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Forthcoming article in Journal of Synchrotron Radiation



Synchrotron radiation research is rapidly expanding with many new sources of radiation being created globally. Synchrotron radiation plays a leading role in pure science and in emerging technologies. The Journal of Synchrotron Radiation provides comprehen



 



Complex solutions under shear and pressure – a rheometer setup for X-ray scattering experiments
Development of a high pressure rheometer for in-situ X-ray scattering experiments






Development of optical choppers for time-resolved measurements at soft-X-ray synchrotron radiation beamlines
Two types of optical choppers for time-resolved measurements in soft-X-ray beamlines of synchrotron radiation facilities were developed, which are utilized under ultra-high-vacuum condition.



Caltrop particles synthesized by a photochemical reaction induced by X-ray radiolysis
The X-ray radiolysis of a Cu(CH3COO)2 solution was observed to produce caltrop-shaped particles of cupric oxide (CuO).



Nanofabrication and characterization of a grating-based condenser for uniform illumination with hard X-rays
An X-ray condenser based on gratings has been successfully fabricated and its optical character measured.



Radiography registration for mosaic tomography
A hybrid method to stitch X-ray computed tomography datasets is proposed and the feasibility to apply the scheme in a synchrotron tomography beamline with micrometre resolution is shown.



Effects of organic ligands on Pb absorption and speciation changes in Arabidopsis as determined by micro X-ray fluorescence and X-ray absorption near-edge structure analysis
A comparative study of the effects of organic and inorganic Pb on Pb localization and speciation in plants was performed using synchrotron radiation micro X-ray fluorescence and X-ray absorption near-edge structure. The results indicate that low-molecular-weight organo-Pb complexes inhibit primary root growth and lateral root development and are also more likely to be stopped in root hairs to protect the plant from Pb toxicity.



Respiratory-gated KES imaging of a rat model of acute lung injury at the Canadian Light Source
A KES imaging approach for respiratory-gated lung imaging using iodine and xenon contrast agents in a rodent model.



XDesign: an open-source software package for designing X-ray imaging phantoms and experiments
A new framework for comprehensive simulation of X-ray computed tomography and tomography quality assessment is described.



Point focusing with flat and wedged crossed multilayer Laue lenses
Point focusing measurements using pairs of directly bonded crossed multilayer Laue lenses are reported.



Establishment of new design criteria for GlidCop® X-ray absorbers
New design criteria have been established for GlidCop® based upon the thermomechanically induced fatigue behavior of the material.



Magnetic design and modelling of a 14 mm-period prototype superconducting undulator
The magnetic design of a ten-period (each period 14 mm) prototype superconducting undulator is reported using RADIA, and the results of magnetic flux density modelling are presented in an analytical formula.



A modified equally sloped algorithm based on the total variation algorithm in computed tomography for insufficient data
A modified equally sloped reconstruction algorithm has been proposed, which can achieve high-quality reconstructions from projections with limited-angle, few-view and noisy data.



A compact permanent-magnet system for measuring magnetic circular dichroism in resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering
A compact and portable magnet system for measuring magnetic circular dichroism in resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering has been developed. Brief experimental results obtained by the developed magnet system are presented to demonstrate its capability.



Ultra-short and ultra-intense X-ray free-electron laser single pulse in one-dimensional photonic crystals
Linear and non-linear effects that could be evidenced in one-dimensional photonic crystals with ultra-short and ultra-intense X-ray free-electron radiation pulses are presented.



RixsToolBox: software for the analysis of soft X-ray RIXS data acquired with 2D detectors
A software package for the analysis of resonant inelastic X-ray scattering data acquired with two-dimensional detectors is presented.



A novel molten-salt electrochemical cell for investigating the reduction of uranium dioxide to uranium metal by lithium using in situ synchrotron radiation
Energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction was used to follow the reduction of UO2 to U in LiCl–KCl eutectic. A novel electrochemical cell was designed and constructed in order to follow molten-salt electrochemical investigations in situ.



Nondestructive imaging of the internal micro­structure of vessels and nerve fibers in rat spinal cord using phase-contrast synchrotron radiation microtomography
The phase-contrast synchrotron radiation microtomography technique has been employed for nondestructive imaging of the internal microstructure of rat spinal cord, such as white matter, gray matter, micovasculars and nerve fibers. It was confirmed that this technique has the potential to be a powerful tool for the comprehensive characterization of physiological and pathophysiological characteristics of various neurovascular and neurodegeneration diseases.



Development of new CdZnTe detectors for room-temperature high-flux radiation measurements
The performances of new travelling-heater-method-grown CZT detectors, recently developed at IMEM-CNR (Parma, Italy), are presented. The detectors, characterized by low leakage currents at room temperature (4.7 nA cm−2 at 1000 V cm−1), allow good room-temperature operation even at high bias voltages (>7000 V cm−1).



Computer-assisted area detector masking
A novel system for automatically masking two-dimensional area detector data is presented.



Improving the spatial and statistical accuracy in X-ray Raman scattering based direct tomography
An algorithm to simultaneously increase the spatial and statistical accuracy of X-ray Raman scattering based tomographic images is presented.



A large-solid-angle X-ray Raman scattering spectrometer at ID20 of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
An end-station for X-ray Raman scattering spectroscopy at beamline ID20 of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility is described, dedicated to the study of shallow core electronic excitations using non-resonant inelastic X-ray scattering.



Compact IR synchrotron beamline design
An infrared (IR) optical layout directly integrated into a synchrotron dipole chamber and compatible with multi-bend achromat lattices is proposed. This is shown to provide intense and almost aberration-free focused IR radiation beams.



Surface EXAFS via differential electron yield
The surface-sensitive performance of extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy via differential electron yield is demonstrated using a thickness-defined SiO2 (12.4 nm)/Si sample. The Si K-edge EXAFS spectrum suggests an analysis depth of approximately 4.2 nm, and the derived first nearest neighbor (Si—O) distance was 1.63 Å, which is within the reported values of SiO2.



Study on the reflectivity properties of spherically bent analyser crystals. Corrigendum
Corrections to the paper by Honkanen et al. (2014). [J. Synchrotron Rad. 21, 104–110] are made.



Performance on absolute scattering intensity calibration and protein molecular weight determination at BL16B1, a dedicated SAXS beamline at SSRF
The bending-magnet beamline BL16B1, dedicated to small-angle X-ray scattering at the Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, is described. The detailed beamline performance on absolute scattering intensity calibration and protein molecular weight determination is demonstrated.