil could offer a nonpharmaceutical option to relieve symptoms.(image)



Nanosponges Lessen Severity of Streptococcal Infections

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 13:30:00 EST

In a new study, researchers show that engineered nanosponges can reduce the severity of infections caused by the bacteria responsible for strep throat and flesh-eating disease.(image)



Genetic Factors May Contribute to Adverse Effects Produced by Synthetic Cannabinoids

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 13:30:00 EST

Synthetic cannabinoid abuse is a growing problem in the U.S. New discoveries tied to genetic factors that increase a person's risk for experiencing the most dangerous effects of these drugs could lead to more effective treatments and antidotes.(image)



Utrafast Imaging, Smallest Transistor, Electronic Cyclones, Sensor-Filled Glove, and More in the Engineering News Source

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 13:05:38 EST

The latest research and features in the Newswise Engineering News Source(image)






With $1 Million Gift, UCI Aims to Become First University to Launch Rocket Into Space

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 13:05:09 EST

University of California, Irvine students will "shoot for the moon" thanks to a $1 million gift from Base 11, a nonprofit STEM workforce development and entrepreneur accelerator. The "Moonshot Initiative" will establish a rocketry program at The Henry Samueli School of Engineering, with the intent of making UCI the first academic institution to launch a liquid-fuel rocket into space.(image)



Toward Greener Construction: UW Professor Leads Group Setting Benchmarks for Carbon Across Life of Buildings

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 12:05:40 EST

The University of Washington-based Carbon Leadership Forum has published the results of its first benchmark study of embodied carbon, or the carbon emissions that occur when extracting, manufacturing and installing building materials. "In the design phrase, our data enables architects and engineers to use carbon, and other environmental impacts, as a performance criteria in addition to common criteria such as cost and strength, when specifying and selecting concrete," said the UW's Kate Simonen -- architect, structural engineer and UW associate professor of architecture, who leads the carbon forum.(image)



Machine Learning Dramatically Streamlines Search for More Efficient Chemical Reactions

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 12:05:27 EST

(image) A catalytic reaction may follow thousands of possible paths, and it can take years to identify which one it actually takes so scientists can tweak it and make it more efficient. Now researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have taken a big step toward cutting through this thicket of possibilities.(image)



NAU Research Suggests Climate Change Likely to Cause Significant Shift in Grand Canyon Vegetation

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 11:45:58 EST

(image) Decreases in river flows and frequency of flooding with future climate warming will likely shift vegetation along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon to species with more drought-tolerant traits.(image)



What Can We Learn from Dinosaur Proteins?

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 11:30:00 EST

Researchers recently confirmed it is possible to extract proteins from 80-million-year-old dinosaur bones. The discovery sparks hopes for new insights about evolution and environmental change and could even offer useful clues for drug discovery or the search for extraterrestrial life.(image)